THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Assoeis-
lion. Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075.
Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices. Subscription $10 a year.
Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the ninth day of Tamuz, 5734, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Num. .19:1-22:1. Prophetical portion, Judges 11:1-33.
Candle lighting, Friday, June 28, 8:54 p.m.
VOL. LXV. No. 16
June 28, 1974
Jerusalem—a Prophecy and Battleground
New battlefronts are being set up in the unending aim to diminish Israel into a
ghetto. "Move to the brink" is one cry that demandS a continuity of withdrawals from
areas administered by Israel. "Get out of East Jerusalem" is the other slogan that is now
heralded as a ,battlecry by the enemies of the Jewish state.
New defenses must be erected to clarify Jerusalem's status for the world. Truth
must not be stifled. The non-Jewish world must remember the Holy City's Jewish historicity.
Jews everywhere should not forget the historic links of the people with the City of Peace
the Jerusalem , of Jewish heritage and tradition.
How can the City of David ever be forgotten? Who is to ignore the prayers chanted
by Jews, for some 2,000 or more years, which continue to be recited three times daily,
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1 11 ttE21 .12?V 1! IrM4 =ITT; mr,114 t rt4;1
nv., 1 ?tfr-r rpiz rind In;
ri;int ? riTy?
"Return with compassion to Jerusalem, Thy city, and dwell therein as Thou hast spoken.
Rebuild it soon in our day for all time, and establish soon therein the throne of David .. .
Blessed art Thou, Lord, who rebuilds Jerusalem."
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"May our eyes witness Thy loving return to Zion. Blessed are Thou, Lord, who will
restore His Divine Presence to Zion."
The prayer has been fulfilled. Jerusalem is being rebuilt. Its newly acquired freedoms
are the spiritual and ethical profits attained by all faiths.
Yet there is need to reassert the Jewish historic role in Jerusalem, and in a world of
antagonism it is necessary to show that Jews have never been separated from their Holy City.
There are these incontrovertible figures of the Jewish presence in Jerusalem:_
28,200 out of a total of 45,000
48,000 of out a total of 75,000
78;000 out of a total of 126,000
These figures are based on official counts made by the governments in power at the
There are other basic facts relevant to the discussion, as evidenced in the following
official figures of Jews who predominated in Jerusalem's population:
Because prejudices have been obliterated, cooperation by all faiths has been effected,
fairness is the major objective of administrations of the New Jerusalem, in its united form,
a sense of satisfaction should emerge in the international community. But just as the refu-
gees are being used as pawns against Israel,' so is the Jerusalem question being utilized as
a weapon in the aim to destroy Israel.
It is, apparently, useless to recount Israel's experience vis-a-vis Jerusalem from 1948
to 1967, when Jordan dominated over Jerusalem. Jews were driven out of the Old City,
there was a denial of access to the Holy Places to Jews. There are no such restrictions or
prohibitions under Jewish rule. But the truth has no weight on the subject when hatred
is the dominant spirit.
It is the ,limination of this hatred that is vital to the issue, and at the moment it is
doubtful whether President Nixon, who came to Israel to inspire "courage" for peace—
something Israel and Jewry have. begged for all these years—and the magician, Henry A.
Kissinger, who is to be blessed for having attained disengagements, have even approached
the miracle of injecting good will in an area of saber-rattling and terrorism heralded amidst
negotiations. If they were face-to-face negotiations there would be some hope. But the
barriers have been erected high, out of sight of pleaders for peace. That's why Israel's
agonies are unabated.
Jerusalem's status, which may become non-negotiable because the city can never
again be divided, must be resolved in justice. It can not be treated with double talk.
The other major issue, that of the Palestinians, will call for equal statesmanship.
Will it need Magician Kissinger, or will a sense of fair play emerge both in the United
Nations and at the Geneva conference to remedy •the situation? If the Geneva conference
will be a series of sessions at which the Arabs will refuse to be at the same negotiating
table with the Israelis, then the handshakes of friendship will be too remote. That's why the
terrorists remain under attack, why the Israeli planes are bombing their Lebanese shelters and
why the prophetic "Peace, peace, when there is no peace" (Jer. 6:14) continues to plague
Jewish Archives Make Available
Notable History of Surinamese
As a combined publications effort of the American Jewish Archives
and Ktav Publishing Co., the "Historical Essay of the Colony of
Surinam 1788" marks another valuable addition to retention of records
about the Americas.
As the story of the Surinamese Jews in the 1700s, and the 1,000
Jews who lived in Paramaribo in the mid-18th Century, this is a
fascinating study of Dutch Jewish settlement.
The book was translated from the French by Simon Cohen. It was
co-edited by the directors of the American Jewish Archives, Dr. Jacob
R. Marcus and Dr. Stanley F. Chyet. In his preface to the volume,
Dr. Marcus stated:
"In 1788, the Regenten or communal leaders of the Sephardim—
"the Portuguese Jewish Nation" — in Surinam (Dutch Guiana) pub-
lished in French a work bearing the title: Essai Historique sur la Col-
onie de Surinam, etc. This two-volume work appeared in Paramaribo, the
capital city of Surinam, and has itself an interesting history. The
Regenten had read "On the Civil Improvement of the Jews" (Berlin,
1781-1783), a book by the eminent German publicist, Christian Wilhelm
von Dohm. It was a plea for Jewish emancipation, and when the Surina-
mese Jews wrote to congratulate von Dohm, he encouraged them to
undertake a detailed study of Jewish life in their country. The Historical
Essay was the answer to von Dohm's suggestion. The Dutch Guianese
Jewish leaders were happy to publish this essay recounting their his-
tory, for they deeply resented the disabilities to which they still found
themselves subjected in an age of expanding liberties in Western Europe
and North America."
The value of this work is its thoroughness, the description of the
activities in plantations, of life of the Jews, their religious activities,
their entertainment, their theater.
It describes the relationships with the natives, with those of other
' Its special importance lies in the extensive documentations which
add historical significance to a work first published by American
Jewish Archives and now available for permanence in the history of
the Americas in an attractive book.
Middle East Viewed Politically.
Economically; Some Prejudices
Israel and her neighbors, their political and economic status, are
reviewed in the fourth edition of "The Middle East," published by
Oxford University Press.
Edited by London's Sunday Times correspondent Peter Mansfield,
the texts, by responsible writers who have covered the many fields
involving the entire area, covered events in Egypt, Syria, Lebanon,
the Sudan, Turkey, Iraq and Jordan, in addition to Israel,
Factually, this volume provides important data dealing with the
Middle Eastern countries.
Except for some minor errors, the Israel chapters are fairly well
related to existing conditions.
Of interest is the editor's comment in his introduction that, during
the years of Jewish efforts for the recognition of rights to statehood
in Palestine, "in the United States the voice of Zionism drowned all
other opinions on the Palestine problem." Perhaps this indicated what-
ever prejudice may nave crept-into the attempts to outline the Middle
A bit shocking is the fact that the large map appended to the
volume at the very end of the book does not mention Israel. Was this
There are enough facts, especially in the economic sphere, to lend
status to this book. The political angles must be studied carefully to
detect possible prejudicial approaches.