THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
32—Friday, July 23, 1971
This Week in Jewish History
(From the files of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency)
40 Years Ago This Week: 1931
Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels resigned under pressure as Nazi leader
in Berlin after Hitler wearied of the anti-Semitic rhetoric that had
gotten Goebbels fined three times.
Louis Costuma became New York City's first Jewish police in-
Canon Palmer of London, a Catholic priest, urged "a rigid boycott
against all movies until Jewish filth has been swept away." He said
the cabaret and love scenes in "So Like a Woman" proved "it is a
Jewish endeavor to destroy the morality of our nation, because most
cinemas are owned by Jews. - He then admitted he hadn't seen the
The last Nazi provincial leader, Education Minister M. Franzen
of Brunswick, resigned after admitting perjury in connection with
Russian translations of Sholom Aleichem sold half a million
copies in the USSR during 1925-30.
After the beating of a Jewish student, "investigation by the school
authorities revealed that the anti-Semitic pupils were directed from
the outside by elements hostile to the Soviet government."
Jewish-born Soviet atheists urged Jews to work on Rosh Hashanah
and Yom Kippur "in order to help carry out the 5-Year Plan."
10 Years Ago This Week: 1961
Egypt's Supreme Security Court sentenced to death four members
of an alleged "Israeli spy ring."
Erich Gnewoch, ex-SS officer, hanged himself after his arrest
on charges of murdering 4,000 Jews. Otto Bradfisch and Wilhelm
Schultz got 10 and 7 years for killing 19,000 Jews and other "racially
President Kennedy's book "Strategy for Peace" was banned in
Iraq as "Israeli and Zionist propaganda."
Adolf Eichmann ended his personal testimony in Jerusalem after
25 days. His trial was adjourned for a week after 112 witnesses in 15
Premier Ben-Gurion predicted that if the USSR opened its gates,
"a million Jews will emigrate to Israel within one year."
The Catholic press in Rome disclosed that Pope Pius XII had
tried to save Slovakian Jews from the Nazis and that "nothing was
left undone or untried to bring them to comfort."
World Bank Grants S30 Million Loan
WASHINGTON (JTA) —The
World Bank announced a $30,000,-
000, 20-year loan to Israel for high-
way building programs.
The loan will finance most of the
foreign exchange costs of Israel's
recently announced five-year pro-
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gram of highway expansion esti-
mated to cost $91,300,000. The
bank's loan will be for the con-
struction and improvement of 75
miles of Israel's 5,642-mile-long
The funds will be used for the
Ayalon Expressway in Tel Aviv;
the Danot-Lod-Ramleh Highway;
three sections of the four-lane di-
vided highway in the Beit Dagan,
Ramleh and Rishon LeZion areas;
and for four interchanges on the
Tel Aviv-Haifa route.
The bank spokesman said most
of the roads were concentrated
"in and around the capital, Tel
Aviv." The United States, which
supplies about 40 per cent of the
bank's operating capital, has been
careful to avoid controversial proj-
ects or to recognize Israeli changes
in the status of Jerusalem.
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Portrait of a Man Petah Tikva Terrorist Gang Caught;
Tribute to Max Shaye
Conflict Continues in Gaza Strip Area
His 60th Birthday
TEL AVIV (JTA)—Israeli forces
By BERNARD EDELMAN
wiped out the terrorist
My memory spans some
for the July 7
summers beginning in thirty-one
fatal rocket attack on Petah Tikva
A warm and. memorable anniver- in a brief battle near the banks
sary of the time when it began
of the Jordan River July 14. Five
Between the book ends of our
friendship are pages of the past of the gang were killed outright
and a sixth died of wounds, al-
And early years reveal the role in though two Israeli doctors tried to
which his heart is cast
An investigation of the battle site
An inexhaustible thirst for life,
indicated that a seventh member
his mission now is clear
of the gang may have escaped.
To set all burdened people free,
were no Israeli casualties.
to rid man
In addition to rifles, grenades
To sweep the wrongs and shape the
and compasses, maps of Petah
future, nestled in his mind
Tikva and the surrounding area
A minister of faith and hope,
were found on the bodies confirm-
his voice is strong and kind
ing that these were the terrorists
who fired the Katyusha rockets
No time for those who fear to
which killed three elderly women
tread, his work is never done
and a five-year-old girl in Petah
His spirit breaks the weight of
chains, with deeds for everyone Tikva two weeks ago.
The Petah Tikva municipality
A man of thought and breeding,
sent a telegram of congratulations
a prince in dungarees
to Israeli defense forces for inter-
He walks a quiet worthy path
cepting and destroying the terror-
with nobility and ease
What is the measure of a man,
A military spokesman said the
is there a clue
gang had been hiding out since
He - starts--and goes—and sees the attack in an effort to avoid
detection. Assuming the man-
He teaches well and lives well,
hunt was over, they made for
his conscience a trusted guide
the Jordan River hoping to cross
And everywhere men rise to join it after dark. They were inter-
side by side
cepted by an Israeli patrol. In
the ensuing battle the terrorists
May God praise his hands and
threw hand grenades but were
heart, his mind and soul.
gunned down in short order.
And grant him strength to
The destuction of the gang con-
reach this noble goal
firmed Defense Minister Moshe
To be alive in such a magic
Dayan's prediction after the at-
tack on Petah Tikva that the per-
For the gentle man in our
petrators would be caught. The
fact that the terrorists managed
to cross the Jordan undetected
and set up their rocket launchers
within range of the Israeli city of
80,000 confirmed Dayan's state-
ment at the time that such terror-
JERUSALEM—According to ist attacks cannot be entirely pre-
Yochanan Peres of Columbia Uni- vented. In another incident, an
versity and Zipporah Levy of He- Arab terrorist was killed July 14
brew University, the Israelis and in the Gaza Shati refugee camp in
the Arabs have strongly stereo- the Gaza Strip after a clash with
typed opinions of each other.
an Israeli patrol. A woman inmate
When they asked Israeli students
at Hebrew University to describe
an imaginary meeting with an Shut-Down Poultry Plant
Arab in a train, the Israeli students May Reopen in 2 Months
saw Arabs as preoccupied with
WASHINGTON (JTA) — Mary-
their minority status, oversensitive,
only kosher poultry plant,
a people who feel that Jews are
superior even though they will not closed by the state seven weeks
admit it, ashamed of being Arabs, ago for sanitary reasons, will prob-
ably reopen within two months,
clannish and politically extreme.
according to Dr. Robert J. Lee,
When Arab students were asked chief of the State Board of Agri-
about Jews, they said that Jews culture's animal science depart-
were rude, sexually free, ethno- ment.
centric, prejudiced against Arabs
He said the relations between
and not given to philosophical
company and the state were
speculation as are Arabs.
"very friendly" and that they were
Although the Jewish and Arab in contact several times a week
students agreed on the characteris- over necessary improvements in
tics of a "typical" Jew or Arab, the plant's sanitary facilities.
they evaluated those characteris-
What a Jewish student referred
to as "informal, open behavior" of
Jews was characterized by the
Arab student as "a lack of man-
ners bordering on crudeness."
Peres and Levy conclude that
ethnic stereotypes are not a re-
flection of the unconscious needs-
of their creator, but of a situation
of their creator, but of a real poli-
tical and cultural situation based
primarily on the roles that the
minority and majority play in re-
lation to each other. —C. R.
of the camp was wounded in the
exchange of fire. There were no
Funeral services were held re-
cently in Rishon Le Zior for Pvt.
Zion Gamil, 21, who was killed
July 12 in a battle with an armed
Arab gang in the Jebaliya quar-
ter of Gaza.
Israeli authorities have promised
to rebuild the homes of two East
Jerusalem Arabs which were de-
molished by sappers recently be-
cause the owners were suspected
of terrorist acts. The home own-
ers were exonerated when cap-
tured terroists confessed to the
acts. The authoities also promised
to help the men of the two fami-
lies find jobs.
The Gaza incidents continued
Sunday when nine pupils, two
teachers and a janitor were in-
jured after a hand grenade ex-
ploded in the Falastin School yard
in Gaza. The grenade was aimed
at an Israeli patrol guarding the
school during matriculation ex-
aminations. There were no Israeli
casualties. An Arab terrorist
dressed in women's clothes was
*killed in the Gaza Strip Friday as
he threw a grenade at an Israeli
Israel lodged two more com-
plaints with the United Nations
Truce Supervision Organization
Sunday and Tuesday against new
Egyptian overflights in the Suez
Canal zone. Israel claimed the
cease fire was violated each day
by a pair of Sukhoi-7 fighter
bombers. On Tuesday they were .
followed by a pair of Mig-21s.
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The Farband City Committee is
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Mr. Goldoftas died recently after
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We are not satisfied to be right,
unless we can prove others to be
quite wrong. —William Hazlitt.
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