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October 30, 1970 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1970-10-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with ismse of July 20, 1951

Member Americas Assectaton of Enitish-Jewlsh Newspapers. Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Associatioa
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075.
Phone 4564400
Subscription as a year. Foreign IL

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
amino s hangar

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

SSW and Paldannar

CHARLOTTE ODIUM
oft amter

Sabbath Rosh Bode* Heshvan Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath, the first day of Heshvan, 5731, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portions, Gen. 6:9-11:31, Num. 28:9-15. Prop h etical portion,
Isaiah 66:1-24.

Candle

VOL. LVIEL No. 7

ugmtas.

Friday, Oct_ 38, 5:14 p.m.

Page Four

October 38, 1970

Obligation to Buy Israel-Made Products

With the United Jewish Appeal and the
Israel Bond drives receiving the inevitable
priorities in fund-raising efforts in Jewish
communities everywhere, there has emerged
another great obligation in the task of sup-
porting Israel and of assuring the economic
security of the Jewish state.
It is the purchase of Israel products as
a major means of providing an assurance
that exports will soon equal imports, from
and to Israel, and that Israeli industries will
be given such encouragement that there will
be continuity in avoiding unemployment in
Israel and in accisting in every possible way
of keeping the state's standards on the high-
_ est level.
Israel needs tremendous funds to in-
tegrate tens of thousands of newcomers an-
nually, to provide housing, health and edu-
cational facilities for them. If Israel's role
is to be in the spirit of our people's tradi-
tions, the intellectual aspects of the nation
must be high-geared and for that purpose
its universities must have all the means
necessary to secure the best professors and
to accept for enrollment all who apply as
students. These purposes are in great meas-
ure assisted by the funds provided by the
United Jewish Appeal which is aided in
Detroit by the Allied Jewish Campaign.
There are other needs, especially those
requiring the financing of the - armed forces.
These absorb more than 6 per cent of the
Israel budget, and the money for it must

come from taxation. The burden upon the
Israelis has been very great and has created
many hardships. But this burdensome aspect
of Israel's existence can also be eased if
the economic position of Israel is strength-
ened. This is where the expansion of Israel's
export trade fits in. And this is where
the obligation upon all Jews to purchase
Israel-made products becomes so vital.
The list of Israel-produced items is so
large that it could not possibly be listed
here. It ranks from razor blades to furni-
ture, from various foods to the finest in
clothing for men and for women, from men's
ties and trousers to women's furs and formal
attire, from wines and champagnes to elec-
tronics and high-geared machines.
A new appeal now goes forth to Diaspora
Jewry, and it is emphasized in the slogan:
Buy Israel-Made Products. It is believed that
every American Jewish man, woman and
child should average a purchase of $100 in
Israel-made items every year. That would
assure an impressive American participation
in the industrial development of Israel.
Representatives of the America-Israel
Chamber of Commerce and of cooperating
Zionist and other organizations are assist-
ing in the local effort to make known merch-
ants who carry Israel products and the type
of Israel-produced items available in our com-
munity. The response should be commensur-
ate with the vastness of the need for the
success of this task to encourage the pur-
chase of Israeli products.

Human Rights Fail ures in UN, U. S.

Just before the U.S. Senate adjourned
for a few weeks to permit its members to
participate in the election campaigns, Sen-
ator William Proxmire of Minnesota uttered a
plea for ratification of the United Nations
Genocide Convention which outlaws terroriza-
tion of nations and murderous assaults on
peoples,such as the Nazi mass murder of
Jews.
The Genocide Convention has, since its
adoption by the UN in 1948, received the
approval of nearly 60 nations. But the United
States, due primarily to the opposition of the
American Bar Association and the hesitancy
of the U.S. Senate to act because of the in-
fluence of the ABA position, has thus far
failed to join those who have acted to outlaw
genocide.
Sen. Proxmire had this to say in the course
of his remarks:
Despite the fact that we are the major

supporter of the UN, we have not given the UN
our full support in its work in the field of human

rights.

It is true that we were very active in the
drafting of the haus rights documents of the
UN, in particular the Genocide Convention. In
1948, the then assistant secretary of date, Ernest
Grosz, In a speech to the UN General Assembly
said:
"It seems to the U.S. delegation that, In a
world beset by many problems and great diffi-
culties, we should proceed- with this convention
before the memory of recent horrifying genocidal
acts has faded from the minds and consciences of
man. Positive action must be taken now. Hy
government is eager to see a genocide comes-
lion adopted at this session of the assembly and
signed by all member states before we quit our
labors here."
However, the United States has yet to ratify
this human rights convention.
I cannot think of a better way to commem-
orate the 25th anniversary of the UN than for
us to ratify the first human rights document
produced by the UN. By ratifying the Genocide
Convention we would effectively nullify the dis-
parity between our words and our action. I urge
the Foreign Relations Committee to bring the
Genocide Convention to the floor of the Senate
for ratification in Lbe near future.
It is clear that this nation has not ful-

the main the UN itself has been guilty of
failures to interpret its charter properly. In
his speech Sen. Proxmire quoted from
the report of the President's Commission
on the aspects of the 25th anniversary of the
United Nations. He quoted from the report
which stated that the UN "has facilitated the
independence of hundreds of millions of
people formerly under colonial rule; it has,
through its developmental programs contrib-
uted to the economic and social advancement
of many nations; and has produced conven-
tions on •human rights."
It is true: the UN did facilitate the inde-
pendence of hundreds of millions of people
who had previously been deprived of just
rights under the Hurcian Rights UN Charter.
But in the matter of independence and hu-
man rights for. Israel, the UN has been in-
different, attacks on Israel's rights have been
permitted, and whenever there was a proposal
to rob Israel of her rights, it was certain of
a majority at least in the Soviet-Arab domi-
nated Security Council.
When, therefore, we speak of the U. S.
failure to adopt the UN Genocide Conven-
tion, we can also supplement the charge that
the United Nations itself is filled with so
much venom that there isn't a chance for
isolated Israel. Let guilt be assigned to
whom it belongs.

Qualified Balloting

In the several days that remain before the
election on Tuesday it is imperative that
voters should study the issues so that they
may reach the polls somewhat informed about
the state's and the nation's needs.
Important amendments are on the ballot.
There is the duty to select the ablest men
for the governorship, senatorship, congres-
sional membership and the judiciary, as well
as qualified men for educational posts, on
local boards as well as our universities.
Becoming acquainted with the issues and
studying the qualifications of•candidates, we'll
be in a better position to cast ballots for
liberal-minded men and women, thus prevent-
filled its duty in respect to the human rights ing the 'danger of emergence of any one
decisions of the world _organization.. But in . either on .the. right. or .on the left.

Legends of the Baal Shem
Compiled by Noted Scholars

Two noted scholars—Prof. Dan Ben-Amos of the University of
Pennsylvania and Prof. Jerome R. Mintz of the University of Indiana
—have combined their skills in the editing and translating of the earliest
collection of the Hasidic founder's legends. The book, published by
University of Indiana Press (Bloomington, Ind.), is entitled "In Praise
of the Baal Shem Tov (Sbivhei ha-Besht)."

This volume is distinct in many respects. The introductory essay
explains Hasidism in relation to the theme of the Besht legends. The
reader is guided by an explanatory note on translations, and the back-
grounds noted in the stories become understandable in the explanatory
analyses.

The two authors' extensve labors become apparent in the fact that
they provided a glossary of 10 pages, thus assuring fullest links be-
tween reader and the founder of Hasidism whose legends have been
compiled here.

There is genuine scholarship in the editors' efforts, proven also
by the 10 pages of listings of the sources of the legends and an addi-
tional section of 16 pages of an index of motifs. These are in addition
to the extensive annotations and to guidelines by printers.

Among the legends is this one worth noting about "The Gentile
Who Blessed the Jews:"

Once the Besht prayed before the ark. In the middle of the prayer

he stopped praying and went to the street before the synagogue

where he saw a gentile selling wood. He bought a wagon load of
wood from him, and the gentile followed after the Besht and carried
the wood to the beth-hamidrash. The Besht told them to pay him
for the wood and to give him brandy for carrying the wood to the
beth•hamidrash.

The gentile said: "Blessed be the God of the Jews who has such
a holy people." Had a gentile bought the wood from him be certainly
would not have given him anything.

The disciples asked the Besht why he had stopped In the middle
of his prayer to bay wood, and he answered that during his prayer
he saw that in heaven there was an accusation made against the
Jews who live in the villages that they cheated the gentiles in their
accounts. He had to silence the accuser. As a result of the gentile's
praise of the Jews, the arguments of the accuser were silenced.

For students of Hasidism and mystic legendary themes, "In Praise
of the Baal Shem Tov" will serve a distinct need and will add inval-
uably to an understanding of the Hasidic movement and , its founder.

19 Sholem Aleichem Stories,
One-Ad Play in Paperback

A volume with some of the most notable of the Sholem Aleichem

stories, and a one-act play, translated by a leading authority on the
works of the great Yiddish humorist, has been reissued as a paper-
back, by Collier Books, a division of Macmillan Co.
Curt Leviant is the translator and editor of the 19 stories and the
one-act play ("Agents") in "Sholem Aleichem Stories and Satires."
With appropriate illustrations by Arthur Zaldenberg, the tales
selected are among the best known of the humorist's works.



Tales about the holidays, humor of the shtetl, Old World tragi-
comedies, the life in the isolated Jewish communities of Russia—
these are the tales of Sholem Aleichem that lead to laughter and
draw tears.
The "scholarly introduction by Curt Leviant, whose authoritativeness

on Yiddish literature and especially on the humorist of the ghetto have
elevated him to a position of leadership In literary criticisms and as a
translator, is especially valuable as a guide to students of Jewish
literature.
This paperback is an immensely important addition to the Yiddish

literature pow_ available in excellent, English translation.

.

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