THE JEWISH NEWS
issue of July 20, 1951
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with
Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Associ-
ation Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075.
Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices.
Subscription $8 a year. Foreign $9
Editor and Publisher
CARMI M, SLOMOVITZ
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 15th day of lyar, 5731, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Lev. 16:1-20:27. Prophetical portion, Amos 9:7-15.
Candle lighting, Friday, May 7, 7:19 p.m.
May 7, 1971
VOL, LIX. No. 8
Urgent for the M. E.: No Appeasement
Israel's anniversary has passed, with all
of the expected manifestations both of acclaim
and disdain. Israel's friends have extended
greetings, her enemies utilized the occasion
to spew hatred. Israel, undeterred in her will
to live and to survive, indicated her readiness
to defend herself, to continue to function
for the good of her people and in the interest
of a basic fact: that the world dare not again
condone a Holocaust, that an historic element
that has proven its indestructibility will not
be annihilated, as the enemies threaten, and
that life must go on.
It's far from heartening for people who
will not submit to destruction to be com-
pelled to argue in such terms. How much
better it would be if neighbors could sit
together in friendship and would be on
speaking terms! Then an anniversary would
be an occasion for celebration, not as a time
to emphasize the readiness of those who are
threatened with insecurity to defend them-
selves and their families.
But the enemies of peace are not acknowl-
edging the rights of their neighbors in the
Middle East and the war threats are unend-
ing. Secretary of State William P. Rogers
has visited the Middle East and the results
remain problematic. Israel asks for talks with
the Arab cousins; the latter answer by
rattling their saber
These are the events post-Yom Atzmaut.
Now comes another fatal date: June 5. It
would not be surprising to hear of additional
threats, to learn about more terrorism, to
anticipate additional trouble on a date that
marked Israel's successful repulsion of ene-
mies who were massed on her borders to
destroy her prior to June 5, 1967.
If it were only a matter of Israel's de-
termination to carry on a battle for survival
the problem would not be as serious. But
there are forces outside the Middle East that
are involved. The Soviet Union keeps provid-
ing the sinews of war for the Arab states,
making it necessary for Israel to increase
her defensive media. And there are those
who fail to learn the lesson of history: that
appeasement of war mongers may lead to the
renewed warfare which must be averted
under all circumstances.
Is it any wonder that Senators Henry M.
Jackson, the Washington Democrat, and
James L. Buckley, the New York ultra-
conservative, should have concurred in views,
expressed to a gathering of 3,000 at the
Israel anniversary celebration arranged by
the American Zionist Federation, in New
York, in warnings against appeasement?
Senator Jackson, who has consistently
reminded our government of the dangers
stemming from the Middle East and to the
American position in the Middle East from
the USSR, calls attention to the Czechoslo-
vakian lesson that was so vital in the last
world war. If another Czech tragedy is to be
prevented, there must be an assurance that
Israel will be supported and will be provided
with means to offset the dangers that come
from Soviet sources which enable Israel's
enemies to carry on an intransigent position.
Senator Jackson's plea is that this country
use its influence to prevent further intrusions
by Russia into the Middle East. He, and many
others who realize the dangers to world peace
from Russian actions in the Middle East,
keep admonishing that full support for Israel
and a firm stand with Russia can save the
situation and help bring either a permanent
cease fire and a possible eventual peace.
A vital report about warnings to Secre-
tary Rogers by Asian delegates to the South-
east Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) which
he attended deserves special attention. A re-
port from London states that the Asian dele-
gates sought to convince Mr. Rogers that it
was both "futile" and "dangerous" to force
Israel to pull back from the Suez Canal be-
cause they view a reactivated Suez as remov-
ing an obstacle the Soviets face in supplying
weapons to North Vietnam. The report that
the USSR has sent 25 SAM-3 ground-to-air
missile batteries to North Vietnam has thus
seriously weakened the U.S. position, Rogers
was warned, and he was admonished not to
yield to Soviet pressure in the Middle East.
These matters must be taken into con-
sideration as June 5 approaches. There must
be no yielding to warmongers. Indeed: There
must be no appeasement.
World Personalities Listed
in ' Great Jews in
For stamp collectors a new Sabra book, "Great Jews in Stamps,"
by Arieh Lindenbaum, will prove an addition to their treasures. The
small, 70-page, beautifully illustrated volume, however, has even
greater value for students of Jewish history.
For instance, there is the reproduction of a stamp dedicated to
President Zalman Shazar. It appears on the same page as the
stamp of his predecessor, the late President Itzhak Ben-Zvi. But the
latter was issued by Israel, while the Shazar stamp is an Uruguayan
issue. The author explains:
"Israel does not issue postage stamps in honor of living per-
sons; however, Shazar has been honored on stamps of Uruguay and'
Brazil during his visit to those South American countries in 1966.'
So, there also are two Israeli stamps that were issued in memory
of President Chaim Weizmann, one upon his death in 1952 and the
other, in 1967, to mark the 50th anniversary of the Balfour Declaration.
"Great Jews in Stamps" is subdivided into various classifications.
It starts with medicine, and the doctors honored are: Karl Landsteiner,
Austria; Garcia de Orta, Portuguese India; Fernand Vidal and Elie
Metchnikoff, France; and Paul Ehrlich, Federal German Republic.
Many areas are covered and there are numerous revelations of
many of the world's most distinguished people who were Jews. There
are the inventors and the countries that honored them: David Schwartz,
Hungary; Ludwig Zamenhof, Brazil; and Robert von Lieben, Austria.
Then there are the many patriots: Simone Michel-Levy, Pierre
Masse, Georges Mandel, Jacques Bingen, France; Herbert Baum, Rudi
Arndt, Walter Rathenau, Germany; Paul ,Hymans, Belgium; Ziegfried
Scientists listed are: Heinrich Herz, Czechoslovakia, and four
honored by Sweden: Adolph von Bayer, Albert Michelson, Henri Mois-
san and Gabriel Lippmann.
Israeli statesmen who were honored by their country are listed,
and included are eminent Zionist pioneers. Notable among them are
Levi Eshkol, Moshe Sharett, Henrietta Szold, Mania Shochat, Eliezel
Ben Yehudah, Zvi Jabotinsky and Joseph Trumpeldor.
For their courage stamps were issued in memory of the martyred
Dr. Janus Korczak, the Four Chaplains, Dr. Leo Baeck; and the Yemen
Arab Republic even issued a stamp in tribute to the man who under-
went a heart transplant, Philip Blaiberg.
Poets, journalists and authors who were honored with stamp issues
and who are listed in this book are: Chaim Nahman Bialik, Heinrich
an interest is being taken in his plight and Heine, Julian Tuwim, Joseph Pulitzer, Kurt Tuchalsky, Rene Blum,
it is hoped that the efforts being exerted in Sholem Aleichem, Franz Kafka, Marcel Proust, Abraham Mapu,
his behalf will bring the desired results of Theodor
Listed are the masters of the atom—Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi
assuring his being settled in Israel.
and Robert Oppenheimer.
The Tragic Case of Mikhail Zand
Academicians and responsible government
officials are taking a deep interest in the
case of Dr. Mikhail Zand, who is being perse-
cuted in Russia and for whom there must be
If Dr. Zand can be rescued, others will
found a way of escaping the harassments that
be assisted in escaping the Russian scourge.
are threatening him and his family.
Senator Robert Griffin has recognized the It is to be hoped that Senator Griffin and
validity of his case and he is making an others who are laboring on this case will get
the desired results in their humanitarian
appeal to help secure his exit from Russia.
Prof. Herbert Paper of the University of efforts.
Michigan, who has met him and who knows
his case, is heading a group of scholars who
are appealing for him and who hope for his
For entirely too long a • period there has
Dr. ,Zand is a noted scholar. He is a
been tension in our schools and threat to the
Jewish loyalist. The poem he has written,
unity between teachers and administrators.
which we are privileged to publish on the
The position taken on the question of
first page of this issue, presents his views
teachers' dismissals by the Hebrew Teachers'
and his desire to retain his Jewish identity.
There are many who seek refuge in Israel. Association may not be entirely justified, but
its request for arbitration is rational.
Dr. Zand's is a special case.
The difficulties encountered in seeking
Hebrew Union College and Bar-Ilan Uni-
versity have honored Dr. Zand in absentia. the best teachers and the most responsive
An associate of the Institute for Asian Studies attitudes from parents and children are seri-
in Moscow Dr. Zand who has been in touch ous enough without endangering the schools
with the Israeli Bar-Ilan University, has been by unnecessary squabbles. We therefore fail
acknowledged as an authority on ancient to see why the teachers' request for arbitra-
Iranian 9th and 10th Century poetry, on tion is being ignored and we join with them
Tagic and Bukharan literature, and in Jewish in saying to the schools' administrators and
folklore in, Asian lands. It is encouraging that executive committee: ARBITRATE!
0.....01 4 , ettalidDitikairfeciekilett"eket.:YritA.i .t.
For Maimonides, one stamp was -issued by Israel and another by
Others who had been honored in a variety of fields of endeavor
include: Emanuel Lasker, Helene Mayer, Boris Volynov, Louis Gustave
Binger, Gustav Mahler, Felix Mendelssohn, Anton Rubinstein, Uri
Wienawski, Joseph Joachim, Hanns Eisler, Karl Goldmark, Paul Dukas,
Elisa Felix, Sarah Bernhardt, Max Reinhardt, Edmund Rothschild, Al-
fred Beit, Albert Bailin, David Henry Brandon, David deCastro, Ama-
deo Modigliani, Issac Levitan, John Monash, J. D. Tchernichovski, Boris
Gamarnik, Lev Dovator, Zalka Mate, Elsa von Guttmann, Luis de
Torres, Armin Vambery, Karl Marx, Rosa Luxemburg, Danielle Manin,
Rene Cassin, Hirsh Lauterpacht, 'Edward Myers.
'Children of the Resistance'
Simon and Schuster has issued as a paperback a valuable and de-
scriptive work relating the dramatic role of youths who fought in the
underground during World War II.
"Children of the Resistance" by Lore Cowan describes the tragic
events, the heroism of children who joined the resistance, the suffer -
ings and courage of mere youngsters who defied danger.
The stories related here serve as a valuable addition to the avail-
able literature on the Holocaust because they indicate that not all had
fallen prey to Nazi terrorism, that there were many who fought back
in their unique ways—and the most unique were the methods of the
youngsters who served in many capacities to overcome the dangers
from Hitler's hordes and to seek cans of survival.