THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Assoc!.
ation Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075.
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CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Editor and Publisher
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 19th day of Sivan, 5731, the following scriptural selections
will be read in. our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Num. 8:1-12:16. Prophetical portion, Zechariah 2:1-4:7.
Candle Lighting, Friday, June 11, 7:49 p.m.
VOL. LIX. No. 13
June 11, 1971
Pent-Up Problems and M. E. Dangers
Israel is different. In spite of the current
worldwide crisis, the embattled Jewish state
continues to show cultural advancements, in-
dustrial ingenuity and research that marks
great accomplishments in serving the health
needs of mankind. But little Israel has not
been saved from the scourge of inflationary
trends that are affecting many of the world's
leading nations. There will be need for a lot
of planning to prevent calamity, but we must
recognize that this is a danger that affects all,
regardless of the size or wealth of the nation.
Will Israel be able to fend off whatever
dangers may emerge from economic pres-
sures? What will happen when the blessings
of peace come the way of the Middle East?
Would peace help or hinder the economic
positions of the countries involved?
From a practical viewpoint there is much
assurance that peace would benefit all the
nations who are now torn asunder by war
threats. Peace might even contribute toward
elimination of strife among Arabs who other-
wise would destroy themselves in the search
f^r power if it were not for their hatred for
Israel that is their only unifying sentiment.
Peace would increase tourism to all coun-
tries in the Middle East. It could create a
business relationship that would be enriching
for all the peoples that are presently divided
by the war's dangers.
But there are other problems. Look Maga-
zine has published a lengthy article by G.
Robert Moskin who warns, after discussing
the issues involving the Oriental Jews, that
"pent-up problems, kicked under the rug for
so long, will burst through like bombs."
It would be condoning ostrichism if we
were to ignore the existing confrontations.
The fact is that it exists today even in a time
when the unity of all Israelis is so vital to
the state's existence . .
The director of the Natanya Ulpan, Shula-
mit Katznelson, a former University of Michi-
gan student and niece of President Zalman
Shazar, urged a "broad, tolerant attitude"
towards Orientals or "we will explode from
It is good that the realities are emerging
before it is too late. The practical ap-
proaches of Israelis responsible for existing
conditions should encourage us in the hope
that a nation struggling for survival on the
basis of historic traditions will know how to
face the issues without prejudice.
But the Orientals are not alone as an issue
affecting Israel's status as a modern demo-
cratic nation. Aliya from Western countries,
the newcomers from behind the Iron Curtain
and the large number of professional men and
women who are settling in Israel will provide
as much consideration as those who are now
internally projecting challenges of a most
Israel has as much of a problem with
absorption of newcomers from democratic
countries as it does with Orientals from back-
ward and underprivileged areas. It is a matter
of building and creating and also of absorp-
tion — of integration that is as much a need
for the highly advanced intellectuals as for
those who must be provided with equal op-
portunities in spheres in which they now are
Israel is much more than a need for the
Israelis: it is the obligation of world Jewry.
In solving the enumerated obstacles a duty
will devolve upon the Jewries of the world,
especially our fellow-Jews in the Americas,
to provide for the needy and to help solve
problems that are immense in all proportions.
The challenges to Israel probably are the
same as the challenges to the entire world —
that of eliminating poverty, of providing equal
opportunities for all and of assuring security
for the masses of people. But in Israel prob-
lems may become more intense, and the
responsibilities will be world Jewry's. We
should be well prepared for the issues that
will emerge in a time of peace, just as we are
now concerned with needs created by war
Urgent Steps to Assist Day Schools
A most serious step in the direction of as-
sisting, perhaps saving, the day school sys-
tems has been taken by the Federation of
Jewish Philanthropies of New York.
Instituting a movement to provide an
emergency fund of $200,000, with the aid of
an initial gift of $100,000 by Joseph E. Gruss,
a member Of - its committee on education,
the New York Federation may thereby set
into motion a nationwide movement in behalf
of the system that is acknowledged as the
most important Jewish cultural responsibility
for proper training of our youth for involve-
ment in our communal efforts and for proper
understanding of Jewish values.
We need not go too far from our local
ranks for an appreciation of our needs. We
have three day schools in Detroit, and all are
struggling for financial aid.
Hillel Day School, whose impressive build-
ing has just been dedicated, is receiving na-
tionwide acclaim, Akiva and Yeshiva schools
point to similar excellent results in youth
training. All need greater support and a hand-
to-heart aid is all that is now available for
A proposal has been made for large-scale
scholarships for day school students, and
while the figures are vast they must not be
viewed as unavailable, as long as the pro-
gram now is becoming generally accepted.
Of course, as was indicated at the Hillel
Day School dedication, there is a commitment
to our public schools. But there also is the
great need for Jewish training and for max-
imum provisions for studies in day schools,
and these needs must not be ignored.
Perhaps our appeals for the unification of
our competing day schools can yet be real-
ized. But the major responsibility — of pro-
viding for their needs — must not be ignored.
Steps are being taken in the right direc-
tion. The debate over the needs represented
in the day school programs are no longer
debatable. Our communities must view the
matter with greater seriousness. The time has
come for us to assume full responsibility for
the more extensive Jewish educational pro-
grams for our youth.
'Treasures of Judaica' Describes
Value of Preserved Manuscripts
Rabbi Harry M. Rabinowicz of London evidences a great skill
for research in his "Treasures of Judaica" (published by Thomas Yose-
loff), in which he has incorporated a wealth of facts regarding the
gathered manuscripts and preserved Jewish illuminated material in
British museums and colleges.
Describing the vandalism which resulted in the destruction of
many Jewish books, manuscripts and prayerbooks, Rabbi Rabinowicz
marvels that so much has nevertheless been saved.
Reminding his readers that Hebrew books were burned by the
carloads in Paris on June 17, 1242, and that books by Jewish authors
Were burned by the Germans on May 10, 1933, Rabbi Rabinowicz points
to the miracle of survival:
"In 1939, there were 469 Jewish libraries with a total of 3,307,000
volumes in 20 European countries. In Poland alone there were 251
Jewish libraries with 1,650,000 books, and 70 per cent of them perished
in the brutal hands of Hitlerian hoodlums. It is miraculous that so
many Jewish books and manuscripts survived so many centuries of
barbarism and savagery. There was no national repository wherein
they could be gathered and preserved. Like the Jews themselves, the
books were in exile, scattered throughout the inhospitable world.
While his emphasis is on the British collections—he has emerged as
an expert on the preservation of books of Jewish value in England—
the author indicates that valuable collections also have been gathered
Rabbi Rabinowicz describes the valuable "Geniza" findings by Dr.
Solomon Schechter and he tells of the vast number of "Geniza" frag-
ments, 103,000 of them in Cambridge alone.
He calls the British Museum "A Bibliophile's Paradise," and his
illustrated essays reveal the wealth of Jewish treasures to be found.,
He gives credit for the retention of many valuable works by the
British and Foreign Bible Society, which had acquired the valuable
collection of early Bibles of Dr C. D. Ginsburg.
As an indication of the extent of Rabbi Rabinowicz's research
work, the reader will learn about the immense number of collected
works in the Wirner Library, the Mocatta Library, the Lambeth
Palace Library, the John Rylandt Libraries, the Sassoon Library, as
well as at Girton College, St. John's College, Cambridge Trinity
College, Oxford and numerous other collection points.
Many scores of illustrations add greatly toward an appreciation
of the great value of the studies in this large volume. The annotations
are helpful and add to the assurance of accuracy for which the author
The author contends that his book was intended , for the biblior
and not for the specialist. It is difficult to believe ghat the specialist, s
knowledge will not be equally enriched by this most valuable study.
'My Father: Sholom Aleichem'
From Schocken Books comes another valuable paperback that
enriches the Jewish library.
The highly acclaimed "My Father, Sholom Aleichem" by his
daughter, Marie Waife-Goldberg, has the merit of describing the life
and work of the great humorist, his writings, his work for the theater.
This is a work about Sholom Aleichem's activities in his native
Russian environment as well as, later, in America.
Biographically, and as a family album, the reprinted book draws
attention anew to the literary skills of the great writer, his influence
upon the generations that drew upon Yiddish for their inspiration.
This life story of Sholom Aleichem draws attention to many ,
famous names of personalities with whom he was in contact, and in
many respects this work is a valuable chapter in Jewish history,
offering contrasts of the Old and New Worlds and introducing the
concerns that led Jewish communities to share in their dedication to
Jewish literary qualities that were aroused by the eminent humorist.