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January 18, 1974 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-01-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Affectionate Henry: Kissed by Egyptians but Not by Abba Eban

TEL AVIV JTA) — Israelis tend to hide their emotions in public while Arabs are prone to display their
feelings. And thereby hangs a tale.
U. S. Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger told Israeli leaders that Arabs are smoochier than Israelis when
they greet foreign diplomats, or, 2t least, Kissinger.
Kissinger, who was in good spirits during a reception given in his honor by Defense Minister Moshe Dayan
and his wife, explained why he "was selling out Israel." The 100 guests at Dayan's home listened eagerly. "You
know why I am selling you out? Because in every Arab capital I am met by the foreign minister who welcomes
with loud kisses on both cheeks. But here Abba Eban has never given me the least little kiss." One wag at the
party whispered: "maybe that's =cause Eban is really a Litvak."

Tribute to
Holland and
Expose of
Church Bias

HE JEWISH NEWS

Histadrut's
Afro-Asian
Institute
Commentary
Page 2

Vol. LXVI. No. 19

A Weekly Review

.

of Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper

441Eal" 17515 W. 9 Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 356-8400

$10.00 Per Year; This Issue 30c

Kissinger's
Approaches to
Peace and
Need to Beware
of Truth
Distortions
Editorial
Page 4

January 18, 1974

'Shuttling Diplomacy Remains
Hopeful, May Revert to Geneva

30 Israelis Killed,
119 Wounded Since
Cease Fire Orders

TEL AVIV (JTA)—Military sources dis-
closed Wednesday that 30 Israeli soldiers
have been killed and 119 wounded during
the period Oct. 27, 1973-Jan. 15, 1974 in
which the cease fire has been in effect.
The greatest number of casualties — 24
dead and 90 wounded — occurred on the
Egyptian front. The toll on the Syrian front
was six killed and 29 wounded.
Transport Minister Shimon Peres said
that the Egyptian cease-fire violations, a
"mini-war of aggression," must be stopped,
hopefully by political means and not by
war. Discussing the situation on the Suez
Canal front, Peres told a radio interview
that a claim by Likud that the Egyptians
had moved long-range anti-aircraft SAM
missiles to the east bank of the canal would
not surprise him as both sides were trying
to improve their positions.
. Some military sources expressed doubt
about the Egyptian move but indicated that
it is quite possible that at a later stage the
Egyptians would set up SAM missile posi-
tions and sites on the canal's east bank.
LONDON (JTA) — According to uncon-
firmed reports here the USSR has sent some
advisers and experts, including East Ger-
mans, to Syria since the end of the war to
aid in maintaining and operating new Soviet
weapons in Syria.

BULLETIN

A joint communique from Egypt, Israel, the United States and the Soviet Union was due to be issued Thurs-
day afternoon—when this issue will have gone to press—on the negotiations agreement. Apparently the announce-
ment of the decision was delayed by the snow that snarled Jerusalem traffic and prevented a meeting between Dr.
Henry Kissinger and Prime Minister Golda Meir. Indications are that an agreement has been reached between the
contending parties.

By DAVID LANDAU, JTA Jerusalem Bureau Chief, and YITZHAK SHARGIL, JTA Tel Aviv Correspondent

JERUSALEM (JTA) — Henry M. Kissinger's "shuttle diplomacy" seemed to have ended Thursday after a
week's discussions with Israeli and Egyptian leaders.
While Kissinger exuded optimism over the prospects for an Israeli-Egyptian agreement on disengagement
of forces on the Suez Canal and stressed repeatedly both here and at Aswan that the gap between the two sides
has been substantially narrowed, there were hints that unresolved issues would revert to Geneva where the Israeli
and Egyptian military teams negotiating disengagement are scheduled to resume their meetings Jan. 25.
Prospects for an agreement are greatly enhanced as a result of the narrowing of differences achieved by
Kissinger. His aides expressed confidence that the progress made so far would not be lost in the Geneva negoti-
ations.
Political sources here disclosed Wednesday that when the Geneva talks adjourned they had reached an
impasse. What Geneva had achieved did not go beyond agreement on a number of "principles of disengagement"
but the effects of Kissinger's personal mediation efforts this week has been, in the American view, to move the
negotiations from principles to substance, the sources said.
Kissinger, arriving in Aswan Wednesday afternoon for further talks with President Anwar Sadat, said "the
gap is narrowing" in his efforts to achieve a disengagement agreement.
In Moscow, Wednesday, Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko reaffirmed Russian support for Egypt and
the Arab cause in the Mideast. (In Cairo, Egyptian Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmy said he would be visiting Moscow
as soon as Secretary Kissinger leaves Egypt.)
The cabinet, which met for 90 minutes Tuesday night at the home of ailing Premier Golda Meir, issued no
statement on the progress of the disengagement negotiations. The cabinet reportedly will make no decisions until
Dr. Kissinger was to return from Egypt, probably Thursday, and reports President's Sadat's response . to Israel's
latest proposals.
When he left Ben-Gurion (Lod) Airport for Egypt at noon Wednesday, Kissinger had praise for the serious
manner in which both Israelis and Egyptians were conducting the negotiations. But he admitted that the talks
were very difficult. "As you know, we had very long, very detailed and very constructive talks," he told reporters.

Author of Pamphlet IT rging
Egyptians to Kill Prisoners
Appointed Envoy to Britain

LONDON (JTA)—A storm is brewing here over the foreign
office's anticipated acceptance of Gen. Saad el-Shazly as the new
vptian ambassador to Britain.
Informed sources told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that
approval of Shazly's appointment is expected despite the general's
known association with British neo-Nazis when he served in Lon-
don as a military attache in 1963 and the recent revelation that
he was the author of a pamphlet issued to Egyptian troops dur-
ing the -Yom Kippur War exhorting them to kill captured Israeli
soldiers.
JTA was told that the foreign office wants to avoid what it
describes as a major political row with Egypt even though it is
"somewhat annoyed" with Cairo for having announced the de-
signation of Shazly before his accreditation was confirmed, a
move contrary to standard diplomatic practice.
The foreign office had refused to confirm or deny that Shazly
was the Egyptian ambassador-designate even after the news was
out in Cairo. But on Friday, a foreign office spokesman finally
admitted that an application for accreditation of Shazly had been
received from the Egyptian government.
The announcement prompted Michael Fidler, a Conservative
MP and past president of the Board of Deputies of British Jews,
to send a letter of protest to Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas
Home.
The text of Fidler's letter said in part: "It would be infamous
if Gen. Shazly, with his record 11 years ago in London of close
association with the National Socialist Movement and/or other
(ContinuM on Page 5)

(Continued on Page 10)

Gur to Command
in Golan; Geneva
Role is Vacated

Egypt's Military Elite Fears
a Peace Treaty More Than
Losing a War, Expert Says

TEL AVIV (JTA)—Maj. Gen.
Modechai Gur, head of the Israeli
military team that has been nego-
tiating for a disengagement agree-
ment with the Egyptians at Gen-
eva, has been appointed corn-
(Continued on Page 5)

JERUSALEM—"The Egyptian ruling elite controls the coun-
try's wealth not only as private owners of estates, enterprises and
buildings, but through its political hold on the nationalized
economy."
Prof. Gabriel Baer, Hebrew Universiy professor of the his-
tory of Muslim countries, so stated in a paper presented at a
seminar Jan. 4 at the Van Leer Institute.
The paper is on a study made by Prof. Baer in collabora-
tion with Matti Steinberg, a research student, on varying interests
of significant groups of Egyptian (and other Arab) society in a
peace settlement with Israel. The study was conducted before
the Yom Kippur War, but Prof. Baer believes that the views
are still valid.
Prof. Baer not only is regarded as one of Israel's foremost
experts on Egypt, but also was acclaimed by Egyptian editor
Muhammed Hasanein Heykal for having written the outstanding
studies on Egyptian landownership and guilds (AI-Ahram, June
8., 1973).
Egypt interests, or
According to Prof. Baer. there are
imaginary interests, which operate against a peace treaty, but
also - considerations working in the opposite direction."
Describing the Egyptian ruling elite, he said that while key
positions under the old regime (up to 1952) were held by land-
owner-capitalists and their families and associates, the adminis-
tration and the economy today are directed by people originating
from various groups, though these strata are not middle class
in the European sense.
(Continued on Page 46)

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