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October 05, 1973 - Image 12

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1973-10-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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Boris Smolar's

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'

Between You
...and Me'

Editor-in-Chief Emeritus, JTA
(Copyright 1973, JTA Inc.)

REFLECTIONS ON U. S. JEWRY: Dr. Israel Goldstein
needs no introduction to American Jews. Residing for the
last 12 years in Israel, he still has a great following in the
United States where he was active as spiritual and lay
leader for about half a century.
A central figure in American Jewish life prior to his
leaving for permanent settlement in Israel, he has held
more presidencies and chairmanships of national Jewish
organizations in the U.S. than any other living American
Jew. These included the presidencies of the American
Jewish Congress, Zionist Organization of America, Jewish
National Fund, Synagogue Council of America and others;
also the chairmanships of the United Palestine Appeal and
co-chairmanship of the United Jewish Appeal. He was the
founder of the Brandeis University. In Israel, he served
for 10 years as world chairman of the Karen Hayesod.
As rabbi emeritus of the Congregation of Bnai Jes-
hurun in New York—the second oldest congregation in the
city—from which he retired in 1960 after 42 years of
service, Dr. Goldstein comes every year from Jerusalem
to New York during the High Holy Day season to revisit
his congregation and to deliver a sermon there. In this
he serves as a bridge between Israel and American Jewry.
He is perhaps the person who knows best the problems
of both communities through years of rooted life in both.
The changing dimensions of Jewish life in Israel and
in the United States, as he sees them, are analytically
reflected in his book "Israel at Home and Abroad," pub-
lished in Jerusalem and disseminated in this country by
the Bloch Publishing Co.
(•he book was reviewed in The Jewish News, Aug. 17).
Viewing American Jewry from the vantage point of
Israel, he believes that the problem is not whether Ameri-
can Jewry has a long-range future, but whether it will be
obliged to rely on anti-Semites to stimulate Jewish con-
sciousness, or whether the stimulation will come from
positive sources.
In his opinion, the principal stimulation of healthy
American Jewish life will have to come from three sources:
1. From the synagogue and the Jewish school; 2. From the
concern of American Jewry not only with its own well-being
but also with the well-being of Jewries abroad; 3. From
its commitments to the state of Israel and its readiness
to receive nourishment from there.
Dr. Goldstein thinks that Jewish philanthropies in
America have reached a saturation point. The new chal-
lenge to American Jewry will be increased concern with
supporting more intensive programs of Jewish education
and with using a bigger slice of the available dollar for
such intensified education.

Friedman Volume Tells British
Government View of Balfourism

A study entitled "The
Question of Palestine, 1914-
1918: British - Jewish - Arab
Relations" is due to be pub-
lished shortly by Routledge
and Kegan Paul Ltd., London,
and Schocken Books, Inc.,
New York. It is based on
newly available official rec-
ords at the Public Record
Office, London, the unpub-
lished private papers of Brit-
ish officers, as well as on
Zionist archival material.
The research and writing
were done in London from
1965 to 1970. The author is
Prof. Isaiah Friedman of
Dropsie University. The fol-
lowing is an advance quota-
tion from his book:
"The Balfour Declaration
was an ambiguous document;
the phrase 'a home for the
Jewish people' was vague
and susceptible to many in-
terpretations. Official records
show, however, that this was
not the result of a deliberate
British policy as much as the
Zionists' own inept phraseol-
ogy.
"Both official circles and
the general public regarded
the National Home as a step-
ping-stone toward a Jewish
state in Palestine. In fact,
the two terms were used al-
m o s t synonymously. T h e
British government did not
commit itself specifically to
establish a Jewish state. It
was up to the Jews them-
selves to realize it, but the

British were pledged to cre-
ate such political and eco-
nomic conditions as to make
this outcome possible. Even
the White Paper of June
1922, though at the time in-
terpreted as a substantial di-
lution of the original mean-
ing of the Declaration, had
`nothing in it to prohibit the
ultimate establisment of a
Jewish state.'
"During the '30s, when
enthusiasm to meet the obli-
gation toward the Zionists
waned, the qualifying clauses
and the word 'in' were inter-
preted in such a way as to
whittle down the scope of the
National Home, but exami-
nation of the relevant rec-
ords shows that this was in-
consistent with the original
intention. Nor did the Brit-
ish see at the time any in-
compatibility between their
support of the Zionist aspi-
rations and the principles of
self-determination and democ-
racy. They expected that the
Mandatory Power would keep
the country in trust until the
Jews would become a major-
ity and take it over pro-rata
with the Arabs."

Rabbi Aha said: "When the
Jew is reduced to eating the
wretched fruit of the carob-
tree, then he repents. Poverty
suits the Jew as a red bridle
suits a white horse."
—Bamidbar Rabba

`Outside Pressures' Are Blamed for Togo's Break With Israel

JERUSALEM (JTA) — Is-
raeli officials blamed "out-
side pressures" — meaning
Arab— for Togo's unexpected
rupture of diplomatic rela-
tions with Israel which the
froeign ministry announced
recently, Togo became the
seventh African state since
February 1972, to sever ties
with Israel.
The reaction here was es-
pecially bitter in the case
of Togo because relations be-
tween Israel and that coun-
try always have been good
and there was every reason
to think they would remain
so, sources* here said.

Norway Court Sets
Release of Israeli
Suspect in Slaying

They noted that only last
week, officials in Togo sug-
gested to the Israeli ambas-
sador that the foreign mini-
sters of the two countries
meet at the United Nation
in New York, and Israeli
of ficials indicated that
Foreign Minister Abba Eban
would gladly respond to their
suggestion.
Sources here suggested
that Togo's extreme poverty
made it susceptible to pres-
sures and blandishments
from the Arabs.
Meanwhile Upper Volta's
Premier Gerard Kango Quo-
draogo sent a warm message
to Premier Golda Meir pledg-
ing his "deep and genuine
desire to maintain and to
strengthen the friendly rela-

OSLO (JTA) — A Norwe-
gian appeals court has or-
dered the release of Michael
Dorff, one of the two Israelis
arrested in connection with
the July slaying of a Moroc-
can national, Ahmed Boushi-
cki.
The court ordered Dorff's
release in the custody of Is-
raeli officials in Norway. The
ruling was appealed immedi-
ately and will have to be de-
cided by the Norwegian Su-
preme Court.
The appeals court voted 2-1
in favor of Dorff's release,
rioting that the two Israelis
were 'arrested in the Oslo
apartment of Israeli security
attache Yigal Eyal in viola-
tion of the Vienna Conven-
tion on diplomatic immunity.
The tribunal also u p h
Dorff's indictment.
There are "reasonable
grounds for suspicion" that
Dorff was involved in the
Boushicki murder which took
place at Lillehammer, 100
miles north of Oslo, the court
stated.
Observers here expect the
appeals court to reach the
same decision in the case
against Zvi Steinberg, the
other Israeli citizen detained
in connection with the mur-
der incident.

He who acknowledges idols
repudiates the whole Torah,
but he who repudiates idola-
try is like one who accepts
the whole Torah. —Sifre
Deuteronomy, Re'eh, 54:86b

tions between our two coun-
tries."
_ The message was delivered
by Premier Quedraogo's po-
litical a d v is e r, Lpmpone

12—Friday, October 5, 1973

Kone, who ended a visit here
which resulted in agreements
for increased Israel aid for
Volta agriculture and
forestry.

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