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August 31, 1973 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1973-08-31

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THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20. 1951

Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Associa-
tion. Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075.

Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices. Subscription $8 a year. Foreign $9

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Editor and Publisher

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

CHARLOTTE DUBIN

City Editor

Business Manager

DREW LIEBERWITZ

Advertising Manager

Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the fourth day of Elul, 5733, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Deut. 16:18-21:9. Prophetical portion, Isaiah 51:12-52:12.

Candle lighting, Friday, Aug. 31, 7:56 p.m.

VOL. LXIII. No. 25

Page Four

August 31, 1973

Age of Terror—Even on Sports Arena

An age of terror that accelerated with
Hitlerism has not ended. It has had its coun-
terparts in many spheres. It is especially in
evidence at this time in the Soviet Union.
When Czarism was destroyed it was hoped
that a new era of humanism would begin.
But the Russian prejudices prevail, just as
many bigotries have continued elsewhere.
In the USSR, it was anticipated that the
insanities that accompanied the hatred em-
bedded in Zhidism would not be repeated.
But it has emerged anew—of all places in
a sports arena! And its sponsorship was of-
ficial! How else does one explain the rowdy-
ism of a police force that tore up an Israeli
flag, shouted Zhid, arrested a few courageous
Jews who dared express their feelings amidst
hooligans who represented their government?
Impartial observers left that arena of
hatred with a sense of admiration for a group
of Jews who dared speak their minds in spite
of the dangers they faced. They were like
Andrei D. Sakharoff and his brave fellow-
dissenters in Russia who challenged their
countrymen and their government in a de-
mand for decency and justice.
What is happening, however, is that we
are witnessing a return to the tragic experi-
ences of the Nazi era, when Olympics were
enacted under the baton of violently insane
Adolf Hitler, and the head of the international
Olympics committee, Avery Brundage, was
kowto wing to the Fuehrer.
Why this assumption? Because it is al-
ready predicted that although the American
representatives are very critical of what had
happened in Moscow last week, and while
they indicate Russian inexperience and the
paltry sum — $29,200,000 — offered by the
USSR to get the Olympics, it is taken for
granted that the Kremlin again will be the
victor, this time in quest for the 1980 games.
On this score, to place on the record the
views of protesting Americans, it is necessary
to refer to a UPI report from Moscow which
stated, in summarizing the World University
Games:

The Soviet Union is a cinch to get the 1980
Olympics despite criticism of its handling of
the World University Games, two officials of
the U.S. delegation to the games said Satur-

InconsLstency . .

day.
The subject of the Soviet bid to host the
1980 games was dominant in the mind of many
participants as nearly 4,000 athletes from 61
nations began going home.
The 10-day games, dominated by the Sov-
iets with American athletes second, were
marked by assaults on Soviet Jewish specta-
tors at Israeli events, a U.S.-Cuba basketball
brawl, Soviet restrictions on news coverage
and some organizational problems.
The games officially were closed in a cere-
mony at Lenin Stadium Saturday night.
"A lot can change in seven years," said
George E. Killian, leader of the 302-member
U.S. delegation in reference to the 1980 Olym
pies. "But I would be against the Olympics
coming here unless there are some improve
ments."
Frank Bare, head of the U.S. Collegial •
Sports Council, said it would be "terrible" 1 ,
have the Olympics in Moscow if incidents sucti
as the attacks on Soviet Jews "can be tol
erated."
But both Killian and Bare said there was
no doubt the 1980 Olympics will come to
Moscow.

What a consolation! that the important
world games may prove reminders of what
happened in Munich in 1972 and in Berlin
in 1935! There is comfort in the fact that the
Americans are not Brundaging as concession-
aires to the Kremlin, as the American in 1935
was to Hitler. But it is a comfort tinged with
tragedy.
The world has gone a long way in remov-
ing barriers, in reducing distance, in estab-
lishing accord. But it has not hurdled hatreds.
It is yet to witness an end to the bigotries
that accompany power struggles. There are
legacies that perpetuate the forms of anti-
Semitism that have been embedded in Russia
and have not been uprooted by a government
that has kept claiming that the baiting of
Jews has been outlawed by Communism. For
those who had hoped that out of the prole-
tarian revolution will come an end to preju-
dices and persecutions there is special distress
in what keeps recurring in Moscow and
other Russian centers as instigations from the
Kremlin. For those craving for the democratic
way of life, the challenge to adhere to just
humanism grows more pressing with time.

Where Is Thy Sting?

Recognizing the basic rule in physics that
every action has an opposite and equal reac-
tion, the humiliations experienced by Israeli
youths at the athletic events in Moscow and
the embarrassments over the disturbances at
a Bolshoi concert in Detroit should need to
be contrasted realistically.
Protests, picketing and boycotts are double-
edged swords. Jewish protesters have ex-,
pressed their resentment of anti-Semitic acts
in Russia at public functions in this country
and elsewhere. But the Israelis were the vic-
tims of retaliatory acts condoned by a govern-
ment reverting to official anti-Semitism.
The misfortune is that retaliation comes,
at a sports event, unsportsmanlike, becoming
the official Russian sponsorship, reviving
Czarism. In Detroit, the Jewish activists dis-
tributed literature but did not abuse. They
appealed to reason.
The double-edged factor in confrontations
had its evidence also in the deliberations of
the various pilots' associations. In this in-
stance it was not an equal reaction but a
demonstration of unjustified prejudice. While
Israel's interception of a Lebanese plane could
well be judged as an act of poor judgment,
it was a search for terrorists that was marked
by courteous treatment of those who were

detained. In no other act of this nature has
there been concern for the safety and comfort
of the passengers. The Arab guilt included
destruction of planes and the murder of inno-
cents as well as diplomats.
Why did the pilots ignore these crimes,
while making Israel the scapegoat?
A dedicated reader submits a clipping
from a local newspaper, dated May 22, 1973,
reporting from Cairo through UPI: "A Bel-
gian airliner ordered by Egyptian authorities
to make an unscheduled stop overnight in
Cairo continued its flight to Uganda on Mon-
day after an 18-hour delay, airport sources
said." The concerned reader rightfully quoted
the saying: "What's sauce for the goose is
sauce for the gander." But apparently not for
Israel.
Pilots have suffered at the hands of the
Arabs. They do not have a case against Israel.
Yet the target of charges, threats, condemna-
tions is Israel!
Consistency may be a treacherous word in
diplomacy. Yet, Benjamin Disraeli (in "Vivian
Grey") had an apt comment: "A consistent
man believes in destiny, a capricious man in
chance." And in the reactions to Israel's
chances it may well be asked: "Inconsistency,
where is thy sting?"

History Translated

Jews JPS Zinberg Volume Deals
With 'Struggle of Mysticism'

A third volume in the series "A History of Jewish Literature"
by Israel Zinberg has just been issued by the Jewish Publication
Society of America.

The first two volumes were reviewed in The Jewish News on_May
25. Like the earlier volumes, the third also is a translation from the
Yiddish by Bernard Martin, Abba Hillel Silver Professor of Jewish
Studies and chairman of the department of religion at Case Western
Reserve University.

Zinberg, a Russian Jewish scholar and chemical engineer, devoted
more than 20 years to research in Leningrad libraries. His Yiddish
literary history appeared in eight volumes in Vilna, from 1929 to 1937,
and the final volume appeared a year before his death.

The third volume, entitled "The Struggle of Mysticism and Tradi-
tion Against Philosophical Rationalism." commences with the mystics
of Provence, dating from the 13th Century and the controversies that
involved Maimonides. It leads the student through the era of Don
Isaac Abravanel and the Spanish experiences in the end of the 15th
Century.

Noteworthy in the historical analyses in this volume is the com-
parison of Nahmanides (1194-1270)—Rabbi Moses ben Nahman, the
Ramban — with Maimonides (1135-1264) — Rabbi Moses ben Maimon,
the Rambam. "They represent two different worlds," Zinberg asserted.
Thus:

"Maimonides attempts to prove that the Jewish religion is, above
all, the reflection of divine wisdom and is constructed on the solid
foundation of logic and reason. All the principles and premises of
Judaism can therefore be explained rationally. Indeed, according to
Maimonides, therein lies its grandeur and power. For Nahmanides,
however, Judaism is primarily a revelation of the profound divine
mystery which man's reason cannot grasp but for which his soul yearns
in passionate rapture. Grasped by an intense faith in God's gracious-
ness and in the endless glory of His wonders, Nahmanides, with the
delighted eyes of a simple child, looked astonishingly at the world
surrounding him in which everything is so beautiful and all things
bear the stamp of divine life and wisdom."

A struggle against rationalism ensued some time thereafter and
the roles of mystics, the effects upon Jewish life from Kabalist books,
primarily the Zohar, are accounted for in the Zinberg account.

The period of tragic Jewish experiences in Germany, the roles of
Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg, the scholars of his and the subsequent ge
eration, the rise and decline of Jewish cultural activities in Span
these receive due emphasis.

There is historic immensity in the thoroughness with which Zin-
berg's resume deals with the freethinking in a period of reaction to
what had developed, the Musar developers, the scientific approaches
of Rabbi Levi ben Gershon and the school of the Gersonides that de-
veloped from his rationalist views.

Zinberg's studies embrace much of the conflict that existed in the
centuries under review with the Christians. Polemics and clerical reac-
tions are studied and the accounts presented provide high level schol-
arly definitions of events that influenced Jewish history, the great
personalities who figured in these events—preachers, kabalists, tal-
mudists, mystics.

Such elements as the satirists, those who lampooned during relig-
ious disputations, are not overlooked.

The fate of the Jew during the Inquisition has its tragic note in
this volume of Zinberg's notable works. Out of this "History of Jewish
Literature" there emerges an historicity that will inspire great inter-
est in Jewish experience in all ages.

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