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September 17, 1971 - Image 16

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1971-09-17

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

• Synagogue. Counci I, AJCongress Cite Talmud- _
as Oppos ing Death Penalty

WASHINGTON The American which the Supreme Court will hear
Jewish Congress and the Syna- in its October term. Two of the
gogue Council of America. which four cases deal with imposition
represents the country's major of the death penalty for non-
Orthodox. Conservative and Re- homicidal rape. The other two in-
form rabbinical and congregational volve capital punishment imposed
bodies. asked the Supreme Court for murder.
to abolish the death penalty as a
The brief amicus was written
violation of the prohibition against by Leo Pfeffer, special counsel of
"cruel and unusual punishment." the American Jewish Congress.
The Jewish organizations —
In a friend-of-the-court brief,
noted that their brief was
the Jewish organizations said their who
"not
to international
opposition to the death penalty crimes addressed
such as genocide"—cited
was based "on the demands of con- talmudic
sources
demonstrate
temporary American democratic that "the laws of to
evidence and
standards" and was also rooted 'criminal procedure
in the Tal-
"in ancient Jewish tradition." They mud made conviction
in a
cited talmudic sources to show capital case practically impos-
-
that as a praetical matter, convic- sible."
tion in a capital case was "vir-
They
pointed
out
that:
tually impossible" under Jewish
• The verdict in a capital case
law.
could not be unanimous, the rabbis
The law brief Is addressed to reasoning "that if not a single one
four capital punishment cases of the 23 judges constituting the

court - (Sanliedrin) could: field some `criminal ! once in seven- years is
reason for acquittal, there was
a "court of destroyers."
something fundamentally wrong Rabbi Eliezer ben Abariah states
with the court";
that this is so even if it executes I
• Circumstantial evidence was one every seventy years.
not sufficient to sustain a verdict
in a capital case; instead, two eye-
witnesses, subject to rigorous
cross-examination by the court,
were required;
• These two eye-witnesses "had
to testify that they warned the
accused before the crime that the
act was prohibited and what its
penal consequences were," thereby
making conviction in a capital
case---"virtually impossible."
Noting the rabbis' concern with
"human fallibility" and the irre-
versible nature of capital punish-
ment. the brief cited he following
passage from the Talmud Makkot,
(Chap. 1, Mishnah 7):
A Sanhedrin which executes a

Theater on Monday, followed by
an afterglow that was attended
by leading citizens, heads of for-
eign consulates, guests from ever -
seas and representatives of Israel•
one of the countries honored in the
Mediterranean Week celebrations.
A major feature of the ob-
servance, the exhibition of art
works by Shalom of Safed, will
continue for another three weeks
at the Institute of Art. The
Shalom show already is proving
-
one
of the most fascinating spon-
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
sored by the Art Institute.
16—Friday, September 17, 1971
Old-timers were featured in the
- —
highlight' of the "Focus: Mediter-
ranean" celebration. Winkelman's
Pregnant?
and United Artists presented Bus-
by Berkeley's "Footlight Parade,"
Need Help?
and there were many laughs as
the audience witnessed reconstruct-
ed historical film shots starring
James Cagney, Dick Powell, Ruby
Keeler, Joan Blondell and many
others.
(313)961-1775
A delightful introductory speech
Problem Pregnancy
by Stanley Winkelman, at the show
Counselling .Serlrice
at the Madison Theater, added to
' the good spirit that emanated from
in PtA " DAYS
the audience and continued through
the afterglow at which Winkel-
man's was host. ,
At the aftergloW, guests had
an opportunity to meet the Is-
raeli representatives. Among
them was the Ramat Gan police-
woman, the charming young Han-
• Selected fine jewelry
and Diamonds
na Eshkol„ a member of Givat
Brenner kibutz where she was
Large Selection of
Fine Opal Jewelry
born and where her entire fam-
Watch and Jewelry Repair
ily resides.
.Here'for the festival was Gabriel
LI 7-5068
Anati, who represents Winkel-
Neer Pest Office
man's in Tel Aviv.
13120 W. IP Mks
Also at the festival were -Meira
Geyra, who represented the Amer-

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• The rt., et Notionolly iloloottisoel Clothing

et SS the Peat Yee Would expect te Pay

')/0/6

Focus Mediterranean Festival Attracts
Israeli Guests; Shalom Show Continues

This was a week of notable fes-
tivities in Detroit, with the Medi-
terranean countries' glamour creat-
ing a deep interest in the produc-
tivity and cultures of the several'
countries that were honored by
the events.
It was the Winkelmans' offer-
ings to Detroit, and the many
events that marked Mediterranean
Week were climaxed by highlights
at a special show at the Madison

. OPEN SUN. 11-4

ica-Israel Cultural Foundation,
whose New York office she man-
ages, and Mota Gorfug, Israel com-
mercial attache.
As part of the Mediterranean
Festival there were Israel arts
and crafts displays, which were
arranged by Mrs. Geyra, and there
is an exhibition at the Federal
Bank of Israeli antiquities that
were escavated by Israel Minister
of Defense Moshe Dayan, who is
deeply interested in archeology.)

Happy New Year!

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