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November 27, 1970 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1970-11-27

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NE KM WON NE

THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20. 1951

Member American Amociaton of raglzb-JewUh Newspapers. Michigan Pres ► Association. National Editorial AssoclaUon
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 1751S W. Nine Mlle, Suite 863, Southfield, Mich. 48075.
Phone 3564400
Subscription $8 a year. Foreign $3.

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Editor and Publisher

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

Business Manager

CHARLOTTE DUBIN

City Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 28th day of Heshvan, 5731. the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuclial portion, Gen. 25:19-28:9. Prophetical portion, I Samuel 20:18-42.

Candle lighting, Friday, Nov. 57, 4:4.1 p.m.

Rosh Hodesh Kislev Torah reading, Sunday, Num. 28:1-15.

VOL. LVIII. No. 11

Page Four

November 27, 1970

Sparks of Peace in a Decent Society

Like his grandfather, King Abdullah, eluded the hijackings on a worldwide scale,
King Hussein is amenable to negotiating with the peoples of the Middle East can live in
Israel and to leading his Jordanian kingdom peace with a firmly established Jewish state.
on the path of amity with Israel.
Only Russia still stands in the way of
amicability. Had it not been for Russia, there
Hussein was present when Abdullah was is the belief that even Nasser would have
assassinated, and he knows the background
worked for peace. If not for the Kremlin, it

of Jordanian-Israeli friendship which began would not have been necessary to postpone
with Golda Meir's meetings with the mur- peace talks with Dr. Gunnar Jarring.
dered king. Now, with the passing of Nasser, A major fault in the developments in the
Hussein
evidences
and to deal
with the readiness
Israelis. to abandon fear Middle East lies with the press of the world.
It is not Agnewism by any means to charge
It's an old tale, it has been said all along that American and British newspapers espe-
that either Jordan or Lebanon is prepared to cially, and the Canadian and French as well,
be the second state to make peace with Israel. had given too much credence to the role of
It is all based on the fears of any Arab state the guerrillas who emerged as murderous ter-
to be the first to make such a move. Will rorists. The press gave dignity to murderers.
Jordan now be the first to reach. accord? Arafat became a hero, and his photograph
That's doubtful, yet it provides hope for some was displayed more prominently than that
sort of agreement to end warfare and to of any distinguished diplomat or scientist
create a form of neighborliness that will Hijackers, like the girl who attempted to
eventually compel peaceful agreements. terrorize passengers on an El Al plane, be-
Hussein's triumph over the terrorists is came notorious characters in our generation.

directly accountable for his readiness to That girl with grenades in her bosom made
some ridiculous charges against Israelis, but
confer, as he did, with Yigal Alton, Golda

Meir and Abba Eban. This is a heartening apparently there was little news value in the
development because it proves the inade- fact that the girl terrorist could have been
quacy of the guerrillas and their rejection endangered by enraged passengers but
by the overwhelming majority in Jordan and her life was protected by the Israeli El Al
especially the Jordanian army. crew.
What the press has failed to recognize
This is equally true in Lebanon, where
the Christian population which numbers half and to emphasize is that Jews and Israelis do
of all the Lebanese, is concerned about its not kill, they defend themselves and will
safety. Even in Lebanon, most of the Mos- prevent anything resembling a Dachau or
lems are known not to condone terrorism, and an Auschwitz to threaten them. But facts
whether Lebanon is first or second to make have been distorted.
peace with Israel, the fact is that terrorists
Now we may be on the road towards an-
may not be tolerated anywhere.
other set of ethical rules both on the diplo-
With Jordan the first to act in the direc- matic and the military fronts. Perhaps there
tion of peaceful negotiations, there will sure- will be a new trend in the actions of U Thant
ly emerge complete understanding of the and his associates, some of whom have earned
decencies which marked Israel's treatment of the brand mark of prejudice against Israel.
Arabs within her domain—in Israel proper Perhaps even Russia will change its anta-
and in occupied territories—and the form gonism toward Israel once the Kremlin takes
commercial freedom for Arabs assumed into account the strong stand of the Amer-
when they were enabled to travel to and ican people and government.
We hope we are on the road to peace.
from Jordan over Israeli highways, carrying
with them merchandise and agricultural The Israelis are consistent in such• a search
products. Economic conditions of Arabs un- for amity. Perhaps Hussein will help. The
der Israel's administration rose to very high craving for justice can not and will not be
standards, and perhaps there now is an ap- abandoned as long as there is even a minimal

preciation that by eliminating the terrorists, spark of compassion and friendliness among
by preventing their murderous acts which in- neighbors.

In most instances of expressions of re-
sentment, the demonstrators expressed their
views, presented their stated opinions to the
Russians who came here on a cultural ex-
change basis, and left with a feeling that
their message will be taken back to Russia.
The intention is to ask for justice for the
Jew and an end to prejudice, not to harm
anyone or to interfere with the cultural
programs which should eventually lead to
greater understanding between the American
and Russian peoples.

There were instances when orchestra
leaders who have come to this country with
Russian dance groups and members of such
tioitring troupes approached the peaceful
demonstrators and commended them for
their courteous presentation of a case so vital
in Jewish ranks today. But there have been
isolated instances of vileness which Jewish
communities reject as unworthy of our posi-
tion.
It. is our conviction that Russia is vulner-
able, that the Russian people would prefer
peace with Americans and with Jews--per-
haps also with Israelis—and therefore ex-

involved.

At the same time there is art allusion to the role of the hofjude
of the European tradition and the sbtadlan who has been repudiated
as an intermediary for Jews without being granted spokesmanship
by the Jewish community.
There is, in fact, in the Goren work, an elaboration of the processes
which marked the communal-building structures in American Jewry.
It is natural for it to include the issues involving the labor, movements,
education, integration of immigrants and relationships with non-Jews.
Thus, Americanization was a matter for serious consideration

Socialist Party was a serious matter at the time, and while viewing

pressions of resentment over the suppression
of eJwish rights in Russia are desirable and
should be encouraged. We reject indignity, we
con mend every effort to expose the Russian
discriminations and to demand for the Jews in
the USSR their rights as a cultural entity
and the right of emigration for all those who
wish to settle in Israel.

Confounding Confusion

Prof. Arthur A. Goren of the Hebrew University., who was on leave
this year as lecturer at Harvard University, has written a splendid
history of the Kehila experiment in New York in 1908 and 1922, and
in the process has revived great interest in
many noted personalities of the first three
decades of this century and the movements
and conflicts over community domination in
which they were involved.
In "New York Jews and the Quest for
Community" published by Columbia Univer-
sity, Press, there is a thorough reconstruction
of events that led to American Jewish Com-
mittee, Zionist Organization and American
Jewish Congress disputes. A chief figure in
the formation of the New York Kehila was
the late Dr. Judah L. Magnes, who later
became the first president of the Hebrew
University in Jerusalem, and his numerous
. ‘ontroversies involved differences over the
need for and formation of the American
Dr. Magnes
Jewish Congress movement.
Dr. Magnes, like the late Dr. Stephen S. Wise who figures signifi-
cantly in the Goren book, became involved also in political disputes.
It was an era in which Jewish leaders did not hesitate to take sides
in matters involving office seekers, and divisions in political circles
were unique.
There are frequent differences of opinion over the right of clergy-
men to participate in politics, and the experiences recorded by Prof.
Goren add immeasurably toward a better appreciation of the issues

and the assimilatory forces were fought in the communal plans that
were seriously considered by the leadership in Jewry. The role of the

Right to Protest USSR Discriminations

Should there be public demonstrations
against Russian artists visiting this country
as an expression of protest over the anti-Jew-
ish acts of the Kremlin?

History of New York Kehila
Traces Jewish Communal Trends

.

A question undoubtedly posed with the
best intentions by Detroit's morning daily
newspaper regrettably added confusion to
misunderstandings.
In a poll taken by the paper, 76.3 per cent
voted against granting Israel and Cambodia
$785,000,000 in military aid. The linking of
Cambodia with Israel was unrealistic, and
the impression given that Israel was to re-
ceive gifts was untrue to fact.
For Israel there is to be an opportunity to
get long-term credit to acquire hardware for
self-defense. Congress already voted in favor
of such action overwhelmingly in August—
only 11 having voted against it in the House
and seven opposed it in the Senate.
Time will correct all errors and misunder-
standings.

the developments involving the Kehila Dr. Magnes also dealt with
the Socialists and with men like Meyer London who was the only man
ever to have been elected to Congress on the Socialist ticket.
The author's emphasis on Jacob Schiff, Felix Warburg, Dr. Magnes,
Prof. Israel Friedlaender, Louis Lipsky, Louis Marshall and others in
various fields of endeavor gain added significance by his elaboration on
the roles of such men as: Abraham Cahan, Chaim Zhitlovsky, Mordecai
M. Kaplan, Gedaliah Bublick, Joseph Barondess, Samson Benderly,
Isaac Hourwich and a score of others who were leaders in various
movements and in the developing Jewish community.
Dr. Benderly's role as the creator of an effective Jewish educational
system is vital in the portrayal of the emerging New York community.
There is an interesting summary which throws light on the Jewish
approaches to creating the Kehila which today has its counterpart
in Jewish community councils:

"Magnes had assumed the existence of an ethnic solidarity which,
grounded in the group's minority experience and the national-religious

quality of Judaism, led to collective responses to outside threats. He
had proposed channeling these group-sentiments into the creation of

an Integrated community—the Kehila. Its utility and reasonability,

he

believed, would bring the Institution stability and recognition. This
Process fitted his understanding of the thrust of American society,
which he saw as evolving into a 'republic of nationalities.' But in the
declining period of the Kehila, .Magnes came to understand that
under the free conditions of American life, ethnicity was but one of
many attachments shared by group and individual. Only some lead-
ers would continue the elusive pursuit of organic community. Indeed,
Magnes' co-worker in the Kehila, Mordecai Kaplan, would make
this goal a central feature of his philosophy of Jewish life. But most
Jews remained Interested in the minimum of separation from the
larger society necessary for maintaining their Jewish identity. They
would be content with a more modest view of communty." •

The evolution of the council movement as it is being practiced today
traces its history from such an Americanization tendency. For an

understanding of organized Jewish life today, in centers in which the
old European methods of governing communal life have vanished, this

study by Prof. Goren is of immense importance.

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