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January 08, 1971 - Image 18

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1971-01-08

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

U.S. Rejects-Soviets Retaliation Threats

(Continued from Page 1)
emphasized that the majority of
U. S. citizens "reject the actions
of small extremist groups" and
said the government was working
in cooperation with local police to
prevent them. He noted the arrests
of 15 persons in New York City
in connection with the violent
demonstrations near the Soviet UN
Mission. He stressed, however, that
the majority of demonstrations
were peaceful and that the U. S.
was in no way opposed to peace-
ful demonstrations.
McCloskey disclosed that two
U. S. Embassy officials In Mos-
cow received anonymous threat-
ening telephone calls in recent
weeks. He said it was not dear
whether the threats were against
the individuals or against the
embassy but the phone calls
could not have been made with-
out the knowledge of Soviet au-
thorities because the embassy
numbers are unlisted. He Said
the U. S. expects Soviet authori-
ties to "take appropriate action
to protect U. S. persons and lo-
stitutions in the Soviet Union."
During a question period, Mc-

Closkey said the groups involved
in violent actions against Soviet
premises ranged in numbers from
about a dozen to no more than 100.
In reply to questions, he said that
members of the militant Jewish
Defense League were involved in
the violent demonstrations but
couldn't say whether any JDL
members were among those ar-
rested. The JDL's chairman, Rabbi
Meir Kahane, implied a physical
threat when he declared at an anti-
Soviet rally in New York last week,
"Two Russians for every Jew."
Kahane's group and its actions
have been denounced by most
major Jewish organizations.

The Council of Orthodox
Rabbis of Detroit has called
it• a mass prayer meeting on
F.' behalf of Soviet Jewry sae
P.m. Sunday at Cong. Mogen
E Abraham (Yeshivath Beth
di Yehudah).
The meeting has been
• planned in conjunction with
• Agudath Israel, Akiva He-
brew Day School, Beth
Yehudah Schools, Metropoli-
iii tan Council of Young Israel
• ::: and Mizrachl-Hapoel Hamiz-
rachl Organisation.

*

Jewish spokesmen Tuesday ex-
pressed surprise over the Soviet
note. Rabbi Gilbert Klaperman,
chairman of the New York Con-
ference on Soviet Jewry, told the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency that
"There has been no threat against
Russians in the U. S. and to say
that there will be threats against
Americans in Russia is completely
unrelated to the facts."
He claimed that there was no re-
lationship between the Zionist
movement and demonstrations
against the Leningrad trial which
was "a reaction by humane and
compassionate people throughout
the world against Russian repres-
sion."
'Rabbi Arthur Schneier of the
Park East Synagogue in New
York, who is president of the Ap-
peal for Conscience Foundation,
told the JTA that the Soviet note
"must be construed as a deliberate

attempt to reduce the influx of
Americans" who have been visit-
ing the Soviet Union in rising
numbers in the last few years,
"among them many Jews." Amer-
ican residents in Moscow are esti-
mated at several hundred business-
men, studenti and cultural ex-
change personnel, in addition to
the U. S. diplomatic mission.
Glen Richter, a spokesman for
the. Student Struggle for Soviet
Jewry,. told the JTA Tuesday that
in his tie* Moscow's note was "a
typical Soviet overreaction, using
threats instead of dealing with the
problem." He claimed it was evi-
IS — Friday, Jemmy $, 1971

deuce of "Soviet sensitivity to
protest on Soviet Jewry."
The Soviet UN mission head-
quarters in New York and the
official Soviet diplomatic residence
at Glen Cove, L. I., have peen the
scene of mass demonstrations and
picketing by Jewish groups out-
raged by the Leningrad trial and
sentences.
Defendants in the second Len-
ingrad trial, which was post-
poned from its scheduled
Wednesday opening, apparently
• had "confessions" wrested from
them while in jail, according to
reliable sources which stated
that the alleged confessions will
be presented in court along with
other evidence consisting of He-
brew books and letters from Is-
rael confiscated when their
homes were raided and searched
by the Soviet secret police.
According to the same sources,
Wolf Zalmanson, a 31-year-old Jew-
ish engineer who had been work-
ing on military installations in
Riga, will go on trial before a
military court martial. Zalmanson
was part of the original group ar-
rested at Leningrad's Smolny Air-
port last June 15 in an alleged plot
to hijack a Soviet airliner but was
separated from the rest of the de-
fendants because of his military
status. Among the Jews sentenced
in Leningrad were his brother,
Isak, 26, who received an eight-
year term, and his sister. Silva
Zalmanson Kuznetsov, who was
sentenced to 10 year's imprison-
ment. His brother-in-law, Edvard

Kuznetsov, was one of the two
defendants sentenced to death by
the Leningrad court, a sentence
later commuted to 15 years' hard
labor.

The sources also informed the
JTA that the two other Jews have
been sentenced and imprisoned
in Russia in recent weeks.
Maj. Grischa Feighi, a World
War II hero, was committed to
a mental institution after he re-
turned his medals, in protest
against Soviet anti-Jewish poll-
des. They also reported that
Boris Borisov, who had been
seeking an exit visa to go to
Israel, was sentenced to a three-
year jail term on charges of
"hooliganism" in Leningrad on
Dec. 24. There was no direct con-
nection between Borisov's trial
and that of the 11 charged in the
aerial hijack plot.

Western sources learned Tues-
day that the trial of nine Russian
Jews scheduled to start in Len-
ingrad Wednesday was postponed.
No reason was given for the
postponement and no new trial
date was set. The nine have been
accused of spreading Zionist
propaganda and of failing to inform
Soviet authorities of the alleged
aerial hijack plot.
The "bureaucratic boondogling
of Soviet officialdom" has caused
Rep. Bertram L. Podell, New York
Democrat, to postpone plans to
lead a 20-congressman "freedom
flight" to Moscow to protest the
Leningrad sentences. Podell is
urging the parliaments of other
nations to "follow the laudatory
lead of the House and Senate and
to adopt similar resolutions con-
demning the treatment of Jews in
the Soviet Union." Podell had plan-
ned to take his plea directly to
Premier Alexei N. Kosygin, but
"the Soviet Embassy refused to
speed up its snail-like application
process."
(In New York, motion picture
producer-director Otto Preminger
said be had written on behalf of

the city's theatrical unions to their
Muscovite counterparts to protest
the sentences and the general situa-
ion of Soviet Jewry,)

The more than 400 Jewish
leaders from GS American com-
munities who met In Washington,
Dee. 30 on behalf of the Lenin-
grad prisoners petitioned the
Kremlin to "right the wrong
emnalUed against the Leningrad
defendants before the guns of

THE DETROIT JEWISH HEWS

the flirng squad commit mur-
der." The appeal declared that
the "barbaric sentences"--two
Jews condemned to death and
nine other prisoners given prison
terms for "banditry and treason"
—were levied "for crimes that
were never committed." That,
the leaders asserted, was "a
travesty of justice."

Dr. William A. Wexler, president
of Bnai Brith and chairman of the
Conference of Presidents of Major
American Jewish Organizations,
contended that the Soviet "arro-
gance" and "brutality" had "over-
night put the plight of Soviet
Jewry squarely before the moral
conscience of the entire world"—
a feat that Soviet Jewry itself, he
said, had been unable to achieve
over many years.
Rabbi Herschel Schacter, chair-
man of the American Jewish Con-
ference on Soviet Jewry, said the
"courageous voice of Soviet Jewry"
would never be stilled despite
"cruel anti-Semitism."
Arthur J. Goldberg, the former
ambassador and Supreme Court
justice, asked: "What kind of jus-
tice makes a man a prisoner in
the land of his birth?"—especially
for religious reasons. Such "jus-
tice" he said, was uncivilized.
George Meanv, chairman of the
AFL-CIO, called on European free-
trade centers to protest the Lenin-
grad sentences.
Dr. Hans J. Morgenthau, the poli-
tical scientist, said the Leningrad
trial was a "replica" of the "Jew-
ish doctors' plot" against Stalin,
in that it sought to "stifle expres-
sions of Jewish consciousness in
the Soviet Union."
Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, for-
mer vice president, cabled Soviet
Premier Alexsei N. Kosygin to pro-
test the "terrible verdicts," to
"earnestly request your immediate
personal intervention to prevent a
cruel miscarriage of justice" and
to "review the entire problem of
Soviet Jewry."
Lawrence Cardinal Sheehan of
Baltimore issued a statement con-
demning the "harsh and inhuman
handling of these unfortunate vic-
tims of Soviet intimidation."
Three spokesmen who were
selected by the conference to
present the Jewish protests and
to ask for U. S. action in de-
fense of Russian Jewry — Dr.
Wexler, Rabbi Schachter and
Max M. Fisher of Detroit, pres-
ident of the Council of Jewish
Federations—met first with Sec-
retary of State Rogers and then
for 40 minutes with President
Nixon.

The President conceded that peo-
ple have a right to leave their na-
tive countries for other lands of
their choice in their selection of
homelands.
With the theme "Freedom Now
for All Jews" reverberating Sun-
day through Roosevelt Field in
Garden City, N.Y., and facing a

20-foot float on which 11 young
men dressed in black and white
prison garb depicted the convicted
Leningrad 11, more than 6,000
Jews and Christians participated
in a mass interfaith protest rally
against the Leningrad trial and
the scheduled new trials.
Following speeches and prayers,
the throng reassembled into a 2,000-
vehicle motorcade which proceeded
on a 10-mile drive to the Glen
Cove estate used by the Soviet mis-
sion to the United Nations. Nassau
County police officers, accompany-
ing the motorcade, said it was the
largest and longest in Long Island
history. At the same time, the
Rockland County Committee for
Soviet Jewry sponsored a 250-car
motorcade from Spring Valley,
N.Y., to New York City past the
Soviet Mission to the UN and from
there to the Isaiah Wall opposite
the UN where a 45-minute rally
was held.
Seven thousand Jews from Mon-
treal, Toronto and Ottawa demon-
strated on Parliament Field and
before the Soviet Embassy protest-
ing the sentences given the "Len-

ingrad defendants and the dis-
crimination of the Soviet regime
against that country's 3,500,000.
Jews."
Hausner: Nazis Could

Learn from Soviet
Anti-Semitic Propaganda

LONDON (JTA)—Gideon Haus-
ner, the Israeli attorney who pros-
ecuted Adolf Eichmann, said here
that "even the Nazis could learn a
thing or two from Soviet propa-
gandists" when it comes to anti-
Semitian. Hausner spoke at an
emergency meeting on Soviet Jew-
ry called by the Board of Deputies
of British Jews. It was attended
by representatives of other Anglo-
Jewish organizations and by
Israeli Ambassador Michael Ca
may. Hausner, a member of the
Knesset, said that an article in last
Thursday's Izvestia, the Soviet gov-
ernment newspaper, was "full of
hatred for Jews and proclaimed a
confrontation between the Soviet
Union and world Jewry." He pre-
dicted that eventually the Soviets
will back down on this as they
have on other issues, but mean-
while, he added, Jews have "no
doubt what we are facing."
Lord Shinwell, who addressed
the meeting, said "We are witness-
ing now in Russia a resurrection of
anti-Semitism and we must fight it
by every means in our power."
Joseph Yankelevitch, a Russian
Jew who went to Israel 18 months
ago after spending 10 years in a
Siberian labor camp, told the
meeting: "I am here to bear wit-
ness that Stalin's death changed
nothing." •

70-Year-Old Doctor
Implores Soviet to Permit
Family to Join Her in Israel
NEW YORK (JTA)—The Amer-

ican Jewish Committee made pub-
lic a plea by a 70-year-old woman
pediatrician who lives on a kibutz
in Israel, in which she asks Soviet
authorities for the 28th time to
allow her sick daughter, the lat-
ter's ill husband and their two
children to leave Russia and to
join her in Israel. Philip E. Hoff-
man, president of the AJCommit-
tee, pointed out that the denial of
permission for this family to be
reunited was in direct contradic-
tion of the pledge of Soviet Pre-
mier Alexei Kosygin, who in De-
cember 1966, in Paris, asserted
that "with respect to reunions of
families, if some families want to
meet, or if they want to leave the
Soviet Union, then the road is open

and no problems exist in this re-
spect."
The pediatrician, Dr. Fruma
Gurwich, who survived the Nazi
occupation of Kaunas, Lithuania,
and who now lives In Kibutz Loha-
mei Hagetaot ("Fighters of the
Ghettos"), said that her daughter
and her family-had been refused
permission for the last four years
by Soviet authorities to leave Kau-
nas, where they live, for Israel. Dr.
Gurwich, in her public appeal,
pointed out that both her daughter,
Etta Levitan, 38, and her son-in-
law, Imanuil Levitan, 42, are ill.
In an emergency call issued to
the more than 400 Hebrew day
schools in North America, Rabbi
Jacob Ruderman, chairman, rab-
binical administrative board of
Torah Umesorah, the National So-
ciety for Hebrew Day Schools,
urged all schools to take the initia-
tive in sponsoring special prayer
convocations on behalf of Russian
Jewry, Sunday.

Rabbi Meir Kahane again was
arrested 'in New York when he
led Jewish Defense League dem-
onstrators in front of the Aero-
flot-Internist official Soviet tour-
ist office and demanded the right
to buy two plane tickets to bring
the two Jews who were sent-
enced to death to this country.

At the offices of the New York
Board of Rabbis, whose doors were
securely locked, Rabbi Kahane told
newsmen that "We want the rabbis
who marched in Selma to march
now for the Soviet Jews. Rabbis
got arrested for the blacks — let
them get arrested for their bro-
thers. We are asking the New
York Board of Rabbis, which rep-
resents 1,000 rabbis, to conduct a
sit-in tomorrow at Foley Square."
(Detroit Jewish Defense League
supporters held a demonstration at
Oak Park Municipal Park on Dec.
29. Daniel Berk was the speaker).

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