rman State Launches • Drive
B Ting Thousands of Ex-Nazis to Trial
BONN (JTA) — The West
German state of North Rhein-
Westphalia has taken the lead in
a massive drive to bring thou-
sands of Nazi war criminals to
During 1971, that state opened
the files of 3,400 former Nazis
suspected of murder or complic-
ity in murder compared to only
434 files opened in 1970.
The North Rhein-Westphalian
Ministry of Justice has established
a special center for the investiga-
tion of former Nazis and has ap-
pointed prosecutors specializing in
war crimes investigations.
Under the 1969 statute of limita-
tions, only persons accused of
genocide, murder or complicity in
murder may be bought to triaL
The 'vigor with which North
Rhein-Westphalia is pursuing these
cases has been attributed to Pre-
mier Heinz Kuhn, a veteran anti-
Nazi fighter who spent the war
years in exile in London, and its
minister of justice, Dr. Joseph
Neuberger, a former Israeli whose
two sons have served in the Israel
army. Both officials belong to the
Social Democratic Party (SPD)
of Chancellor Willy Brandt.
Josef Kubitsch, a senior West
German police officer, went on
trial in Moechnengladbach on
charges of complicity in the mur-
ders of 400 Jews in the Warsaw
Ghetto during World War IL
Kubitsch served in the Gestapo
and the SS during the war. Most
recently he commanded the
Grevenbruich police district.
The longest and most expensive
Nazi war crimes trial in history
has ended in Bonn with the release
of three of the nine defendants
on grounds of health.
The remaining six defendants
received sentences ranging from
18 months' to seven years' impri-
The defendants were charged
with murder and complicity in
the deaths of hundreds of Jews
Prinz Raps U.S.
killed in Latvia during World War
The trial lasted more than
two years; mat the state over
$1,600,000 and heard testimony
from 181 witnesses and five
technical experts. During the
trial the jury made special trips
to Israel and the U.S. and four
trips to the Soviet Union to
gather testimony and trial docu-
Three of the defendents were
released by the court because of
their "incapacity to stand trial"
for medical reasons. The other six
were found not guilty of murder
but guilty of complicity in mur-
The Federal Supreme Court in
Wiesbaden meanwhile has con-
firmed the sentences imposed by
a lower court in Stuttgart on two
former SS batallion leaders found
guilty of complicity in the mur-
ders of hundreds of Jews on the
Eastern front during the war.
A 4% year sentence was
NEW YORK (JTA) — Joachim
Prinz, chairman of the governing
council of the World Jewish Con-
gress, declared here that American
Jewry "is drifting into complete mer Nazis are on trial for com-
isolation from world problems and plicity in the murders of MOOG
from Jewish problems of the Jews in the Pinsk area of Poland
world" and that American Jews during the war.
are completely "uninformed as to
Alfred Ebener, 58, who was -dep-
what is going on in the danger uty district commissioner of Pinsk
zones of Jewish life."
Addressing the eighth biennial
conference of Americans for Pro-
gressive Israel-Hashomer Hatzair,
Dr. Prinz observed that this isola-
tion is aggravated by the fact that
"large number of American Jews
have now come to believe that
their political hope lies in the
reactionary conservative wing of
He noted that such thinking
has led to the approach that
Jews should "stick to their own
posts" and leave the solution of
central problems to others."
He contended that American
Jewry "is ruled by a small num-
ber of executive directors and a
leadership group which has been
selected for its monetary contribu-
tion rather than for its intellectual
Dr. Prinz • said the phRoisophy. of
isolationism _has found - "its. high
pciint of insanity in the Pen ile-
pathic movement of. the- Jewish
Defense League,", whick he, as-
serted, `'appeals to the basest in-
bijs done a greilf
t4g name of
between 1941-42, was excused
after his counsel presented medical
certificates stating that the accused
could not stand trial because of
his poor state of health. The court
refused to rule against a new trial
for Ebener in the future.
Proceedings are continuing
against the remaining six, all ac-
cused of the same war crimes. Ob-
servers here said that if convicted
they were not expected to get
more than a few years in jail
and that the principal defendant,
Ebener, probably would go free.
The trial of a Lithuanian
charged with having personally
murdered 1,150 Jews during a
three-month period in 1941, opened
several days ago before a Frank-
furt court. John Stasaitis, 49, was
charged with shooting Jewish in-
mates of a slave labor camp at
Tauroggen in Lithuania while he
served as a guard there.
handed down on March 13, 1969
against Sturmbandfuhrer Hans
&dans. His co-defendant, Haupt-
strnmbandfahrer Fritz Zeitiow,
was sentenced to 2% years.
Both appealed the sentences on
grounds that they were too
Two former SS officers who
participated in killings at the
notorious Auschwitz death camp
in Poland will go on trial In
Vienna next month. The trial will
be the first in Austria relating to
events at Auschwitz where many
guards and camp workers were of
More than 50 witnesses are ex-
pected to testify in the trial which
will last about six weeks.
Austrian authorities arrested for-
mer SS Sturmbandsfuhrer Ernst
Lerch last September in Klagen-
furt, a village where he lived for
nine years under his own name
and ran a cafe. During the war,
Lerch was a deputy to the notor-
ious Odilo Globoznik, who ran the
death camps in eastern Poland and
who killed himself shortly after
the Nazi defeat.
Lerch had connections in high
places and was unmolested until
a dossier containing overwhelming
evidence against him was present-
ed to the Austrian prosecutor gen-
eral who ordered his arrest.
In West Germany, seven for-
Friary, December 17, 1971-19
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