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February 19, 1971 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1971-02-19

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qgigpmmittee Presses for Ratification of Genocide Convention
AiWRK-Arthur J. Goldberg, former Supreme Court justice and former U. S. ambassador to the United Nations, has been named chairman
Of the'AdlIOF,,Canunittee

on the Human Rights and Genocide Treaties, it was announced by Hershel Halbert, retiring chairman, and Betty Kaye Taylor,
of the committee. The Ad Hoc Committee, formed in 1964, combines 52 national religious groups of various denominations, together
organizations, in a coalition designed to persuade the United States to ratify the international Convenion on the Prevention
and P_IntirsItineht
of the Crime of Genocide, as well as other human rights conventions that seek to implement the broad goals of the UN Declaration on
Huah:,ktights. A major step toward U.S. ratification of the Genocide Convention was taken by President Nixon in February 1970 when, in a message
to the
tn; 'endorsing the recommendations of Secretary of State William Rogers and Attorney General John Mitchell, he called for Senate consent.


Basis for ttope

in /(e East

U4 -Israel

Page 2


Michigan Weekly

Review of Jewish News

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

Vol. LVIII, No. 23

27 17515 W. 9 Mile Rd., Suite 865, Southfield, Midi. 48075, 356-8400 $8.00 Per Year; This Issue 25c

Israel's Role
as Ethical
Force in M.E.

Page 4
Page 2

February 19, 1971

See Israel Forced to Parallel
undaries Talks With Arabs

6 Russians' Secret Trial
Revealed a Year Later

NEW YORK (JTA)--A secret trial of six Russians—
at least four of them Jews—was held in the Russian city
of Ryazan a year ago, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency has
The four defendants known to be Jewish were sentenced
to prison terms of three to seven years for anti-Soviet
organizing and propaganda. The two other defendants,
believed to be non-Jewish, also received jail terms. There
was no Immediate explanation of why news of the trial had
not filtered out earlier.
Ryazan, however, is a small city—pop. 213,000—with
few Jews, and thus the trial may not have become known
for months. Ryazan is located about 115 miles southeast
of Moscow.
The Jewish defendants were described as follows:
Shimon Grilius, 25, a ship repairer who defended himself,
was sentenced to five years at labor. Yuri Beniaminovich
Budka, 23, who was taking correspondence courses of the
Institute of Radio Technology was given seven years at
labor and one year of expulsion from, the country; his
brother, Valeri Beniaminovich Budka, 20, a student at the
institute, received a three-year prison term; and Semion
Zaslayski, 22, also a student at the institute, bad his three-
year sentence suspended when he "repented."
The Bndkas reportedly signed petitions urging emigra-
tion rights for Soviet Jews. Grilius was said to have been
arrested In August 1969; his home was then searched, and
Hebrew books and records were taken.
The other two prisoners were Oleg Frolov, 22, who
was given five years at labor, and Yevgeni Mortimonov,
22, whose three-year sentence was suspended because of
his heart condition. Both were students.
According to the sources, the prosecutor sought seven
years in prison and three years' banishment for Yuri
Budka, five years' labor for Frolov, and three years' labor
for Valeri Budka.
(Continued on Page 34)

JERUSALEM (JTA)—Opinion was expressed in political circles Tuesday that Israel may have
no alternative but to agree to parallel talks with the Arabs on boundary questions and on the
basic questions of peace. Hitherto Israel has insisted that a firm commitment to peace by the Arabs
must precede any substantive negotiations on territorial matters.
The situation is believed to have been altered by the recent letters submitted by United
Nations mediator Gunnar V. Jarring to Israel and Egypt. Officially Israel has been silent on the
latest Jarring move. News media have reported, however, that the government view is that Jarring
exceeded the scope of his Security Council mandate to promote a peace settlement and that the
"proposals" he advanced were unaccepable to Israel.
(According to reports from Cairo Tuesday, the Egyptian government has sent a "positive"
reply to the latest Jarring note. Al Ahram reported Wednesday that Egypt informed Jarring it will
pledge compliance with the Security Council's Nov. 22, 1967 resolution on the Mid East if Israel will
do likewise. Jarring was said to have questioned Egypt and Israel about their terms for a settle-
ment and to have raised the prospect of Israel's withdrawal to its pre-June 1967 borders.)
Differences of opinion were reported among cabinet ministers as to how Israel should react
to the Jarring move. Some ministers, Defense Minister Moshe Dayan among them, allegedly believe
the government should tell Egypt flatly that Israel will never return-to the boundaries that existed
on June 4, 1967, the eve of the Six-Day War. A majority of the cabinet, however, was said to
advocate a non-committal stance while Israel awaits Cairo's reply to its latest note, conveyed by
Jarring over a week ago.
This note demands a snecific answer from Egypt as to whether its stated readiness to make
peace with and recognize the sovereignty of the "countries of the region" included Israel. The
Dayan forces are said to believe that Egypt should be informed of Israel's uncompromising stand
on tae border issue before it drafts its reply to the question of its peace intentions.
Sources here said Tuesday that in view of the strong United States backing of the latest Jarring
move, Israel will have no alternative but to discuss the matters raised by Jarring, apparently
including territorial matters. But fear was expressed in some circles that Israel would thereby be
forced into a position without room for maneuvering and would have to "lay all of its cards on the
table" -without bargaining.
Political circles were awaiting a report from Israel's ambassador to the UN, Yosef Tekoah.
He was reportedly summoned by Jarring to receive an Egyptian note allegedly delivered to the
mediator during the last few days. It was not known whether the note is a reply to Israel's queries
or whether it was Cairo's response to Jarring's latest moves.
Foreign Minister Abba Eban said Monday night that if Egypt replied affirmatively to Israel's
latest query regarding its peace intentions, "a door will be open to the discussion of other problems."
Israel demanded to know, in a note sent to Cairo, through Jarring, whether Egypt's stated readiness
to make neace with "countries of the region" specifically includes Israel.
If the reply is negative, Eban said, "at least we shall know Cairo's clear position." There has
been no reply so far from the Egyptians. Eban said Israel would continue to wait for an answer
and "we see no reason to let any other move divert us from this."


Students Demonstr ate Against
Mobil Oil Co. Pro-Arab Boycott of Israel

WALTHAM, Mass. (JTA)—Mare than 100 Jewish students at Brandeis University
interrupted a presentation by four executives of Mobil Oil Co. to protest Mobil's ban
on Jewish and'Isiaeli-made products on carriers calling at Arab ports.
A leader of the campus Jewish Activist League of the Radical Zionist Alliance
told the JTA that the demonstrators attended a scheduled talk last Friday on "career
opportunities" at Mobil and interrupted to challenge Mobil's policy. The activist leader,
M. J. Rosenberg, told the JTA that the executives had "tried to recruit Jews for their
office in New York while they follow an anti-Semitic policy." Most students at Brandeis
are Jewish.
The Mobil executives were "quite surprised" at the interruption, Rosenberg said,
and the university officials present "apologized all over the place."
When the attendees were given the opportunity to leave the room, he said only
about 10 of the approximately 125 students there remained. The demonstrators dispensed
fliers reproducing articles—some by the JTA—reporting the charges against Mobil.
When the demonstrators vowed to rally 1,000 students at Mobil's scheduled campus
recruitment drive in March, the company official indicated that the drive would be
canceled, Rosenberg said.
Matthew Sgan, associate dean of students at Brandeis University, told the JTA
by phone that he did not recall having apologized to the Mobil officials. The issue, he
said, was not one of a company's operating policy but one of "academic freedom"—
that executives be allowed to speak without hindrance. He said 10 to 20 students
remained after the demonstrators left. He said the Mobil men stated they were willing
to return in March and that as of now their appearance had not been canceled.
(Protests against Mobil's actions are mounting, and there is evidence of an
emerging boycott against the company for its pro-Arab stand and its prejudicial
position on international trade with Israel). (Related story Page 3)

(Continued on Page 8)

Golda Afeir _Resignation Hinted;
Snpir's Succession Unconfirmed

JERUSALEM (JTA)—Premier Golda Meir is considering retirement before her
term of office is up in 1973 and plans to designate Finance Minister Pinhas Sapir
as her successor, according to persistent rumors in Jerusalem.
Mrs. Meir is 72.'Sapir, 62, was born In Poland and settled in Palestine in 1929.
Should he succeed her, the reins of power in Israel would continue to be held by the
old generation of Labor Zionists from Eastern Europe.
According to the rumors, Israel's popular defense minister, Moshe Dayan, has
agreed privately to continue to serve in a government headed by Sapir.
If this report is correct, Dayan, a 55 -year - old native Israeli, may have
put aside his own ambitions to succeed to the premiership. According to public opinion
polls taken in recent years, Dayan is the first choice of most Israelis to become premier.
The reports that Mrs. Metr plans an early retirement stem from indications that
she is increasingly fatigued by the burdens of office, although her health is said to
have improved since she took office in 1969.
According to the reports, her decision will be determined by the progress of the
Jarring peace talks.. If there appears to be a danger of a new war, she will serve out
her term. But she would prefer to retire and pass her mantle on to Sapir so that he
can gain experience as premier before the next national elections.
Sapir has been cultivating all sections of the Labor Party and is said to have
achieved a position of influence and power with the party leadership. However, some
sources express doubt that he could lead the party to an electoral victory in 1973
unless he had some prior experience as premier.
(In an interview with JTA, Sapir would not confirm the rumor of an impending
Meir resignation but. instead. She Will SekVg. he'', full term of office.)

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