2 Jewish Scientists Share Nobel Physiology Prize
Dr. Jana Axelrod
• • •
to Torch Drive
Vol. LVI II. No. 6
LONDON (JTA)—Two Jewish scientists—Sir Bernhard Katz of London and Dr. Julius Axelrod of Bethesda, Md.—were
named in Stockholm last Friday as two of the three winners of the 1970 Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine. The Swedish
Royal Caroline Medico-Surgerical Institute announced the selection of the three, who will share $76,800. The third winner is
Sweden's Dr. Ulf von Euler. The trio won for research on transmissions between nerve eel* knowledge useful in treating
nervous and medical disorders.
Sir Bernhard, 59, has been a professor and head of the biophysics department at University College here since 1952. Born
in Leipzig, he went on to obtain a masters degree in 1934, a PhD in 1938 and a doctor of science degree in 1943—the first from
the University of Leipzig, the last two from the University of London. He has been resident in London since 1935. A noted lecturer
and author, he was elected vice president of the Royal Society of Medicine in 1965 and was awarded its Copley Medal in 1967.
Dr. Axelrod, 58, of the University Public Health Service in Bethesda, has also been associated with the National Institute of
Mental Health since 1955. He received his bachelors degree from the City College of the City of New York in 1933, his masters
degree from New York University in 1941 and his PhD in chemical pharmacology from George Washington University, Wash-
ington, in 1955. A previous Jewish winner of the physiology and medicine prize, Germany's Dr. Otto H. Warburg (1931) recently
died at the age of 87. Another Jewish winner (1952) was Dr. Selman A. Wakeman, the Russian-born American credited with develop-
THE JEWISH NEWS
Review of Jewish News
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Sir Bernhard Katz
Magen David Adorn
and Urgent Need
for Blood Plasma
40' 27 17515 W. 9 Mile Rd., Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075, 356-84008.00 Per Year; This Issue 25c October 23, 1970
Cease Fire Deadline Appears
Extended; No U.S.-USSR Accord
NEW YORK (JTA) The United States and the Soviet Union appeared
to- be as far apart as ever on a solution of the Middle East cease fire impasse
after Monday night's working meeting between Secretary of State William P.
Rogers and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko. According to well in-
formed sources, there is no agreement at the moment and none is imminent
over rectification of the cease fire violations by Egypt in the standstill truce
The sources said that no new proposals for rectification were brought
up at the Rogers-Gromyko meeting — their second since last Friday — and
no compromise formulas are in the making on the Middle East. There was,
however, a hint that the U. S. may have retreated in its stand on rectification.
According to a knowledgeable source, the U. S. continues to insist on "rectifica-
tion or acknowledgement" by the Russians and Egyptians .that cease fire viola-
tions have indeed taken place. The either-or formulation carries the inference
- that the U. S. might be willing to settle for a "confession of sin" by the
Egyptians and their Soviet backers in place of a concrete rectification of the
cease fire violations. American spokesmen have declined to define publicly
what they mean by the term "rectification." In some quarters it has been taken
to mean a token removal of some missiles from the standstill truce zone.
Rogers described his latest talks with the Soviet foreign minister as
"useful" and said the atmosphere was "good." Asked by newsmen if he
thought the meeting would facilitate solutions, Rogers replied that "like any
meeting it seemed to clear minds." No further meetings between the two
diplomats have been scheduled before Gromyko returns to Moscow next
week. But Rogers was present when Gromyko met with President Nixon
on Thursday. That meeting, tequested by Gromyko, was held at 11 a.m. at the
White House. Dr. Henry Kissinger, the President's chief foreign policy adviser,
and Soviet Ambassador Anatoly F. Dobrynin also attended the meeting devoted
to the Middle East, Berlin and other matters at issue between super powers.
According to informed sources the Russian stand at the moment is that
Large-Scale Financial Aid to Israel
Starts Here With Record-Setting
$700,000 Leadership Bond Sales
Detroit's participation in the largest philanthropic effort in support of Israel,
coupled with investments to assure Israel's economic security, commenced
Monday night at a leadership gathering at Franklin Hills Country Club. A group
of 26 Detroiters, responding to messages interpreting current conditions in Israel.
subscribed $700,000 in Israel Bond purchases, and paved the way for the double-
giving campaign anticipated for the United Jewish Appeal through Detroit's
Allied Jewish Campaign.
Guest speakers who described the urgency of current needs were Rabbi
Herbert A. Friedman, executive vice president of the United Jewish Appeal.
and Col. David Sella, deputy chief of ordnance of the Israel defense forces. The
latter dealt with the needs, the former with the problems.
A strong appeal for large-scale participation in tasks to protect Israel's
sovereignty was made by Louis Berry, who presided.
Col. Sella warned that nothing has changed with the death of Gamal Abdel
Nasser. He described the basic situation as continuing to carry with it the threat
that the cease fire will enable the Egyptians to extend their preparations for
another war, and he emphasized the danger of Russian participation in these
Rabbi Friedman, foreseeing the possibility of another war within the near
future, said the greatest danger lies in "the possibility of economic exhaustion,"
and he urged that all-out giving should be merged with sharing in the economic
investments through purchase of Israel Bonds. Federations, and acquire all the
"Give all the tree money you can through
explaining that his
Israel Bonds you possibly can " Rabbi Friedman urged,
interest always linked UJA with , Bonds in the tasks of supporting Israel.
Describing Detroit as a "solid community" that always led in communal
efforts in this,country, Rabbi Friedman pleaded for continuity in these precedents
for leadership and philanthropic generosity.
but historically we'll win,"
In the event of another war "we'll pay heavily,
Rabbi Friedman said. (See Photo Page 36)
they have nothing to do with alleged missile movements in the Suez truce zone,
that it is purely an Egyptian matter and that no violations have occurred.
(Continued on Page 13)
Courage of Soviet Jewry Upheld
by Efforts of Young Detroiters
As increasing numbers of Soviet Jews gain courage to defy their gov-
ernment's policy of repression, their kinsmen in America—bolstered by an
- army of young people—are demonstrating in their behalf.
Soviet Jewry Week in Detroit has been marked by organizational
meetings, school assemblies and the distribution of literature and petitions
by teen-agers in area shopping centers.
Tonight and Saturday Soviet Jewry Sabbath Is•being observed in syna-
gogues and temples, at which members el the Rabbinical Commission will
deliver sermons en the situation of Soviet Jewry (See partial listing on
, On Sunday, at 9 a.m. a Conference on Soviet Jewry, sponsored by
the Jewish Community Council at the Jewish Center, will feature as guest
speaker Dr. Zvi Gitelman, an authority on Soviet affairs. A numbeKof
(Continued on Page 43)
A Cause: TWAY-three Young peo-
Zak& meet in Washington with their congressman, WY-
ple of Money
Wm S. Bromfield (R-Royal Oak) to Ammo the plight of Soviet Jewry.
The group, one of two busloads .1 rasa Dearaitars, was part of a OW
isesahme eastingent who joked the North American Jewish Tenth Council
mehIllsallen pretesting suppression of Soviet Jewry. roe Nixon
that It meld do all that lt can M baprove the presSets
for Soviet Jews to emigrate to Israel or asswisere else. The pisige was
mile to striate gated at the State Deportment.