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January 25, 1974 - Image 8

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-01-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Golds Praises U. S., Kissinger for Role in Agreement

(Continued from Page 1)
U.S. could prove invaluable
in the promotion of relations
between the two parties and
the continued observance of
the settlement."
Regarding Syria, she re-
gretted that she could report
no progress, with the Damas-
cus government still refusing
to publish the POW lists and
allow Red Cross visits. "This
refusal is unsurpassed in its
brutality," she cried. Kissin-
ger "was unable to tell us
that he had succeeded in his
efforts to move matters from
a state of deadlock but we
have been promised that his
efforts will continue,"
(Egyptian President Anwar
Sadat said in Rabat, Moroc-
co, Wednesday that Syria
was ready to hold talks with
Israel about- withdrawal of
troops. )
Likud opposition leader
Menahem Begin was at his
fiery best Tuesday when he
lashed at the government's
"unilateral withdrawal while
the state of war still con-
tinues," as he described the
disengagement agreement
with Egypt. But though he
inveighed for 40 minutes,
flaying each of the align=
ment's senior ministers in
turn, he provided no real
answer to the question ad-
dressed to him by the next
speaker, Moshe Dayan:
"Mister Begin—what do you
suggest we do.?"
Likud's new bright star,
Arik Sharon, attempted later
in the debate to answer that
key question, but he, too,
left Likud's own policies far
from clear to the objective
listener.
Begin began by greeting
the re-elected speaker, Yis-
rael Yeshayahu, and warning
him most solemnly that Likud
would not tolerate any more
of the bias and unfairness
which Begin claimed he had
shown during the previous
Knesset. (Likud opposed Yes-
hayahu in the vote Monday.)
He greeted, too, the new
Knesseters and the premier,
who was restored to health
from shingles. And then he
began: "Did the outgoing
government ask for a man-
date from the people to un-
dertake a unilateral with-
drawal during this period of
W a r ? "
He recalled that when the
"partial settlement p 1 a n"
was current, the government
had insisted that not one
single Egyptian soldier be
allowed across the canal.
"And now there would be
many. Not whole divisions,
to be sure, but what was at
issue was the principle.
Egypt's insistence on posi-
tioning its troops in Sinai —
the traditional gateway to
Eretz Israel from time im-
memorial — showed that it
intended war, not peace. This
was a remilitarization —not
demilitarization — of Sinai,
and the government had
agreed to it."
Begin cited an official
statement from Egypt's sole
party, the Arab Socialists
Union, to prove that Cairo
by no means was bent on
peace and prosperity as the
Labor leaders in Israel said,
but on war and conquest.
The Egyptian party had
said the disengagement
agreement afforded Egypt
the ability to bring as much
equipment and as many sol-
diers across the canal from

8 Friday, January 25, 1974



west to east whenever it
wished. The party spoke too
of the ultimate aim: freeing
all the occupied areas and
restoring Palestinian rights,
"and we all know what that
euphemism means," said
Begin.
He recalled statements
from each of the Egyptian
leaders — just before the
Yom Kippur War — predict-
ing that war was totally un-
likely.
On Eban he was particu-
larly harsh. He recalled
Eban's pre-election appear.
ance when he said that Likud
voters would not be able to
face their own children.
Begin accused the foreign
minister — who Tuesday
denied he had said this — of
sinking to unplumbed depths
and offending one half mil-
lion Israeli citizens, including
100,000 serving men who had
supported Likud. "Hang your
head in shame," he cried at

-

Eban.
For Dayan he had kind
words at first, publicly de-
claring his deep affection
and admiration for the man
and his part in getting his
appointment in 1967 as de-
fense minister. But now he
declaimed: "Whither are you
leading this people?"
How could Dayan tell the
nation that "the face of
Egypt was now towards
peace? Who had told Dayan
that, how could he so mis-
lead the public? Was this a
correct assessment on the
basis of Israel's previous
dealings with Egypt?"
Begin turned to the West
Bank of Jordan issue. Here
he said, the government
would have to rely on the
Rakah Communists if it
wanted to redivide Eretz Is-
rael. He counted 54 Knesse-
ters of Likud and the reli-
gious parties who were op-
posed and said there would

be Laborites opposed too.
"Will you redivide Eretz Is-
rael with Rakah's help?", he
demanded. "What is this
talk of 'disengagement with
Jordan'. There must be no
nighttime secret diplomacy
on this. The Knesset had a
right to know."
Likud's new Knesseter, ex-
General Arik Sharon, in his
maiden speech Tuesday, ac-
cused the government of
relinquishing the most im-
portant topographical/mili-
tary area of Sinai by forsak-
ing the line of raised sand
dunes ten kilometers from
the canal. He said this line
was vital and the Gidi-Mitla
line was relatively unimport-
ant in military terms since
it commanded only a small
area of the peninsula. He
accused the government of
deliberately concealing these
facts.
Sharon said Likud wanted
a peace or an arrangement

with Egypt no less than any-
one else, and that Likud had
a peace plan which involved
less risk for Israel and per-
haps even greater conces-
sions to Egypt than labor
was willing to make.
(On TV Monday night
Sharon advocated ceding
civilian administration of
Sinai to Egypt while main-
taining the military line ten
kilometers from the canal.)
He said that while none
thought Israel ought to re-
tain the west bank of the
canal area it held, Labor was
letting it go too cheaply in
the disengagement accord.
Sharon said Egypt's main
aim had been to take the
10 kilometer line in October
—and it was on this line that
Israel had fought back and
stemmed the Egyptian ad-
vance. Israel now held all of
this line — but it would sur-
render it all under the new
accord. It was not just a

'Who Is Jew?' Issue in Politicking

(Continued from Page 1)
That solution emerged after
a meeting between Likud
leaders Menahem Begin and
Elimelech Rimalt and NRP
leaders Zerach Warhaftig,
Itzhak Rafael and the party
secretary, Tzvi Bernstein.
The Likud leaders reportedly
stated that they were pre-
pared to join a coalition on
the basis of the outgoing gov-
ernment's platform or no
platform at all. A similar at-
titude was adopted by the
NRP. -
"We shall not give up
our principles but we are
ready to accept and seek
roads that will enable us to
sit together," the Likud lead-
ers said. It appeared that the
NRP will now take a stronger
line in support of a wide coa-
lition. If the Labor and Likud
leaders meet but fail to reach
an agreement, the NRP lead-
ership could tell its constitu-
ents that they tried their best.
Labor Alignment leaders
are known to have warned
both the NRP and the Inde-
pendent Liberals that new
elections may have to be
called unless they modified
their demands. It was made
clear to the NRP that there
is no chance that Labor will
accede to Orthodox demands
on the "Who Is a Jew?" issue.
Nor will it grant freedom
of conscience vote rights to
coalition members on ques-
tions of state and religion,
the ILP- was informed. In in-
formal talks, Labor leaders
have intimated that a second
round of elections cannot be
excluded if efforts to form a
coalition continue to lag.
They seem to hold the view
that the successful disen-
gagement agreement with
Egypt and the demobilization
of reserve soldiers would re-
store to Labor the Knesset
seats it lost in the Dec. 31
elections and possibly a few
more should new elections be
held.
Other circles doubt this
and predict even further La-
bor losses if new elections
were held. They say the La-
bor leadership knows it and
is using the threat of new
elections as a club to bring
their old coalition partners
into line. But political ob-
servers are inclined to the
view that a new round of
elections, while still a remote

possibility, should not be ex- Labor Plurality Over
cluded.
Likud Only 147,874
*
TEL AVIV (ZINS) — Final
tabulation of the voting for
Reform, Conservative Jews
Israel's eighth Knesset, as
Assailed by Orthodox
confirmed by the Central
NEW YORK (JTA) — Two
Orthodox groups have as- Elections Committee, give
the following results:
sailed American Reform and
Labor Alignment (Ma'-
Conservative Jewish leaders
for criticizing the demand by arakh) received 621,183 votes,
Israel's National Religious entitling it to 51 seats in
Party that the Law of Return Parliament; Likud — 473,-
be amended 'according to Ha- 309 votes, for 39 seats;
lakha as the price for joining Mafdal (Mizrachi and Hapoel-
Hamizrachi) — 130,349 votes,
a coalition government.
for
10 seats; Aguda-Poalei
Rabbi David B. Hollander,
president of the Rabbinical Aguda — 60,012 votes (5
Alliance of America, said the seats); Moscow-oriented Com-
criticism against the Ortho- munists — 53,353 votes (4
dox in Israel "is the best seats); Independent Liberals
possible proof that the dis- — 56,560 votes (4 seats):
qualification of the Conserva- Rabbi Meir Kahane — 12,811
tive and Reform spiritual votes (insufficient to qualify
leaders as rabbis is fully
justified."
Furthermore, he asserted
in a statement issued here,
"If rabbis oppose. the author-
ity of the Halakha they effec-
It started with Marilyn
tively disqualify themselves Gold, secretary at the Israel
not only as rabbis but also as Aliya Center in Southfield.
faithful Jews since they stand
She talked to her brother
guilty of leading many well
intentioned Jews away from Arthur, a graduate natural-
Judaism." Rabbi Hollander ist, who was all set to tour
defended the conditions de- South America with his
manded by the Israeli Ortho- friend Liz. They talked to
dox parties as "in full con- their friends, Bob Levitt,
formity to the democratic who was looking for a job,
and Burt Levinson, who was
process."
Rabbi Bernard Bergman, studying natural resources at
a member of the presidium the University of Michigan.
Early next month, they
of the World Religious Zion-
ist Organization, rejected the and 10 other young adults_
contention that "giyour" (con- who had other plans will be
version) to Judaism need not on their way to Israel to
be according to Halakha. He work as volunteers — very
noted that the term "giyour" Possibly picking onions — on
has no meaning nor existence Kibutz Grofit in the hot
outside Halakha. "To say, Arava.
therefore, as these Reform
Marilyn Gold had planned
and Conservative rabbis are aliya for a long time. Now,
saying that giyour need not the Aliya Center secretary
be in accordance with Ha- will be moving up the date
lakha is not only preposter- so she can make a contribu-
ous, it is meaningless," Rabbi tion to Israel when • volun-
Bergman said. "Can a ra- teers are most needed.
tional person say that we can
At the end of the six-month
practice Jewish law but not in stint for which she has vol-
accordance with the provi- unteered, Marilyn will return
sions of Jewish law? Can a to pack her bags and head
court of law be asked to rule back to Israel for good.
not in accordance with the
Arthur and Burt (who
provisions of the law?"
dropped out of U. of M. to
Rabbi Bergman further ex- make the trip) see some ad-
pressed astonishment and ditional pluses to their plans.
dismay at an attack by the They hope to get first-hand
American Jewish Congress. experience in the Israeli
"This unwarranted interfer- park system and nature pre-
ence by a political organiza- serves.
tion into strictly religious
The Kibutz Aliya Desk,
matters," he said, "must be under whose auspices the
strongly rejected and con- Habonim - sponsored group
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS demned."
will be going, stresses that

for even a single seat); Black
Panthers — 13,332 votes (no
seat); Bedouin List — 16,408
votes — (1 seat); Moked-
Zionist Communists — 22,147
votes (1 seat); Movement for
Citizens' Rights, Shulamit
Aloni-35,023 votes (3 seats);
Haolam Hazeh — 10,469 votes
(no seat); Blue-White Pan-
the s-10,469 votes (no seat).
The election results show
that the ruling Labor - regime
won only 147,874 votes more
than the opposition Likud.
0 u t of 2,037,478 qualified
voters 1,601,098 participated
in the elections. Of the 21
competing parties, 12 failed
to gain the minimum support
required to win even one of
the 120 seats in the Israeli
Parliament.

Slight Change of Plans, and 5
Young Detroiters Off to Israel

volunteers will be screened
locally. This is to weed
out, hopefully, the "time
wasters" and the "kibutz
hoppers," those who move
from kibutz to kibutz in
search of ideal working con-
ditions.
Organizations in the De-
troit area have been sent
letters by the local repre-
sentatives of the Kibutz
Aliya Desk in an appeal for
scholarship aid to volunteers
who cannot finance their
own way.
Tzvika Zidner and Paul
Lupu, shlikhim to Habonim
and Hashomer Hatzair, re-
spectively, noted that many
young people are willing to
give up one or two school
terms, employment, pleasure
trips and comforts of home,
but they cannot cover the
entire expense.
Their help still is needed
to harvest crops, work in
factories and do kitchen
work on kibutzim dangerous-
ly short of manpower.
Scholarship screening will
be done locally, said Zidner
and Lupu. They can be
reached at 559-6755.

The Menace of Fascism
Fascism . . . in its mastery
of technological attainments
is truly progressive — were
not the propaganda machines
of Goebbels and the gas
chambers of Himmler models
of technical rationality? —
Hans J. Morgenthau.

matter of 10. km. this way
or that. This line of dunes
was crucial to the defense
of Sinai, he maintained.
The canal reopening, far
from being an advantage to
Israel as Labor contended,
would introduce massive
Soviet and Egyptian naval
flottilas into the Red Sea and
within striking distance of
Bab el Mandeb, he said.
Why did the government
act as though the canal re-
opening and cities rehabili-
tation were goodwill gestures
by Egypt to Israel when tb
reverse should be the case
The government should
shake itself free of the war
trauma and act from a posi-
tion of strength and be pre-
pared to go to the brink for
its vital interests, Sharon
urged.
The new Knesset—Israel's
eighth—was sworn into office
Monday in festive ceremonies
presided over by President
Ephraim Katzir during which
inter-party rivalries were set
aside — for the moment at
least — and gregarious good-
will prevailed. "It was like
shul on Yom Kippur with
everybody shaking every-
body's hand and saying
`mazal tov,' " one observer
remarked. The MKs dis-
carded the casual attire that
distinguishes Israel's parlia-
ment from most others in
the world and attended the
opening in jackets and ties.
Women members and the
wives and daughters of MKs
were resplendent in their
finery.
Premier Golda Meir, as the
oldest member, was sworn in
first and she administered
the oath to the other 116
members present. Three
MKs were absent. In the first
order of business, the new
Knesset re-elected Laborite
Yisrael Yeshayahu as speak-
er, something of a surprise in
view of reported wide-spread
dissatisfaction with Yesha-
yahu's alleged lack of control
over the last Knesset. He
was supported by all parties
except the Rakah Commu-
nists, and Likud which voted
for its own candidate, former
Supreme Court Justice Ben-
jamin Halevy.
Katzir had all members
rise in memory of Israel's
war dead and David Ben-
Gurion. He offered a prayer
that all Israeli prisoners in
enemy hands and the war
wounded still recovering in
hospitals will "soon be with
us again." The president also
spoke of "a ray of hope"
emanating from the disen-
gagement agreement signed
with Egypt last Friday a
the Geneva peace conferent___
He noted that this Knesset
was considerably younger
than any of its predecessors
and included many more
native-born Israelis.
Mrs. Meir spoke briefly
and in general terms, reserv-
ing her major political state-
ment on disengagement and
related matters for the first
debate of the new Knesset.
It would be inconceivable
if the "get rich quick"
mentality and social inequi-
ties of the 1967-73 period re-
turned now with the trauma
of the Yom Kippur War still
fresh. She said much needed
to be changed, above all a
willingness was required of
each individual citizen to
make sacrifices on behalf of
the state and the nation.
Mrs. Meir called for high
standards of debate and be-
havior in the new Knesset.

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