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August 24, 1973 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1973-08-24

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Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Associa-
tion. Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075.
Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices. Subscription $8 a year. Foreign $9


Editor and Publisher




Business Manager

City Editor

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Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 27th day of Av, 5733, the following scriptural selections will
be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Deut. 11:26-16:17. Prophetical portion, Isaiah 54:11-55:5.
Torah readings for Rash Hodesh Elul, Tuesday and Wednesday, Num. 28:1-15.

Candle lighting, Friday, Aug. 24, 8.01 p.m.

VOL. LXIII. No. 24

Page Four




1 .4


August 24, 1973

Diplomats, Pilots, Haters and Lovers

A Libyan who unexpectedly visited Israel
for five hours when a drunken compatriot hi-
jacked a plane with 118 other Libyans, took
back with him a pamphlet describing kibutz
life in the Jewish state. The hijacker also
avowed good will, explaining that he-wanted
to prove that Arabs and Jews can live to-
gether in amity.
What a love feast!
It was another example to the world that
Israelis are not criminals, that they do not
abuse, that their chief aim is self-protection
whether the Arabs and the British and the
French ,like it or not. Whether an American
spokesman on an international platform sub-
mits to pressures or vetoes the indignities.
buring the tense week of Israel's failure
to accomplish an operation of capturing one
of the chief offenders in the wave of terror-
ism that has struck the world, there were
many who believed that Israelis had gone
-too far. We shared the view that kidnaping
involves risks because they provide the ex-
cuse Arab terrorists seek to justify their in-
sanities. Not that an Arab terrorist needs an
excuse: anything goes with him and his ethics
and morality.
The guilty, however, are those who sit in
the United Nations, the sponsors of a resolu-
tion condemning Israel who are led to the

altar of hate by . Great Britain and France,
who often acquire either an abstention or an
approval from our American delegate to the
These are the culprits: the propagators of
hate at the United Nations who have never
as yet seriously condemned Arab criminality
but who never hesitate to utter unkindness
when dealing with Israel.
Yet, Israelis had one plane in a military
area when a Lebanese jet was intercepted,
and all on the jet were treated kindly. Another
plane landed in Israel the day after the great
minds in diplomatic ranks gathered to attack
Israel. On both planes there were high-rank-
ing Arab statesmen; all were treated well.
Nevertheless, the associations of pilots utilized
the interception to join in threats to Israel.
They never did much to prevent terrorism
that threatens them as much as the travelers,
always much more than Israel and the Israelis
—because non-Jews have suffered more from
terrors than have Jews. Yet, Israel is such
an easy target! Haven't Jews always been con-
venient targets for attacks?
It's a pity that the pilots should not have
been more understanding. It is outrageous
that the UN is so abortive. That's our gen-
eration's experience with those who are ex-
pected to advance freedom in a turbulent age.


Another Righteous Gentile was honored
in Israel this week. Stanley Nowinski, a re-
tired American army colonel, a Polish Catho-
lic, visited Yad Vashem Memorial Institute
in which the records of saintly as well as the
victims of the Holocaust are preserved. He
saw in action Jewish Agency and United Jew-
ish Appeal installations. He conferred with
former members of Briha — the movement
that assisted oppressed Jews to escape from
the Nazi horrors, many of them to find haven
in Palestine which was soon to become the
state of Israel.
He was greeted by Abba Geffen, a cultural
official of the Israel Foreign Ministry, who
expressed gratitude for Nowinski's help to
Jews in a way "we have never forgotten."
Israel and Jewry do not forget the Right-
eous Gentiles who helped elevate Briha—the
Flight and Rescue—into one of the most hu-
mane evidences of the last war as an indica-
tion that not all men had turned into beasts.
But there was injustice. The reason for
the Briha—for the Flight—was that the Brit-
ish, who had begun a friendship with Israel
through the Balfour Declaration, were closing
the doors to those who needed the haven the
most. Then those who defied the obstruction-
ists stepped in, as Nowinski did with them,
to provide means of flight to freedom and
sect , -
Col. Stanley Nowinski's arrival in

Israel, the warm welcome given him, was not
only an expression of gratitude for humani-
tarianism and nobility: it served to recall the
inhumanity of a great power whose pledges
were being broken by men like Ernest Bevin,
whose high principles were abandoned in
the struggle to save the empire.
It was in Salzburg, Austria, that Nowinski
assisted in assembling Jews for emigration
to Palestine — an effort that the sancti-
monious British officials chose to call "ille-
gal." British intelligence agents did their ut-
most to prevent such movements. But No-
winski helped Briha and Hagana representa-
tives in their tasks of organizing these efforts.
He assisted in providing false passports where
needed—something reminiscent of the work
of Raoul Wallenberg who in this fashion res-
cued many thousands of Hungarian Jews
under the very noses of Nazis in Budapest.
That's how Righteous Humanitarianism
redeems humanity from the curse of bigotry
and cruelty. What a pity that while honoring
the righteous we must recall the nefarious
acts of the British and their cohorts. Is it
any wonder that, in judging the importance
of the United Nations, we must, at the same
time, recall the pledge-breaking and tyran-
nical actions of the British? And isn't it pitiful
that the French, who began a great friend-
ship with Israel, are now yielding to the in-
decencies of diplomatic chicanery?

Complacency Can Be Damaging in M.E.

Playing it cool toward pressures on Middle
East developments may create admiration for
Israeli stoicism, but anything involving com-
placency should be resisted.
Abba Eban's declarations on his brief
visit in this country last weekend, on his
way home after a Latin American tour, seem
to indicate that Israelis are not so uncon-

cerned about the pressures from oil interests.
They represent a danger not to be ignored.
Furthermore, the anxieties over State De-
partment positions, with the new trends to
secure concessions from Israel, and the United
Nations threats, combine to create a renewal
of seriousness in the Arab-Israel conflict. Un-
concern and complacency can be damaging
for the Jewish position.

Revised Edition of 'Geography
of Israel' Describes Status
of Newly Administered Areas

A third edition of "Geography of Israel," by Efraim Orni and Elisha
Efrat, the two authoritative experts on the subject, just issued by the
Jewish Publication Society of America, assures availability of up-to-date
demographic information about Israel.
The revised text, in a translation from the Hebrew, printed in
Israel, is fully illustrated, contains the necessary geological maps,
charts and statistics on vital subjects related to the various aspects of
the land and its inhabitants.

The authors have delved into the remotest periods of time, tracing
the history, development and changing conditions dating from the
Stone Age.

Inevitably, this large work contains material of a current nature,
evolving from data provided regarding settlements stemming from
Zionist endeavors, as well as those that have arisen under the aegis
of the state of Israel. The authors' foreword provides explanatory out-
lines for an understanding of the approaches to this work. It points
out that the third revised edition of the geographical account indicates
the effects of the Six-Day War which necessitated inclusion of facts
regarding new regions and the new opportunities that have been
created for Israel's population.

Because of the rapid changes in the country, the authors have had
to rewrite many portions of their work since its original appearance as
a Hebrew text in 1960. They make these important observations:
"Over the centuries, the geography of the Holy Land has been the
most amply documented in the world. Travelers and pilgrims — pagan,
Christian, Jewish and Moslem — have reported their impressions for
over 2,000 years, some with painstaking exactitude, others with an
imagination fired by religious enthusiasm. In the Middle Ages, Palestine
was the principal subject of map-makers. The development of the
scientific approach to Bible research has, since the end of the 18th
Century, brought to the country theologians, historians and archeolo-
gists, geographers and naturalists, many of whom published their
ings. With the Zionist movement's unique work of construction, an
founding of the state of Israel, literature on the country gained further
scope, and included politics, sociology, economics, etc."
The need for comprehensive compilations of available geographical
material on the Holy Land was fulfilled by the efforts of Orni and
Efrat who, first in the introductory "Geography of Israel" that appeared
in 1960 and in the subsequent revised editions, make available factual
data on the geology, morphology, climate of Israel, as well as its popu-
lation, history and economy.
This, therefore, is a geography implemented with material vital
for an understanding of all aspects of the country's demography, its
people, its climatic conditions.

The significance of the revisions is indicated in the section on
"Administered Areas" which deals with the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza
Strip, the Golan, Judea and Samaria.

All aspects relating to these areas are as completely covered as
those on the rest of the state of Israel. The authors give special atten-
tion to the attempt at Jewish settlement in the Golan, to the new
Jewish settlements in the rest of the administered territories, to the
general settlement activities that followed the Six-Day War. They
point out that plans are being made for the establishment of 22 farm-
ing villages in the Golan, with a population of 12,500. New roads have
been paved and "there are plans for a new urban center for the Golan
and developing the branches of the Bethsaida Valley for farming,
fishing and recreation."
Analyses of the economy, of mining and industry, of foreign trade,
provide additional information that makes the "Geography of Israel"
valuable for students, researchers, general readers seeking data about
the Israeli demography.

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