Campaign Announced for U.S. Jewry to Adopt
80,000 Families From the Soviet Union
NEW YORK (JTA) — The Re- written to Soviet Communist
search Institute on Soviet Jewry Party Secretary Leonid I. Brezh-
announced it will launch a nation- nev, Soviet President Nikolai V.
wide campaign to have the Ameri- Podgorny and Russian Prosecutor
can Jewish community adopt General Roman A. Rudenko, de-
80,000 Soviet Jewish families who manding an end to what they
have applied for permission to called judicial persecution of Jews
leave Russia and to raise the "who are trying to achieve the
necessary funds to provide these realization of their right to emi-
families with complete housing grate to the state of Israel."
units when they arrive in Israel.
Sources said 10 Georgian Jews
Morris Brafman, chairman of have
protested in writing to the
the institute and a delegate to the Russian minister of communica-
World Conference of Jewish Com- tion that the Russian postal
munities on Soviet Jewry held in authorities have been holding up
Brussels last February, said his hundreds of emigration affidavits
group will present the family sent to Georgian Jews from Israel.
adoption and housing plan among
several other proposals to a Na- The writers charged the authori-
tional Conference on Soviet Jewry ties with "an attempt to isolate
scheduled for Oct. 22-25 at the us from our relatives and from
our people in Israel."
New York Hilton Hotel.
Russian Jewish sources also re-
The institute chairman said
the conference was called after ported that Vladimir Markman,
consultation with Jewish action the Sverdlovsk Jew who had com-
groups in 11 cities around the plained about the behavior of the
country "who have decided that judge in tile trial of Valery Kukui,
the time is long past due for is continuing to make his charges
the creation of a national grass in the face of evasive reactions
roots movement totally com- from the authorities.
Markman had complained that
mitted to the repatriation of
3,590,000 Russian Jews and their the judge had wilfully flouted
justice in order to sentence Kukui,
successful resettlement in Is-
who received a three-year term
"This conference," Brafman for alleged anti-Soviet. activities.
The Supreme Court of the
added, "will be the first attempt
Russian Soviet Republic opened
to break the deadly five-month
period of silence and inaction on hearings Tuesday on Kukui's ap-
the Soviet Jewish question that peal, but then postponed them
has ensued since Brussels. We will until Thursday because of illness
attempt to put into effect the reso- of the chief prosecutor, Jewish
lutions of five special study com- sources reported here.
missions at Brussels, including one
About 200 friends of the 33-year-
calling for the creation of a per- old Jewish engineer assembled
manent international secretariat outside the Supreme Court build-
charged with negotiating with the ing in Moscow to await the out-
USSR for the orderly, peaceful come of the appeal.
evacuation of every Russian Jew
Kukui was arrested last March
who has expressed the desire to and was tried and sentenced on
June 15. He had publicly pro-
The drive to get the Russian claimed Israel as his "fatherland"
emigration issue on the United and demanded permission to emi-
Nations .Gentral Assembly agenda grate.
was bolstered Sept. 1 by Israel
Menuha Tessil, a young Jewish
Ambassador Yosef Tekoah's press activist from Riga, was released
conference announcement that he from jail after serving one week
had taken up the matter with of a two-week sentence for "hooli-
Secretary General U. Thant.
ganism." Miss Tessil was one of
Even more encouraging signs three Jews who staged a hunger
emanated from Washington where trike at the Riga visa office on
the office of Rep. John Kemp, New Aug. 23 to protest the denial of
York Republican, released a letter emigration visas. Her companions,
from U. S. Ambassador to the Monia Yehielson and Yerachmaiel
UN George Bush expressing his Trubeskin, are still in jail, Jewish
personal belief that the assembly sources said.
should take up the question.
Four young Jews — three of
Tekoah met with Thant to sub- them women — were tried and
mit to him a letter from 531 sentenced in Kishinev for refusing
Georgian Jews and appealed to to testify against their friends in
Thant to "put on the agenda of the Kishinev trial of nine Jews last
the coming session of the UN the month.
Eta Bondar, Alechsander Zhenin
question about the situation of
those Jews in the USSR who wish and Olga Treigerman were sen-
to go to Israel, to their historical, tenced to six months of "educa-
national and spiritual homeland." tional forced labor." The fourth
The Georgian Jews charged defendant, Riva Vacksman, was
that "repeated appeals" for his given a $66 fine.
aid in their emigration "have so
far not brought about any effec- 3 Panthers Released
Pending Their Trial
The Jews — all of whom signed
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Three
their names — challenged the of-
of the Black Panthers,
ficial Soviet claim that Jewish
life in the USSR was receding including leaders Saadia Marciano
because of assimilation. That, and Charlie Bitton, were released
they said, would be "national from jail Monday although they
suicide!' and "unacceptable" to had been remanded to custody for
five days after giving themselves
up in Zion Square last week.
Actually, they wrote Thant,
The Panthers were wanted in
they have been subjected to "un- connection with an illegal demon-
imaginable obstacles, judicial per- stration in Jerusalem two weeks
secution, threats and intimidation" ago that ended in a pitched battle
in their efforts to either live a with police. A police spokesman
Jewish life in the USSR or leave said they were also under suspic-
for Israel. The writers asked ion of theft. He said there was no
Thant to "understand the entire point keeping them in custody be-
tragedy of our life," act to pre- fore their trial.
vent the "forcible detention" im-
Bitton and Marciano had been
posed on them in violation of hiding since the demonstration.
international law, and put the All other Panther leaders, includ-
whole sitution of Soviet Jewry on ing Reuben Abragill and Kochavi
the agenda of the upcoming Gen- Shemesn, were released on bail
eral Assembly. Their motto, the while their trial for causing a dis-
said, was "Israel or Death." turbance and obstructing police
Meanwhile, 96 Riga Jews have continued.
An anti-Semitic Russian neigh-
bor beat up Moshe Mendelevich,
the father of Yosif Mendelevich,
one of the defendants in the first
According to the report, the
neighbor who had frequently ex-
pressed hostility toward Jews
broke into the Mendelevich flat,
pushed his wife aside and attacked
the elderly man.
Mendelevich was hospitalized
and his wife was sent home after
A daughter summoned police,
who arrested the neighbor but re-
leased him a short while later,
the report said.
A Hebrew-Russian and Rus-
sian-Hebrew dictionary, which
Soviet educational authorities
announced for publication some
time ago, is yet to appear in
book stores, according to Jewish
sources in Moscow. Would-be
purchasers asking for the dic-
tionary are told by book vendors
that they never heard of it.
The sources say it is not known
whether the dictionary was with-
drawn after printing or whether
the original announcement was
nothing but a propaganda stunt.
The same sources reported that
Soviet army units have closed the
road to Rumpuli outside Riga, the
gravesite of Jewish martyrs.
When Jewish groups employed in
clearing and restoring the site
tried to reach it last Sunady, they
were told that the area has been
closed to civilians, the sources
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
14—Friday, September 10, 1971
Last year, problems dealing
with children and adolescents ac-
counted for 31 per cent of the
cases handled by Family Service
of Oakland County, a Torch Drive
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