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October 15, 1971 - Image 12

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1971-10-15

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

1'1

r

'2- :44' !op .) oir:4711

Israel Aiding Devel oping Nations Thro ugh Joint Ventures

By ELIAHU SALPETER

(Copyright 1971, JTA., Inc.)

Israel's development assistance
to developing countries is by now
among the widely known aspects
of this country's international re-
lations. Thousands of Asian, Af-
rican and Latin American students
and experts have come for school-
ing or training' in medicine and
youth counseling, in traffic- police
work and in crop rotation, in
setting up rural cooperatives and
in city planning. Thousands of
Israelis have gone 'o all corners of
the world for snorter or longer
periods as
, isers, engineers,
foremen or
.nagers to help
accelerate progress in those
countries.
For an Israeli . traveling in
Africa, it is by now no surprise
to meet local people In all walks
of life who can speak 'Hebrew,
having learned it during their
stay in Israel. Indeed, it is quite
common that at better hotels -in
East Africa, one can order the
meal in Hebrew from a head-
waiter who has learned his- trade-
at the Tadrnor Hotel School of
the Israel Ministry of !Tourism
at Benue. And one can encount-
er, at some of the most remote
spots, farm experts who have
learned the language of the
Bible at one of the kibutzim.
But there also is another aspect
of Israeli cooperation with Asian
and African countries: it involves
the establishment of joint ventures
in agriculture, manufacturing or
hotel services on a business basis.
The usual. pattern is one of two.
Either it Is a partnership in which

,

the Israelis have 49 per cent and
the local party (private or govern-
ment investors) 51" -per cent; or the
business as such belongs entirely
to local interests and the Israelis
either rent it for a fixed payment
or run it under a long-term man-
agement contract.
In Ethiopia, I visited recently
both types of ventures. The biggest
single enterprise involving Israelis
is in the Abadir plantation, grow-
ing cotton on 20,000 dunams. The
farm was established and is owned
by the Ethiopian Nationa
-Re-
'
sources Corporation. Thtee :Yeatt
ago the farm :was leased-, to Anil
iran Corporation; an - Israelis com-
pany -,-originallY established to
promote:- trade.. with - ‘African and
-Asian countries' but by now en-
gaged -also in numerous- develop -
merit projects. The farm is : located
about '.i50 miles east of Addis
Ababa, in ' the fertile -Awash
_Valley. It -is now run by -three
Israeli experts•the manager . _ of
the farm, the litigation expert
and •the farm-machinery 'expert,
wh6 also''donbles- as the expert on
iniecticidet. They are assisted - by
a -staff of several scores. • of
Ethicipian foremen under whiim
work some 3,000 laborers -engaged
in planting, maintaining the irri-
gation networks and, of courte,. in
picking the cotton. -
The first- year of Israeli manage- ,
ment - ended...withAt $50:000• ifellaC:
But the,second-year Siti ■ i178a,000
net profit and this year there- is
already a, profit of. $200,000. Not .
bad for an enterprise which for
years has been losing .Money for
the Ethiopian government, What is

Rabbi Miller Urges Zionist Harmony

NEW YORK (JTA)—Rabbi Is-
rael Miller, president of the Amer-
ican Zionist Federation, has called
upon all Zionist • organizations in
the United States "to desist from
further public criticisms and any
other divisive actions" in connec-
tion with preparations for elections
of American delegates to the forth-
coming World Zionist Congress to
be held in Jerusalem in January.
"Those who art not in agree-
ment with the method of election
voted upon by more than 80 per
cent of the elections committee
are free to bring their appeal to
the Zionist Congress Tribunal,
and should do so without public
acrimonious charges," he said.
AI this moment, when Israel
needs help in the forum of pub-
lic opinion, all Zionist organiza-
tions must work together so as to
be most effective, he declared, add-
ing: "There was never a more crit-
ical period calling for Zionist unity.
Let us not waste our resources by
engaging in internal strife, for
neither Israel nor American Zion-
ism can be the beneficiaries of
such strife."
An honorary vice president
of the ZOA bitterly assailed the
ZOA's president, Herman L.
Weisman, for making "intem-
perate and vituperative state-
ments" against the mail ballot
procedure.
Rabbi I. Usher Kirshblucn said
in an open letter to Weisman that
he dissociated himself completely
from the ZOA leader's stand.
Rabbi Kirshblum wrote: "You

are casting aspersions against the
honesty of the type of election pro-‘
posed by the American Zionist
Federation it a time when you
know fully well that a non-profit
election agency of proven integrity

and experience will be employed
to supervise the election.
"It is quite apparent that pre-

cisely because the postal elections,
and not direct voting, will represent
an affirmation of democracy that
you are so much in fear of the
former . . . By your present state.:
ments you are ,becoming respon-
sible for developing a serious crisis
and causing irreparable damage
primarily to the ZQA itself. You
have no moral right to I disen-
franchise the 106,00 Jews, whom
you claim as members of the ZOA."

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in it for Israel? First of all, the
Israeli company gets 49 per cent
of the profits. Second, the Abadir
plantation, like many other joint
Israeli ventures, helps Israeli ex-
ports_ And last—but not least—
it strengthens the good name Is-
rael has in developing countries
because of her ability taheip
those countries exPaticl --:.Pitel*.,
tion and learn; .newaAttbode,c:and
techniques
°;
re
These three eremeOlo.::"
another
prominently:all* in

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Al's

de
--18 W.
Ferndale, Mich.
. 10
Alfons G.,Rehrne
548;3926
Specialist in Volkswagen & Porsche

'..igeweest Aivettsois & ruseerest•

Ephaiin, EaseWrica's'
largest pharmaceutical plant and
one of the most modern.
Africa. The plant was set up
a British coMpany, but after a
few years it went - broke. Tbe-
Ethiopian government called in
Hungarian pharmaceutical ex-
nerts to• rim the plant--but again
it went broke. Fidally, in the

Long leeirco,remia-Press

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spring of 1970, Israelis won in
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the plant: One Israeli drug firm
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per cent ownership, while an-
other firm got the management
contract.
The new Israeli management has
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and while total sales of Epliarni‘r- *R.
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the largest success was not the
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ture of various antibiotic injec-
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crash basis, the manufacture of
cheap infusion solutions—for the
first time in Africa—when it was
feared that a cholera epidemic
would reach Ethiopia.

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