Secretary Rogers Says U. S. Strives to Maintain 'Fragile
Cease Fire' for Progress Toward Permanent Solution
Sec. of State Rogers
ol. LXIII. No. 7
NEW YOhK (JTA)—Secretary of State William P. Rogers told 1,000 journalists and guests at the annual Overseas Press Club awards dinner.
Monday, that the U. S. immediate objective is to "strive to maintain the fragile cease fire in the Middle East." He said if there could now be "a
cease fire from inflammatory rhetoric . . . that progress toward a permanent solution could be achieved." He said the U. S. could not accept a
proposal by some members of Congress to reduce the U. S. role in furnishing defense articles in foreign countries. (Senators James Abourezk
(D., S.D.) and Mark Hatfield (R., Ore.) urged in Senate speeches that the U. S. back off from strong support for Israel).
(In his 743-page report to Congress on U. S. foreign policy for 1972, Secretary Rogers again appealed to the parties in the Middle East to
"initiate in 1973 a genuine negotiating process." He said the reopening of the Suez Canal was a first step in such a negotiating process, with
emphasis on "a thoughtful approach to the possibility of mutually advantageous accommodation" that would benefit "Palestinians, Israelis and
the peoples in the Arab states concerned."
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Ruth and Moshe:
on Page 48
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April 27, 1973
USSR Jews Plead for Uninterrupted
Protests; Meany Supports Jackson;
Jewish Spokesmen Firm for Action
Nixon Proclaims Sunday
as 30th Anniversary of
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
WASHINGTON (JTA)—President Nixon, hailing
the "honored and desperate heroes" of the Warsaw
Ghetto resistance, has designated Sunday to mark
the 30th anniversary of the uprishig against the Nazi
occupation forces "by the beleaguered and outnum-
bered Jews" in the Polish capital (See local story on
In a proclamation M accordance with the resolu-
tion passed unanimously by both houses of Congress,
Mr. Nixon said that the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto,
"by their heroic deeds, reaffirmed the determination
of the oppressed to fight for freedom and dignity and
thereby helped keep alive the spirit of liberty."
"All who took part" in the "resistance of desper-
ation" in the Warsaw Ghetto, the President said,
"knew that death would be the almost certain con-
sequence, yet they readily chose that path in their
struggle for freedom.
"As we recall the valor of these honored and
desperate heroes," he added in his proclamation,
"we are mindful that the price of freedom is high.
The debt we owe the gallant defenders of the Warsaw
Ghetto is part of the same obligation all of us who
live in freedom owe to those who refuse to capitulate
in the face of invasion or violence. The names of
these Warsaw Ghetto warriors are an inspiration to
free men everywhere."
In Warsaw, government and Communist Party
leaders joined 750 guests for speeches, music and
poetry to commemorate the anniversary of the
(Continued on Page 6)
Special to The Jewish News
from Russian Jews addressed in increasing urgency warn against plac-
ing faith in the newest Russian assertions that the ransom education tax has been terminated. Appeals from
Russian Jewish spokesmen, especially from leading scientists who have been denied visas to emigrate to
Israel, emphasize that the education tax is not the only restriction imposed on Russian Jews. Many of them
fear arrests as punishment for their "rebelliousness.
Last week's meetings convened by President Nixon, first with a group of senators and then with
14 Jewish leaders, to whom was conveyed the information about a relaxation in the Russian anti-Jewish
prejudices, appeared to have been fruitless in the White House effort to end pressures in support of the
amendment proposed by Senator Henry M. Jackson to the Trade Reform Act.
Senator Jackson's office reported that all of the 76 senatorial co-sponsors of his amendment re-
mained firm in their support of the measure, which, as the Washington senator explained, requires the
President, "prior to the granting of most-favored-nation treatment to nonmarket economies — the Soviet.
Union and the countries of Central Europe—or the extention to them of credits, credit guarantees or in-
vestment guarantees, to submit to the Congress a report indicating that the recipient of these benefits
does not deny its citizens the right or opportunity to emigrate."
After the press reports that Leonid Brezhnev had given assurances—similar to those conveyed to
the senators and to the Jewish leaders at the White House—to seven visiting U. S. senators in Mos-
cow, including Michigan Senator Robert Griffin, Senator Jackson announced that he would stand by his
He declared that "the White House got taken in" and "a lot of people" have been "fooled" by
statements that the exit education tax has been suspended. Jackson warned that the education tax is not
the only discriminatory USSR policy, that prevents Jews from emigrating.
He warned of impending mass arrests and of. deprivation of means of a livelihood for Russian Jews
who are losing their jobs when they apply for exit visas, and of even more cruel punishments.
"The Soviet response to the great humanitarian concern of the Congress is wholly inadequate and
may be just a tactical maneuver," he declared.
Senator Jackson was given strong support in his stand by AFL-CIO President George Meany, who
urged that the Soviet Union should not be granted most favored - nation status. Immediately after the
White House meetings with senators and' Jewish leaders, Meany urged the 76 senators supporting the
Jackson Amendment "not to weaken in the face of the White House campaign. There is no present indi-
cation that the Soviet Union has earned or deserves any special concessions paid for by the American tax-
payer." Meany added:
Jtorm Over French Paper on Jews
ROME (JTA)—An international controversy stired by the French Episcopate's
declaration upholding the right of the Jewish people to statehood, is causing consterna-
tion in Vatican circles.
The declaration was denounced by Arab circles as "pro-Zionist." Aides of Pope
Paul VI were described as being "alarmed" at the reaction and were said to be studying
The declaration. which was two years in preparation, was released in Paris April
16. In it, the French Episcopate called on Catholics to revise their thinking on Judaism
and recognize the "political existence" of the state of Israel. "Universal conscience can-
not refuse the Jewish people who have so suffered in the course of history, the right and
the 'means of their own political existence among nations," it said.
Arab commentators immediately accused the Catholic Church of siding with Israel
and hinted reprisals against Catholic missions in the Middle East. The Algerian news-
paper El Moudjahid, a semiofficial organ of the Algiers government, warned that the
attitude expressed by the French bishops might prompt a reappraisal of the "toleration
that the Arab countries have shown so far toward the activities of Christian missions."
The Lebanese Embassy in the Vatican called the declaration "regrettable" and
complained that the French Church which always found open doors in Lebanon was now
supporting Lebanon's enemy.
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(Continued on Page 23)
Zayyat Denies U. S.-Israel Complicity;
Arabs Urged to Hit American Interests
WASHINGTON (JTA)—The State Department declined to comment on remarks
by the Egyptian Foreign Minister, Mohammed H. el-Zayyat, who said on the CBS "Face
The Nation" television program Sunday, that he did not accept charges by some Arabs
of United States complicity with Israel in the April 10 commando raids on terrorist head-
quarters in Lebanon.
He indicated that Egypt's main diplomatic and military preoccupation is regaining
the territories it lost to Israel in the 1967 war but that Egypt had no intention of attack-
ing Israel proper. "We don't have any intention to go and occupy Tel Aviv. That is the
furthest thing removed from our thinking," Zayyat said.
The Egyptian foreign minister characterized the Israeli commando raids and the
slaying of three terrorist leaders in Beirut as "murder." Referring to . broadcasters on
radio stations in Algiers, Tripoli, Cairo, Baghdad, Khartoum and Damascus, who ac-
cused the U. S. of aiding the Israeli raiders, Zayyat said: "I'm not including myself
among them." But he did accuse the U. S. of perpetrating Israel's occupation of Sinai
by permitting $500,000,000 a year in arms sales to Israel.
"Nobody has asked the people of the United States if they really want to under-
write the occupation of the Sinai portion of Egypt," he said. One State Department
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