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July 26, 1974 - Image 19

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-07-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

For Custom Drapery

Cleaning, Call

Jewish Students, Academics Major Sufferers From Preferential
Acts, ADL Charges in Report on Federal Agencies' Inaction

(Continued from Page 1)
Epstein, national ADL direc-
tor, and Arnold Forster, as-
sociate director and general
counsel, charges that the con-
sequences of preferential
treatment and quotas lead to:
— "A society even more
deeply sundered along racial,
religious and ethnic lines —
each group demanding its
mathematical proportion in
every area of life — and a
real battle of the sexes";
— An "invidious new dis-
crimination, imposed upon
individuals because of the ac-
cidents of their birth";
— A loss to society of

"those who might serve it
best" because of substitu-
tions of racial, ethnic and
sexual criteria for merit and
DRAPERY CLEANERS
ability; and
— Violation of Constitu-
tional and human rights and
"All That The Name Implies"
civil rights laws.
According to the authors,
We Also
Jews find the concept of pro-
Wash & Finish
Drip Dry Curtains
portional representation in
Professionally
education and employment
"particularly disturbing" be-
WE DO ALL THE WORK
cause the Jewish community,
REMOVE AND INSTALL
approximately 3 per cent of
the population, sends more
than 80 per cent of its youth
891-1818
to college and large numbers
Suburban Call Collett
of these go on to professional
Reverse Charges
schools. Jews also know
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
from bitter experience,"
Friday, July 26, 1974-19 they assert, that "racial and
ethnicquotas . . . are much
easier to institute than to dis-
YOUR DOLLAR WILL DO
lodge."
MORE GOOD FOR ISRAEL
The report points out that
while the issue of preferen-
THIS SUMMER THAN
tial • treatment and quotas
was drawn into public focus
IT WILL DO THIS FALL
by the recent U. S. Supreme
Court hearing on a case in-
volving a white applicant
turned down by the Univer-
sity of Washington Law
School (DeFunis v. Ode-
gaard) it was not resolved.
ADL officials analyze "the
basic question in the light of
both the spirit and the letter
of our laws" and give em-
amples of "reverse discrim-
ination" policies at colleges
across the country. They be-
gin with an examination of
the University of Washington
case in which ADL filed a
friend-of-the-court b r i e f
charging the state-run uni-
versity with having violated
the equal protection clause of
Costs are rising everywhere for everybody,
the Fourteenth Amendment
and the JNF is no exception. However, if
in rejecting Marco DeFunis
while using different, lower
you commit yourself to plant a Garden or
criteria to admit 37 nonwhite
Grove- and place a down payment now,
students with lower - test
you will pay only $2.50 per tree until you
scores. By the time the case
went before the Supreme
have completed your purchase.
Court, DeFunis, protected by
a special order signed by
Justice William 0. Douglas
against removal from the
ring.,
law school pending a deci-
sion, was in his senior year.
The
Court, in a 5 to 4 deci-
22100 Greenfield Rd.,
sion made April 23, held that
Oak Park, Mich. 48237
because DeFunis' imminent
968-0820
1
graduation would not be af-
fected by any decision of the
KEREN K MIME TH LEISRAEL

Court, the case was moot.

he Time To
giant Trees
s Wight

before the price of
planting goes up to
$3.00 per tree
on September 1, 1974.

JEWISH NATIONAL FUND

rip

z

t

doug helm

MARCO DeFUNIS

Although the justices did not
rule on the constitutional
question, they unanimously
concurred that it was an im-
portant one which would
surely arise in a future suit.
The report points out that
although the fact that De-
Funis is Jewish was not rele-
vant to his suit, it neverthe-
less made him a symbol to
the Jewish community of all
its youth barred "until very
recent times" from many in-
stitutions of higher education
because of "overt or tacit re-
strictive quotas and 'gentle-
men's agreements' on Jewish
admission."
According to Epstein and
Forster, "American Jews
now sense that the doors are
closing again, this time not
because they are Jews, but
because of a policy of prefer-
ential treatment advantage.
ous to some 'minorities,' "
usually defined as nonwhite
— blacks, Hispanic Ameri-
cans, American Indians, Ori-
entals — and women.
They make clear that Jews
"are not asking for their
group share of the action;
they are demanding what
they have always asked: that
each American be accepted
or rejected on the basis of
his or her individual achieve-
ment and worth, without re-
gard to race, religion, ethnic
origin or sex."
Epstein and Forster charge
that federal agencies — espe-
cially the Department of
Health, Education and Wel-
fare before the advent of
Secretary Caspar Weinber-

ITO.

GENTLEMEN'S BOUTIQUE

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JULY 25th

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ger — "have both instigated
and failed to take action
against preferential treat-
ment and quota systems
based on race and ethnicity."
The report declares that
discrimination in university
hiring for faculty positions,
"the area in which federal
guidelines and pressures have
been most demanding," has
been "even more flagrant"
than in admissions. Examples
include college and university
advertisements for job va-
cancies announcing that non-
white candidates are pre-
ferred or will have the best
opportunity, statements by
college officials waiving the
regular requirements for
minority group members and
women, and quota policies
based upon minority repre-
sentation in the total popula-
tion.
Noting that Jews have long
led the fight against racial
and religious discrimination,
but using "merit competi-
tion, not favor," the League
recognizes the need for
"compensatory treatment for
long-discriminated - against-
minorities." The agency, ac-
cording to its two top of-
ficials, advocates and sup-
ports affirmative action "in
the form of special compen-
satory education, in-service
training, retraining, ' appren-
ticeship, • good-faith recruit-
ment efforts, job counseling
and placement, and efforts
to insure that tests and other
qualifying criteria are dem-
onstrably relevant to the per-
formance of the duties in-
volved and are not discrim-
inatory against applicants of
particular backgrounds."
They go on to say that the
League also supports "peri-
odic enumeration of work
forces, student bodies, etc.,
as bases for evaluating corn-
pliance with non-discrimina-
tion policies — provided that
questions as to race or re-
ligion never appear on appli-
cation forms and that indi-
viduals are at no time re-
quired to identify themselves
ethnically, except anony-
mously."
Epstein and Forster con-
tend that remedial action
should commence much
earlier in life than at grad-
uate school and professional
levels. They also point out
that "disadvantage" is not
limited racially because
"there are poor whites,
among them Jews, who are
similarly hampered" and
that women "have borne an
unjust double burden for too
long." Calling discrimination
against women "a separate
issue," they declare that so-
ciety cheats not only women
but itself when it fails to
utilize their brains and tal-
ents. They go on to ask,
however, "what will it avail,
if in the just battle for
women's equality, the brains
and talents of the other half
are lost?"
In a section documenting
HEW early failures to act
against universities openly
practicing reverse discrimi-
nation, the authors point to
the agency's approval of one
school's demotion of whites
for budgeting reasons while
exempting racial minority
personnel, and of another
school's directive to depart-

ment heads "to give priority
. . . to minority and female
representation."
Despite these incidents, Ep-
stein and Forster are' hope-
ful that reverse discrimina-
tion will be more effectively
counteracted by HEW under
the administration of Secre-
tary Weinberger.
They warn, however, that
such discrimination is in-
creasing in private industry
which is not under HEW's
purview, noting that com-
plaints on this basis to the
Equal Employment Oppor-
tunity Commission are in-
creasing.
The silence of civil liber-
tarians "in the face of this
danger," the authors say, is
"e xtremely disquieting."
They declare, however, that
this silence, "fortunately,"
has been broken by Justice
Douglas' dissent in the De-
Funis case "flatly labeling
race a constitutionally irrele-
vant matter."
In a final section, the re-
port charges that the quality
of education has been ad-
versely affected because col-
lege administrators, faced
with penalties for non-com-
pliance with HEW goals and
timetables for minority hir-
ing, felt compelled to "com-
promise" on individual quali-
fications by substituting
group identification for aca-
demic standards and merit.
They conclude that the law
should concern itself only
"with the fact of discrimina-
tion, not with the fact of a
particular skin color or par-
ticular ethnic background"
and state:
"The closing of a door in
the face of a Marco DeFunis
is no more justifiable, no less
wrong, than the closing of a
door in the face of a James
Meredith — nor will the first
make up for the second — if
individuals and their indi-
vidual rights are indeed
equal. The slamming of a
door cannot be considered
`benign' when one human
life is thereby kept outside."

Lodge Seeking
Data on Lemberg
for Memorial

NEW YORK — The Lem-
berg-Lion Lodge, Knights of
Pythias, is seeking materials
about the city of Lemberg
(Lvov) which will–be bound
in a volume dedicated to
those murdered by the Nazis.
The document will be il-
lustrated with a map of the
city, and will be written in
three languages: English,
Hebrew and Yiddish. The
Holocaust story will be in-
cluded, and there will be a
special section of memorials.
Copies of the memorial
book will be placed in the
archives of the Yad Vashem
in Jerusalem and will be dis-
tributed to major Jewish
libraries and institutions.
Papers and photographs
may be sent in care of the
chairman of the publishing
committee Lemberg-Lion
Lodge No. 781, Knights of
Pythias, 149 W. 28th St.,
New York, N.Y.

Steer clear of the luxuries
in life, and the necessities
will take care of themselves.

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