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November 16, 1973 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1973-11-16

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Exhibit Reveals James Madison Had Interest in Jewish History

WALTHAM, Mass.—The 1820 dedication of a Hebrew synagogue in
Savannah, Ga., prompted James Madison, three years retired from the Presi-
dency, to write, "The history of the Jews must be forever interesting. The
modern part of it is at the same time so little generally known, that every
ray of light on the subject has its value.'
Now, 150 years later, the American Jewish Historical Society is
giving new emphasis to President Madison's sentiments by sponsoring an
exhibit of "Treasures of Colonial American Jewry" at the society's building
on the Brandeis University campus.
Paintings, prayerbooks, silverware, business papers and letters are

James Madison

U. S. Role in
Middle East

included among period items showcased in the society's library-headquarters.
The artifacts, many of which are more than 200 years old, are a
composite of fragments which serve to outline mid-18th Century life for the
Jewish family, religious leader and artisan in Philadelphia, Boston, New York
and Rhode Island.
Items displayed at the society range from a series of family portraits,
believed to be the first of its kind painted in America (circa 1730), to an
order of services of Congregation Mikveh Israel of Philadelphia. The latter,
written in 1782, includes a prayer for General George Washington—"Captain
General and Commander-in-Chief of the Federal Army of these states."

New Threat
to Basic


A Weekly Review

Page 2

f Jewish Events


Page 4

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper

Vol. LXIV, No. 10

43Elis. 17515 W. 9 Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 356-8400

$10.00 Per Year; This Issue 30c

November 16, 1973

Eu horia Ends, Tou h Bar aining Begins


Oil Obstructs Peace; Israel's
Predicaments Rise; American
Jewish Solidarity Reaffirmed

800 Communities Pledge Aid
Supporting Israel ; Assembly
Defines Welfare Programs


NEW ORLEANS, La. — American Jewry's official

representatives, speaking for 800 communities through-
out the land, from the smallest in Oklahoma and the
Carolinas and Mississippi, to the largest North, South,
East and West, affirmed their unified determination to
support Israel in the crises that may emerge. They re-
sponded to Israel's representatives, at the 42nd general
assembly of the Council of Jewish Federations and Wel-
fare Funds, with a positive pledge not to relent in the
tasks ahead.
The 3,000 representatives from the 800 communities
represented here stood as one in a pledge of solidarity to
Israel Foreign Minister Abba Eban. It was a response also
to the challenge for action against the threats emanating
from oil-producing countries, to the free nations of the
world that are dependent on their oil.
They stood to express their solidarity when Eban said:
"We are in need of solidarity. We want to know
whether you are with us in this critical time. If you are
with us then we shall stand steadfast and serene until the
task is done."
"We can't bear our burdens alone," Eban declared,
and he spoke of the major danger, the oil threat, as a
challenge to America. He asked bluntly: "Do you want
to celebrate your bicentennial as a nation by becoming
'olony of Abu Dhabi and Kuwait?"
Calling the oil threat a menace to the Western World,
Eban cricitized the nine Common Market nations who
temporarily yielded to Arab pressures in an anti-Israel
position, but he felt that Holland, the most seriously af-
fected, indicated the backfiring to pressures. The Dutch
pro-Israel expressions, in the latest poll, showed that 72
(Continued on Page 48)

Israel's Diplomatic
Skill Challenged by
Multiplying Dangers

By Jewish News Political Analyst
Rumors are multiplying. Assistant
Secretary of State Joseph Sisco again
is quoted as predicting a peace based
on Israeli withdrawals from occupied
territories—and this is assumed to
mean that Israel will give up the
defensive areas won in the Six-Day.
War. Israel's Deputy Prime Minister
Yigal Allon is quoted defining the
cease fire agreement as a "typical
Kissinger document," and his com-
ment was that "each side can find
whatever it wishes" in that agree-
Thus, tensions dominate the news
regarding the Middle East.
Prime Minister Golda Meir's meet-
ings with European colleagues at the
Socialist International executive ses-
sions in London certainly did not pro-
vide jubilation for Israel's postion.
Even Holland, acclaimed as Israel's
friend, may be yielding to pressures
stemming from the oil shortage.
The enemy of Israel is the oil well.
The oil producers have not stopped
their barrage aimed at Israel's de-
struction. Suspicion of Secretary of
State Henry A. Kissinger's aims,
fears of submissions to Russian and
Arab pressures, auguries of new
American tactics that may react un-
favorably for Israel—these are the
developing factors in a tragic situa-
tion in the aftermath of the infamies
if the Yom Kippur War.
Most threatening perhaps is the lat-
est Kissinger statement of a planned
America-Israel treaty, with a guaran-
(Continued on Page 5)

POW Exchange Under Way

as Six-Point Agreement by
Israel, Egypt Goes Into Effect

UNITED NATIONS (JTA) — Israel and Egypt have
started to put into effect the six-point agreement reached
last Sunday, including the exchange of prisoners, which
started at 8 a.m. local time Thursday. It began after the
United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) took over check-
points on the Cairo-Suez road from Israel.
Meanwhile, the town of Suez will receive daily food
supplies, and wounded civilians will be evacuated. Israel
also will not place any impediments to the moving of non-
military supplies to the encircled Egyptian 3rd Army on
the east bank of the Suez Canal.
The UN spokesman said the agreements were reached
between Maj. Gen. Aharon Yariv, assistant Israeli chief of
. staff, and Deputy Egyptian Chief of Staff Maj. Gen. Mou-
hamed Gemassi.
The dispute over the checkpoints was resolved on the
spot by Maj. Gen. Ensio Siilasvuo of Finland, UNEF com-
mander, and by Secretary General Kurt Waldheim in dis-
cussions with Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban, the UN
In another development, the Security Council was told
that Egyptian tanks opened fire Sunday on a patrol of UN
military observers west of the Bitter Lake.
Israel lodged a complaint about the incident to the
UN Truce Supervision Organization, whose observers con-
firmed the incident.
But the observers did not confirm from their own
observations six other Israeli complaints of firings by the
Meanwhile, it was reported in Washington by Ameri-
can sources that the U. S. emergency airlift to Israel will
soon be ended.
Reports were that five or six more air transports will
continue to go forward, these sources said, by a sealift of

(Continued on Page 13)

Little-Told Story of the War

Israel's Loyal Ally: Her Arab Citizens

Special Correspondent
to The Jewish News
the armies of Syria and
Egypt surged across the Suez
Canal and the Lilac Line on
the Golan Heights, it might
have been expected that at

least some of the 400,000
Arabs within Israel and the
million in the administered
territories would make com-
mon cause with their blood
brothers and do everything
possible to bring about Is-
rael's defeat. After all there
were five of them to every

10 Jewish Israelis—enough
to turn the country into a
place of utter chaos during a
two-front war.
One of the best stories of
this latest belligerency—ig-
nored by nearly all of my
fellow correspondents — was
how these 1,400,000 people

actually did behave.
Each time we went from
Tel Aviv down to the Egyp-
tion front we passed through
the Gaza Strip. No story be-
cause nothing was happen-
ing. As far as we could dis-
cover, the military garrison
had not even been increased.

The same was true on the
West Bank and in East Jeru-
Even after King Hussein
made his token gesture of
support for Syria by sending
one battalion of his tank
corps to fight the Israelis on
the northern front, the Allen-

by Bridge across the Jordan
remained open and it was
business as usual, with Arabs
going back and forth, and
goods being exchanged as if
nothing had happened.
Those of us who had fear-
ed that this new Arab-Israeli
(Continued on Page 3)

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