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April 19, 1974 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-04-19

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THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Associa-
tion. Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075.
Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices. Subscription $10 a year.

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Editor and Publisher

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

Business Manager

CHARLOTTE DUBIN

City Editor

DREW LIEBERWITZ

Advertising Manager

Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 28th day of Nisan, 5734, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Leviticus 9:1-11:47. Prophetical portion, II Samuel 6:1-7:17.
Torah portion for Rosh Hodesh lyar, Monday and Tuesday, Numbers 28:1-15.



VOL. LXV. No. 6

Candle lighting, Friday, April 19, 7:59 p.m.

Page Four

April 19, 1974

Martyrs and Heroes: Never to Be Forgotten

Israel's anniversary of statehood and in-
dependence is traditionally marked with an
observance of Martyrs' and Heroes Remem-
brance Day as a solemn tribute to the millions
of victims during the destruction of the Euro-
pean communities. Because of the Sabbath,
this day was observed a day earlier, on Thurs-
day of this week, the 26th day of Nisan.

It was a sacred day and it symbolized the
emphasis that it is imperative for Jews always
to remember the tragedies,, never to forget
the threat to destroy the People Israel. To
forget would mean the obliteration of mem-
ories of conditions that imperiled the entire
people; it could also mean submission to re-
curring threats. By remembering the past,
Jewry affirms the will to live which is inher-
ent in the people's resistance to tyranny and
to all dangers to its existence.

That the tradition for a Remembrance
Day should be rooted in Israeli activities is
a mark of strength. That the symbolism is
encouraged by the Martyrs' and Heroes Re-
membrance Authority functioning as part of
the major memorial established in Jerusalem

— Yad Vashem — also has added signifi-
cance. That the links of perpetuating mem-
ories should be rooted in Israel's capital is
especially symbolic of the tributes to martyrs
rooted in the freedoms of the sovereign Jew-
ish state.
From time immemorial, we have had the
warning against emerging destroyers of Israel
as expressed in Scriptures: Zkhor et Amalek
—Remember Amalek!

Dangers to Jewry's survivalism appear all
too often in many lands and are never to be
ignored. That which links Jews in their mem-
ories to the martyrs of all time, and in the
current Remembrance Day especially to those
who perished in the last war, is part of an
historic obligation emphasizing historic con-
tinuity.

There is a pause prior to rejoicing over
Israel's new freedom in the ancient homeland
— a pause that takes into account the trag-
edies that preceded statehood. These are
memories to be sacredly respected not in
Israel alone but by the Jewries of the entire
world.

Honoring Israel's Anniversary With Courage

Israel's 26th anniversary, to be observed
on April 25 — two days in advance of the
fifth of Iyar which occurs on the Sabbath —
finds the people in the Jewish state tense
but confident, concerned over future develop-
ments but determined that all obstacles to
the nation's security will be overcome and
the economic difficulties confronted with
courage.
As the editor observed and reported in
these columns from the "African visit,"
shortly before the disengagement of Israeli
and Egyptian troops at the Suez Canal, two
months ago, one of the developments from
the Yom Kippur War was the adoption of
an American-originated slogan: "We shall
overcome." Now foreign correspondents are
placing emphasis on this symptom in Israel's
life: the determination to overcome the
emerging obstructions to a secure life for the
more than 3,000,000 Israelis.
Jewish communities share in the concerns
that have mounted in recent months. There
is an awareness of a return to conditions that
are akin to the early years of Israel's state-
hood, when there was a tightening of belts
in the economic crises, an alertness to dan-
gers, a readiness to • participate in Israel's
defense.
Of course, there are tensions; naturally
there is great difficulty in meeting a crisis
that has resulted from a $7,000,000,000 cost
that was incurred in a tragic war. As in the
instance of a previously quoted comment that
was made by then U.S. Secretary of State
George Marshall in a critical period in this
country during a world war, "We hasie seen
it worse."

Is it possible to say, now, that there have
been worse times for Israel and for Jewry?
Indeed, after the Israel War of Independence
there was equal tension and times were much
worse economically. Therefore, whatever hap-
pens now can and will be overcome.
The fact is that world Jewry is more

generous. The philanthropic assistance is
greater. The dedication to kinship matches
earlier crises. If there are infractions, they
are minimal and critical situations are certain
to be met with a response representative of
a united Jewry.

Israel's 26th anniversary will undoubtedly
be devoid of jubilations and military parades.
There was never jubilation over triumphs:
the happy moods represented satisfaction
over the people's ability to withstand attacks.
The errors of the past, and no government is
without blunders, are being corrected. The
will to live remains a functioning force amidst
war-threatening conditions.

Regardless of the dangers, difficulties and
tensions, the 26th anniversary of Israel is a
time for celebration. The fulfillment of pro-
phecy cannot be negated, and the miracle—
the miraculous factors have not vanished—
remains an element of great significance in
Jewish history. The re-emergence of Jewish
statehood after 20 centuries of Jewish home-
lessness continues to stimulate the wonder-
ment and the rejoicing that Jewry at last
has an address, that homeless Jews now have
a haven of refuge from the persecutions which
have not ended, that the legacies of Israel
again are linked with their sources in the
ancient homeland.

Jews in Israel are grim, but they will cele-
brate. Jews in the Diaspora are seriously con-
cerned and they continue their devotions to
fellow men who refuse to despair. In this
partnership, Jews stand together for the re-
tention of the right of an emancipated people
to be masters of their own destiny. To the
end that this should remain the great liber-
tarian principle in the life of our people,
Jewish communities mark the current anni-
versary with courage, with dignity, with a
sense of honor and self-respect, as they send
forth hearty greetings to the Israelis on an-
other anniversary of independence and na-
tional sovereignty.

'Proof of Bible Accuracy'
Researched Chronologically

"Proof of the Accuracy of the Bible" is provided in a voluminous
740-page work under that title in which Dr. Elihu A. Schatz draws
upon research and archeological discoveries to prove his thesis.
In this work, published by Jonathan David, Dr. Schatz, who holds
rabbinic and chemistry degrees from Yeshiva University and Politech-
nic Institute of Brooklyn, and who is now continuing his Bible studies
in Israel, utilizes chronological, prophetic and legal facts to express
his confidence that "the authenticity and correctness • of the Bible has
been proved."
"An observant Jews need not feel that there is any doubt as to
the fundamental truth of the Bible and the principles proclaimed
therein," he asserts.
Chronological and genealogical facts with which he commences
his analysis of the "Creation Era" led Dr. Schatz to state that details
from Chinese, Egyptian and Babylonian sources and from mythological
literature show "a remarkable agreement both chronologically and
historically with the biblical account."
Covered in this compilation are the eras of Abraham, the period
of Israel in Egypt, the Judges, the Babylonian exile, and the Second
Temple.
Thoroughly tabulated, Dr. Schatz's work takes into account biblical
criticisms. He seeks to establish the reality of prophecy, especially in
relation to re-establishment of the Jewish state.
He did not always accept rabbinic interpretations, and he indi-
cates where he differed. Of special interest is the advocacy of con-
vening a Sanhedrin to interpret laAr and, as he indicates, to make
certain changes. As Dr. Schatz summarizes it, the need for a Sanhedrin
emerges, in his words:
"When a Sanhedrin, or authoritative legal body is convened, it
will be necessary to make legal decisions not only based on mishnaic,
talmudic, and later enactments, but also from a re-examination of the
biblical regulations in the light of modern knowledge. Great advances
have been made in every field of learning, including biblical inter-
pretation, since the time of the Mishna. There undoubtedly are many
Jewish laws that need to be revised because of this advanced under-
standing. Moreover, it is of utmost importance that it be realized that
the ultimate goal is the correct observance of every biblical regula-
tion. It is true that rabbinic interpretations have been made for the
purpose of upholding, clarifying, and delimiting the Bible. However,
many, rabbinic conclusions have to be revised to agree more closely
with the intent of the Pentateuch. The Bible (Deut. 17:8-11) gives
authority to the judges and leaders of each generation to interpret the
biblical laws according to their understanding. It is therefore only
reasonable, now that the Jewish state has been revived, that a com-
plete re-examination of Jewish law be accomplished.
"Nowadays, the laws derived from the Mishna and Talmud are
followed (as should be the case) even if the regulations clearly cor
tradict biblical statements. No modern rabbinic authority goes bac(
to the Bible to decide a problem in a way contrary to prevailing inter-
pretation. The farthest back anyone goes is to the Mishna and Talmud.
"However, since the stated conclusions are only one person's
opinion, the presented interpretations can only be taken as a possible
theoretical explanation. Instead, what is needed is for the entire Jewish
legal development to be reviewed by a Sanhedrin, taking into con-
sideration not only talmudic law but also modern exegesis of the Bible.
"What is there being requested is that a Sanhedrin, or authoritative
legal body, be convened, having members of greater knowledge and
capability than the mishnaic and talmudic auhorities. These modern
scholars should use the Pentateuch as the main basis for their decisions.
Under no circumstances is this suggestion meant to undermine rabbinic
authority, but rather to strengthen it. By convening a Sanhedrin many
antiquated interpretations of the Bible can be updated. In the process,
the biblical regulations will gain the support of the Jewish people,
and will be observed. If this is not done, the modern generation will
say that the Bible, as intepreted, does not recognize recent scientific
advances. The older generation has to realize also that the talmudic
interpretations are not sacrosanct, and can be revised by a properly
constituted legal body. Blindly, following the usual biblical interpreta-
tions could occasionally lead to non-beneficial results because of in-
correct observance of the Bible, with consequent harm to the state
of Israel."

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