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October 22, 1971 - Image 19

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1971-10-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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THE DETROIT JEWISH HEWS

Rni4ers Prints 'Judges' as 3rd Volume
iffliirerld History - of Jewish ,People- Jews Viewed _
Riitgers

University Press has
added another gem to its published
worki with the third volume in:
the series- "the World History of
the Jewish People."
Prof. Benjamin Mazar of the
. Hebrew University, who was the
editor of the second volume, con-
finites the ' editing of the series.
The late Prof. E. A. Speiser edited
the fast volume. Volume XI also
is already available. Dealing with
"The Dark. Ages," its editor was
the late Dr. Cecil Roth.
Vohmie III is devoted to
"Judges." Eminent scholars have
joined in the preparation of this
work. Prof. Nazar contributed
the introdnctory chapter on "The
Historical Development" and

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world. The transition to monothe-
ism is -effected by virtue of later
processes; indeed, the very possi-
bility of their occurrence stems
from the special nature of the
religion of Moses."
As theology, sociology, the politi-
cal aspects of the ancient times,
these essays on the period of the
"Judges" adds immeasurably to
an understanding. of the Bible
theme. Rutgers University Press
enriches our libraries with this
series on "The World History of
the Jewish People."

What is not good for the hive is
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—Marcus Aurelius.

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theological theory.. but because of
an independent fundamental ap-
proach. It is an entity unto itself.
However, in classifying it ac-
cording to the standard types of
religion, we must define it as
monolatry, since it does not deny
the existence of other gods in the

Nov. 18 to Nov. 21

Friday, October 22, 1971-21

Denying ReSutrection

-

ANTIQUE SHOW

rccf30 7.7b;11-

"The Golden Core of Religion" ward which the ancient Hebrew
by Alexander Skutch is a book expected from righteous living was
about all faiths and the value of not heavenly bliss but earthly
theologic philosophies. This Holt, prosperity, which included the be-
Rinehart and Winston volume is getting of descendants who would
intended, as the author states, for many generations benefit from
"for those who care deeply about the merit of their godly ancestor."
Another view of this non-Jewish
the quality of life."
It is the loving care that is in- author is that "the messianic hope
spired by faith for neighbors, for to which the Jews clung through
the world, in other words for hum- all their dreadful misfortunes was
anity, and the author calls it the a vision of a purified and pacified
earth rather than of a far-off
"golden core."
Dr. Skutch finds Judaism to be heaven."
There also is this tribute:
"throughout the biblical period, a
religion of preservation rather "Probably no people has ever
clung so tenaciously to the hope
than of emancipation." The Chris-
tian author's view is that "the re- of a redeemed world as the
Jews, whose Canonical Bible
contains only scattered, brief
Israel's New Settlers
references to immortality or
By L. A. PINCUS
resurrection."
Chairman of the Executive of
Dr. Skutch makes a related com-
the World Zionist Organization ment: "Even as late as the time
It is gratifying that ohm are of Christ, one powerful sect among
now entering Israel at the rate of the Jews, the Sadducees, basing
something like 50,000 a year, and their stand on the Canonical books
that a very large proportion come of the Old Testament, denied the
from the west. But we can, and soul's survival and the resurrec-
should, do much better. It is grat- tion." P. S.
ifying that several tens of thou-
sands of youth come to Israel each
Commit a sin twice and it will
year to study or undertake vari- not seem to thee a crime.
—Talmud.
ous training courses. But- there is
an untapped reservoir of hundreds
of thousands of Jewish youth in
the Diaspora, vast number at the
universities—including many tens
of thousands who have at one time
or another experienced the rich-
ness of life in Israel as tourists
or volunteers or trainees.
The potential is there. We need
the will and the ability to develop
OF HARVARD ROW
it.

two additional ones: "The Exodus
and the Conquest" and "The -
Philistines and Their Wats With
Israel."
Nine other scholars share in
creating this immense - work de-
voted to the "Judges" and cover-
ing five books—Judges, Ruth, I
and II Samuel and I and II Kings.
There is an essay by the late Dr.
Speiser who had written on "The .
Manner of the King." Others whose
essays round out the immense
theme are Harry M. Orlinsky, J.
Wiener, A. Malamat, Y. Aharoni,
C. H. Gordon, J. Liver, I. Men-
delsohn, S. E. L _ oewenstarnm.
For students of the Bible and .
the period of the Judges, this work
serves to cover thoroughly the
political, social and economic life
of ancient Israel. The extensive
annotations, the large bibliography.
the maps, the photographs and
figures of pottery and other mate-
PROF-- BENIARID MAZAR
rial that denotes the life of the prophet are under discussion
time under review, all tend to and the noted scholar describes
give emphasis to -a subject that "Divination as a Craft in the
is endlessly under study. Ancient East."
There is a continuity in the
"Divination,'? Prof. - Orlinsky
studies advanced here. Prof. Mazer states, "nowhere developed into
points out in his review of the prophecy, no more-than polytheism
Canaanite period:
into monotheism, or, to give a
Prof. Malamat proceeds to dis- more recent analogue, no more
S Mrle
cuss "The Egyptian Decline in than the guild system developed
r.raph
Canaan and the Sea-Peoples," and into trade unions. Divination was
the reader continues his studies a common ancient Near Eastern
chronologically. In this instance phenomenon; prophecy .is a uni-
"the archives of Ugarit are a pri- quely Israelite phenomenon. The
mary
source of information."
difference between divination and
A sa To You:
As the subject progresses, this prophecy, clearly received, en-
rfi S Erin CE!
immense study approaches the ables us to see how it is divina-
subsequent theses, and in Orlin- tion, and not prophecy, that_fmds
sky's essay the seer prigst and its parallels in the Mari and
If ever man becomes proud, let
other social structures and docu-
ments in the Fertile Crescent of him remember that a gnat pre-
ceded him in the divine order of
old."
The Israelite tribes, their social creation!—Tosefta, Sanhedrin 8:8.
and economic developments, ex-
pertly evaluated, add greatly to
the knowledge that is acquired
from these essays.
Prof. Wiener's "The Religious
Culture of the Jewish People"
provides notable results of bibli-
cal research on the question of
Jewish monotheism and the place
of Moses in the history of the
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Dr. Wiener explains that "Moses
introduces the name of the deity.
but he does not innovate the reli-
gious idea itself." Defining the
"ideational assumptions of those
Israelite beliefs," he states:
"The People were given a
visible symbol of their eternal bond
with
God: the Ark of the Covenant
in one of the great
11 Mile & Leiner
and the early version of the Ten
new looks from our
Commandments, which undoubtedly
exciting collection
included only the special terms
of dramatic,
of the covenant, but not the gen-
eral rules of morality.
glamorous long gowns,
"It is religion of the Covenant,
different from the religious con-
cents of the = idol-worshipers. A
BANKAMERICARD
religion of discipline and mis-
MASTER CHARGE
sion of divine will and divine
grace, it is a- new conception of
God: not because of a special

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