THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Assods-
Lion. Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 480711.
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Sditor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 17th day of lyar, 5733, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Levit. 25:1-26:2. Prophetical portion, Jeremiah 32:6-27.
Lag b'Omer will be observed Sun(
Candle lighting, Friday, May 18, 8:30 p.m.
LXIII. No. 10
May 18, 1973
Jewish Historical Society's Convention
Our community is privileged to be host
this week-end to a number of American Jew-
ry's most distinguished scholars.
Gathering here for the annual convention
of the American Jewish Historical Society,
the sessions which commence today, will deal
with many important aspects of American
Jewish history, with emphasis on two out-
standing anniversaries—the 150th of the Jew-
ish press and the 100th of Reform Judaism
in this country.
These, however, will be merely symbolic
of the tasks of an important movement. The
urgency of gathering and preserving historic
data about our people in America, the en-
couragement that must be given to students
and researchers, the need to assist in publish-
ing relevant material regarding the Jews not
only in the United States but in the entire
Western Hemisphere—these are the functions
of an historical society into whose ranks all
American Jews must enroll in order that the
objectives should be fully maintained.
The AJHS convention here serves to pro-
vide a new link for Detroit Jewry in its dedi-
cation to the cultural needs that must retain
priority in communal planning. There is need
for the establishment of local archives which
should supplement the national documenta-
tions. There is frequent need for data which
must be provided to history students, and the
communal responsibilities are to assure their
existence and availability.
Preservation of our treasured historical
material can go a long way toward encour-
againg even the elementary school children
to take a deeper interest in Jewish historical
pursuits, not to speak of the high school and
college students. It is through archival func-
tions that such concerns can be inspired.
There is great significance in the objec-
tives of the American Jewish Historical So-
ciety, and by gathering scholars to review
the movement's needs it adds invaluably to
the aims of an important movement. Its
delegated forces meeting here have Greater
Detroit's hearty welcome.
Our Young in a Responsive Mood
A highly successful Allied Jewish Cam-
paign can claim not only a financial triumph
in a year of great need but more significantly
the achievement of solidarity in Jewish ranks,
with youth as vital a factor as their elders.
A $100,000 sum raised by the young peo-
ple could well be judged as minor, in a
campaign that is reaching a $14,000,000 total:
But it is not the amount of money that has
been raised that matters so much, compared
with the fact that more than 1,600 in the
younger group have become involved in the
Allied Jewish Campaign's junior diyision.
That's the factor of importance.
Many of the youth enrolled in the Allied
Jewish Campaign's ranks—so it was report-
ed—had never heard of the campaign or
were never directly involved in its objec-
tives. Which goes to prove that expansion of
the educational processes is of major im-
portance; that a knowledgeable community
will also be a dedicated and loyal citizenry.
Perhaps the best way of judging the re-
suits of the campaign, which was chaired so
ably by Samuel Frankel and Paul Zucker-
man, is to review the responses from the
several functioning divisions. From all ranks
came responses that registered concern over
the status of Israel, the security of the em-
battled Jewish state and the course of events
as they affect Jewish life everywhere.
Those responding as well as our citizens
did to the 1973 appeals for rescue and relief
funds undoubtedly took into account the help
that must be provided the tragically afflict-
ed remnant of Jews in Iraq, those who are
enduring miseries in Syria, the needs of Rus-
sian Jews who are clamoring to settle in
When nearly 9,000 women add their
loyalties to those of the men in the com-
munity, they register the concern that marks
the life of a dedicated community like ours.
Once again, Detroit Jewry has set the
pace for the entire country in a highly suc-
cessful campaign. There is cause for pride
in the achivements we have built over the
years. They point to continuity in services
that justify our pride in a great community's
generosity that approaches nobility in a role
Road Ahead in Communal Planning
There is cause for satisfaction over com-
munal triumphs. We are concluding a great
philanthropic effort. Youth has joined the
ranks of the elders in fulfilling serious re-
sponsibilities toward; functioning agencies
and the tasks of assuring security for the
state of Israel. What now? Do we remain
complacent in areas other than fund-raising?
There is a road ahead for all of us. It is
not enough to be generous with material
means. There is the duty to assure under-
standing of the goals we have attained. A
community that is not steeped in knowledge
about its functioning organs, about the agen-
cies that comprise the totality of a people's
efforts, is not wholesome. If our aims—cul-
turally, socially, in the fields of welfare and
recreation—are not based on fullest under-
standing rooted in a knowledge of our agen-
cies' objectives, then we fail to rise above the
mere material standards.
It is in the areas of youth involvements
that the duty to extend knowledgeability be-
comes apparent. A youth division has risen
to great heights philanthropically. What
about the young people's road ahead? Will
they implement their efforts in fund-raising
with the needs of sharing in communal build-
ing, in contributing toward the cultural ad-
vancement of Jewry, in laboring for the high-
est standards in social services?
The test, especially for the younger gen-
eration, is not on the extent of their being
able to match the generosity of their elders
in the material spheres but on how they can
overcome the shortcomings that have caused
their parents and grandparents to have been
subjected to microscopic scrutiny over the
charge that they have failed in implanting
Jewish loyalties in children and grandchil-
dren. Perhaps a dedicated youth can provide
the refutation of the frequently repeated
accusation that Jewry has been led to a de-
cline and is in danger of vanishing for lack
of loyalty to a sacred heritage.
A new road ahead must be paved in com-
munal solidarity by our youth. Our youth
has the ability: it must display a willingness
to uplift Jewry to its traditional spiritual-
cultural heights. There is good reason to be
lieve that youth is able to attain this goal
and that there is much willingness to do it.
.`".•■•■■•,, - -
100th Anniversary of Reform
Judaism Marked in Blau Book
On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Reform Judaism, being
observed this year, numerous important works are being prepared for
publication, and an early 'compilation has just been issued under the
editorship of Prof. Joseph L. Blau of Columbia University.
"Reform Judaism," described as "a historical perspective," contain-
ing essays from the Central Conference of American Rabbis Yearbook,
has been published by Ktay. It contains the works of a number of
eminent rabbis, leaders in the Reform movement and noted personal-
ities whose names figure in the history of the movement.
It is noteworthy that one of the earliest rabbis of Detroit's Temple
Beth El, Dr. Kaufmann Kohler, is represented in the collected works
with his essay on "The Origin and Function of Ceremonies in Judaism."
A pioneer in the movement, Dr. Emil G. Hirsch, was selected for
the first essay in the book, sharing the first section with Rabbis Julian
Morgenstein and Bernard J. Bamberger.
The 22-page introduction by the editor of the volume, Dr. Blau,
offers the historical perspective, defines the movement, analyzes the
changes and, significantly, concludes:
"Reform rabbis would agree with Solomon Schechter that it is
not Judaism that determines what the Jewish people is, but rather
the Jewish people that determines what Judaism is — though it is
only fair to say that they would not agree with him in their defini-
tion of what follows from this principle. Since some part of the
Jewish people, that part which constitutes the public served by the
Reform movement, is convinced that Judaism can be relevant in
the world of the twentieth century only by a radical modernization
of its practices and at least its peripheral beliefs, the thrust of most
of the essays here reprinted is toward the definition of a moderni-
zation that is not alien to the spirit of the Jewish tradition. Thus,
from another point of view, each of these essays attempts to come
to grips with some prior aspect of the Jewish tradition and to learn
from it how to reform. — or at least reformulate — it.
"In the end, perhaps, we may generalize the statement with
which Samuel Atlas concludes his profound study of the contem-
porary relevance of Moses Maimonides: 'The most significant lesson
which the understanding of Maimonides' philosophy teaches is that
with Maimonides we can supersede Maimonides.' In the early
years of the Reform movement in America, it was the aim of the
rabbis to supersede the ancient Jewish tradition by creating a new
tradition based upon alien philosophies and wholly rational grounds.
The newer Reform leaders speak otherwise, for they say that the
most significant lesson which the understanding of the ancient tra-
dition teaches is that it is only with the ancient tradition that we
can supersede the ancient tradition."
Of added interest in Dr. Blau's collection of essays of major interest
are discussions on Reform views on Zionism. Henry Berkowitz is rep-
resented with an article on why he is not a Zionist, and the refutatior
on "The Justification of Zionism" is by Caspar Levias. Other essay
in this section are by Abba Hillel Silver and Samuel Schulman.
The Hasidic view is touched upon by Emil Fackenheim and Hal-
akha by Solomon B. Freehof.
Other noted rabbis represented in this work include:
William G. Braude, Levi A. Olan, Lou H. Silberman, Eugene B.
Borowitz, Roland B. Gittelsohn, W. Gunther Plaut, Samuel S. Cohon,
Israel Bettan, Ellis Rivkin, Alexander Guttmann, Jacob Z. Lauterbach,
Joshua Loth Liebman and Samuel Atlas.
UAHC Paperback 'About God'
Young readers will find the answers they seek to the questions
"About God" in a paperback, "Hear, 0 Israel," by Molly Cone, pub-
lished by the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.
It is an allegorical work—and the explanations of the need for
belief and faith are offered in the form of parables and quotations
from the prayer book.
There are explanations why God is not like a person, why He can't
be seen, how all elements are under that great unseen power, indi-
cating, from a Jewish prayer, that "the whole world is full of God's
glory." This is attained by dealing with all God s creations, the uni-
verse, fish, plants, other factors. Miss Cone attains her aim effectively.