Selihot and the Days of Awe
BY CHARLES REISMAN
The current Hebrew month, Elul,
is part of a period called the Days
During this period, Jews through-
out the world start preparing for
the days of judgment, Rosh Ha-
shana and Yom Kippur, by the
blowing of the Shofar and by the
saying of Selihot.
During this month, the shofar
is blown every day after the morn-
ing service, except for Rosh Ha-
This is done "to help remind
people that they should start look-
ing over their past actions," ex-
plained Rabbi Chaskel Grubner of
the Council of Orthodox Rabbis.
said at midnight because that was
when King David used to say spe-
Although Selihot is said once a
day in most places, Sephardic
Jews say it morning and eve-
evenings. The Sephardic Jews also
have a custom of starting to say
Selihot from the beginning of Elul.
In the Reform movement, Selihot
services are being held in an in-
creasing number of temples.
Frank Simons, administrator at
Temple Israel, one of the few
Reform congregations in Detroit
that will hold Selihot services this
year, believes that "this is part
of an over-all trend toward more
in the way of tradition by liberal
During the period that starts
as early as a week and a half
to four days before Rosh Ho-
shana and continues up until
Yom Kippur, Selihot prayers
that ask for forgiveness are
said. This year it will start Sept.
12, a week before Rosh Hashana.
"Liberal," he explained, "in
the sense that we feel that per-
haps Reform went too far in
disregarding previous practices."
Robert Burke to [[Ted
Miss Lynn Greenberg
However, Simons emphasized
that liberal Reform congregations
are still part of the Reform move-
Other traditional customs during
Rabbi Gr ubner said: "The
Selihot service was originally the Days of Awe are the addition
formulated by the Anshei Knesset of the prayer L'Dovid Hashem, the
(the Men of the Great Assembly) 27th Psalm, to the morning and
evening service and the breaking
about 2,400 years ago.
of some vows by a Beth Din, a
"However. most of the text that court of three people.
is used today - was written by
Gaonim and Rishonim (scholars)
in the 10th and 11th centuries."
In some communities Selihot is
ga g ements
receive your Bachelor, Masters or
Doctorate at home. Many subjects,
Ministerial Studies, High School
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respective delegates and to make
Orthodox Parley Set
the necessary preparations to par-
NEW YORK—The Union of Or- ticipate in the Jerusalem conclave.
thodox Jewish Congregations of
America will hold its second world
conference of national synagogue
organizations and religious coun-
cils in Jerusalem, Jan. 942. Rabbi
Joseph Karasick, president, called
upon affiliated congregations in the
U.S. and Canada to appoint their
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"Bnai Brith Sabbath" will be the
designation for services at Temple
Israel 8:30 p.m. t oay,
Leon Fram will eulogize Rabbi
Kaufman, executive vice
president of Bnai Brith, who died
/0_ SCHOOL. i ve
To Rabbi Fram, his passing was
a personal tragedy, touched by
years of close association and high
regard. Rabbi Kaufman, a former
Detroiter who was ordained at the
Hebrew Union College , considered
himself a disciple of Rabbi Fram,
Sharing in the executive direction
of the central body of Reform Ju-
daism in the United States.
It was Rabbi Fram who officiat-
ed at the wedding of Rabbi Kauf-
man and his bride, Aviva, and it
was the Jay Kaufmans who helped
pay homage to Rabbi Fram last
year on his 75th birthday.
Chief administration offi6er of
Bnai Brith since 1965, Rabbi Kauf-
man was vice president for eight
years of the Union of American
The Jewish community is invited
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As a result of action taken by
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District 6 convention in Arlington
Heights, Ill. Kremlin officials have
been further made aware of the
concern of American Jewry as to
status of Soviet Jews.
A letter signed by District Pres-
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Premier Alexei Kosygin, and
copies sent to President Nixon,
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre
Trudeau, Anatoly F. Dobrynin and
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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Montefiore Lodge to Meet
Montefiore Lodge will hold its
first meeting of the season 8 p.m.
Sept. 14 at the Whitehall Apart-
ments community hall.
ments will be served byhostesses
Mrs. Joe Camden and Mrs. Max
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