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November 16, 1973 - Image 13

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1973-11-16

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Egypt-Israel Prisoner of War Exchange Begins Under 6-Point Pact

(Continued from Page 1)
American and Israeli freight-
Israel charged Egypt with
two more cease-fire viola-
tions along the Suez Canal
Tuesday involving difficulties
over checkpoints along the
Suez-Cairo Road. Israel De-
fense Minister Moshe Dayan
and Gen. Siilasvuo met to
discuss the problem.
Israeli sources said that
the checkpoint at Kilometer
101 on the Suez-Cairo Road
had been turned over to
UNEF in accordance with
the six - point agreement
signed by Israel and Egypt
lay. They claimed that
'forces tried to set up an
additional checkpoint which
blocked Israeli traffic to the
town of Suez and that this
had been dismantled by Is-
raeli soldiers.
Other sources said, how-
ever, that the Israeli army
continued to hold the 101 km.
checkpoint and that UNEF
had set up its own checkpoint.
close by.
The alleged cease-fire vio-
lations by Egypt were the
second in two successive
days since the six-point armi-
stice was signed. Israel
charged that Egyptian troops
opened fire twice at Israeli
units building fortifications
on the west bank of the Suez
Canal. They said that in the
first instance the Egyptians
fired at Israelis in the Bitter
Lake area and in the second
at two Israeli bulldozers pre-
paring a ramp near Lake
An Israeli spokesman said
that, unlike previous cease-
fire violations when the
Egyptians shot at Israelis in

disputed areas, Tuesday's
shooting was in an undisput-
ed area where fortification
work was continuing.
Israel also accused Syria of
opening fire in the Mazraat
Bet Jan area in Syria, the
closest point to Damascus
reached by Israeli forces
when the cease fire went into
effect Oct. 22. According to
an Israeli spokesman, the
shooting developed into an
artillery duel which lasted
nearly three hours.
Israeli soldiers engaged in
a brief scuffle with Finnish
soldiers of UNEF when the
latter attempted to set up the
checkpoint on the outskirts
of Suez City.

Historic Turning Point:
Israel and Egypt Sign
Six-Point Agreement

JTA Tel Aviv Correspondent

and Egypt Sunday signed the
six-point armistice agree-
ment initiated by U. S. Sec-
retary of State Henry A. Kis-
singer. The signing took
place in a large tent provided
by the United Nations Emer-
gency Force (UNEF) at the
101 kilometer marker on the
Suez-Cairo road.
It was signed for Israel by
Maj. Gen. Aharon Yariv, a
close advisor of Premier
Golda Meir, and for Egypt
by Lt. Gen. Mouhamed Ge-
massi, chief of operations at
Egyptian general headquar-
ters. The signing was wit-
nessed by Maj. Gen. Ensio
Siilasvuo of Finland, acting
chief of UNEF and chief of
the UN Truce Observation
Organization (UNTSO).

Dayan, accompanied by
Chief of Staff Gen. David
Elazar inspected the check-
points along the Suez-Cairo
Road and visited the out-
skirts of Suez Tuesday. Their
tour coincided with one by
Gen. Siilasvuo and the two
parties met and saluted but
The agreement was the
did not confer on the spot.
Siilasvuo w a s confirmed first signed by Israel and
Monday as UNEF command- Egypt in 24 years. The last
time delegations of the two
er in the Security Council.
nations met face-to-face was
Their meeting was ar- at Rhodes in 1949 when they
ranged after Dayan consulted signed the armistice ending
with Premier Golda Meir on Israel's War for Independ-
her return from the Socialist ence. Each delegate signed
International meeting in Lon- three copies of the agree-
don Monday night. The road ment — in the English lan-
issue is directly linked to the guage—and each handed one
POW exchange. According to copy over to the other. The
the six-point agreement, "as third copy remained with
soon as UN checkpoints are Gen. Siilasvuo.

of Suez will be evacuated;
4. There shall be no imped-
iment to the movement of
non-military supplies to the
east bank (of the Suez Canal
where the Egyptian 3rd Army
is encircled);
5. The Israeli checkpoints
on the Cairo-Suez road will
be replaced by UN check-
points. At the end of the road,
Israeli officers can partici-
pate with the UN to super-
vise the non-military nature
of the cargo at the bank of
the canal;
6. As soon as the check-
points are established on the
Cairo-Suez road, there will
be an exchange of all POWs,
including the wounded.
There is no armistice or
POW exchange agreement
with Syria, and several groups
demonstrated outside the gov-
erenment information office
in Tel Aviv protesting the
signing of the agreement
with Egypt before Israeli
prisoners in Syrian hands are
The designation of Gen.
Yariv to sign the armistice
document for Israel, placed
the 53-year-old former army
intelligence chief at the focus
of attention.

In Washington, the Egyp-
tian-Israeli agreement was
seen by political observers
25 initiated by Washington,
dictated by Cairo with Mos-
cow's prompting, and accept-
ed by Israel on American ad-
The six points to which vice to appease Egypt on the
they appended their signa- immediate issues to get some
kind of dialogue going.
tures are:

established on the Cairo-Suez
Road, there will be an ex-
change of all prisoners of
war." But the Egyptians ap-
1. Israel and Egypt agree
parently interpreted t h e
agreement to mean that Is- to observe scrupulously the
rael must turn over the road cease fire called for by the
UN Security Council;
to UNEF.
2. Both sides agree that
.iiscussions between them
will begin immediately to set-
tle the question of the return
to the Oct. 22 positions in the
framework of agreement on
the disengagement and sep-
aration of forces under the
We help you plan your trip,
auspices of the UN;
you help us maintain our
3. The town of Suez will re-
Nursery and Kdgn.siDentc.
ceive daily supplies of food,
Call 557-6750
Eve. 559-7567
water and medicine. All
wounded civilians in the town


The best that can be said
for the agreement, these
sources indicated, is that es-
sentially it is a test of Egyp-
tian and Soviet intentions.
"A start had to come some-
time of what they really
want," one said. The agree-
ment favors Egypt nearly all
the way, is was noted. In ex-
change for some 350 prison-
ers of war, which Israel
rightly had declared should
be a separate truce compon-
ent under the Geneva Con-
vention, Egypt gets 7,800
POWs—a 22-1 ratio. In addi-

tion, Egypt will be allowed
to resupply its trapped 3rd
Army and thus physically re-
condition it for battle.
Joseph Polakoff, JTA
Washington Bureau chief,
said the trumpeting, especial-
ly from American sources,
that Israel finally after 25
years is getting a signed
agreement with Egypt face-
to-face, is dismissed by polit-
ical realists here as a sym-
bol without real meaning.
"Egypt controls, with So-
viet support, the circum-
stances of the desired disen-
gagement of forces. Washing-
ton, eager to regain primacy
from Moscow along the Nile,
wants desperately for Egypt
to resume diplomatic rela-
"When it turned out that
full diplomatic relations ac-
tually was only 'in principle,'
the State Department blandly
told the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency that the variation
between 'full' and 'in princi-
ple' relationship is 'a dis-
tinction without a differ-
ence.' Actually, of course,


the symbolism is of major
importance in diplomatic
parlance and it signifies
Egyptian control of the rela-
tionship," said Polakoff.

Belgian Women Protest
Mistreatment of POWs

gian women Monday protest-
ed Syria's mistreatment of
Israeli prisoners of war.
A group of 505 women
dressed in mourning and
coming from Brussels, An-
twerp and other cities march-
ed in front of the "Memorial
for Jewish Martyrs" to call
the civilized world's attention
to Syrian atrocities in the
Middle East.
The Spanish Jewish com-
munity wired UN Secretary
General Kurt Waldheim to
protest against the "barbaric
treatment" inflicted on Is-
raeli POWs in Syria.
The community reaffirmed
its "total and unconditional
solidarity with the Israeli
people, who are an integral
part of the Jewish people in
its sacred struggle for survi-
val and a just peace."

Friday, Nov. 16, 1973-13

Episcopal Prelate Says U.S
`Mustn't Sell Soul for Flow of Oil'

second highest ranking Prot-
estant Episcopal clergyman
in the U.S. warned here Sun-
day that America must not
"under any circumstances
sell its soul for a guaranteed
flow of oil."
The Rev. Dr. David R.
Hunter, deputy general secre-
tary of the National Council
of Churches, made that state-
ment in an address to 800
persons attending the all-day
conference of the Metropoli-
tan Council of Bnai Brith at
the Commodore Hotel.

Israel is threatened by mili-
tary aggression, we need to
affirm clearly and loudly
that Israel has the right to
exist," he added.

He said he was "pleased
that many Christians have
spoken out meaningfully with
both indignation and compas-
sion since the desecration of
Yom Kippur by the Syrians
and Egyptians" on Oct. 6.
"This time we are faced with
a moral obligation to settle
for nothing less than a peace
settlement," Dr. Hunter said.

Saudis Make
Exception for
a Jew: Henry

"We must resist every
temptation to let our foreign
policy be affected by the
gross misuse of force on the
part of the oil-rich nations of
the world and their allies,"
When Secretary of State
Dr. Hunter said. "So long as Henry A. Kissinger was

about to land at Riadh, cap-
ital of Saudi Arabia, which
forbids entry to Jews, he
was reportedly tense, "not
knowing what his reception
would be" in "the country
with the most anti-Jewish
policy," the New York Times
Kissinger "walked to the
rear of the plane, where the
press was, and said, straight-
faced, that three of the
American correspondence
who were Jewish 'cannot
disemark.' They replied that
if he could visit Saudi
Arabia, so could they—and
they did."
Bernard Gwertzman of the
New York Times, one of the
three, is the correspondent
quoted here.

Premature Births
Up in Israel War

Warning: The Surgeon General Has Determined
That Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health.

TEL AVIV — Anxiety and
tension during the Yom Kip-
pur War 'have caused a high
incidence of premature
births, it was reported here
by obstetricians, who at-
tributed the cause to wives
fearing for their husbands
fighting at the front.
Another effect of the war
is the naming of children.
Among the names are Go-
lan, Sinai and Din in honor
of the front at which the
father was fighting and of
the day the war erupted,
Yom Ha-Din — the day of

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