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Tay-Sachs Screening Program Draws
More Than 1,000 to Opening Session
More than 1,000 concerned people responded to the call to participate in the. Tay-
Sachs screening program inaugurated by Sinai Hospital and the genetic counseling clinic
of Ford Hospital at the United Hebrew Schools building Sunday. Four of the prime mov-
ers who made this program possible, shown at the screening, are, from left, Dr. Hyman
Mellen, co-chairman of the Sinai Hospital community coordinating committee; Mrs. and
Dr. Julien Priver, executive vice president of Sinai; Dr. Lester Weiss, scientific director
of the Tay-Sachs program and director of the genetic counseling clinic at Henry Ford
Hospital; and Mrs. Alfred Lakin, chairman of volunteers for the screening program. A
second screening, also at the United Hebrew Schools, will take place this Sunday, 10 a.m.
to 4 p.m. Detailed illustrated story on page 22
the Holy City
A Weekly Review
Vol. LXV. No. 16
in Middle East
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper
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Year; This Issue 30c
100 Reported Arrested on Eve of Summit Talks
Repression of Soviet Activists Spurs
Congressmen's Protest to Nixon
Nationwide Civil Guard Setup
Considered in Wake of Attack
by Terrorists on Nahariya
TEL AVIV (JTA)—Police and local authorities are considering the
possibility of establishing a civil guard on a national basis in the
wake of Tuesday's terrorist attack on Nahariya.
Up to now, each locality has formed its own civil guard. It was
members of the Nahariya Civil Guard that first spotted the terrorists
and fought them until security forces arrived.
As a nucleus of a national guard, the police high command is
considering calling on retired policemen and army veterans, as well
as retired civil servants and others.
Meanwhile, in Nahariya, many people enrolled in the civil guard,
which now numbers 900 men. They have been patrolling the town,
which still has not recovered from the horrors of Tuesday.
Since the recent outbreak of terrorism, civil guards have been
formed in Tel Aviv, Haifa, Nazareth and other areas. Parents of
school children have been maintaining guard shifts around the schools
and search the school before classes start each morning.-
Strict security is being taken at summer camps, although it is
expected that fewer parents will be sending children to the camps this
year because of the fear of terrorism.
Hotels in the seaside resort of Nahariya report almost no cancel-
lations. Nahariya is the year-round honeymoon capital of Israel, and
28 couples arrived Tuesday.
Teams of workers started Wednesday to repair the damage to the
ouse on Balfour St. where an Israeli woman and her two children
re killed Tuesday. An Israeli soldier and three terrorists also
An Israeli military source said that an investigation may be held
into how the terrorists in their rubber dinghy slipped through maritime
patrols and other security deviCes. At the same time, ways are being
studied to prevent such infiltration in the future.
(Detailed Stories on Page 11)
WASHINGTON (JTA)—Congressional anger rose this week over Soviet repression of
Jewish activists seeking the right to emigrate to Israel as President Nixon prepared to
visit Moscow Thursday for summit talks.
Twenty senators co-signed a cable to the President urging him to protest to Soviet
authorities when he meets and "publicly reject these repressive tactics.'
The cable drafted by Sen. Walter Mondale (D. Minn.) declared that the wave of
arrests and beatings of Jews in principal Soviet cities over the past week constituted "an
appalling beginning for a visit that's aimed at improving U. S.-Soviet relations and easing
tensions. ' In a separate message, Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D., Minn.) said the arrests and
harassment in advance of the President's visit "are an affront to the United States and
severely detrimental to the cause of detente which this trip is designed - to advance."
Deploring "these preventive arrests" Humphrey _said he was calling on the Presi-
dent "to express officially American disapproval of these acts which violates thee basic
principles of human rights."
An estimated 100 persons have been arrested since last week in Moscow, Lenin-
grad, Odessa, Kiev, Kishinev and other major cities where Jews live.
According to sources, the KGB (secret police) smashed down the doors of the apart-
ments of several activists in order to arrest them.
Some Jewish activists_ escaped and went into hiding but then gave themselves up
after their families and friends were threatened.
Among the prominent Jews arrested since last week were Vladimir Slepak and his
wife Maria, Alexander Voronel, Alexander Lunts, Victor Brailosky, Mark Azbel and
Vitaly Rubin. Some are held in detention for 15 days under an administrative order origin-
ally designed to deal with hooliganism and violence. But others are being called up for
Congressman Jonathan Bingham (D., N. Y.), expressing sentiments of many of his
colleagues wrote Mr. Nixon "to protests this dragnet" against Soviet citizens. Bingham
urged him to "immediately ask not only these arrested Soviet Jews be released but also that
they be allowed to meet with him _during his visit."
"Perhaps," Bingham said, "such a meeting may convince the President that the
right to emigrate is a legitimate concern of our foreign policy and that hundreds of thous-
ands of Soviet Jews need our help if that right is to be a reality."
Appearing last week in Philadelphia at a Soviet Jewry Solidarity Assembly, U. S.
— (Continued on Page 18)
NJCRAC, Meeting Here, Backs Affirmative
Action, Without 'Reverse Discrimination'
Schlesinger Argues for Hike
in U.S. Military Aid; Relates
Need After Israel Withdraw al
Affirmative action policies that advance educational and employment opportunities among minori-
ties without imposing "reverse discrimination" were endorsed at the 30th annual plenary of the National
Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council, meeting Sunday through Wednesday at the Shiawassee
Hotel. The annual gathering of the coordinating body, attended by some 250 delegates, was back in the
Detroit area after an absence of some 15 years.
A policy statement adopted by NJCRAC's national and community affiliates proposed that special
provisions be made, through government facilities and by public funding to industry, for compensatory
education, job training and placement and other means to -"help the deprived and disadvantaged realize
their potential capabilities."
But the statement on the controversial issue, hammered out by the delegates in a lengthy
session, also insisted the "sole criterion of eligibility" for such special services must be individual need
and that it "not be offered preferentially" on a racial, ethnic or other group basis.
(Continued on Page 17)
By JOSEPH POLAKOFF
JTA Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON (JTA)—Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger
said Tuesday that the need for a long-range U. S. military assistance
program for Israel stems from Israel's concern for her security based
on the "relationship" of diplomatic and political processes taking
place and military activities.
As a result of the Yom Kippur War and the territorial withdrawals
by Israel in disengagements with Egypt and Syria, Schlesinger told
the Senate appropriations subcommittee for foreign operations, Israel's
previous reliance on superior training of personnel and cohesion of
forces "must be reconsidered."
(Continued on Page 15)