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May 10, 1974 - Image 19

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-05-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Knesset in Uproar Over Kissinger Talks; Alion Tells Govt. Policy

Knesset Tuesday voted 58-35
to refer debate on Israeli-
Syrian disengagement to its
foreign affairs and security
committee where the matter
Will be discussed behind clos-
ed doors. The vote came after
a tense, emotion-charged ses-
sion during which Likud lead-



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er Menahem Begin alleged
that the caretaker govern-
ment was about to retreat
from the Golan Heights and
Deputy Premier Yigal Al-
lon, speaking for the govern-
ment, gave assurances that
any Israeli plan would pro-
vide for the continued exis-
tence, security and develop-
ment of all settlements on
the Heights.
Allon, claiming that much
of what the news media has
published in recent days was
incorrect, gave the Knesset
six points which he said con-
stituted basic government
policy on disengagement. But
he did not categorically deny
Begin's charge that the map

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the government will give Sec-
retary of State Henry Kis-
singer to take to Damascus is
not the same map Defense
Minister Moshe Dayan gave
Kissinger in Washington a
month ago, and, in fact, rep-
resents an Israeli retreat
from its position that no
territory captured in the 1967
Six-Day War would be sur-
rendered to Syria in the in-
terests of disengagement.

Allon told the Knesset he
could not guarantee' the suc-
cess of the current round of
talks. Syrian intransigence is
well known, he said. But
even if the current efforts
fail, there will be renewed
efforts in the future and the
Israeli people and the army
should be aware of the gov-
ernment's tireless efforts to
achieve peace or, at the very
least, a stable cease-fire. Al-
lon said that there might be
"tactical changes" in Is-
rael's negotiating position
during the talks but he prom-
ised that these would be re-
ported to the Knesset com-
mittees and pledged that no

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government action would be
binding unless- it was approv-
ed first by the full Knesset.
Allon said that if the dis-
engagement efforts fail, at
least the U.S., the "construc-
tive" Arab governments and
the world would know that
the responsibility rests with
Syria. He said the govern-
ment's policy on disengage-
ment was the following:
There must be a signed
agreement stabilizing the
cease-fire and facilitating
further peace efforts; the
buffer zone and Israeli with-
drawal must not adversely
affect the army's overall de-
fensive strategy; the exist-
ence, security and develop-
ment of all Golan Heights
settlements will be guaran-
teed; disengagement must be
constructed to thwart the
dangerous designs of various
external elements;" disen-
gagement must strengthen
the constructive elements in
the Arab world and weaken
irresponsible elements; dis-
engagement, achieved by the
efforts of Kissinger, would
foster mutual relations be-
tween the U.S. and Israel.
'Begin charged that the gov-
ernment was retracting Day-
an's map and substituting a
new one. The one consolia-
lion, he said, is that the
Syrians themselves will not
accept the new map. But ac-
cording to Begin, the pres-
sure on Israel wlil continue.
He said the danger of dam-
aging relations with the U.S.
would always be present, but
he was convinced this would
nnot happen if Israel stood
firm and told the U.S. gov-
ernment, Congress and peo-
ple, "For you this is diplo-
macy, for us a matter of life
or death."
Turning to the Labor
benches on the Knesset floor,
Begin appealed ; "I beg you at
this last moment, do not give
the new map to Kissinger."
Begin also accused the
government of abandoning
Syrian Jews. He took issue
with a U.S. statement that
this was an "internal prob.
lem."---Allon said it had been
impossible to include the is-
sue of Syrian Jews in the
formal framework of disen-

gagement but that the gov-
ernment was stressing it in
every way possible. Begin
declared that for Kissinger
"the Jew, the Nazi refugees,
this could not be an internal
While the Knesset debated,
the number of demonstrators
and hunger strikers protest-
ing territorial surrender out-
side the prime minister's
office swelled to over 100
from what had been a nu-
cleus of little more than 20
Monday. In the Knesset vote
to refer the disengagement
debate to committee, four
members of hte National Re-
ligious Party broke coalition
discipline and joined MKs of
the Aguda bloc in abstaining.
A storm also erupted in
the Knesset Sunday when
Begin demanded an immedi-
ate briefing by the govern-
ment on its talks so far with
Kissinger. The request was
denied by Knesset Speaker
Yisrael Yeshayah.
The shouting that broke out
from the opposition section
on the Knesset floor prevent-
ed Information Minister Shi-
mon Peres from replying to
questions. There were cries
of. "shame" from Likud
members who'said there was
"no justice" in the Knesset
because "the cabinet is will-
ing to talk to Kissinger but
not to the Knesset."
Begin accused Kissinger of
threatening Israel's existence
by trying to force the gov-
ernment to take decisions
that would imperil its securi-
He demanded that the
Knesset session be halted
and a messenger dispatch-
ed to Premier Golda Meir
with a demand that a mem-
ber of the ministerial team
conferring with Kissinger
come to the Knesset forth-
with to brief it on the pro-
gress of the talks.
The clamor subsided only
when the Knesset session was
adjourned on a technicality—
Likud MK Benjamin Halevi
said he was feeling "sick"
and did not wish to proceed
with the motion. Observers
noted that more voices are
being raised in Israel against

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a study conducted in five
villages, three of which were
Jewish and the other two
Arab. The study showed that
rehabilitation services for
handicaped .persons living in
isolated areas have lagged
behind those in urban areas,
and that even if they did go
some distance to a hospital
where such services were
available they usually were
neglected afterward.
The program provides for
a "development and func-
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handicaped can come to be
diagnosed, treated, counseled
and to receive vocational re-
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plans to bring a number of
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The rural rehabilitation
prOject is affiliated with the
Chaim Weizmann Rehabilita-
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just outside Tel Aviv. The
study and the program are
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$92,000 from the U. S. De-
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added $28,500 of its own to
complete the financial needs
of the program.

Metzenbaum Loses

tor Howard Metzenbaum lost
his bid for re-nomination on
the Democratic ticket, to as-
tronaut John Glenn, in the
primaries on Tuesday.


Kissinger's policies and atti-
The Labor Party's Knes-
set faction met late Monday
night with Premier Golda
Meir and Foreign Minister
Abba Eban for a progress
report on talks with Kissin-
ger. While they assured the
MKs that no decisions would
be taken by the caretaker
government that might jeoj-
ardize the safety of Israeli
settlement on the Golan
Heights and elsewhere, both
ministers indicated that there
were other vital considera-
tions that must be taken into
Mrs. Meir stated, some-
what enigmatically, that
while she and her negotiators
were fully aware of the fears
expressed by Golan settlers,
there were even greater fears
that had to be considered if
a disengagement accord with
Syria is not.reched. She said
her anxiety for the settle-
ments' security was as deep
as anyone's, but there was
also anxiety over the absence
of disengagement on the
Syrian front.
She remarked that the gov-
ernment had two options: to
agree to an arrangement on
the Golan Heights which
would guarantee 'U.S. under-
standing of Israel's case if it
did not gain an agreement
with the Syrians; or to de-
mand an arrangement which
neither Damascus - nor Wash-
ington would consider.
Eban said that while there
has been little progress in
the disengagement talks so
far, Israel was "in a phase
of coordination with the U.S."
Eban warned that "if we were
to rebuff Kissinger - that
would cause a rupture with
the U.S. and therefore we
are talking to him. We have
to consider disengagement
talks against a general regi-
onal background."
The meeting was held
against the background of
mounting public pressure in
the cartaker regime not to
take any decisions that would
- include withdrawal from
Kuneitra or any part of the
Golan Heights.
The heated emotions that
even in the hint of such a de-
cision generates were dem-
onstrated Monday in the
stormy Knesset sesion, in
the protests by 26 leading
intellectuals outside t h e
prime minister's office and
the National Religious Par-
ty's decision not to join a
Labor-led coalition govern-
Golan Residents
Ask 'No Surrender'
TEL AVIV (JTA) — Pres-
sure mounted on the govern-
ment not to surrender to
Syria any territory captured
in the Six-Day War. The
pressure came from Golan
Heights settlers who held an
emergency meeting at Ra-
mot where they were poined
by representatives of settle-
ments in the administered
territories as far off as Kfar
Etzion and the Gaza Strip.
The meeting was occasion-
ed by rumors that the govern-
ment may agree to yield a
portion of the pre-Yom Kip-
pur War Golan Heights, in-
cluding Kuneitra, in the in-
terests of a disengagement
accord with Syria.

Friday, May 10, 1974-19

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