Thus He will judge among the nations
And arbitrate for the many peoples,
And they shall beat their swords into plowshares
And their spears into pruning hooks:
Nation shall not take up
Sword against nation;
They shall never again know war.
inspires hopes for
peace among nations
THE JEWISH NEWS
• to Israel
Vol. LXV. No. 13
A Weekly Review
and Mogen David
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only' English-Jewish Newspaper
17515 W. 9 Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833
$10.00 Per Year; This Issue 30c
June 7, 1974
Disengagemen . t 'Not Real-Peace'
Terrorism Still Causes Concerm
Signing of the disengagement pact in Geneva ended the warfare on
the Israel-Syria border and will facilitate final exchange of prisoners of war.
But it does not spell peace for the area.
Syrian Foreign Minister Abdel Halim Khaddam stated. emphatically
on Tuescly that the disengagement was "not real peace." He warned, at a
press conference in Damascus, that if any Arab country concluded an amic-
able pact with Israel or yielded any territory to Israel it would be "disavowed
and destroyed, like the Petain collaborationist regime in Vichy, France,
when they worked with the Nazis in World War II.'
The return to the Middle East of Secretary of State Henry A.
Kissinger, when he accompanies President and Mrs. Richard M. Nixon
their visits to Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Israel and Jordan, is th
viewed as an added effort by the United States to press for a peace that is
presently so elusive.
Emotion of Israeli Relatives
Greets Return of POWs
Statements similar to Khaddam's in Damascus are heard in other
Arab capitals amidst applause for Dr. Kissinger's successful efforts to assure
Israel Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin's declaration that Israel will not
approve creation of a separate Palestinian state, his assertion that - the
Palestinians should be part of an existing Jordanian state and their problem
should be included in a Jordanian-Israeli pact; and the rejection of guerrilla
and terrorist groups' participation in the Geneva meetings have added to the
tensions stemming from unending threats to Israel.
United Nations Secretary General Kurt Waldheim was in Syria Tues-
day when the first members of the 1,250-manUnited Nations Disengagement
Observer Force (UNDOF) arrived to supervise the established buffer zone.
Austrian and Peruvian soldiers were the first to arrive.
Labor Party Post
Slated for Eban;
Rabin in PM Role
Lack of Congeniality Marks
Signing of Disengagement
By EDWIN EYTAN
GENEVA (JTA)—Israel and Syria signed a disengagement
By TUVIA MENDELSON
JERUSALEM (JTA)—The position
agreement Wednesday laying out in detail the withdrawal of
TEL AVIV (JTA)—Israel was preparing Wednesday for the
troops and weapons from the front line, creating a buffer zone to
of secretary general of. the Labor.
return of 56 prisoners of war held by Syria since the Yom Kippur
be manned by United Nations troops and providing for the ex-
Party has been offered to former For-
war. The exchange began Thursday, 24 hours after the signing of
eign Minister Abba Eban by the pow-
change of POWs and the search for bodies.
final disengagement documents by Israel and Syria in Geneva.
erful "Gush" leadership of Labor's
The POWs landed at Ben-Gurion Airport where they were greeted
The agreement was signed here at the 'UN's European head-
Mapai faction, and Eban seems in-
by Premier Yitzhak Rabin, Defense Minister Shimon Peres, Chief
quarters at 10:05 Israel time by the Israeli delegate,
clined to accept, sources - close to
of Staff Gen. Mordehai Gur and other senior officers.
him indicated Wednesday. He would
Because the prisoners have been without news of events in
mander of the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF), Lt.
Israel for many months, an officer boarded the plane before they
Gen. Ensio Siilasvuo. America's Ellsworth Bunker and Russia's
ister of education and culture in the
disembarked to inform them of the change of government and let
Vladimir Vinogradov attended the meeting in their capacities of
new government of Premier Yitzhak
them know that the men who greet them are no less than the
co-chairmen of the Geneva peace conference.
premier and the minister of defense.
According to the sources, Eban has
It is believed that the agreement provides for a three-phase
The authorities allowed the returnees to greet their families
made two conditions—that his election
Israeli withdrawal which will culminate in a retreat from the
waiting at the airport as they left the plane. The released men
(Continued on Page 14)
town of Kuneitra, occupied in 1967. UN
were taken from the airport to a military base for orders and
troops, supplied by Austria, Poland and
information and then given 48 hours
Canda, will take up posts in the buffer
leave to spend with their families.
zone shortly before Israel's withdrawal.
On Sunday they will report to a pen-
The ceremony was half private. The
sion in Zichron Yaacov for medical ex-
NEW YORK (JTA)—A new grant of $700.000 plus $300,000 in gifts-and-matching
Syrian delegation requested that news-
aminations and orientation lectures on
funds has been approved for the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research by the National
men and cameras be barred from the
developments in Israel and abroad dur-
Conference on the Humanities, according to an announcement by Dr. Ronald Berman,
(Contnued on Page 6)
ing their captivity. Israel freed 382 Syr-
(Continued on Page 10)
ian POWs. chairman of the council.
Twelve wounded Israeli prisoners of
(Continued on Page 5)
$1,000,000 in Grants Approved for YIVO
by National Conference on Humanities
Pinhas Sapir Endorsed for Chairmanship of Jewish Agency, World
Zionist Executive; Commended by Max Fisher for 'Excellent Record'
When the 300-member assembly of the Jewish Agency for Israel meets in Jerusalem under the chairmanship of Max M. Fisher of-
Detroit, June 16-20, there is every indication that Pinhas Sapir, who was minister of finance in the cabinet of Prime Minister Golda Meir,
will become chairman of the Jewish Agency Executive and the World Zionist Executive.
Endorsed for the high role in Jewish ranks by the Labor Party, at its meeting on Sunday, his selection for the post held by the late
Arye Pincus seems a certainty. The acting chairman of the two world Jewish bodies since Mr. Pincus' death is Arye Dulzin, a Likud
early next week, told The Jewish News that he considers Sapir "an excellent
Fisher, who leaves for the Jewish Agency meetings
for the high
Jewish Agency assembly, Sapir will be certain to continue leadership tasks with dignity," Fishcr said.
ghout the world and is among the most highly regarded men in Israeli and world Jewish
would be undertaking a position for which he is among the best trained men in world Jewry. He would not be assuming a high admin-
istrative position as a learner but as one who has been closely linked with the duties involved in the significant post he has declared
commentator, speaking about Sapir, before the formation of the Yitzhak Rabin cabinet, described him as
office. If that popular contention had any validity before the October War, it is doubly valid
fr om th e
"In Israel, all doors lead to Pinhas Sapir's
now. The gravel-voiced, 67-year-old finance minister—a power in Israeli 'politics ever since he inherited the portfolio in 1963 t is
late Levi Eshkol—has become even more powerful as the architect and chief strategist of Israel's economic recovery program. I Sa
who ordered up the draconian but essential voluntary and compulsory war loans, Sapir who is reshuffling Israel's development and produc-
tion priorities and Sapir who has set in motion the biggest overseas fund-raising campaign in Israel's history designed to raise more than
$1,000,000,000 in 1974 to finance the country's war economic reconstruction."