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March 29, 1974 - Image 41

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-03-29

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Iraq-Kurdish Conflict Could Affect Israel Talks

JERUSALEM (JTA) — Is-
raelis are watching with
great interest developments
in Iraq's northern provinces
where a new armed confron-
tation appears imminent be-
tween the Iraqi army and re-
bellious. Kurds led by Mulla
Mustafa Barzani.
An ultimatum the Bagh-
dad regime handed Barzani
15 days ago expired Tuesday
with no indication that the

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rebels would accept the lim-
ited autonomy plan offered
them by the Baathist govern-
ment. The government
threatens to implement the
plan by force.
B arzani's 15,000-strong
guerrilla army—Pesh Merjha
—has been freshly equipped
with weapons and is pre-
pared to resist.
Although these events are
remote from Israel and are
not directly involved in the
Arab-Israeli conflict, what
happens in the northern
reaches of Iraq could have
considerable b e a ring on
whether there is a disen-
gagement agreement or re-

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newed warfare on the Syrian broiled in. its own internal
problems.
front.
It is believed here, there-
Observers here point out fore, that Barzani will indi-
that in its past troubles with rectly influence the course
the Kurds, the Iraqi govern- of disengagement talks be-
ment was forced to seek the tween Israel and Syria, the
help - of Syrian troops. Thus preliminary stages of which
the Kurdish rebellion in the are scheduled to start in
1960s made for a period of Washington this week.
quiet on Israel's northern
(Meanwhile, a delegation of
frontier Tuesday. The great-
Kurds
in the United States
ly expanded Iraqi army is
considered capable of deal- is planning to submit a mem-
orandum to the United Na-
ing with the rebels alone—
tions
charging the rulers of
except that the Kurds may
get support from Iraq's pow- Iraq with aggression against
their Kurdish minority and
erful neighbor, Iran.
the violation of an agreement
It is the Iranians rather entered into in 1970 granting
than the Kurds who consti- the 2,000,000 Kurds complete
tute the kind of military independence.
threat that forces Baghdad
(An American representa-
to keep its army at home tive of Barzani's Kurds, in-
rather than in Syria where terviewed by David Horo-
it fought against Israel in witz at the UN, revealed that
the Yom Kippur War.
a Kurdish delegation plans
If Iraqi forces cannot be to bring the whole case of
e x p e c t e d to reinforce the Iraqi aggression against the
Syrian army along the Golan Kurds to the attention of the
Heights, the Damascus re- world organization in April.
(Pointing to the continuous
gime may well adopt a more
moderate position , Israeli trouble the Kurds have had,
sources believe. The hawks the spokesman noted the
in Damascus who are de- problems the Israelis face
manding that President Ha- with the Arabs:
"No wonder the brave, con-
fez Assad cooperate with
Iraq against the "soft line" structive and humane people
taken by President Anwar of Israel are having trouble
Sadat are not likely to pre- with them," he said.
(Asked how the Kurdish
vail if Iraq becomes mili-
tarily and politically em- minority has been able all
these years to withstand the
pressures of the more power-
ful Iraqis, he said: "Like the
heroic Israelis, so we, too,
know how to organize our-
selves, and the recruitment
of Kurds during war is no
more a problem with us than
it is with the Israelis.")

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Amos Perlmutter :
Israel-Arab Peace
Hopes an Illusion

NEW YORK (ZINS) —
Amos Perlmutter, professor
of political science at the
Am e r i c an University in
Washington, D. C., argues in
an article in Harper's maga-
zine that the Arabs will
never be prepared to make
a lasting peace with the
state of Israel.
To think otherwise-, he
says, is to live with a dan-
gerous illusion. The Arab
goal, writes Perlmutter, has
always been and continues to
be the dismemberment and
liquidation of the Jewish
state.
The author concedes that
the Arab world is not of one
mind, and that there are
widely divergent viewpoints
as to policy vis-a-vis Israel. .
But these differences, he
maintains, concern the means
to achieve the objective of
dissolution of the Jewish
state and not the end itself.
American and Soviet pres-
sures, he says, may force
acceptance, for a time, of a
cessation of hostilities. This
is merely an extended cease
fire that will ultimately
erupt into new fighting, the
professor claims.
Israelis, he warns, must
guard against the illusion of
peace. They have no real
choice other than to remain
militarily strong in order to
safeguard their very exist-
ence.
This condition, Perlmutter
adds, is one that may endure
for generations, and Israel
had better face up to the
reality.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, March 29, 1974-41

Hebrew Day School Expansion Slows

NEW YORK (JTA) — Ini-
tial reports from Hebrew
day schools throughout the
United States indicate that
such day school enrollment
is still growing though at a
somewhat slower pace than
in past years, according to
a summary by Torah Ume-
sorah, the National Society
of Hebrew Day Schools.
The report said that an an-
nual statement issued by the
agency on its 30th anniver-
sary highlighted the fact that
13 new Hebrew day school
units were opened in Septem-
ber 1973, in the U.S. and
Canada.
According to the report,
there are now 413 day
schools in the United States
and 50 in Canada. Torah

Umesorah officials estimat-
ed total day school enroll-
ment at 81,000 students in
the United States and 11,800
in Canada.
Officials said that in some
urban areas day school en-
rollment had reached a pla-
teau but that in suburban
areas, enrollment continued
to grow.

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