100,000 March i n Support of Soviet Jewry
NEW YORK (JTA) — An supposed to pay for their
estimated 100,000 people higher education, many of
marched along Fifth Avenue us are still given refusals
Sunday to show their support without any explanation of
for Soviet Jewry.
why or how long we have to
Leading the two-mile pro- wait."
cession, which began at 72nd
Victoria Politnikov, who
St. and culminated in a mass was jailed for demonstrating
rally at Dag Hammarskjold in Moscow last December,
Plaza opposite the United declared: "All declarations
Nations, were 44 young of Soviet officials about free
people dressed in black-and- emigration are lies. The way
white-striped prison uniforms Jews are treated—and our
symbolizing the number of family is an example of this
known Soviet Jewish "prison- —is evidence."
ers of conscience."
Five Moscow Jews staged
Twenty-five N e w York a silent demonstration last
area academicians in caps Friday in front of the Izvestia
and gowns, members of the offices to protest what they
Academic Community for said was Izvestia's slanted
Soviet Jewry, and 40 doctors picture of the situation of
and interns carried the Soviet Jews. Angry passers-
names of Soviet Jewish in- by tore up the banner they
tellectuals and scientists who held, but the Jews were not
have been subjected to arrested.
The Jews said they had all
Shepsholovich, who been denied visas for Israel.
recently was released from It was reported that Soviet
the Patina labor camp, came authorities refused to permit
from Israel to lead the group the Associated Press to dis-
of recent Soviet immigrants tribute through its news wire
here to seek support for rela- service a photograph of the
tives and friends in the demonstration.
A Soviet official was quot-
Shepsholovich, who was ed as saying that the photo-
sentenced on charges of anti- , graph would harm Soviet
Soviet and Zionist activity American relations.
The Soviet Academy of
after applying for an exit
visa, told the Jewish Tele- Science s proposed t that
graphic Agency that political Prof. Benjamin Levich be
trials had now replaced the expelled from the organiza-
Soviet education tax on tion because of "harmful"
activities, Jewish sources re-
The trials of a selected
Prof. Levich, an interna-
few are now being used by tionally known theoretical
Soviet authorities. he said, to ' chemist, and his family ap-
discourage others from ap- plied last year for emigra-
plying for exit visas. tion to Israel. The request
He cited the trial of Isaac was denied repeatedly.
Shkolnik, recently sentenced
Informants said Levich was
to 10 years in a forced labor summoned to a meeting of
camp; the trial of Boris Lu- the board of the academy's
barsky, sentenced to four chemical sciences depart-
years; and the upcoming ment.
trial of the Goldstein broth-
Davits sources said, the academy
w told of appeals to Soviet
(R.-N.Y.) told the rally that was
our voices and determina.- scientists in Levich's behalf
tion span the oceans to the by many Western scientists
Soviet Jews. We are encour- and a letter to the United
aged by the recent announce- Nations from a group of
ment that the Soviet Union ,
The informants said. Levich
has ended the onerous edu
- walked out of the meeting in
cation tax, but our efforts protest.
must continue in order to
help those still in prison sole- Jewish Groups Praise
ly because they want to emi- Nixon, Congress, for
grate and those still harass- Aid to Soviet Jews
ed for seeking exit visas."
NEW YORK (JTA) —
Stanley Lowell, chairman Jewish organizations contin-
of the Greater New York ued to reaffirm support for
Conference on Soviet Jewry, the Jackson Amendment in
sponsors of the event, ex- the Senate and the Mills-
plained its purpose was to Vanik bill in the House and
"demonstrate to the Soviet at the same time welcomed
Union that throwing the Jews the efforts of President Nixon
of the world a bone by elim- to aid the cause of Soviet
inating the nefarious head Jewry.
tax was not enough and that
The Greater New York
they would not be deceived Conference on Soviet Jewry
or diverted by Soviet smoke- issued a statement declaring:
"We welcome the efforts of
Joining the marchers at President Nixon and the re-
the rally were more than affirmation of his personal
1,000 high school students commitment to this vital
who had walked almost three human rights cause. This,
miles f r o m Washington however, in no way dimin-
Square Park in the second ishes our support for this le-
annual Walkathon for Soviet gislation that would deny
Jewry to earn money to help trade concessions to the So-
Jews emigrating from the viet Union as long as it con-
Soviet Union to Israel.
tinues to harass and perse-
In a related development, cute those who seek to ful-
the Student Struggle for So- fill their human right to live
viet Jewry released two where they desire."
statements received from So- The Union of Orthodox
viet Jews on the occasion of Jewish Congregations of Am-
erica adopted a resolution
Yuli Tartakovsky, a major underscoring its "unequivo-
Kiev activist under constant cal support" for the Jack-
pressure by Ukranian au- son/Mills - Vanik measures
thorities, declared: "We are and also welcomed "the sym-
in a critical situation because ; pathetic concern which Presi-
although Jews are no longer : dent Nixon has displayed to
the tragic plight of the Jews
of the Soviet Union."
The Israel cabinet is unit-
ed in its belief that all ef-
forts aimed at helping Soviet
Jewry should be encouraged
and that Israel must not in-
tervena in the dispute be-
tween President Nixon and
Sen. Jackson. This was con-
firmed by a top source here
who said Israel's policy had
been "correct" until now
and would continue to be
He stressed that what had
been achieved so for for So-
viet Jews—the relaxation of
the ransom tax—had been
the result of both Mr.
Nixon's efforts and the Rus-
sian's knowledge that he had
a strong like-minded Con-
gress behind him on this is-
The source also stressed
t h e importance of Mr.
Nixon's formal undertaking
to continue his efforts on be-
half of Soviet Jewry. It was
not often, the source noted,
that an American President
made such undertakings.
The source said there was
not necessarily a contradic-
tion between Nixon and Jack-
son nor necessarily a clash
between them—since they
both desired the same ends
for Russian Jews. He indi-
cated that Israel was quietly
hoping for some sort of com-
promise between them.
Jacob Stein, chairman of
the Conference of Presidents
of Major American Jewish
Organizations, told newsmen
in Jerusalem there has been
"absolutely no communica-
tion" between his organiza-
tion and the Israel govern-
ment on the issue. "We
will get you into
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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
22—Friday, May 11, 1973
Life is a battle — and the
neither asked for nor re- ones who win are those arm
ceived advice from Israel. ed
with knowledge and new
(Continued on Page 23)
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