Yigal Yadin's Sar-Kokliba' Records Retilev
of Israel s Lost Heritage inArcheokogica
All excavations in the Holy methods of nd
fi ing them- th s-
the docitnients, the Bar- that -division between the chap - in - Aramalevrhilo•
Land are exciting," Yigal .Yadin toric background, , the revolt,
the Kokhba letters, the jawless
tors then was identical with
are"- - - - Heitenr.:'-,•
states in his introductory comments military genius of Bai-Kokhba the skulls, the many jugs and cups. oar
- change was made'-
. hP;71 t's special
to "Bar-Kokhba," and in his new 'conditions - of the time among the
It was a dangerous undertaking. papyri were found and then 'decree'. or - 7 - JBar-Kokhloa,', ''who
work, published by Random House, Jews in ancient times, their quest
Treacherous roads marked the came the moving experience of wanted' to, entorn,Plebren -ini , the
he describes "The rediscovery of for freedom and the sacrifices.
crossing of. the crevice that led seeing and holding the document officief,langaage ofittei 'state."
the legendary hero of the Second
the treasured findings. It took that read: "Shim= bar Kosiba,
Jewish Revolt against Rome." It sources are resorted to in pre- courage
Geng7aPhica1. ::-Ineatiets=414 r o -
carry on the expedi- President over IsraeL" As he
is, indeed, an exciting story, and senting the Bar-Kokhba- story, and ticni, and to the
man who had un- prepared to make the report at dium, Qtnrank:Maseda and Bethar
after Yadin's "Masada" this is one the
relationships to the Bar.
author states that earthed the Masada fortress per- the home of the bite President_ -and their
of the very revealing works re- "the eminent
- events sre -outlined for
allusions to Bar-Kokhba in formed another of his great deeds- Ben-Zvi, Y a din declares: "It their
lated to the excavations which he the
to the story With
sources are ambiva- one that will be recorded among was the retrieval, of part of the
has directed for a number of years lent Jewish
reference - siege of nether
in nature: animosity towards the most important archeological nation's lost heritage."
of- - Bar-Hokhba's
a 'Messiah' who failed, combined undertakings in history.
Yadin affirms about the find- troops, -
Yadin out: "The
Yadin tells how, in 1960, in the with awe and .admiration for a
Yadin describes the textiles that ings: "The letters are the most place
- where Bar-Kokhba - Met his
home of President „Yitzhak Ben- military hero. Legend has it that were discovered among the most personal and "direct evidence con-
Zvi, he showed to Israel's digni- even Hadrian 1 (the Roman em- important finds. He tells about cerning Bar-Kokhba and his rela- doomis now land mainly covered
the photograph of part of a peror) could not help admiring the mantles that were found, tions with his subordinates. At the with groves'Aind.' gardens. If and
document that read "Shimeon Bar Bar-Kokhba's Prowess and his writes about the talithoth which same time , they are a mine of lin- when it is excavated it is certain
"to "- add to oni '1st* fragmentary
Kosiba, President over Israel," charismatic leadership: 'B a r - were adorned by bands and com- guistic data."
knowledge of the-lest days Of anci-
and how be electrified the heads Kokhba was slain and his head ments on the "force of tradition"
In describing and evaluating the ent
of state when he said: "Your Ex- taken - to Hadrian. "Who killed that is perpetuated in such adorn- texts, Yadin indicates that they
cellency, am honored to be able him?" asked Hadrian. A Samari- ments.
provided a confirmation that Bar- 'There- is, no doubting the- truth
to tell, you that we have discov- tan said: "I killed 'him." "Bring He writes about "the clue of Kokhba's real n a me was Ben of the chapter' heading "He who
ered 15 dispatches written or die- his body to me;"
ordered. --He the coin," the discovery of the Kosiba.
Gen.- Yadin toiled
• the last president, of went . and found a snake encircling ancient money, - and he tells about The letters were in Hebrew,, and :Made :historic
ancient Israel 1,800 years ago." its neck, so . (Hadrian)' exclaiined: - use of a mine detector to find Aramaic and Greek. "FoUnd
with withAhe aid of diggers who have
Why', the electrified ems, "If his God had not slain him, who more of the coins that were bur- the letters was a tiny piece of Caned: gratihide for • their labors.
ied in the crevice.
Acre? Yadin emphasizes:. "Tile - could have .overcotlis "
clay, bearing a seal impression
The hundreds of photographs-
The great find, of course, was and with a bit of string still cling-- many -multi Or-ed-in
answer Iles in the magic of the ' The dramatic chapter in ancient
name, a name treasured in folk- history- is. retold in a fascinating
ing to it,- which bad originally "BerWokhlbreff attest- te the
lore but almost lost to authenti- narrative- introductory to , ac- scene when the first, fragment bound the folded papyrus."-- 91111-. Onee- - Of.;•this:1,iireat work. - signifi-
was found: "The fragment of the tary exploits are. referred to in - are deeply.;inoving eonclucling-
cated history, and the realize- count of the Yadin expedition.-
- - parchment contained several the- texts, portions of which are .tinzents 'with
_ tion at this meeting that after
The reader _is introduced-not lines written by a trained hand. reproduced
nearly 3,000 years the desert had only
in this his toric-4w- bierboor"rnit
It was one-of-lbe- earliest-well--- &W
given up factual - linjm._with-the-- -- erpliY: -
ilt id a great venture.
The "Bar-Kokhba" story
i f•fireheotogiefe are also human
dated fragmests of Psalms
Such a vast amount of his- :beings,
kits the - last attempt
- told 'by Yadin retraces the known
at . that time and con-
data is incorporated in this they are- -Often elleBona
- from Chapter 15- important volume that it reads tech
like a romance. Gen. Yadin
The new Yadin book describes In the big cave -at Nebel Hever - scribe - had left- a blank
space states: "It is interesting that the--
the discoveries, the dramatic there began the diggings which between. the two,
/which' shows earlier documents are written preeism_ ,, emisinutsie
Article 'Rewrites History to Prove a Point
all day long in the stench of the
bats, - eonfronted front thee to
time with- the tragic remains of
the besieged' and trapped- - i-we
fend „fteatnen: ninth= were a
_et tension and awe; yet
A page-one article in an-Italian- eiggested that the editor of the "tn
th e Nazii • leg to warrant comment
: nd e - an
pride it' haler
$.• American newspaper has been de- article bad rewritten history:in
were 'granted . by :this ,non- -Part, :the:ieberzt_ state at Is-
bunked by a local professor: for an attempt to - prove a thesis
. - 4 -..-' its claims that Zionists were, in existing in his' own mind.
., France'S 'Ficht- gOveromeitt) -deli- without the consultation of such
Yelt* Mere: Were we, jiving: in
with :Mussolini and that the
Crescenzi claimed that Benittt vered:50,009::p'rench-JeWit ta the *were' there may be -In the.
by -,the Israel De-
WO- tents erected
Italian government was serving as Mussolini, "II 'Ditce,". was need Italian - emit, ‘'andiOnee -they were - ist
movement'" • .. •• , _ 1*oi":1!!dareeai
waning every day-'
a double-agent for the Allies,,rath- of money, and the Zionist move- in Italy, Nt•Avap wailotind to-side;
Although . Italy'ii. relations with : -F.F..11WC-the,21111W-:11 n-loman
an as an ally of Nazi Ger- ment was in seed of a stable Its- ly. take.them:th-North Africa,
death' of -
Han political _government
that der Italian :protoilluP :7;
Ished-,.=not the- least' Of . Which
achieve 'its own Crescenzi,
aims of fiti-the'lafter:
in "The Challenge,' using Italian:pens es a staging responds; -, nr; weed:
Marshal contends that "the note .of anti- Cheep. etratimenien- the -face et
which describes itself as "an in- area in creating a Jewish State in petain- debeejear
, sow to Semitind ' :Very, Au' desert,
here the descend-
dependent newspaper for Amen-
Palestine. Thin,% wrote , Crescent - -the -Italianz army *Mit
these . deeply 7intn the'
cans proud of their Italian- herlt- the two 'forces-came -together =
inn . war- with -
age." It is published in New York., Mussolini calling: himself a -Zion. Jew* -ainfired, It 7- *Add -- lit- a: 'Italy'
Refuting the article was _Prof. is at heart and the'Zionists help; Militia' to" mown- itimeiratik- - 7e.Wish.peptdation -of- tipiitNiilitiite,
tbast folther4 1'ihitP
AboutMae-half 'Perished - ,
Leonard Moss, professor of anthro- ing promote iltutedini',s
pology at Wayne State_Unlversity - throughotit- thelivorld, g2l0 corrupt' faidion • -,' a 'direct- result - Of -the lftattliftunist th.filllng'Zto':-111 .0rP.-'.ht-1 $he ,-Pretent.
"It is correct to note that in the racial, Polley. The fact :that one-
and a ) longtime- student of 'Italian heavy loans (by I-
P., Morgan) eirly years of- fascism, Mussolini half-;-. survived is a Moment to bole:
- riclianiered - a
to the Italian government
could" - boast ' that there was no the Individual acts of coinage :ant areheologit;C:otho
In a letter to Dr. Joseph F.
heritage and neMittdeted a
So strong were 11 Duce's com-
of thousands of , Italian noble chapterfin
Valletutti, educational editor of mitments to Zionism, writes Cres- racial problem in Italy. Hospitality benign,
"The Challenge," Prot Moss cenzi. that Italy entered the war was shown to Jewish refugees es- Christiana."
caping from Germany in the early
19308. Mussolini sneered at Ger-
man racial policy for' theItalians
Jerusatern- el, Aviv Highw ay L ink
themselves - were excluded from
the 'Master Race.'
"But, in 1938, all this changed.
The racial laws instituted by Mus-
Pm Wad= 207. 441
solini forced the emulsion of re-
cent immigrant Jews. Sonic 90
fourin Israel have
Jewish scholars were dismissed
ar cin c#1 income of less than
from their university posts and
Fermi, married to a Jew,- resigned
his position. Jews were 'excluded
from the military, goverrunental
office; certain professions, and
public -school.t. Certain properties
Were confiscated including, even,
the Jewish cemetery at the hese
of the Aventhw in Rome. -All this
froni the man who declared that
the Jews of Rome shall remain un-
Prof. Moss added: "The thesis
of Italy as a double-agent of the
allied powers Is so ludicrous that
this author (Moss) wishes to cry
away his wartime years in Italy.
The final section of a new -road- frent Jerusalem_
I am certain that my friends who opened
to traffic last-week,- marking the, canpletiots-radtbriloarolane
died in a fascist ambush (1944)
begun eight years ago- With -the aid of Israd liatadtklhe photo
will be pleased to know that this shows the
newly completed Abu Ghosh bypass on-the trowirie-Jerusa-
was all a charade."
lent which was built at a cosi of 11.000,0116. Total cost of the through
"The coupling of J. P. Morgan highway
Tel Aviv and Jerusalem was ippronmately $10 900 -
Co. with the Zionist cause,"
52-Friday,. November 5, 1971
THE DETROIT JEWISH taws Prof. Moss, "is- almost too emus- J 000. Much of Israel's new and-Improved network of roads has been
built with the help of Israel Bond funds. -
Pro. Moss Ds
M uti-Zionist Collusi,on
imisses Char e of uss
ITS A FACT