Amnesty International Lists
Jews Who Are Jailed in Iraq
LONDON (JTA)—At least 36 "lives in fear and suffers ex-
Jews under detention in Iraq were treme economic pressure."
identified for the • Jewish Tele-
(Other sources place the Jew-
graphic Agency by Amnesty Inter- ish population at 4,000).
national, a London-based private
The Iraqi Jews are in no way
organization interested in the politically motivated, Amnesty
rights of political prisoners all over said, but "it is very hard for them
to obtain licenses to practice their
The list contains the names of professions or run their busi-
women and children as well as nesses. There are only a few Jew-
heads of families, though in some ish shops left for show. A majority
cases spouses and children were of the Jewish population is un-
identified only by their age.
employed." The Jews under de-
The list refuted a statement tention, according to Amnesty
from official Baghdad sources on International are: Meir Attar, 20,
April 12 that no Jews were being his brother Yousseff, about 20, and
their father; Naim, 50; Jacob
The Amnesty report, made avail- Abdel Aziz, 60, a lawyer, arrested
able to the JTA, described the poor within the last few months for
condition of Iraq's remaining Jews, having allegedly acted as guaran-
most of whom, it said, are un- tor for several Jews arrested for
allegedly trying to leave the coun-
The official Iraqi News try; Sabbah and Karim Ballas,
Agency confirmed reports Mon- brothers aged about 20; Daoud
day that 16 Jews and five Mos- Besson, a businessman, age, un-
lems are to be tried for allegedly known; Muaffak Dallah, 26, a
attempting to smuggle large businessman; Dr. Albert Hakim,
sums of money out of the 60, arrested last January along
country. The report was the with his nephews Bushra and Said
first from official Iraqi sources Hakim, and his nieces, Farid and
to state the charges against the Salima Hakim, all aged about 20;
Jews. According to the news Moshe Houri, 50, a businessman,
agency, all have been released and his daughter Gilda, 21.
Also arrested, according to the
The Iraqi ambassador here con- report are: Ezra Joory, 27, who
firmed that 20 Jews have been was arrested in April 1969, tried
questioned for allegedly trying _to on unknown charges and acquit.
leave the country illegally but ted only to be re-arrested re-
claimed that all have been re- cently and confined to Nihaya
prison where he reportedly
(In Washington, official sources
shares a two-square meter cell
confirmed that 16 Jews and five with two other prisoners.
Moslems are charged with alleged
He was believed to have been
attempts to smuggle money out of arrested originally because he was
Iraq.- The sources also said that owed a large sum of rent by an
Several prisoners were released Arab who was reluctant to pay.
on bail within the past few days
Others under detention are .
and that while Iraq may be tech- Sheda Khalatchi, 70; Heskel Neq-
nically referring to them as freed qar, 55, a chemist, his wife, 45,
they are still under surveillance.) and their children; Dr. Albert
Amnesty International told the
JTA that most of the Jews on its
list will probably be charged with
trying to leave! Iraq illegally.
Amnesty said a taial date was fixed
for some of them but later post-
"It - is virtually imposible for
Jews to , abtain passports," Am-
."oniy_ six Jews have
fi buy- their way- _rout
man; , -"t0`•-leaw
$3; Ooty:-Iii, the go liet-iinkrit on
Rabi, 50, arrested last January
after an attempt to leave Iraq with
his brother who now lives in the
United States; Jamil Shemtob,
52, a businessman arrested last
month together with his wife, 45,
his 18-year-old son Samia and his
daughter Linda, 23.
Jamil was detained for several
months about a year ago for try-
ing to leave the country. His
brother and two sisters left two
years ago and are now living in
Also arrested are: Heskel Sho-
het, 65, a retired civil servant held
on unknown charges, who suffers
from diabetes; Shohet's wife Mez-
lev, 60, who was arrested while
trying to take special food to her
husband in prison; Haroun Smia,
50, a businessman; Shuhar Soffer,
55, an employe of an import-export
firm who was arrested 21/2 years
ago and may be dead; David
Toueg, 50, a businessman from
Basra who was arrested during the
last two months, his wife, 45, and
two children under 18; Aboodi
Toueg, 40, a businessman, his
wife, 35, and two children.
The Amnesty report said about
300 Jews have left Iraq illegally
during the past year via the north-
ern border with Iran. About 200
went to Israel and the remainder
to other countries where they
have relatives, according to the
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, April 23, 1971-11
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the - JTA that
be -IS eliding:- a mission to
twit - -six . weekS.
.F d, which= would loo c:_into t ie• situation
Jews -theyk:' ,-;;„':;‘,":".,:•-,-- - • -
been adopted by AnineSty.
in this country as "prisonerS' of
The Aliesty report said that
though .much of Iraq's anti-
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Technology Gap Widens
in Israel's Favor, Says
Tel Aviv U. Scientist
TEL AVIV (JTA) — An Israeli
scientist has compared the tech-
nologies of Israel and Egypt and
found Israel's vastly superior.
According to Prof. Yuval Nee-
man, head of the faculty of phy-
sics and astronomy at Tel Aviv
University; Israel enjoys a seven-
to-one ratio over Egypt in techno-
logical fields, an increase from the
four-to-one ratio that existed a few
If Israel's development continues
at its present or higher rate, the
gap will be even further widened,
Prof. Neeman said.
He explained the disparity by
observing that Egypt receives
ready-made technologies from out-
side without any sound foundation
of its own. He said there was no
scientific atmosphere in Egypt for
basic research and many Egyptian
scientists pursue their fields
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