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August 02, 1974 - Image 45

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-08-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Israel-Lebanese Relations Have Ups and Downs

Lebanon participated, but
not very intensively, with the
other Arab states in the 1948-
49 war against Israel. On
March 23, 1949, an armistice
agreement was signed, fixing
the f or m e r international
boundary between Israel and
Lebanon as the armistice
demarcation line; according-
ly, Israel evacuated 14 vil-
lages in Lebanese territory
which it had occupied during
the fighting.
The Lebanese-Israel border
then was generally quiet for
a period of almost 20 years,
states Encyclopedia Judaica.
The peaceful situation was
a result not only of Lebanon's
military weakness, but also

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the delicate balance be-
tween Christians and Mus-
lims in the Lebanese popula-
tion. While many Christians
may have agreed to peace
with Israel, they had to take
into account the desire of the
Muslims for stronger con-
tacts with the Arab world.
For the same reason, the
Christians were opposed to
the integration of the Pales-
tinian refugees (about 175,-
000, mostly Muslims), al-
though their integration
would not have been too dif-
ficult. Consequently, most
refugees continued to live in
camps and were not granted
citizenship, Encyclopedia Ju-
daica said.
Lebanon did not engage in
military actions against Is-
rael, but a gradual deteriora-
tion of the situation began in
October 1968 when Pales-
tinian terrorist organizations
initiated armed attacks across
the border. Gradually, thou-
sands of terrorists concen-

E. BOOMIE MIKRUT

JUDGE
COURT OF APPEALS

2nd DISTRICT

trated on the slopes of Mount
Her m o n, overlooking the
north of Israel. In retaliation
for the attack on an El Al
plane at Athens airport, an
Israeli commando unit de-
stroyed a number of planes
at Beirut airport. From that
time, the issue of whether to
allow terrorist activities
against Israel from Lebanese
territory became a major
focus of political life in the
country.
On Nov. 3, 1969, Lebanon
signed an agreement recog-
nizing the terrorists' presence
and activity in Lebanon,
assigning them special areas
and points through which
they could penetrate into Is-
rael, but forbidding shooting
across the border, in order
not to incriminate Lebanon.
The terrorists established
themselves along the entire
Lebanese-Israel border in an
effort to convert Lebanon
into a "northern front." This
brought a sharp increase in
the frequency of anti-Israel
attacks from Lebanese terri-
tory and acts of mortar shell-
ing, mining and sabotage
against the settlements of
Northern Galilee. Israel re-
taliated regularly by air-
attacks against terrorist
bases and the dispatching of
armored units and para-
chuters.
The killing of school chil-
dren by terrorists in Mta'alot
was the most horrible of
these attacks, and Israel re-
taliated.

NOW

IS THE TIME TO

Place Your New Year Greetings in

THE JEWISH NEWS

or
to all your relatives and friends

er

1

-a

The Jewish News
17515 W. 9 Mile Rd., Suite 865
Southfield, Michigan 48075

Gentlemen:

Please insert my New Year Greeting

In the Bible, only acci- formed, or if the pregnancy
dental abortion is discussed: is the result of rape.
e.g., causing an abortion of
An important factor in de-
a fetus in the course of a ciding whether or not an
quarrel as a result of kick- abortion should be permitted
ing or striking a woman. A is the stage of the pregnancy:
By RABBI SAMUEL FOX fine was imposed on the the shorter the period, the
(Copyright 1974, JTA, Inc.)
perpetrat9r.
stronger are the considera-
Jewish law allow the viola-
During the talmudic period, tions in favor of permitting
tion of the Sabbath in the however, as indicated in En- abortion.
case of danger to life.
It must be stressed that
cyclopedia ,Judaica, a basic
A number of reasons are rabbinic statement appears neither economic reasons nor
advanced by the rabbis. One in the Mishna (Oholot 7:6) the fact that the child is
is based upon the verse in which contains the fundamen- simply not wanted are suf-
Exodus (31:14) which states tal regulations on abortions ficient for even considering
that the "Sabbath is Holy which have been kept alive an abortion under Jewish
Unto You." This is said to throughout the centuries. It law, Encyclopedia Judaica
states.
imply that the Sabbath was follows:
given by the Almighty for
"If a woman travails to
the sake of the people and give birth and it is feared
Experience usually sells
people were not given the she may die, one may sever above par—yet seldom pays
sake of the Sabbath. If there the fetus from her womb and dividends.
is a choice between a life of extract it, member by mem-
a person and the Sabbath— ber, for the mother's life has THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
the life therefore, comes first. precedence over the child's
The second reason is based life. But if the greater parts Friday, August 2, 1974-45
on the verse in Exodus of the child has already
(31:16) which commands the emerged into the world (from
Are the courts
Hebrews to observe the Sab- the womb), either its head
bath "throughout their gen- only, or its greater part, it
too lenient?
erations." From this follows may not be touched even if
the logic that one may violate it endangers the mother's life
the Sabbath to save a life . . because one may not
because the violation will reject . one lif e to . save
violate one Sabbath while another."
saving a life may make it
With the reservation con-
possible for the individual tained in the above quotation,
and generations to keep many all the codifiers agree that
Sabbaths.
an abortion when the
mother's
life is in danger is
Some rabbinic sources con-
Circuit Court Judge
tend that the allowance of not only permitted by Juda-
Sabbath violations to save _a ism but it must be performed.
Many
authorities
have
gone
life comes under the general
than this, by permit-
category of allowing the further
ting, e.g., an abortion "if in-
violation of many command- tended to serve the mother's
ments in the face of danger needs . . . even if not vital."
to life based upon the state-
At the time of the Holo-
ment in the book of Leviticus
(18:5) which states that a caust, in 'the Kovno ghetto,
person should do the com- the Germans decreed that
mandments and "live by every pregnant J e wish
shall be killed to-
them." This means, say the woman
gether with her fetus. As a
rabbis, that a person should result, in 1942 Rabbi
live by God's commandments Ephraim Oshry decided that
and not die by them.
an abortion was permissible
in order to save a woman
ENDORSED BY:
from the consequences of the
• Detroit Police Officers Assoc.
Gift to Build Wing I decree.

Firefighters Assoc.
in NCJW Education Many codifiers permit abor- • Detroit
Greater Detroit Building
tion when the birth of the
Trades Council
Research Institute
child would cause the mother
JERUSALEM — A gift of to lose her sanity, or if the
BREEN HAS 20 YEARS
$100,000 has been made for doctors declare that the child
TRIAL EXPERIENCE
a third wing in the NCJW would be born seriously de-
Research Institute for Irmo
vation in Education in the
Hebrew University's school
of education complex on
Mt. Scopus, Jerusalem.
The facility will be named
the Morris I. Lewisohn Me-
morial Wing in Education; a
Morris I. Lewisohn Memorial
Fellowship Endowment Fund
is to be established with an
additional gift of $30,000 in
conjunction with the Re-
When you buy one
search Institute. Annual
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sale
Slacks & Shorts 1
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Sleepwear from $299 Dresses from $690
Rosetta and, Jules Standig,
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Southfield Store Only
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and much more
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ond Israel Summit Confer-
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Shop Early for the
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apil

Age-Old Abortion Regulation

ENTIRE SUMMER '74
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Holiday Issue Sept. 13

AL<e-

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