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March 24, 1972 - Image 9

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1972-03-24

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Lubavitcher Rebbe's 70th Birthday -Celebrated Throughout , World

In honor of the 70th birth- leader s, political figures,
day of the Lubavitcher Rebbe businessmen, rabbis, house-
M. wives, SU/dents and -persons
be from t l walks_ of -life from
the lUt diy of all over the 'AvOild;---Wait in
Nisan—this Sunday—Jewish the chamber outside the
communities everywhere will Rebbe's office to report to
join in 'greeting the viOrlit- him on 'some vital matter
or. to receive his counsel or
A ;56-man Ditzoit4del1ga: blessing. -
tion will go to Brooklyn
"Farbrengens," gather-
Sundaf, -under the leadership ings at which the Rebbe
of Rabbi Beret Shemtov, delivers a public address,
are held on festivals and
local director of Merkoz.
special occasions. The
Inyonei Chinuch—Central
Organization for Jewish Edu- Rebbe often speaks for
several hours, with brief
cation, the educational arm
of the Lubavitch movement— intermissions. When tak-
and Rabbi Jacob N. Kranz ing place on weekdays, his
of Lubavitcher Center and words are transmitted live
to Lubavitch Centers
around the world via tele-
As a salute to the Luba- phone hookup.
vitcher Rebbe and his birth-
The contents of his dis-
day, the Detroit branch
has inaugurated efforts to courses range from observa-
strengthen its educational tions and insights on any
facet of Torah to current
tasks. At the same time, it
events affecting the quality
has been announced that the
and continuity of Judaism.
Lubavitcher Camp Gan Israel
He has consistently called
will this year operate a spe- for an intensification of the
cial Masmidim program for Lubavitcher reachout work
Torah studies. An adult edu- in stimulating Jewish con-
cation program also will be sciousness among alienated
inaugurated for scores of youth and assimilated fam-
local families.
ilies throughout the United
In honor of the program States.
for the Lubavitcher Reb-
Among his recurrent topics
be's birthday celebration, has been the issue of "Who.
children in the movement's Is a Jew?" He has spoken out
school will be Instructed in for the amending of an Is-
raeli law that has been the
The Lubavitch Heder — cause of non-Jews being reg-
Oholei Yoseif Yitzhak Luba- istered as Jews in their Is-
vitch — accompanied greet- raeli immigration papers.
ings to the Rebbe in this enth in the dynastic lineage
fashion: Seven children in of Lubavitcher leaders. The
the higher classes memor- Chabad-Lubavitch movement
ized a set of laws, and 10- was founded in the 18th Cen-
and 11-year-old students tury by Rabbi Schneur Zal-
Chaim Block, Yoseif Polter man of Liadi, author of the
and Yoseif Shemtov — have basic work of Chabad philo-
already committed to mem- sophy—the Tanya and the
ory seven "Blatt"—pages- Shulhan Arukh.
from tractates
Born in 1902, on the 11th
Baba MetZia
day of Nisan, 5662, in Nilco-
and Beitza. In
laev, Russia, he is the son
the younger
of a renowned Kabalist and
classes,. Dovid
talmudic scholar, the late
S. Polter,
Rabbi Levi Yitzchak, and
Gedalia Shem-
great-grandson of the third
tov and Moshe
Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi
M. M. Z. Sil-
Menachem Mendel of Luba-
ver have mem-
vitch. At age 5 he moved
orized the en-
with his parents to the
tire Sidra
Ukrainian city of Yekatrinis-
Vayetzei. Por- Chana Kranz lay, now Dnepropetrovsk,
tions also were memorized where his father was -appoint
by Chana Kranz.
ed chief rabbi.
Those desiring to partic-
Rav Levi Yitzchak became
ipate in the planned educa- the boy's teacher. By the
tional programs in the time of his Bar Mitzva, the
Rebbe's honor are asked to Rebbe was considered an
call Rabbi Shemtov, 398- "illuy," a Torah prodigy.
2611, or Cong. Mishkan Is-
The Rebbe met the previ-
rael, 548-2666.
o u s Lubavitcher Rebbe,
Rabbi Joseph I. Schneer-
Rabbi Schneerson, the sev- sohn, in Rostov, in 1923.
enth Lubavitcher Rebbe, is Four years later, Rabbi
the "Rebbe" to tens of thou- Joseph Schneersohn was sen-
sands of Hasidim and hun- tenced to death by the Bol-
dreds of thousands of sup- shevics, but was liberated
porters and admirers around following the intervention of
President Herbert Hoover.
the world.
In his 22 years as leader He settled with his family
of the Chabad - Lubavitch in Warsaw, and it was here
movement, he has set into that Rabbi Menachem Men-
motion dozens of education- del Schneerson, in 1929, mar-
al, social and rehabilitative ried Rabbi Joseph Schneer-
sohn's second daughter,
From Melbourne to Lon- Chaya Moussia.
He then went on to study
don, Casablanca to Los An-
geles, thousands of Jews are at the University of Berlin
now identified with the many and later to the Sorbonne.
In 1941, he emigrated to
Lubavitch schools, commu-
nity and youth centers estab- the United States. His
who came to
lished and maintained
the United States a year
through the Rebbe's efforts.
earlier, appointed him
He communicates through
chairman of the executive
private audiences or public
addresses at Lubavitch world committee of his newly
headquarters located at 770 founded organisations that
Eastern Parkway, in Brook- included Meshes L'Inyonel
Minna, Machne Israel,
The Rebbe usually sets the movement's organ de-
aside two nights a week for dicated to Jewish social
welfare, and Otsar Hach-
private audiences, known as
assidhn, the Lubavitcher
"yebidus." On Sunday and
Thursday evenings, Jewish publishing house.

Soon thereafter, the Rebbe
began writing his notations
to varions Hasidic and Ka-
balistic treatises, as well as
resnonsa on a wide range of
Torah subjects.
In 1944 he received the
news of his father's death
in Kazakhstan, Central Rus-
sia. In 1939, Rabbi Levi
Yitzchak was arrested by the
feared NKVD for teaching
Judaism to his people. He
was taken from his home in
Yekatrinislav and imprison-
ed, then exiled for five years
to a small townlet. He died
at age 66.
Rebetzin Chana left for
France after the war where
she was met by her son in
1947 and brought to the Unit-
ed States where she lived
with him until her death in
After the passing of Rabbi
Joseph I. Schneersohn in
1950, his son-in-law assumed
the leadership of the growing
Millions of books and pub-
lications of Jewish interest,
printed in more than a dozen
languages, were published by
the Lubavitcher publishing
The Rebbe established a
"Jewish Peace COrps." Part
of this program involves hun-
dreds of senior Lubavitcher
students who spend their
summer vacation period visit-
ing hundreds of commu-
nities. _
In 1953 the Rebbe found-
ed the Lubavitch Women's
Organization, and in 1955,
the Lubavitch Youth Organ-
The Rebbe has estab-
lished numerous education-
al institutions in Israel.
Kfar Chabad, the "Luba-

vitcher settlement near
Tel has become an
educational c e wi es for
thousands of Jewish
Currently under -construc-
tion adjacent to Kfar Chabad
is an $18,000,000 complex
which will serve as a Girl's
Town, -which will be home
for 1,500 girls, mostly immi-
The Rebbe recently found-
ed a new Lubavitcher settle-
ment, Nahalat Har Chabad,

an absorption center about
10 miles south of Rehovot.
More than 200 Russian fam-
ilies, -emigres from ..Peorgia,
are now housed there.
The Rebbe's worldwide
Tefilin Campaign was in-
augurated during the Six-Day
War, with its Malin booth
at the Western Wall.
At the end of the Six-Day
War, when Israel and the


Jews the world over counted
their losses, the Rebbe issued
orders to his followers to
help boost the morale of the
widows and orphans of the
700 fallen heroes. Thus was
formed a national club of
these widows and orphans
who have been coming to-
gether regularly at Kfar
Chabad on festivals and spe-
cial occasions.

Friday, March 24, 1972-9


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