Josef Rosensaft's Unforgotten
Role in Retaining Memories of
Holocaust to Prevent Repetition
Josef Rosensaft was the first of the survivors to come
to this country with appeals to protect the status of dis-
placed persons and to bring his personal message of the
sufferings that were entailed in concentration camps. He
had been to Detroit in the
early years after the Holo-
caust. He presented the case
for those who, like him, had
survived Auschwitz and other
In the years that ensued, he
was among the organizers of
the Bergen-Belsen Association.
He has inspired those who are
determined that the Holocaust
should not be forgotten — so
that the horrors of Nazism
should not be repeated. He has
succeeded in business in this
country and has emerged
among the notable personali-
ties who are striving for jus-
tice to assure retention of the
memory and the victims of the Nazi brutalities.
The Bergen-Belsen Association , now performs credi-
tably in perpetuating the record of what had occurred.
Without such tasks, mankind remains in danger of repe-
tition of inhumanities.
A study of attitudes among Americans just made
indicated that if there were a repetition of what had
happened during the Hitler years, if concentration camps
were to be established in this country, there would be no
difficulty in mobilizing personnel in operating them. The
study concerned itself with the tragic aspect of "taking
and following orders."
How does one resist? Is it possible to educate people
that when such orders are to murder innocents one must
resist even his own government? How else is justice to
survive in a human society?
What Josef Rosensaft is striving for is prevention
from crimes that stem from "order taking" by inhumans
for inhuman purposes. Unless this is attained the Eich-
manns could come to power again.
Therefore, Josef Rosensaft, his previous efforts, his
sufferings, his current tasks, are respected and honored
by those who are aware of them.
The Rosensafts' son, Menahem, follows in his father's
footsteps and devotes himself to programs not to forget
the Holocaust. A recent wedding announcement in the
columns of this newspaper reported Menahem Rosensaft's
marriage to Jean Bloch, daughter of another survivor
from Nazism and a co-organizer of the Bergen-Belsen
Association. It was among the marriage announcements
of a non-Detroiter that merited attention in this news-
paper because it indicated family continuity in a just
cause. Those who remember their own experiences are
helping others to understand the tragedy and to help
perpetuate tasks that prevent them. All honor to such
Mogen David Adom's Place
in the World Community
and American Red Cross Role
Magen David Adorn, Israel's equivalent of the Red
Cross, has thus far been•deprived of membership in the
international Red Cross movement.
Israel's application for membership will undoubtedly
be acted upon again at the forthcoming meeting of the
League of Red Cross Societies and the International Corn-
mittee of the Red Cross may then correct an injustice.
During the frequent discussions regarding Israel's role
in the international Red Cross movement, there have been
regrettable misrepresentations of the position taken on the
question by the American Red Cross. This has been cor-
rected in an important statement by Dr. Moshe Many,
chairman of the executive committee of Magen David
Adorn in Israel.
In a letter to President Elsey of the American Red
Cross, Prof. Many expressed regret over the "unfortunate
state of affairs" which inspired criticism of the American
Red Cross, and he stated inter alia:
"The decision on acceptance of the Star of David
as a protective symbol under the Geneva Conventions
is one which governments must make—not the Red
Cross. We are most appreciative of the position con-
sistently taken by the American Red Cross, reaffirmed
both by your predecessor and yourself, that you will
support our application for membership in the League
of Red Cross Societies. It is a source of great comfort
to us to know that when we do apply for League mem-
bership we will be assured of your full support.
"The American Red' Cross has for many years of-
fered and given MDA active support, assistance and
cooperation which was and still is needed and greatly
appreciated. This cooperation has had great meaning for
us particularly since your society has repeatedly pro-
vided blood free of charge to Israeli children flown to
the United States for open-heart surgery and to other
Israelis who have come to your country for special sur-
gery. The attitude of the American Red Cross has never
been affected by the formal status of Magen David
Adom within the greater family of Red Cross Societies
and for that please accept our deepfelt appreciation."
A battle for justice demands truthful approaches and
distortions of facts must never be tolerated. It is therefore
obligatory to state the facts and to correct an error that
could harm a great movement in this country.
The American Red Cross is exonerated of blame for
elimination of Magen David Adorn from membership in
the International Red Cross Committee. The Arab crescent
has been recognized as legitimate in similar Red Cross
services in Moslem countries and there is no excuse for
banning the Magen David in Israeli humanitarian services.
Perhaps the •grave injustice will be corrected when the
League of Red Cross Societies meets soon.
Another Landmark: Ratner's
Another relic has been added to New York's obliterated
Ratner's Dairy Restaurant was a landmark. Family
visits in New York by this commentator seldom excluded
at least one meal at Ratner's on Second Avenue. For
vegetarians this restaurant was a veritable paradise.
Scores upon scores of dishes made dairy food there a
factor providing unusual delight for the gourmet.
Ratner's was not a meeting place for Jewish actors
and journalists, like the Royal Cafe. Nor was it like Tip-
Toe Inn, where, nightly, when there were not public
gatherings or officials meetings, Zionists socialized. To
Tip-Toe Inn Zionists flocked to socialize. It was in the
years when Louis Lipsky was the main attraction. Many
problems were solved at those gatherings—and some
were solved at those gatherings—and some were created.
In contrast, Ratner's was strictly for food—and that pur-
pose was served well.
For those insisting on kashrut; Ratner's was a haven
to which hordes of out-of-town visitors flocked.
Abraham Harmatz masterminded the functions that
made Ratner's an institution of merit in New York. That
he should have died on the day after he terminated the
Ratner restaurant activities added drama to the end of a
restaurant that became a landmark in New York's Jewish
life. When the New York Jewish stories are written, there
will be an inevitable spot there for the Harmatz-owned-
and-managed Ratner's Dairy Restaurant.
Kissinger's View on Israel
in the Testimony of History
Dr. Kissinger—photographed at initial Geneva Conference
On the Sunday before the Israel-Syria disengagement
accord was achieved by Secretary of State Henry A. Kis-
singer, Israel's retiring Prime Minister Golda Meir gave
a luncheon in Jerusalem in the American statesman's
honor. The Jewish Telegraphic gency's report of that
Kissinger said that the four weeks of his current
mission were, "with all their difficulties," the "most
rewarding and sometimes the most emotional in our
lives. One is not often given the opportunity to change
the course of events in history and there is no area in
this world which needs so much a change in events
and there is no people which deserves more than your
people to be able to live in peace." He also said: "Is-
rael is testimony to the fact that the dreams in history
can become reality. To see your country is proof that
there is still hope in this world."
Premier Meir responded that Kissinger had
taught "us that it is not enough to be right and to be
convinced that we are right. In order to be able to
live with others in this area, we must at least try to
understand our neighbors."
Whatever doubts had been entertained about the Jew-
ish refugee lad who had risen to greatest heights in world
diplomacy may have been dispelled by what Dr. Kissinger
said at that luncheon. A person of honor does not forget.
Henry Abraham Kissinger did not forget. -
Mrs. Comay Enriches Biographical Data With New 'Who's Who in Jewish History
Joan (Mrs. Mich a e 1)
Comay, with two noteworthy
encyclopedic works, "Scrip-
tural Who's Who," of the
great personalties in the Old
and New testaments, to her
credit has produced another
exceptionally note worthy
volume devoted to the great
figures in history. In "Who's
Who in Jewish History,"
McKay), Mrs. Comay covers
a vast field of Jews "after
the period of the Old Testa-
Her two previous works,
published by Holt, Rinehart
and Winston, (reviewed in
The Jewish News Nov. 19,
1971), Mrs. Comay rendered
a great service. Bible stu-
2—Friday, June 7, 1974
dents, theologions, historians,
were provided with an en-
cyclopedic collection of bio-
graphical sketches that cov-
ered the ancient era of Juda-
ism and those in Christianity.
In the present volume, Mrs.
Comay deals with the great
personalities in all spheres
of human endeavor, and the
great personalities in all
spheres of human endeavor,
and the communities in all
parts of the globe are fully
covered in the array of peo-
ple skilfully delinated.
than 1,000 Jews and has pre- their roles in Jewish history.
sented their biographical
To assist the reader in
sketches with emphasis on
linking the experiences of the
periods under review with
historic developments, four
maps have been included,
and the 16 color plates and
the 450 black and white illus-
trations certainly add to the
merits of this very impres-
sive biographical anthology.
The scholarly approach • by
the eminent author is as im-
pressive as the thoroughness
with which Mrs. Comay has
gathered the names of more
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
"Chronology," which in a Judiciary, Literature, Mes-
sense implements the book sianic Movements, Zionism,
as an Index, occupies more Theater, Socialism, Rabbinic
than 20 pages, thus adding and Talmudic Scholarship, z
to the impressiveness of the Nobel Prize Winners an. -
contents of the new "Who's score more topical d
Who." It is an affirmation of ments.
the worldwide coverage pro-
vided in an immense collec-
An example of complete-
tion of thumbnail sketches ness is the section listing the
about so many who have
Nobel Prize winners, and
played important roles in
this is applicable also to all
the other sections in the
A glance at the "Thema-
tic Index" provides an added
To Mrs. Comay will go the
appreciation of the multiplic- gratitude of an appreciative
ity of areas covered in this readership. She has provided
anthological 450-page book.
a Who's Who that informs
The areas covered include:
researchers in Jewish his-
Interesting, this work can
be defined as startling with
the Hasmoneans-134-37 BCE
—and concludes with the
election of Prof. Ephraim
Katzir as president of Israel
in 1974. That's as nearly
complete a gathering of facts
as one could expect and it
Anti - Semitism,
emphasizes the totality of a
serious effort splendidly covered; Arab nationalism,
Business and Industry, Gov-
As a matter of fact, the ernment, Films, Journalism,
tory as well as the average
readers who will be delighted
with the material that will
enlighten them on the great
Jewish personalities in his-