World Jewish Communities Prepare to Greet Israel's
26th Anniversary; Reaffirm Faith in State Durability
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The Guardian of Israel neither slumbers nor sleeps
Detroit functions marking Israel's 26th anniversary will include the entire week's events at the Jewish Center, commencing on April 27, and two
functions sponsored by Cong. Shaarey Zedek and Young Israel of Oak-Woods, both on April 24. Anniversary events are planned in Flint. Martyrs and
Heroes Remembrance Day, which traditionally precedes the Israel Independence Day celebration, is being observed today.
Detailed stories on Pages 6, 14 . .. Editorials, Page 4
Who Mar Peace
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper
Vol. LXV. No. 6
16° 17515 W. 9 Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833
$10.00 Per Year; This Issue 30c
April 19, 1974
Russia Chief Obstacle to an Accord
Syrian Demand for USSR Golan
Role Handicaps Disengagement
Security Reinforced in Wake
of Kiryat Shemona Raid; Cancel
Many Independence Day Events
TEL AVIV (JTA)—Elaborate security measures Lave been introduced
to protect settlements and townships near the northern borders — and
particularly their schools—from possible new terrorist outrages. The
measures are in reaction to the Kiryat Shemona massacre and further
threats from terrorist leader Ahmed Jibril's organization that it planned
new suicide assaults on Israeli civilian centers.
In Kiryat Shemona, in the coastal town of Nahariya and other population
centers within reach of the Lebanese border, police and army units are on
24-hour patrol duty, and armed guards are stationed at schools and kinder-
gartens during the school day.
School buildings are inspected by police each morning before the
pupils are admitted to their classrooms. In Kiryat Shemona, security forces
are building new roads to afford military units greater mobility in dealing
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Russian demands for a major role in the Middle East negotiations may prove
the chief stumbling bloc to achieving an end to the fighting on the Golan Heights
and termination of threats for renewed warfare made by Egyptian President Anwar
el Sadat on Tuesday. While the Geneva conference is expected to be resumed in a
matter of two months, the situation involving Israel's security has grown more com-
plicated, with menacing aspects in a situation involving growing terrorism and refusal
in Arab quarters to recognize Israel's existence. Anti-Israel propaganda has assumed
disturbing proportions throughout the world, and propaganda against Israel has
again emerged as a spreading anti-Semitic campaign.
JERUSALEM (JTA) — The Syrian proposals for disengagement with Israel
aim at introducing Soviet military personnel into the Golan region, it was learned
from reliable sources here Tuesday. The sources, privy to the Syrian plan now under
study by the caretaker government, said the Syrians oppose Israel's idea of a buffer
zone occupied by the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF)—similar to the one
on the Egyptian front. They want instead an unoccupied buffer zone patrolled by
UNTSO, the UN Truce Supervisory Organization, which, unlike UNEF, includes So-
The Syrians insist that both sides open their lines and positions to inspection
by UNTSO personnel, the sources reported. Israel, which is satisfied with the effective-
ness of the 7,000-man UNEF force on the Suez front, envisions a UNEF force of sev-
eral hundred to 1,000 in the much narrower Golan sector. In any event, Israel is
U.S. Rejects Pressures on Israel at UN
UNITED NATIONS (JTA)—The debate in the Security Council over Israel's raid into south-
ern Lebanon last Friday seems to have subsided Wednesday as Council. members awaited the
formulation of a resolution or a consensus statement. Indications are that many of the council
members, including Lebanon, which is not a member but which called for the council meeting,
feel that further dispute will be counter-productive.
The U. S. opposed a "one-sided" resolution and might have vetoed a drastic one against
Even the need for a resolution has diminished since the meeting was originally called by
Lebanon to avert further Israeli raids against her, and no further raids have occurred.
Sources here also noted that despite the acrimonious statements issued by the representa-
'ves of Egypt and the Soviet Union during the two days of debate, chances for Syrian-Israeli dis-
dogagement talks remained good.
A UN spokesman said that Secretary General Kurt Waldheim continued to "maintain con-
cern" about the constant breaches of the cease fire between Syria and Israel. Waldheim met
Wednesday morning with Egyptian Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmi to discuss the Middle East
The Soviet Union unleashed a vitriolic attack against Israel Tuesday. Yakov Malik, the
Soviet ambassador, denounced the "routine act of aggression against peace-loving Lebanon" and
called on the council not only to condemn but also to take "effective measures" against Israel. He
also called on the United States to back off in its support of Israel.
The Egyptian foreign minister accused Israel of 'aggression against Lebanon and warned
that if Israel wants peace it must stop forthwith all "irresponsible actions." "Israel, before anyone
else, must choose between war and peace," Fahmi declared. But he did not repeat the threat in his
formal statement, and to newsmen earlier in the day that Egypt would "strike" at. Israel if it
continued retaliatory action against Lebanon and Syria.
Israeli Ambassador Yosef Tekoah, exercising his right of reply, expressed "shock" that
ahmi had come "all the way from Cairo to explain away and to defend those who committed the
•Larbaric massacre at Kiryat Shemona."
Malik stated that the Soviet Union "most categorically , opposes international terrorism."
Stating that the USSR "proceeds from a position of principle against acts of terrorism and against
acts of violence which serve no positive purpose but entail the deaths of innocent people," Malik
then proceeded to condemn what he termed Israel's "barbarous and piratical intrusions" against
(Continued on Page 8)
(Continued on Page 12)
New Israel Elections Are Unavoidable;
Labor Must. Name Premier on Sunday
TEL AVIV (JTA)—The Labor Party, in its state of disunity, may have
set itself an impossible task when its executive and Knesset faction voted
31-13 Tuesday night to try to form a new government without new elections,
some of the party's top leaders indicated. Finance Minister Pinhas Sapir
said bluntly that it could not be done, mainly because the National
Religious Party will not join a new coalition unless its demands are met.
Sapir was among the minority of Labor Party executive and Knesset
faction leaders who voted for new elections.
Another was Deputy Premier Yigal Allon, who told reporters that new
elections might have been avoided if the Labor Party had reopened the
election lists to admit new candidates right after the Yom Kippur War. But
the mistake was made and new elections are inevitable, Allon said.
Defense Minister Moshe Dayan did not participate M the party vote,
but he told a meeting of former Rafi members that he would not support
any candidate for the premiership who disagreed with his views on domestic
or foreign policy.
Rafi is insisting on either a national coalition government embracing
the Likud opposition or new elections at the earliest possible date.
The Labor Party is working against a firm deadline set by President
Ephraim Katzir, who gave it no more than 10 to 14 days to come up with a
new leader and start the cabinet-building process. Katzir has also made it
clear that he will not tolerate a drawn-out process such as was the case
from January to March.
Before Labor can begin forming a new government it must find a
leader to replace Mrs. Meir. With Sapir having taken himself out of the
race and Haifa Mayor Shmuel Almogi apparently undecided, the party
faces a formidable task. At its meeting Tuesday night, the Labor Party
executive and Knesset faction appointed a committee of five to prepare a
list of candidates to be submitted Sunday to the party's central committee
to elect one of them to head the party, replacing Mrs. Meir.