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February 12, 1971 - Image 33

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1971-02-12

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Soviet Jews Step
Efforts to Overiome
Emigration Barriers, New Harassments

NEW YORK .(JTA) — Soviet
Jews are stepping up their agita-
tion against the barriers to emigra-
tion. According to reliable Jewish
sources, the new tack is to declare
Israeli citizenship before obtain-
ing visas and leaving the Soviet
Union. This has been done already
by Riga activists Ovsei Elyashevich
and Mr. and Mrs. Faitelson, whose
first names are unavailable. They
recognize, it is understood, the pos-
sible adverse effect their announce.
ments may have on the fate of
their emigration applications, but
are willing to take the risk in their
attempt to dramatize their plight
It has been learned that 23-year-
old Yosif M. Mendelevich of Riga,
who was sentenced to 15 years at
last December's Leningrad trial,
hasvbeen denied visits by his rela-
tives., In addition, his requests for
a copy of the Old Testament have
been rejected.
The American Jewish Conference
on Soviet Jewry charged Monday
that two recent Incidents indicate
a step-up in harassment of Soviet
Jewish activists. Rabbi Herschel
Schacter, AJCSJ chairman, quoted
tourists returning from the USSR
as reporting that a Muscovite Jew,
David Drabkin, has received threat-
ening letters, one stating:
"We warn you, David Drabkin,
that your anti-Soviet Zionist\ activ-
ity will bring you troubles. A stone
might accidentally bruise your
head or a car might trample you
or you might not be living after
getting involved in a fight. Take
into account that we are not speak-
ing idly."
Drabkin has signed petitions pro-
testing emigration rodablocks. The
second incident involved another
Muscovite Jew, Pinhas Krugler (or
Klug)iak) who, it was reported
was beaten near his home toward
the end of January.
Rabbi Schacter added that
accoiding to his informants, the
33-year-old man was attacked by
two well-dressed men carrying
lead pipes and yelling: "This is
for the song 'Let My People Go'
thatyon sing, and for your appli-
cations for emigration to Israel."
When the victim reached the po-
lice station, his face covered
with blood, he was warned be
might be sentenced to three to
seven years In jail for false tes-
timony, according to the report.
"Both of these instances," Rabbi
Schaefer said, "are but the latest
examples of a campaign design-
ed to intimidate Jews from ap-
plying for emigration to Israel.
The Soviet authorities place Jews
in the impossible position of being
denied the ability to express them-
selves as Jews, and then frustrated
as well in their attempts to leave
the Soviet Union for Israel, where
they feel they can be fulfilled as
The Soviet government is plan-
ing to make concessions to the
Jews of Birobidjain to distract
world public opinion from the
pleas of Soviet Jewry for equity
with our Soviet communities, ac-
cording to reliable Jewish sourc-
es, which said the Kremlin's
leaders will discuss a revival of
Jewish colonization at next
month's Communist Party Con-
gress and have decided to per-
mit synagogues, yeshivas and
schools. In addition, the only
Jew in the Soviet hierarchy—
Deputy Premier Veniamin Em-
manullovich Dyinshitz, a 6111-year-
old politician and engineer, win:
nor of the Order of Lenin and
two-time winner of the Order of
the Red Banner of Labor—vis-
ited Birobidjan recently to sup-
ervise the planning of public
buildings and housing.
Birobidjan, in Eastern Russia,
was designated in 1928 as a Jewish
Autonomous Region for "contiguous
Jewish settlements" based on ag-
ricultural and industrial opportun-
ities. There were an estimated 50,-
000 Jews in,,t5e 14,000 square-mile
region i9,1939 out of a total esti-


mated population of 108,400. There predation for the concert and their
are now an estimated 15-16,000 indignation and protest against the
Jews out of a total estimated popu- impudent acts of the hooligans."
lation of 198,400.
World Conference in Brussels
Fifty college and high school to Focus on Soviet Jews
students calling themselves the
BRUSSELS (JTA) — More than
Ad Hoe Committee to Revitalize
400 prominent Jewish leaders in 50
the American Jewish Conference
countries have indicated they will
on Soviet Jewry picketed for 90 participate in the World Confer-
minutes Feb. 2 outside the mid- ence on Soviet Jewry, to be held
town building containing the of- here Feb. 23-26, according to a
fices of the Conference of Presi- conference spokesman, Those ex-
dents of Major American Jewish pected to attend include United
Organizations. They charged Dr. States Sens. Jacob K. Javits of
William A. Wexler and Yehuda
New York and Abraham A. Ftibi-
Hellman, chairman and execu- coff of Connecticut; Prof. Albert B.
tive director of the Conference Sabin, president of the Weizmann
of Presidents, with deliberating
Institute in Rehovot, Israel, Avra-
the American Jewish Conference ham Harman, president of the
by denying It autonomy and the Hebrew University in Jerusalem;
legal status required for fund Israeli Supreme Court Justice
Haim Cohen, Gideon Hausner,
They added that after seven Knesset member and prosecutor of
years of existence, the American Adolph Eichmann; Dr. Immanuel
Jewish Conference had only one Jakobovits, the chief rabbi of Bri-
full-time paid professional on its tain; Dr. Jacob Kaplan, the chief
staff and was unable to demon- rabbi of France; Eva Violet, the
strate until Sept 20 for the Lenin- Marchioness of Reading (England),
grad Jews arrested June 15. The Abraham Shlonsky of Tel Aviv, the
student group charged Dr. Wexler noted Hebrew Poet; Dr. Gershon
and Hellman with being "more in- Scholem, president of the Israel
terested in the prestige of the Academy of Sciences and Human-
Conference' of Presidents than in a ities and professor emeritus at the
strong Soviet Jewry body," A Hebrew University; writers Saul
student spokesman said "The Bellow, Eli Wiesel, Manes Sperber
American Jewish Conference on and Andre Schwarz-Bart; and for-
Soviet Jewry has tremendous po- mer Israeli Premier David Ben-
tential, but the Conference of Gurion, who will deliver the clos-
Presidents is strangling it at its ing address.
very sources." He added, without
The opening session will be ad-
elaboration, that "If no policy dressed by Prof. Raymond Aron of
changes are forthcoming from the the Sorbonne in Paris and by Ar-
Conference of Presidents, other thur J. Goldberg, former U.S.
actions will be planned." The Supreme Court Justice and former
spokesman stated that no Jewish ambassador to the United Nations.
Defense League members took part The sponsors of the conference are
in the demonstrations.
Jewish Agency, the World Jewish
Congress, the American Jewish
Trial of Eight Students
Conference on Soviet Jewry, the
Postponed Till May
Conference on Soviet
newly established Superior Court Jewry, the Conference of Presi-
which replaces the General Ses- dents of Major American Jewish
sions Court has postponed the trial Organizations, the Latin American
of eight young Jewish students Conference on Soviet Jewry and
from Feb. 9 to May 17, it was an- the Board of Deputies of British
nounced by their lawyer, Lawrence Jews. The British delegation will
Finegold. The youths were charged be headed by Michael M. Fidler,
with unlawful entry last November president of the Board of Deputies.
of the local Soviet news agency, The American delegation will num-
Tass. The eight students had chain- ber 130.
A delegation from Detroit, head-
ed themselves in the news office in
the National Press Building after ed by Judge Lawrence Gubow,
of the Jewish Common
sending a message in Russian over
its teletype to Moscow demanding ity Council, and Walter Klein,
director, will in-
that the Soviets allow its .Jewish
citizens to leave the country. clude Fred Rose, Helen Opatowski
Washington police used wire cut-
ters to release the students from Jewish Woman in Riga
their chains and dragged them out Reports Seven or Eight
of the building to waiting patrol Families Get Exit Permits
TEL AVIV (JTA) — A Jewish
cars. They were freed after rela-
tives vouched for their in court. woman in Riga reported that
"seven or eight" Jewish families
when required.
A Soviet violinist who is a Jew in the Soviet Latvian capital have
denounced the "small group of received exit permits and that
hooligans" who, he said, tried to others have been told by Soviet
"wreck" performances by Soviet authorities that they would be
artists touring the United States issued exit visas when peace was
under the U.S.-Soviet cultural ex- restored in the Middle East. The
woman, Mrs. Rivka Aleksandro-
change program. The performer,
Leonid Kogan, said he personally vich, was contacted by telephone
by Kol Israel radio. She is the
witnessed an example of these mother of Ruth Aleksandrovich,
"outrages" during his recital at one of five Riga Jews under arrest
Carnegie Hall in New York on and reportedly awaiting trial on
Jan. 23.
charges of alleged anti-Soviet ac-
Kogan's remarks were issued tivities.
by the Soviet Embassy here with
Mrs. Aleksandrovich denied
an accompanying statement which
said the violinist was describing' -rumors current in Israel that 40
"attempts staged by Zionist pro- Jeviish families- in -Riga- received
vocateurs." Kogan himself how- exit permits. She confirmed-15i
Maj. Grischa
ever used the word "hooligans"
viet Jewish,Army officer_who was
with no identification. He made
released- from a mental institution
his remarks to a correspondent of
„lad- month, is,preparing to leave
Sovietskaya Kultura.
shortly _for -UraeL Mrs. Aleksan-
A copy was delivered by the4M: drovie'fi said he has turned his
bassy to the Jewish Telegraphic flat over to the authorities and
Agency office in Washington. Ko- is now visiting friends to say
gan said the "hooligans" were try- goodby.
ing to "reduce to a minimum or
Feigin was incarcerated briefly
frustrate in general, the cultural in a mental institution after re-
exchange program between our
turning his World War II combat
countries." He added "I am very medals in a gesture of protest
grateful to the American public against Soviet anti-Jewish policies.
which has shown once again that
it fully dissociates itself from
Wickedness is a myth invented
these hooligans and their action."
He said that following his re- by good people to account for the
attractiveness of others
cital, "many Americans came to
my dressing room to express. ap-
—Oscar Wilde

Esquire Article
Describes Israel

NEW YORK — Israel is where
travelers have learned to expect
the unexpected, claims Esquire's
travel editor Richard Joseph in
the March issue.
According to Joseph, Israel of-
fers such attractions as horseback
riding, water skiing, underwater
archeology and sailboating. "One
of their favorite trails takes you
south through the cattle-grazing
country, downhill to the Mount of
Beatitudes, where riders dismount
to look over an Italian Franciscan
hospice and a beautiful chapel ..."
For water skiing, while Joseph
admits it is not a necessity to go
to Israel he writes, "Where else
can you use water skis to follow
in the footsteps of Jesus?"
For the underwater enthusiast,
Israel is considered to be the
richest archeological region in
the world. In the clear waters of
the Red Sea off Ellat, the under-
water explorer can search King
Solomon's major port from
which he shipped metals from
his nearby mines.
What is comparable to Hamilton
Harbor in Bermuda is Israel's
Bay of Acre or Bay of Haifa—
Joseph explains, "It depends on
whether you live in the ancient
Phoenician port or modern Is-
rael's third largest city." Regattas
of 420-class sailboats made in Israel
are held almost every Saturday
morning. A few boats are available
for hire, and boat owners are often
looking for crew.

Friday, February 12 ,1971-33

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