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October 09, 1970 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1970-10-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Purely Commentary

(Continued from Page 2)
What is clear is that the pass-
and sought to play East against ing of Nasser leaves a void in the
West to Egypt's advantage. But Arab world that must be filled
then he sold out to the Soviet before peace talks can go forward.
Union, leaving his successors a Without strong and constructive
legacy of a Soviet occupying force leadership, no Arab nation can
that will sure be more difficult to negotiate and maintain a settle-
dislodge than that of Britain . . . ment with Israel. The question is
No one can say whether Presi- whether Egypt and the other Arab
dent Nasser could—or would— states are prepared to support the
have helped bring peace at last kind of moderate leadership that
to the Middle East. The challenge is required or whether the Arab
of the fedayeen had raised ques-
tions about his ability to make masses will continue to demand—
peace; his violations of the cease and get—the destructive dema-
fire cast the most serious doubt goguery that poisoned Nasser's
on his intentions. career.

Closer to home, John S. Knight, in his editorial in Sunday's Detroit
Free Press, took a similar stand. "You will pardon me, I hope, for
not joining the chorus of praise and laudation of the late Gamal Abdel
Nasser," the Knight editorial stated, introducing the challenge:
"Nasser's great hold on his people, his wily, impudent contriving,
his gift for rhetoric and 'his apparent successes made him the out-
standing figure in the Arab world.
"Yet in history, Nasser must be accounted a tragic failure. He
brought no lasting benefits to his people, he led his country into a
series of devastating defeats, he could not contain disunity within
the Arab world, he cynically played East against West . . ."
There is a summation and a conclusion to the Knight editorial
viewpoint that must be fully recognized. The Free Press editor stated:
World concern over Nasser's passing and fears of what the
future holds are certainly understandable. Nasser, with all of
his duplicity, was at least a known factor whereas a power vacuum
now exists.
And yet, with Nasser's sudden exit from the scene, the hope
persists that the United States and the Soviet Union may now
find avenues of accommodation which can prevent another con-
flagration in the Middle East.
After all, Nasser, with his errors of judgment and record of
utter failures, was no bargain for the Soviets.
A strong, well-armed Israel is the key to future negotiations
and our own self-interest.
This, we must never forget.
There is growing recognition of this view: that only a strong
Israel can assure prevention of a third world conflict and eventual
peace in the Middle East. John S. Knight's view, among similar ones
expressing public opinion, calls for adherence to an established policy
for interminable friendship and cooperation between Israel and the
United States.

Eban Urges U.S. to Stymie
Soviet Attempts at World Power

NEW YORK (JTA)—Lsraeli For-
eign Minister Abba Eban called
Sunday on the United States to
block Soviet attempts to dominate
the world at large and the Middle
East in particular.
Appearing on the ABC television
program "Issues and Answers,"
Eban said, in reply to a question,
that he did not think the Soviet
Union was now the dominant pow-
er in the Middle East.
There is "no domain and no
place" where the U.S. - is not dom-
inant, Eban said, adding that Is-
rael "would like to see more re-
soluteness in blocking and ob-
structing" Soviet attempts at dom-
ination.
He said that in the present situa-
tion in the Suez Canal standstill
cease-fire zone, the U.S. could
demonstrate its resoluteness by
either "strengthening Israel to the
maximal degree" or by getting the
Soviet Union to "correct" the cease
fire violations by withdrawing its
missiles.
Eban said, "My impression is
that the U.S. has not given. up
hope" of rectifying the cease fire
violations.
The Israeli foreign minister
repeated that Israel wants the
cease fire extended beyond its
Nov. 5 deadline and he thought
that "in Cairo there is a ten-
dency to extend the cease fire."
He said that if the Egyptians and
Russians really want to nego-

tiate they "will find a way" to
maintain the cease fire and cor-
rect its violitiOns. -
Eban said that the death of
President Gamal Abdel Nasser of
Egypt "provides a new opportunity
for the Egyptian leadership to re-
establish their country's destiny"
which can be done only through
"peace with Israel."
He said he would not speculate
over who will be Egypt's new
leader. But he passed harsh judg-
ment on the late President Nasser.
Asked if he agreed that Col. Nas-
ser had been a moderate among
Arab leaders, Eban replied that
there was "absolutely no historic
justification whatsoever" for such
an assessment.
He claimed that Nasser "united
the Arab world for negative, not
positive" objectives and "betray-
ed the concept of (Egyptian) in-
dependence" by submitting to So-
viet domination.

Return of Cease Fire THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, October 9, 1970-5
Called Vital by Eden,
Ex-Premier of Britain Israel's 1st Immigrants

NEW YORK (JTA) — "The ex- of Year Arrived by Boat
posure of Soviet Egyptian breaches
TEL AVIV (JTA) — The years
of the (Suez) cease fire agreement first immigrants, 150 Jews from
had two inevitable consequences: the U.S. and Canada, arrived Sun-
Progress was halted until action day evening aboard the SS Olym-
could be taken to redress the pia. They included engineers,
situation, and confidence was sadly psychiatrists, teachers, university
damaged," Anthony Eden, the Earl lecturers, artisans and old age
of Avon, declared in a commen- pensioners.
tary on the Middle East situation
published Tuesday in the New
York Times.

"To argue for the return of the
status quo (in the standstill cease
fire zone) is not pedantic, nor even
.a military necessity only," Sir
Anthony wrote. "It is just not pos-
sible to make diplomatic progress
in negotiations unless engagements
are respected from the start. That
was the lesson of the years be-
tween the wars."

The writer, who was Britain's
prime minister at the time of
the 1956 Spez Campaign, con-
ceded that restoration of the
cease fire situation was difficult
and time-consuming. "Yet it can
be done if there is a modicum of
willingness among the parties
and if meanwhile they will agree
to continue the period of armis-
tice beyond the three moitha,"
Sir. Anthony said.

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In this connection, Sir Anthony
noted that displacements of popu-
lation have been successfully re-
calved in the past, notably after
the Greco-Turkish War in 1920,
when the large-scale transfer of the
Greek population from Asia Minor
to Europe was accomplished.
"Success, however, does demand
the final abandonment of any pol-
icies which seek to use the fate of
Middle Eastern refugees as an
instrument of policy," Sir Anthony
wrote.

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Concerning the plight of Pales-
tinian refugees, he observed that
"Their sufferings are not exclu-
sively anybody's fault and a
remedy will be found if sufficient
confidence can be built between
the negotiating parties. The prob-
lem cannot be solved by Israel
alone or by neighboring Arab
countries alone or by the Great
Powers unaided, but a combina-
tion of these three could certainly
achieve the seemingly impossible."

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