104711W .4 11
20—Friday, February 12, 1971
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
2 Desert Villages
Archives' Boon to Scholarship Rise Through JNF
Due in 4-Volume Catalogue
By Jewish News Special
The bulk of the material in the
Archives throws light on American
CINCINNATI—Archives may be Jews in their activities as citizens
measured by two yardsticks. The and in their relationships to the
first is the degree to which an • large political and cultural corn-
archival institution succeeds in munities on the American scene.
gathering, preserving and cata- Among the notable collections
loguing the materials it • sets out housed at the Archives are the
to collect. The second is the extent
to which it manages to make its papers of Louis Marshall, consti•
holdings known to the interested' tutional lawyer and leader of
American Jewry during the first
Since 1947 when the American three decades of the 20th
Jewish Archives, located on the Century; Jacob H. Schiff, notable
financier, philanthropist and com-
Cincinnati campus of Hebrew
BEERSHEBA — A total of 875
acres of desert land have been re-
claimed by the Jewish National
Fund for two new settlements
recently founded in the south of
The first is Ketura, the ninth
village to be established in the
Arava rift which forms the south-
ern sector of Israel's frontier with
Jordan. The settlement is within
the framework of Nahal (Israel
defense forces corps which com-
bines military duties with agricul-
tural settlement in border areas) •
and is manned by 18-year-old sol-
diers of both sexes from the Tel .
Aviv and Haifa areas. Ketura is
the first Nahal village in the
Arava of which the permanent
houses were ready for the settlers
to move in.
The economy of Ketura is
based on the year-round cultiva-
tion of vegetables and melons for
the European export market.
Water for irrigation, which is
necessary year-round, comes
from wells not far from the site.
At the southern tip of the Eshkol
Union College•Jewish Institute of munal worker; Felix M. Warburg.
Religion, was established, its communal leader, Maecenas of
founder and director, Prof. Jacob !the arts and banker; Horace Kal-
R. Marcus, and his staff succeeded • len, American philosopher, writer
in assembling and listing some and Zionist spokesman; and dis•
4,000,000 pages of documents re- tinguished rabbis like David Philip-
lating to virtually every phase of son, Moses Gries, William Rosenau
American Jewish history, culture and Max Heller. Organizations like
and civilization. Now it announces the Union of American Hebrew
that its entire manuscript cats- Congregations, the Central Con-
logue, containing approximately Terence
of American Rabbis, the
85.000 cards, will be published in Labor Zionist Organization of
the intercollegiate Me-
four volumes by G. K. Hall in
norah Association and various
lodges, to say nothing
Upon the completion of this
catalogue in Summer 1971 stu - of hundreds of synagogues, are
represented among region (western Negev), and not
dents, historians, sociologists,
far from the Gaza Strip, young
archivists, librarians and sehol• the holdings of the Archives.
any institutions anywhere will
Important South American col- families from various cities in
be able - to ascertain easily the lections are those of the "Portu- Israel have established a civilian
material present in the American guese" (Sephardic) and "German" cooperative settlement based on
Jewish Archives, a convenience (Ashkenazic) Jewish communities the cultivation of vegetables for
export and turkey-breeding. .
In reclaiming the land for the
village, which required leveling the
sand dunes, strictest security pre-
cautions had to be observed by the
JNF team. In the course of work,
15 mines laid by terrorists were
Occupied Territories No Longer Drain discovered, killing two workers
and damaging a number of ma-
chines. It is hoped that the pres-
on Israel Economy; Joblessness Down ence
of a village in the area will
JERUSALEM "(JTA) — The
Israeli farming methods have reduce terrorist activity.
Arab territories that Israel has been adopted to increase agricul-
occupied since June 1967 are al- tural production. Israeli industry
most beginning to pay for them- has subcontracted to firms in the
selves. Instead of creating a drain occupied territories. Israel itself
on Israel's economy, they are bring- has become a market for furniture
. ing in substantial revenue and made in Gaza and candy from Nab-
could show a profit in the not-kto- lus:
distant future, according to official
The territories imported from Is-
figures released here.
rael $75,400,000 last year, a 10
Israel is expected to spend $55,- per cent increase over 1969 im-
100,000 to administer the West ports.
Bank, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights
In Long Beach, N.Y., Dr.
and Sinai during the next fiscal Yosef Burg of Israel's National
year which begins April 1. But she Religious Party, interior minister
will collect $46,100,000 in taxes and since last year, denounced Arab
oil revenues, the latter from Egyp- charges that Israel is undemo-
tian wells on the Sinai Peninsula. cratic. "The • Arabs of Israel,
This means that Israei will have even in the occupied territories,
to lay out only $9,001),000 of its own are enjoying a much higher stan-
resources on the occupied territory dard of living than their breth-
—less than one fourth of 1 per cent ren in neighboring Arab coun-
of its $3,800,000,000 budget for tries," he told the more than
500 delegates attending the five-
The bulk of the revenue stems day convention of the Religions
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February 12th to
from taxes paid by the 1,000,000
Except for East Jerusalem,
where the Israeli tax scale has
been introduced, the inhabitants
of the occupied territories pay
no higher taxes than they did
under Jordanian, Egyptian or
Syrian rule before 1967. How-
ever, their income has been
growing. According to figures
published by the Bank of Israel,
there has been a 12-16 -per cent
annual rise in production in the
Zionists of America.
"Christian and Arab citizens of
Israel have complete religious
freedom and cultural autonomy in
their varied spiritual practices,"
declared Dr. Burg, an Orthodox
rabbi. "Moslems have their own
religious courts, recognized by the
government with exclusive jurist
diction in matters of personal sta:
tus. The budget for these courts
is covered by the government."
Arabic, he noted, is spoken and
translated in the Knesset.
"Thus," he said "Israel can
justifiably be called a bastion of
democracy," in contrast with the
"implied or actual threat of -for-
cible repression" in "the autocratic
governments of neighboring Arab
TO emphasize his point, Dr. Burg
reported that 85 per cent of the
Arabs in Israel receive a public
school education, compared with
less than 44 per cent of those in
Egypt, 34 per cent of those in
Syria, 32 per cent in Jordan and
30 per cent in Iraq. "Israel, there-
fore," he declared, "observes more
than ample religious tolerance."
The occupied territories export
less to Israel than they buy from
it. But the trade deficit has nar-
rowed from $21,750,000 in 1969 to
$11,600,000 in 1970. About 31 per
cent of their exports is in the form
of labor — Arabs who travel to
Israel each day for jobs on which
they are paid the same wage scale
that Israeli workers receive.
The Israeli job market has re-
duced unemployment on the West
Bank from 5.8 per cent in 1969 to
2,7 per cent in 1970. The West
Bankers enjoy a favorable trade
balance with Jordan's east bank,
via the Jordan River bridges. WICKEDNESS
Figures show an important trend
If it be true that men are mis-
in the territories economy in re erable because they are wicked,
cent years has been its growing it is likewise true that many are
interrelationship with the economy wicked because they are miserable.
of Israel. —Samuel Taylor Coleridge
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