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August 24, 1973 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1973-08-24

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

`Watchful Vigilance' Marks Mood
in Chile, Uruguay and Argentina

.

NEW YORK—The volatile troduced by the leftist gov- of foreign imperialism and
political situation in parts of ernment during the past three reactionaries."

Latin America has aroused
fears of anti-Semitism among
Jews living in Chile, Urugay,
and Argentina, and the gen-
eral mood is one of watchful
vigilance.
A report by the American
Jewish Committee's South
American office received at
national headquarters here
tls that "the current
r
us political tension and
s
the economic deterioration in
Chile have damaged the Jew-
ish community." Some Jews
have left the country for
Brazil, Ecuador and Costa
Rica. However, the approxi-
mately 28,000 Jews who re-
main in Chile are still "very
active and hard-working,
seeking to maintain commu-
nity programs in spite of re-
duced membership and in-
come."
Economics rather than pol-
itics is the cause of the Jew-
ish decline in Chile, the re-
port indicates. adding that
"the socialized economy in-

years affected the Jewish
population unfavorably since
they were for the most part
engaged in industry and
commerce."
Although neither the Al-
lende 'government nor many
Chileans a r e anti-Semitic,
according to the report, the
Arab League that set up its
Latin American headquarters
in Santiago in 1972 is a con-
stant source of anti-Semitic
propaganda. New Left groups
hostile to Israel and a coali-
tion of rightist groups op-
posed to President Allende
are also busy fomenting anti-
Semitism.

In Uruguay, the report
state s, the approximately
50,000 Jews, long free from
tension or discrimination,
have begun to feel threat-
ened. Pressures similar to
those in Chile are respon-
sible, with both the New Left
and radical right g r o u p s
propagandizing against Israel
and attacking Jews as "allies

Argentina's half million
Jews are awaiting with
mixed emotions the return of
Juan Peron to power. They
have observed that rightist
anti-Semites have become
bolder recently, and this has
caused misgivings. However,
they do not believe Peron to
be anti-Semitic, and the Ar-
gentine government still
maintains cordial relations
with Israel.
The report continues: "Al-
though the Argentine people
is not racist minded nor dis-
criminatory, the Jewish corn-
munity is aware of some latent
anti-Semitism that can be
expected to make itself evi-
dent in certain circum-
stances."
As in Chile, the report
states, the Jewish community
continues to carry on its edu-
cational, cultural and relig-
ious life, but these too have
been adversely affected by
mounting inflation and a
marked shortage of rabbis
and -religious teachers.

Under-30 Crowd Digs 'Superstar',
Will It Make Them Anti-Semites?

By DAVID FRIEDMAN
JTA Staff Writer

(Copyright 1973 JTA. Inc.)

like most present-day film
makers was aiming at the
under-30 audience.
This group will see "Super-
star" mainly as an anti-
establishment film — the
establishment being organ-
ized religion (Jewish, Catho-
lic, Protestant) and govern-
ment. It is doubtful that they
will become anti-Semites as
a result of seeing the film.
The protest against the
film by Jewish organizations
will probably contribute a
few more viewers — Jewish
and non-Jewish — to the
film. These organizations,
having now made their point,
should concentrate on their
more constructive efforts of
improving Christian - Jewish
relations and encouraging
churches and church schools
to refute the deicide charge.

NEW YORK — The film
version of the rock opera
"Jesus Christ Superstar"
opened in New York City
this month, preceded by the
condemnation of major Jew-
ish organizations which
charged it was anti-Semitic
'in the fashion of traditional
passion plays such as at
Oberammergau.
New York film critics
seemed divided. The New
York Post liked it, but
Howard Thompson in the
New York Times found that
"Superstar" didn't work.
Kathleen Caroll in the
Daily News found the film
"surprisingly satisfactory" as
entertainment but cautioned
her readers not to expect
anything more.
Probably the best one line Van Doren, Samuel
summation came from Bob
Salmaggi, film critic for Quoted in Volume
Radio Station WINS, who
NEW YORK — Two of the
said the film crucified itself. great minds of the 20th Cen-
The predominantly under- tury have come together to
30 audience which saw the illuminate the wisdom of the
film with this viewer did ages. The result is "In the
not agree. They applauded Beginning, Love" by Mark
several song numbers and Van Doren and Maurice
there was heavy applause at Samuel—a collection of sage
the end of the film. The film and subtle commentaries on
is obviously going to he sue- the Bible which will be pub-
sful especially with the lished by John Day, Aug.
ler 30s, who bought the 31.
record album earlier. me
When biblical scholar Mau-
question is: Will this film rice Samuel first met Mark
make them anti-Semitic?
Van Doren, he said, "I could
There has been some criti- talk with this man forever."
cism that Judas, played by And talk they did, for the
a black actor, can be seen two decades.
as anti-black. Jewish critics
Learned and quick-witted,
have also noted that in the these two men explored ev-
film Judas is used by the ery aspect of the Old Testa-
Jewish priests for their ends, ment in a weekly national
analagous to the charge by radio .program.
some black extremists that
In addition to their pro-
Jewish leaders in the United found understanding of the
States have been using Bible, each man had a deep
blacks for their interest. The affection for the other and
claim is weak, but consider- a towering respect for his
ing the state of current intelligence. There emerged
Jewish-Black relations it a discourse that brought the
should have been considered Bible to life.
by the director Norman
In a labor of love, Edith
Jewison. •
Samuel, wife of the late Mau-
The point is that Jewison rice Samuel, has brought to-
and the others responsible gether the best of these im-
for the film apparently did passioned exchanges in a
not consider the implications volume that represents the
of the things they were por- flowering of two great minds
traying. Jewison, a non-Jew, and a single great friendship.

,

No Slowdown in Israel Economy Seen by Sapir

TEL AVIV (JTA)—Finance
Minister Pinhas Sapir told a
Labor leadership meeting
that there are no plans for
a slow-down in the economy
after the elections. "We have
an aim of full employment
and this coincides with our
aim of a steady expansion
of the state's economy," he
said.
Speaking about his plans
for full employment within
the framework of the eco-
nomic plan for the next four
years, Sapir noted that full
employment is the most im-
portant factor in raising the
standard of living of back-
ward classes and that this
would contribute to narrow-
ing the economic gap.

labor force would grow to
1,270,000 workers compared
to 1,120,000 workers now. He
predicted that the GNP
would reach IL 42,000,000,000
compared to IL 31,000,000,000

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Friday, August 24, 1973-9

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His forecast for the next
four years was for a popula-
tion of 3,800,000 compared to
3,300,000 now. He said the

* TYPEWRITERS *

in 1972.
Total value of industrial'
products will reach more
than IL 30,000,000,000 in 1972
prices compared with IL 22,-
000,000,000 this year.

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