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April 23, 1971 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1971-04-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE JEWISH- NEWS

Z‘

1

Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

Member 'American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Associ-
ation Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48073.
Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices.
Subscription $8 a year. Foreign $9

CHARLOTTE DUBIN

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

City Editor

Business Manager

Editor and Publisher

DREW LIEBERWITZ

Advertising Manager

Sabbath Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath, the 29th day of Nisan, 5731, the follownig scriptural selections will be
read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Levit. 9:1-11:47. Prophetical portion, I Samuel 20:18-42.
Rosh Hodesh /yar Torah readings Sunday and Monday, Num. 28:1-15

Candle lighting, Friday,

April 23, 7:03 p.m.

April 23, 19'71

Page Four

VOL. LIX. No. 6

Israel Trade Fair: Task for Progress

Preparatory to the celebration of Israel's
23rd anniversary, Jewish communities every-
where are creating a unified force of kins-
men who will salute the Jewish state on its
courageous role as a bulwark of democracy
in the Middle East. In defiance of so many
threats which stem not only from saber-
rattling neighbors but also from enemies on
the Volga and the Thames and the Seine,
and often from unfriendly elements on the
banks of the Delaware River in our own
midst, the small state keep making progress.
Is it any wonder that throughout the world
there will be celebrations in honor of Israel's
anniversary? It is out of kinship among Jews,
as a result of the admiration Israel has gained
in Christian_ ranks, the emergence of respect
for people who will not yield to dangers,
because a serious war could mean disaster.

*

*

*

Every effort in Israel's behalf is to be
translated as a share in the task of averting
disaster not only for Israel but for world
Jewry and incidentally for the entire Middle
East. There can be no progress in that area
without a. strong and progressive Israel, and
there will be no peace for Jewry unless there
is a contented, protected and fearless Israel.
Many factors contribute toward the part-
nership world Jewry has with Israel. There
is the United Jewish Appeal — the major
beneficiary of Detroit's Allied Jewish Cam-
paign—and there is the Israel Bond drive.
There are the Zionist funds that assist in
Israel's redemption.

There are people with vision who create
many economic opportunities in Israel's be-
half. There are vital investments which as-
sist in Israel's upbuilding. And there are the
Israel-made products for which a market must
be created and retained wherever there are
supporters of Israel and friends of the demo-
cratic Middle Eastern community.
That is why the Israel Trade Fair to be
inaugurated by the Detroit Zionist Federation
in cooperation with the Jewish Community
Center is of such great significance.
Detroit Jewry will be introduced to many
scores of items that are being manufactured
in Israel. This will be the opportunity for
this community to assume a normal partner-
ship with another phase of Israel's economy
—through the purchase of the merchandise
that will be on display here.
*
*
*
The Zionist Federation-Jewish Center joint
effort is more than a Trade Fair: it marks
an introduction to the Israel anniversary
celebration on a much - larger scale—at an
entire week's observances, with programs of
songs and dances. plays and dramatic events
for young and old.
The sponsors of the Trade Fair are to be
highly commended for a most valuable proj-
ect. There is no doubt that a deeply interested
community will turn the event into a great
demonstration for Israel and a supporting
effort for the people that marks another an-
niversary observing the triumph for historic
justice and the humanitarian aims for a free
and peaceful Middle East.



Ilraqi Jewry and the Middle East Tragedy

The plight of Iraqi Jews is only a sample
of what is occurring in Moslem countries and
is a continuing, organized campaign to destroy
the existence of Jewish communities there.
Hundreds of thousands of Jews already
have escaped from the terrors that have been
instituted against them in the lands that are
ruled by Arab potentates who are bent upon
destroying Israel. Most of these exiled mem-
bers of some of the oldest Jewish centers in
the world are in Israel. They match the num-
ber of Arabs who fled from their homes in
1948 when Israel's independence was pro-
claimed as a state that had indicated clearly
its basic principles to assure the freedoms and
economic securities of the minority groups
living among the Jewish residents of the
reborn Jewish homeland.
Now the Moslem persecutions of Jews
who have lived for many centuries in Middle
Eastern countries are continuing. During the
23 years of Israel's independence Jews who
lived among the Moslems were terrified until
they had abandoned their homes, their busi-
nesses, their friendships with their Moslem
neighbors, to reach their newly acquired secu-
rity in Israel. The remaining remnants of Jews
in Iraq,_ Syria, Egypt, Libya and several other
countries still are targets of the vitriolic
policies of the Arab rulers. Only in Lebanon,
and to a much lesser degree in Tunisia and
Morocco, there still is a semblance of security
for Jews.
*
*
*
Iraq is the worst offender. The mere fact
that its rulers now plead innocence to the
charges of plans for new mass executions of
Jews is the best proof that something is brew-
ing behind the scenes and that the renewed
arrests spell additional dangers for the
remaining 3,000 Jews in a land where 100,000
had flourished only 20 years ago.
The entire problem could be solved very
easily—not alone by the abandonment of

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policies of terror by the Moslem rulers but
also through cooperative agreements between
Israel and the Arab states. The Arabs who
had fled from Israel could be compensated,
they could be settled in vastly uninhabited
Arab-ruled countries and industries could
readily be created for them with the aid of
Israel, the United States and the United
Nations. But this calls for the type of amity
that would acknowledge Israel's existence
and its right to autonomy. It would call for
neighbors on speaking terms and not at war.
Amnesty International has rendered a
valuable service in exposing the true situa-
tion that exists in Iraq, and on the basis of
its findings it is vital that governments
should act and that the United Nations,
which has been all-too-impotent in many
matters, should take a firm stand to pro-
tect the small group of Jews who have
survived the Iraqi holocaust.
Now there is duty devolving upon Jews
everywhere to be heard in the matter, to
register protests, to ask for action.
*
*
*
There has already been a demonstration
in New York, and the Jewish Defense League
again emerged in the limelight. What is
needed is the type of diplomatic intervention
that will not tolerate indifference and
inaction.
Iraq's terrorism is only a shred of the
evidence of the state of horror that exists
in an area that begs for peace and justice.
Persecutions won't establish them. When
Arabs consent to sitting amicably with Jews,
we'll have accord. The issue is not between
Israel and the United States or Russia or the
United Nations and its other members. It is
between Israel and the Arabs. When they get
together there will be an end to Iraqi and
other Moslem terrors and the beginning of
a real era of peace and amity among the
nations of the Middle East.

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new definition of

CHUTZPAH,"

The Writings of Philo Judaeus
Edited by Prof. N. N. Glatzer

Philo Judaeus, the great scholar ofthe era that marked the emer-
gence of Christianity, left in his writings a legacy that perpetuates
his name among the most important historians who interpreted the
theologic ideas of Judaism.

In "The Essential Philo," edited by Prof. Nahum N. Glatzer of
Brandeis University, published by Schocken Books, Philo's historic
significance to world scholarship and to history is explained and the
introductory comment by Dr. Glatzer states:

"The ideas closest to the heart of Western, man emerged not
in the great empires of antiquity but in the politically insignificant
realms of Greece and Judaea. The mature issues of each—philo-
sophic thought and biblical faith—met in Egyptian Alexandria in
the person of Philo Judaeus (ca. 25 BCE—ca. 45 CE). The syn-
thesis, or, better, symbiosis, of Greek philosophy and Mosaic reli-
gion, as it presented itself to Philo's mind, was of significance
neither to Greek philosophers nor to teachers of Judaism. How-
ever, Philo's work was of decisive importance to the early theolo-
gians of Christianity: to the second-century Clement of Alexandria..._
and to his pupil, Origen, to the Latin Father Ambrose, ,and,
to the thinkers of Islam."
.

The editor's analyses develop the theme to show the great signific-
ance of these writings, and the influence they had on all the genera-
tions since then. The quoted works and the collected treatises present
the aspects of Philo's works—"as an introduction to Hellenistic Juda-
ism," with this explanatory comment:

"Philo's writings—most of which, in the form of biblical coin-
mentaries, were preserved by the Church for their theological im-
plications—fall into two main categories: writings addressed to
interested gentiles and writings of concern to an interested group
of enlightened, educated Jews."

The Philo Writings- that are incorporated in this volume give in - -
dication of the importande of this evaluation. The essays_ commence
with "A Treasure - on the Account of the Creation of the World, as
Given by Moses," - and proceed with ethical : teachings, holiday defini-
tions and biblical commentaries. -

The Philo writings have their significance for modern man. There
is, for example, the treatise "To Prove -That Every Man Who is Vir-
tuous is Also Free."

Special merit is assignable in the collection edited by Dr. Glat-
zer to the books containing treatises on "the Life of Moses, That is
to Say, on the Theology and Prophetic Office of Moses." In this
and in the treatise on Abraham we have guides to most valuable
commentaries on Jewish history and theology.

Philo, who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, was a mystic who, as Dr.
Glatzer states, was forced by the precarious political situation of Alex-
andrian Jewry "to descend from the lofty heights of his philosophy and
to take a stand on the practical issues of the day."

Among his many-sided philosophies was, Dr. Glatzer sets, "em-
phasis on spiritualization of faith, on mystical experiences and con-
temporary life." In an important comment in his preface, Dr. Glatzer
points out in an additional explanatory note about Philo's philosophic
views:

"Compared with other nations, Philo says, the Jewish people are
in the position of an orphan. If misfortunes fall upon any of the nations,
they, 'owing to international intercourse,' have helpers who come to
their aid. Whereas the Jewish nation has none to take its part,
`because it lives under exceptional laws . • . imposing on them austere
standards of virtue.' Such austerity is disliked by the majority of men,
who favor pleasures. Yet, 'as Moses tells us,' the orphan-like position
of His people is always an object of pity and compassion to the Ruler
of the Universe Whose portion it is: They have been set apart from
within the human race 'as a kind of first fruits to the Maker and
Father.' "

4

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