Hebrew U. Scientist's Research on Fungi Draws Worldwide Cooperation
medical sciences are likely to
benefit from a classification of Is-
raeli and overseas species of the
fungus Fusarium, now being com-
piled by a scientist at the Hebrew
University of Jerusalem.
Prof. Abraham Joffe, associate
professor of mycology and my-
cotoxology at the university, be-
lieves that the classification will
give fellow scientists all over the
world a long-needed tool for de-
fining Fusarium species.
The aim of this research is to
analyze critically the present state
of classification of genus Fusari-
um, and to introduce a new meth-
od for classification based on the
morphological, psychiological, eco-
logical and other biological prop-
erties of the fungi.
In his laboratory on the uni-
versity's Givat Ram campus,
Prof. Joffe is presently classify-
ing some 70 species of Fusarium
from- seven countries, including
the United States and the USSR.
They have been sent to him by
to Address JNF
NEW YORK — U.S. Senators
Hubert H. Humphrey and Robert
Taft Jr. will deliver principal ad-
dresses at the national assembly
of the Jewish National Fund, Jan.
17 at the Waldorf Astoria Hotel.
Herman L. Weisman, president
of the JNF, said more than 1,000
delegates are expected to attend
SEN. HUBERT HUMPHREY
scientific institutions in those
countries, including the Americ-
an Type Culture Collection, Rock-
ville, Md. and the Food and
The species he has received
from the Soviet Union were sent by
some of Russian-born Prof. Joffe's
former scientist colleagues.
The main source of Fusarium
for the research, however, has
come from Israel, isolated from
substracts in different types of
soils and plants.
For two years, the species have
been under study in thermostat-
controlled incubators where they
are kept under seven different
above-zero temperatures and at
various ecological conditions —
either in darkness or light, or liv-
ing on different substances.
The species then are grown ex-
perimentally in pots in an adjoin-
ing greenhouse. Hitherto, the
pathogenity has hardly been stud-
ied but is now examined using the
controlled infection method ap-
plied in Prof. Joffe's greenhouse.
The Fusaria are widely distri-
buted in nature. They grow on live
plant material and in the soil. Ac-
cording to Prof. Joffee, who has
been working on Fusarium for
more than 30 years, the existing
literature on Fusarium shows that
classification is inadequate.
Among the Fusaria, many spe-
cies are parasitic and cause
various plant diseases, often
very extensive. These diseases
result in severe losses in yields
of cultivated plants, as well as
in agricultural products during
storage. In addition, some of the
Fusaria are toxic to human be-
of cereals, fruits, vegetables and
flowers the world over.
Prof. Joffe had his early scien-
tific career at the University of THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Vilna and his PhD at the Botanic-
Friday, December 1$, 1970-5
al Institute of the USSR Academy
of Sciences at Leningrad. He
headed the mycological laboratory
of the Institute of Epidemicology
and Micro-biology in the Orenburg
District of the USSR.
Prof. Joffe, who settled in Israel
in 1958 joining the Hebrew Univer-
sity faculty, last year completed a
five-year research project of Afla-
toxin isolated from the fungus
Aspergillus flaws, which is re-
sponsible for the deaths of plants
and animals the world over, on a
grant from the U.S. Department of
Agriculture. This grant has come
to an end, and he is now doing
classification of Fusarium on a
• Complete Hearing Tests & Evaluations
small Hebrew University grant.
One of the early findings of
and other quality Hearing Aids Fitted
Prof. Joffe's research is that it has
proved that some 30 per cent of
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the Israeli Fusarium studied are
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toxic at various degrees.
Prof. Joffee hopes to finish a
monograph, of which the maxon-
omy is part, in three-four years,
LICENSED HEARING AID ALIDOOLOGISTS
and will then be able to hand over
to his fellow-scientists a long await-
ed tool for tackling Fusarium fun-
gi abounding in soils and all kinds
Ings and animals, causing di-
sease and death.
.eusiom,Rictsts cf Qualatj4-learing Aids:rt.
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Yiddish Press Lives On
Despite Dire Predictions,
Shazar Says on Milestone
JERUSALEM (JTA)—President ■ Shandels Has Over
Zalman Shazar, declaring that "in
1500 Gowns to Choose from
spite of many predictions of its
death, the Yiddish press refuses to
die," adressed a gathering of writ-
ers and journalists at his home,
marking the 100th anniversary of
the Yiddish press in America.
He recalled that 35 years ago
Baruch Vladeck, the then editor of
the Jewish Daily Forward, New
York's largest Yiddish daily, pre-
dicted that within 12 years there
would be no more Yiddish press in
the United States. He said he made
Vladeck put his prediction in writ-
ing and it was witnessed by an-
other Yiddish writer, Abraham
Reg. to $69
"Since then, many times a
dozen years have passed and the
Yiddish press is still going
strong," President Shazar ob-
BankAmericard • Mastercharge
The anniversary was marked by
the World Association of Jewish
Journalists with a special issue of
its periodical, The Jewish Journal-
ist. containing messages of good 154 S. WOODWARD NEAR 15 MI.
will from President Nixon and
BIRMINGHAM, MICH. MI. 2-4150
Premier Golds Mein
SEN. ROBERT TAFT JR.
the two-day convocation, which
will launch the 70th anniversary
of the establishment of the Jewish
Both senators are expected to
present major statements on
American-Israel relations, their
first since their election to of-
fice last month. They will speak
at the plenary session Jan. 17.
On the same evening, Ambassa-
dor Jacob Tsur, world chairman
of the Jewish National Fund in
Jerusalem, will outline the pro-
gram of the JNF, and Weisman,
who will preside at the plenary
session, will deliver a "State of
the Fund" address. Robert Mer-
rill. Metropolitan 'Opera star, will
perform operatic and folk songs.
Lord Janner, who, as Sir Barnett
Janney was a Labor member of
Parliament for 25 years until his
recent elevation to the peerage
by Queen Elizabeth, will be prin-
cipal speaker at the opening
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