Federation Approval of Fund for Needy
Recalls Jewish Response in Depression
Adoption by the Jewish JSSB board (and subsequent-
Welfare Federation of a new ly, in 1938, was elected
program of aid to the im- president).
"Upon being absorbed, I
poverished, in the form of
the $50,000 fund voted unani- issued the following public
mously by its board of gov- statement in appreciation of
errors last week, aroused the devotion and contribution
reminiscences of the first made by the many volun-
action of this sort taken in teers who participated:
LEST WE FORGET
this community more than
This brief message is devoted
of the untiring
40 years ago.
efforts and resultant success of
It was during the Depres- the volunteer workers of the De-
sion. There was need for troit Jewish Emergency Relief
help. An emergency relief Fund.
It is impossible to put in words,
committee was organized in the praise that they deserve. I
just endeavor to utter the
1930 under the chairmanship will
thanks that is justly due to those
of George M. Stutz.
so incessantly tried—those who
worked — those who gave
Stutz, who was present at ever
their time—their time—their very
the Federation meeting last soul to ease the yoke of the un-
week and participated in the fortunates.
The Jews of the city of Detroit
action in behalf of the less may be justly pround of the men
affluent in the community, and women who have founded this
They are unique in
recalled how the emergency movement.
rendering immediate relief un-
efforts functioned four de- hampered by organization man-
agement or the desire for person-
cades ago; how, after a al
acclaim, with the result that
period of services rendered food and other necessities of life
distributed on the very same
by his committee, the late
a report is had of destitution.
Fred M. Butzel and Abe day
The modesty of those for whom
Srere came to his law office I am attempting to speak, forbids
me to mention their numerous
on 12th St. and proposed sacrifices
in furtherance of this
merger of that committee noble and splendid cause.
May this be a perennial record
with Federation. Stutz has
in the archives of the Detroit
been a member of the Feder- Jewish
Emergency Relief Fund.
ation board of governors
Philip Slomovitz, the then
since that time. In 1938 he editor of the Detroit Jewish
became president of the Jew- Chronicle, editorialized on
ish Social Service Bureau.
"It was five years ahead
Jewish leaders in the various
of the Roosevelt-Perkins pro- emergency relief movements must
gram of aid to the poor," be careful not to confuse charity
justice. Too many make the
Stutz recalled. "We pio- with
mistake of speaking of "charity"
neered'', and what we've just when they refer to relief, forget-
that the multitudes of needy
done is to continue a much ting
in the present depression are not
subjects of charity but victims
Stutz continued: "It was of an economic calamity.
in 1930 in the early days of
the Depression. I was in-
volved in the organization of
the first Jewish Emergency
Relief Fund of Detroit, a
voluntary organization of
JERUSALEM — New find-
Jewish men and women (out-
side of Federation) who felt ings have been revealed
from a complex of winter
and responded to the press-
ing needs of the indigent and palaces of the Hasmonean
period, currently under exca-
vation by Hebrew University
"The response to our corn-
archeologists, at the mouth
munitywide appeal for food, of
Wadi Kelt in the Jericho
coal and clothing was im-
mediate. We were able to basin.
The two tels at the site
obtain a block of stores on
12th St. for the colleIction, were first investigated in
warehousing and distribution 1868; more extensive excava-
of the goods contributed. The tions were carried out by two
basement gymnasium of American archeological teams
Shaarey Zedek Synagogue at in 1950-51. Renewed excava-
Brush and Willis was also tions were, begun on a small
made available to us for the scale last winter and con-
housing and feeding of home- tinued almost non-stop until
The Hebrew University
"Our activity soon grew
entirely out of proportion to archeologists are aided by
our ability to properly cope the Jewish Theological Semi-
with and administer the pro- nary of America and the staff
gram and I soon realized officer, archeology, Judea-
that we were all inexperi- Samaria. Supervising the digs
enced volunteers and that is architect Ehud Netzer
there wasn't a trained pro- (Menczel).
The most important find
fessional among us. I be-
came concerned with the ef- within the framework of the
fectiveness and scope of the renewed excavations is the
location of the palace com-
"It was at this time that plex from the Hasmonean
we commenced negotiations period north of Wadi Kelt.
with Federation and I met The palace consisted of a
with Fred Butzel and two central building and a large
other giants of the Detroit swimming pool surrounded
Jewish Community — Julian by squares and various struc-
Krolik and Abe Srere. They tures.
An ancient aqueduct car-
proposed absorption of the
program and the organiza- ried water to the palace and
tion of a relief committee the pool from the Na'aron
within the Jewish Social Spring (Ain Duq). The con-
Service Bureau to be known struction of the aqueduct
as the 'Jewish Unemploy- simultaneously with the build-
ment Relief Council.' We ing of the palace enabled
readily accepted, and I be- the development of agricul-
came a member of the ture in that area which had
JERUSALEM (ZINS) — According to the bureau, no
Recent data published by the significant change haso c-
Central Statistical Institute curred in 1973.
shows that, since the Six-
Day War, the percentage of Classifieds Get Quick Results
over-all relief program under Arabs in Israel (inclusive of
CALIFORNIA? WHY NOT:
Mayor Frank Murphy's ad- the occupied areas) has de-
TICKETS TO ANYWHERE.
HAMILTON, MILLER, HUDSON &
ministration subsequently be-
FAYNE TRAVEL CORP. CALL ME
came known as the Mayor's
In 1967, according to the
Unemployment Relief Corn- statistical tables, the total
mittee. It was patterned after population of Israel (includ-
the Jewish Emergency Re- ing the territories) was 3,- I
lief Council, said Stutz.
761,900, amongst whom the
* * *
Arabs numbered 1,378,300
i.e., 36.64 per cent of the WANT TO SELL YOUR HOME?
By 1972 the overall popula-
Volunteers who have been tion had grown to 4,230,000,
active in a program of assist- of whom approximately 1 ; -
ance to low-income Jewish 500,000 were Arabs (35.62
families hope to continue a per cent of the population).
cooperative effort with the Since the Six-Day War the
Jewish social service agency. proportionate numb e r of AETNA REALTY CO.
24469 Greenfield Rd.
The volunteers, led by Arabs has dropped from 36.64
Sheila Ordin, have been co- per cent to 35.62 per cent.
ordinating the canned food
distribution program, CANS.
In meetings with Jewish
Family and Children's Ser- SPRING SPECIAL $1495
air " 'I'd. Seat Belt
My warning to my fellow-Jews vice and Federation profes-
is that they should not confuse sionals, the volunteer group
the Hebraic "Zedaka" with char-
ity. One is the very antithesis of is hoping various forms of
the other. Jewish lore knows no assistance, in addition to
charity. It knows "Zedaka" which direct financial aid, will be
means justice. And if we would
21675 Telegraph Rd.
do justice in the present calamity adopted.
we would avoid the very word
& on 9Mi l e
Last week, the Jewish Wel-
and spirit of charity which de-
gtw p np only
presses and would instead strive fare Federation board of gov-
for that which have poisoned ernors approved the alloca-
our economic system and brought
tion of $50,000 for direct fi-
about the present suffering.
Relief with dignity and in jus- nancial assistance to Detroit
tice to human beings is the im-
portant obligation of the hour. Jews on marginal incomes.
ALL GRAN TORINOS, ELITES
Now the volunteers suggest
And when final relief will have
FULL SIZE FORDS & T-BIROS
come it should move public-spir- that other areas can be ex-
ited persons to search for solu-
BE SOLD FOR $50.00 OVER
tions—whether they come in the plored. These include a food
form of social insurance or in p r o g r a m, transportation,
some other way—paving the way
OF INVOICE WILL
for the prevention of a repetition health and clothing.
BE SHOWN ON REQUEST.
of the present sad and depressing-
Robert Naftaly, president
See me for long term leasing-(All Makes)
ly disgusting social and economic of Cong. Beth Moses, which
has been particularly inter-
SEE PHIL SCHOSTAK
Stutz said that the city's ested in the issue of poverty,
said the volunteer group
hopes that a joint effort of
professionals and volunteers
MICHIGAN'S LARGEST SELECTION OF MUSTANG ll's
will prevent duplication of
29200 TELEGRAPH AT 12 MILE, SOUTHFIELD
services and channel activity
been barren until the Hos-
those in need of assistance.
INCREASE MILEAGE ..
Emission Specialties Inc.
Hebrew U. Tells Findings of Digs
at Site of Hasmonean Complex
10—Friday, May 3, 1974
Arab Population in Israel Declines
Only a few sections. of the
central building have been
uncovered so far as the en-
tire palace was covered by
an artificial tel, designed for
a ground-level building in the
days of King Herod. The
ground level building was
completely destroyed with
only the foundations remain-
ing (these were uncovered
by the American excavators).
However, due to the fill
which was poured in so as to
create the artificial tel, the
Hasmonean palace was pre-
Among the few roams un-
covered was one which was
completely covered by wall
frescoes in various designs
of marble. Near the swim-
ming pool, the foundations of
a large structure were dis-
covered which no doubt
served the bathers in the
pool. The building was de-
stroyed in the Hasmonean
period. Surrounding the pool
itself, over a space of a half
acre, were pa v e d areas,
squares and courtyards plas-
tered with high quality lime.
A rare treasure of 20 coins
from the days of Mattathias
Antigonus, the last Hasmo-
nean king was also found
They shall come to Zion
with singing, and with ever-
lasting joy upon their heads;
they shall attain to joy and
gladness, and sorrow and
sighing shall flee away.
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS