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July 09, 1971 - Image 31

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1971-07-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Bonds Spark Electronics Industr

Israel's great strides in mastering and applying technological
know-how are reflected in the rapid progress being made in the
production of computers and other electronic instruments and equip-
ment. Through the aid of Israel Bond funds, which this year are
expected to furnish some 75 per cent of Israel's Development Budget,
the pace of Israel's economic activity will be accelerated despite the
continuing heavy defense burden. Here, a skilled worker tests the
electronic tubes of a digital electronic counter at the Elron elec-
tronics plant where production is being stepped up for the growing
export market.

Improved Housing in Kibutzim

By HAIM SHACHTER
JERUSALEM — Housing condi-
tions in the kibutzim have advanced
a long way since the early days
when the settlers lived in tents,
with no sanitary facilities except,
perhaps, for a primitive shower
somewhere in the open fields.
A survey conducted early in
1970, based on conditions obtained
in August 1969, shows that the
kibutz population was about 99,000,
of whom 30,000 were children and
young people up to the age of 18.
The 69,000 adults lived in about
39,000 housing units, while the
30,000 children and adolescents
occupied 2,600 structures, such as
infants' quarters, kindergartens.
About 91 per cent of the kibutz
population belonged to kibutzim
where there were no "family quar-
ters, that is, kibutzim where chil-
dren slept with their parents in one
and the same housing unit, but
lived in special children's quarters.

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of the Soviet Union, David Bergel- change, and on military opinions --
son, Itzik Feffer and others, most which might vary."
of whom had been under arrest
Russia defends, and keeps accus-
since 1949 when the Jewish Anti- ing Jews of conducting Zionist
Fascist Committee was dissolved propaganda, but instead of prov-
by the secret police, were executed ing its case it emerges anew as an
on 12 August 1952 on a charge of oppressor. Robert Conquest's accu-
trying to turn the Crimea into a sations are especially devastating.
Jewish state with the object of ,
P.S.
detaching it from the USSR.



"The only basis for this charge THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
was that there had indeed been
Friday, July 9, 1971-31
suggestions for the restoration and
extension of the Jewish settlements
which had existed in the Crimea
MUSIC BY
before the war. Under Khrushchev
the victims of the 'Crimean Af-
fair' were quietly rehabilitated,
AND HIS ORCHESTRA
but Khrushchev remarked that all
the same he 'agreed with Stalin
968-2563
that the Crimea, which at the end
of the anti-nitlerite war had be-
come depopulated, should not be-
come a center of Jewish colonila-
tion, as in case of war it would
have been' transformed into a
place d'armes against the Soviet
Union.' And the fact that the
Crimea and Meskhetia are the
for your party
only truly strategic areas involved
in the deportations, and that they
By
are two of the three in which it
has not been felt necessary to
permit the re-establishment of
national rights, may be taken to
imply that his successors have
differed from Stalin not in princi-
ple but simply in holding a less
strict interpretation of what areas
are strategically sensitive. If this
is so, it is an opinion depending
on military factors which might

SAM BARNETT

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Soviets Defend Position

BUENOS AIRES (JTA) — A
pamphlet presenting the official
Soviet version of the situation of
Jews in the USSR is being circu-
lated here by a Communist front
organization. An introduction states
that the purpose of the pamphlet is
"to rebut the slanderous reports
against the .Soviet Union by those
who purport to defend Soviet
:Jews." ;r!
.contains a long
cb6 by-4,.;;Sgivwartgotitled "Jews
the
Centenary." It also
repeats Soviet figures on the num-
ber of Jews in the arts and sci-
ences and denies the existence of a
Jewish . problem in the Soviet
Union.

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The Soviet Union has much de-
fending to do in view of the treat-
ment it accords not only its 3,000,-
000 Jew
_s but also other minorities.
It is speculated that one of the
reasons Russia does not grant exit
visas to Jews is because, millions
from other nationality groups will
begin demanding similar rights to
leave the land of their birth.
Robert Conquest, a specialist on
present-day Russia, in "The Na-
1 tion Killers," published by Mac-
millan, exposes the mass Soviet
crimes against seven minority
nations. Subtitled "The Soviet
Deportation of Nationalities," Con-
' quest's book reveals a neglected
factor in history, the banishment
of seven nationality groups from
their homelands.
Commencing with an account
of the banishment of the Volga
Germans, he tells about the de-
portation of the Karachai, the
Kalmyks, Checkens, ingushi,
Meskhesians.
He relates the Stalin cruelties
directed at the various nationali-
ties, the obstructions to the Geor-
gians, the regulations against
Crimean Tartars. They returned
but the process was one of preju-
dice.
In the course of his account of
what had happened in the nation-
killing activities, Conquest makes
an interesting reference to Jewish
experiences:
cl "If
the aspirations of a nation
ash with those of the world

Half the total adult population in revolution (incarnate in the gov-
ernment of the Soviet Union), per-
the kibutzim lived in units with a haps even to the extent of looking
density of 1 to 1.49 persons per toward independence, t h e case
room; about 27 per cent in units against it would be established. If
with a density of 1.50 to 2.49 per- such a nation were in a strategic
sons per room; about 17 per cent area, the interests of the Soviet
in units with a density of 2.5 per- Union might well require its de-
sons per room. About 6 per cent portation. And in fact, in rather a
with a density of less than one different context, Khrushchev and
person per room. -Suslov opposed turning the Crimea
The average number of adults into a Jewish settlement area on
per housing unit in the kibutzim the grounds that that nation's habi-
was 1.8. An average of 1.7 adults tation of the area would enable it
occupied units alloted to the perma- to be used against the Soviet Union.
nent kibutz population ( members,
"The old Communist Lozovsky,
candidates for admission to mem- with the leading Yiddish writers
bership, parents, relatives and
other permanent residents) and an
average of 2.6 adults per unit in COLPA Deplores Veto
quarters alloted to the temporary of Holiday Absence Bill
population.
NEW YORK (JTA)—The veto
About 80 per cent of the adult by Gov. Nelson Rockefeller of a
kibutz population lived in buildings bill, which would have required
of hard construction (stone, con- private colleges in New York State
crete blocks, etc.). These included to make accommodations for stu-
about 90 per cent of the permanent dents unable to attend classes on
population and about 38 per cent of certain days because of their reli-
the temporary residents. gious requirements, was deplored
In kibutzim where no facilities by the National Jewish Commis-
are available for the children to sion on Law and Public Affairs
sleep together with their parents (COLPA).
Julius Berman, COLPA presi-
(and these. account for the major-
ity of the kibutzim), the construe- dent, called the veto an "un-
lion of about 31 per cent of the fortunate" action which "adversely
housing units had been completed affects the interests of many New
in Or after 1960. In these, kibutzim York citizens."
the average area per housing unit
Gov. Rockefeller said there was
of hard construction was 32 square a lack of demonstrated need for
meters, and of housing units of such legislation but he referred
timber or asbestos, etc.-17 square the matter to the state division
meters. for human rights for an investiga-
tion on whether similar legislation
should be introduced at the 1972
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*
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Author Exposes USSR as Tyrannizer of Subjects







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