Conditions for Talks Explored in Israel
region; and there is another very last Sunday's cabinet meeting that
(Continued from Page 1)
conditions which, if fulfilled, could unpleasant block of ice—the Se- there was no obstacle to resum-
peace talks with Jordan under
lead to the resumption of the Jar- curity Council resolution. And there ing auspices
of United Nations en-
ring talks. These were said to be is the attitude of out' neighbors the
Gunnar V. Jarring because
an American pledge to maintain
there is no problem of missiles on
the Mid East arms balance and peace. I am also prepared to say the
Israel's relative military strength that the Rogers plan is not exactly
Observers here believe that Is-
at least through the end of 1971; heart-warming. But I want to end
American economic aid, including the war, and that can be done only rael's strategy now is to split the
easy credit terms to finance Is- through talks." In a speech on Fri- Arab front, an aim that would be
rael's arms purchases; and a clear day, Gen. Dayan noted that Egypt achieved if a separate peace could
American commitment to deter said it would end the cease fire be concluded with Jordan.
if no progress was made In the
According to this theory, King
possible Soviet aggression.
Reliable sources said here Wed- Jarring talks after two months. Hussein has a much freer hand to
with Israel since the death
nesday that the U. S. has assured
Israel it shares the Israeli view would not like to be in their place of President Gamal Abdel Nasser
Nasser's domination of
that the Jarring peace talks are
based exclusively on the Security canal they may meet Israeli armor Arab politics and strategy and his
immense prestige with the Arab
Council's Mid East Resolution 242.
masses restrained King Hussein
According to these sources, Eban day war," be warned.
A bitter fight is shaping up from taking actions on his own,
brought this fact to the attention
such actions as he might have
of Dr. Jarring when they met in
ernment recommend Israel's re- deemed to be in the best interests
Dr. Jarring voiced no objections,
Observers note that Hussein
and Eban was said to have gained It will be led by Menahem Begin,
still has a problem with Pale-
the impression that the UN envoy leader of the Herat wing of the
guerrillas who are op-
accepted the American-Israeli posi-
largest political party.
posed to any kind of settlement
but be proved, dur-
Addressing an audience of 2,000
(Reports from New York Tues-
the Jordanian civil war in
day night claimed that Dr. Jarring .at the Herut national convention ing
that he could sub-
has set Jan. 5 as the deadline -for here, Begin demanded new elec- September,
the guerrillas without any
his peace-seeking mission_ He re- tions before the government fakes due
outside aid, and be appears now
portedly said that unless some any position involving territorial As
have them under effective
progress Is made in peace talks concessions.
He said it was inevitable that control.
under his auspices by then, he will
According to these observers,
Israel would be forced to give up
formally resign his mission.)
The Israel government no longer Art of the Occupied Arab terri- Israel regards Jordan as funda-
regards the American peace initia- tories if she returned to the Jar- mentally the weakest of its neigh-
tive as the motivating factor be- ring talks. It was on that Issue that bors and therefore the most amen-
hind the extended cease fire in the Gahal walked out of Premier able to a peace settlement. Israelis
Suez Canal zone. As the Israelis Meir's coalition government last believe that King Hussein may be
see it, the truce extension stems July when the cabinet agreed to more interested than ever in a
from the recommendation of the accept the American peace initia- separate peace since the agree-
General Assembly, which contain- tive including indirect talks with ment announced in Cairo Sunday
ed no special standstill conditions. the Arabs under Dr. Jarring's that might lead to a federation of
According to the Israelis, this re- auspices and a 90-day cease fire. Egypt, Libya and the Sudan.
Since then Begin and his col- All observers agree that such
leases them, and the Egyptians as
well, from any commitment to a leagues have become more ada- a federation is still far off. The
mant. They regard the subsequent three leaders agreed only to the
standstill In the cease-fire zone.
That point was stressed by Gen. truce violations by Egypt as a establishment of certain joint
Dayan in a speech to the Engi- vindication of their position, and bodies which, among other things,
neers Club in Haifa in which be they apparently believe that their would draft a program for federa-
was also quoted as favoring Is- views are shared by a large seg- tion.
rael's return to the Jarring talks ment if not a majority of the
Nevertheless, should it come to
without a correction of Egypt's Israeli public. Denouncing the Jar- pass, it would change the entire
past truce violations. Official
complexion of the Middle East.
sources who insisted on anonymity chiimed that the government has Libya, an underpopulated country,
claimed that Gen Dayan told the no mandate from the people to is one of the world's richest oil
cabinet that his Hain speech was agree to territorial concessions.
producers with oil revenues of
The Herut leader charged that about $1,000,000,000 a year. Egypt
misinterpreted. The defense minis-
ter sad that his references to the concessions were clearly implied has a reservoir of professional
Jarring talks were made in the by Defense Minister Dayan when talent and growing technological
context of Israel's original ac- he expressed support of the Jar- laiowhow while Sudan has a vast
ceptance of the American peace ring talks in Haifa.
agricultural potential to contribute
initiative which was a matter
Begin also objected to state- to the federation.
of heated debate with the Gahal ments by Dayan, Allon and other
For the time being, Egypt is
faction last summer. That claim government leaders that Israel is the only one of the three poten-
did not tally with the tex of militarily stronger now than it was tial partners with a military
Gen. Dayan's - spetech as it was three months ago. He said such establishment that is more than
broadcast over the radio or with statements were an invitation to negligible . Nevertheless, the
the large extracts published in Is- the United States to force Israel menace to Israel is clear. A fed-
raeli newspapers Sunday. Most ob- back into the Jarring talks on eration of the three North Afri-
servers here believe that the "re- grounds that Israel is not really can states would form a nation
traction" made in Gen. Dayan's imperiled.
of over 2,000,000 square miles,
name by anonymous sources was
A U. S. senator on a "private
the seventh largest in the world,
intended to prevent the cabinet visit" told Israelis that it would
with a population of 48,000,000,
rift from becoming a public issue. be "unwise to return to the (Jar- ranking It the 14th most populous
Gen. Dayan stressed in his ring) talks" before the Egyp-
nation, just behind France.
speech that Israel enjoyed mili- tians rolled back their Soviet
The Israeli newspaper Davar
tary superiority over Egypt despite missile batteries from the Saez called
the projected federation "a
the missile buildup in the Suez cease-fire zone.
designed to impress and
truce zone. He said he was for
Sen. Henry M. Jackson, Demo- frighten but which will soon reveal
the Jarring talks because we want crat of Washington, a member of itself to be merely a scarecrow."
not only to end the war but to the Senate Armed Services Com- The paper predicted that the
attain peace and there Is no other mittee, told newsmen that "If the three partners would be unable to
way to peace than through talks Russians and Egyptians are in merge their political differences
with the other side, direct or in- earnest about continuing the Jar- if
the federation ever went beyond
direct." Observers here said that ring talks" they had better re- the
the omission from his speech of move the missiles installed during
newspaper Hatzofe warned
demands for removal of Soviet the previous 90-day cease fire. that the
federation would make it
missiles from the Suez truce zone Stressing that he was expressing easier for
Libya to transfer to
was hardly accidental.
in private opinion, the senator said Egypt the Mirage jets it recently
Gen. Dayan admitted that Is- a missile roll-back must be "a pre- purchased from France and the
rael had to walk a very narrow condition for continuing the talks" Chieftain tanks purchased from
path in its relations with the U.S. because "you can't make a deal Britain.
because of its urgent dependence with the Russians by concessions."
Observers noted that Egypt's
on American military and diplo- Jordan Would Be First
federation with Syria in 1958 to
to Make Peace With Israel,
form the United Arab Republic
Dayan noted that the "Rogers Political Observers Believe
fell apart after three years. On
map still exists," a reference to
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Political the other hand, it was noted that
boundaries proposed by Secretary observers here believe that Israel Egypt has much more in common
Rogers a year ago which Israel now views Jordan as the first -Arab geographically, economically and
considers unacceptable. Neverthe- state with which it may be able to ethnically with the Sudan than it
less, Gen. Dayan hinted that Israel conclude a peace agreement.
had with Syria. Geography also
must be prepared to make some
This view marks an important favors an Egyptain-Libyan link-up
painful concessions in the interests shift away from the previous Is- since aerial transportation has
of a lasting peace. "We have to raeli assessment of peace pros- solved the problem of communica-
take a plunge into some very cold pects which held that Egypt was tions across the Libyan desert.
water in order to reach a haven the key to any Middle East settle-
All observers agree that a tri-
of peace," he said. "There is a ment and must be dealt with be- partite federation would enhance
big and decisive iceberg floating fore Israel's other Arab neighbors. Russia's influence, in the Mid East
in that water—the Soviet Union.
The shift was hinted in Premier since the three partners are radi-
She is a very active partner in our Golda Meir's reported remark at cal, revolutjonary regimes oppqsed
to the West. That alone is consid- Jordan and Saudi Arabia and the
ered cause for alarm for the con- Persian Gulf sultana tea and
servative monarchies that rule Sheikhdoms.
8 — Friday, November 13, 1970
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