Bond Holy Day Ap pi
A total at $1,860,000 was_ sub-
scribed in. the Detroit area's Is-
reel Bond High Holy Day Appeal,
it was announced by the Detroit
,congregational and High Holy Day
council of the Israel Bond Or-
, ganization. The figure includes
sales at dinners, leadership recep-
tions and other events in advance
of the appeal.
Adas. Shalom again id the pice
Its members responded to the ap-
peal by Rabbi- Jacob E. Segal by
subscribing for $813,000 in Israel
Falltor-in-Cidef Emeritus, JTA
(Copyright 1971, JTA Inc.)
THE EDUCATION FRONT: Heavy clouds are hanging over the
Jewish all-day school system which opened recently. Despite the fad
that the new academic year started with more than 15 new day
schools, the danger exists that more than that number of schools may
be forced to close down in the coming months because of serious
- --financial difficulties.
The Jewish day school system which was started by Orthodox
Jews in 1935 with less than 5,000 pupils in about- 20 schools, today -
boasts of About 80,000 pupils in 390 Orthodox schools and about 7,500
in Conservative day schools. The number of day schools in the NeW
York area- alone is close to 200. The enrollment there represents today
35 per cent of the total enrollment in the New York area in all types
of Schools—day-schools, week-day schools and week-end schools.
The size of the Jewish day-school ranges from 'is few as 17
pupils in one of the schools in Philadelphia to as large as 502 in
FACTS AND FIGURES: The developing danger for the existence
of the Jewish day-school system lies in the fact that the cost of main-
taining schools is constantly growing, as does the cost of living in
general in the country.
-The -average cost per pupil is over $1,000 per year. Some schools
show cost below $700 while others go as high as $1,900. Only one-
third of the budgets of the Jewish day-schools are now covered by
tuition fees, according to the American Association of Jewish Educe-
• tion. Wherefrom must the other two-thirds come?
Leaders of the Jewish day-school movement have been struggling
to cover their school deficits by seeking allocations from local -Jewish
federations as well as some kind of state aid.
The financial support which the Jewish day schools receive today
from federations in the large cities ranges from $35 to $367 per pupil.
In the intermediate cities it ranges from $41 to $549 per pupil. In both
cases the per-pi:pH allocation by local federations averages $150 a year.
TUITION WORRIES: The income from tuition in the Jewish day-
school is meager because most of the parents who choose to send their
children to these schools—instead of public schools where education
is free—are Orthodox Jews who can hardly afford to par full tuition.
In fact, some are so poor that they- are not in a position to pay any
tuition. Some of the latter have several children of school age and in-
sist on educating them in Jewish day-schools rather than sending them
to public schools, because they want to implant in them strong Jew-
ish religious feelings. •
In some states ways have been found by the state legislature to
help the parochial schools—Jewish and non-Jewish—with funds. This
is *specially the case in Pennsylvania, where there are 16 Jewish day
schools functioning; in Ohio, where 10 such schools exist; and in Rhode
Island. Recently, the New York State legislature - adopted a measure
which would have brought $4,000,000 in aid to Jewish day-schools.
However, -the U.S. Supreme Court declared, on June 28, all these
measures unconstitutional, leaving some of the Jewish' and Catholic
schools no alternative but to close down.
On the other hand, the Governor of Pennsylvania signed a bill
last month replacing the measure which the U.S. Supreme Court had
ruled unconstitutional in June. The new law provides for payments to
parents of pupils enrolled in-parochial schools at the rate of $75 for
each elementary school pupil and $150 for each secondary school
pupil. Pennsylvania, where 75 per cent of the parochial schools are
Catholic, is the first state to pass such a law, which the state's attor-
ney general considers constitutionaL
JEWISH PROPOSAL: In the light of the severe financial crisis
now faced by the Jewish day-school system, the American Jewish
Committee has now addressed itself with a proposal to President
Nixon. It was - at a Catholic dinner in New 'York Aug. .17, that Presi-
dent Nixon said he would seek to reverse the current trend toward
diming financially troubled parochial schools. However, he did not
indicate specifically what he has in mind to do.
The American Jewish Committee, through its -president Philip
P. Hoffman, suggested to President. Nixon to convene concerned, na-
tional and religious leaders in the country to consider together plans
for possible implementation of a project which would meet the
financial problems of parochial schools. This project provides for
"dual enrollment programs" which would perdiit religious school
pupils to attend nearby public schools, on a part-time basis, for in-
struction there in non-religious subjects such as mathematics, science
and even:physical education. Under this plan—which is also known
as "shared time"—the Jesirish pupils would continue within their
religious schools to take those courses which have religious content ,
or significance. -
Undar Hoffman's plan, Jewish day schools would thus be relieved
from the 'appreciable financial burden of paying teachers for secular
courses.-These teachers, an integral part of the teaching personna of-
publieschool system, will be - on the - salary rolls of the -.public
schools lic 4Fhlels .ihefJewrsh-IllaZ4-ch901.
authorized by the U.S. government in 1965 in a Special Education Act:
Bonds,- as compared with $727,000
last year. This -was the 14th con-
secutive Israel Bond Appeal made
by Rabbi Segal, and again Adas
Shalom is the top congregation in
the country in High Holy Day Is-
rael Bond 'cults.
Cong. Bnai David memberi sub-
scribed for $251,000. Next were
Beth Achim with $202,000; Bnai
Moshe with $196,000; Young Is-
rael of Oak-Woods, $115,500; Beth
Abraham, $101,000; Young Israel
of Greenfield, $46,550;. Beth Billet
$38,000; Beth Moses, $26,700; Sha-
arey Shomayim, $25,750; Sfishkan
IsraelNusach Hari e-Lubavitcher
Center, $17,000; Bnai Israel-Beth
Yehudah, $10,000; Bnai Zion, $10,-
500; Mogen Abraham; $4,000; and
BnaiJacob, $3,000. Figures are
A number of synagogues are
planning dinners on behalf of
Israel Bonds. These are Conga.
Beth Abraham, Beth Shalom,
Beth Achim and Shaarey Zedek.
- The Detroit Federation of Re-
form Synagogues is- planning its
third annual Israel Bond Dinner
Dec. 15. -
The Bond office, at 24611 Green-
field, Southfield, will be open 10
a.m.-2 p.m. Sundays for payment
Friday, October 8, 1971-19
Adas Shalom Marrieds
Meeting at a 'Hoe-Down' THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
The Adas Shalom Married
Couples Club plans a Woe-Down
and Hootenanny Mixer" 8:30 P:m.
OcL 16 at the-Oak Park Commu-
Chuck and June Kopta will be
callers. Dinner will be served.
For reservations, call the Has--
kelt Greenfields, 626-0371; or the
Steven Meyers, 557-0338 by Tues-
Raid - No.
1 in tho'US.A.
Coma in and aes.why --
Wore you buy! '
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