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October 02, 1970 - Image 36

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1970-10-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


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34– Friday, October 2, 1270



Friday, October 2, MO-31

Eban Tells UN: Israel Insists on Abandonment of Violations Before

Joining Jarring Peace Talks, Must Have Signed, S ealed Agreement

(JTA)—Israel Foreign Minister
Abbe Eban reaffirmed to the
General Assembly Monday his
government's determination not
to return to the Gunnar V. Jar-
ring peace talks before the
Egyptian missile advantage
gained in violation of the stand-
still provisions of the cease fire
is nullified.

"When we reflect on our ex-
perience with the hopes and
expectations of 1967 and with
this latest incident," the 55-year-
old Israel diplomat declared in
his renowned Cambridge-bred
tones, "we become fortified in
our resolve to insist that all

peace engagements be direct,
explicit and signed and sealed
in the most, precise contractual
form. Israel is ready to resume
discussions under Ambassador
Jarring's auspices as soon as
the violations are rectified and
the situation prevailing on the
day of the cease fire restored."

Egypt's standstill abrogation,
Eban said, was a singularly
"perfidious violation of an in-
ternational agreement through
the exploitation of the good
faith and pacific intention of
the other side." It has resulted,
he continued, in "a collapse of
confidence In the validity of
Egypt's pledge," and "has cast

an anticipatory shadow on the
validity of any peace agreement
which we might hope to con-
clude." In addition, he said,
the "endorsement" of that abro-
gation by the Soviet Union is
"a major international event"
because "its repercussions go
beyond the Middle East; they
affect crucial issues of peace
and security in other continents
of the world."
Eban offered to "use my
presence here for talks with
heads of Arab delegations on
the establishment of peace
and on the creation of the at-
mosphere sad conditions in
which a fruitful negotiation
said, "no rational or de-

tensible reason for refusing
such an opportunity."

(On Tuesday, It was an-
nounced by Eban that Israel
was ready to expand the 90.day
cease fire indefinitely.)

winout hindrance the parts (of
Arab territory) not yet occu-
pied." He said Egypt "cannot
allow" the "freedom to intimi-
date and dictate" possessed by
Israel through deliveries of
American weaponry that "do
away with all the principles of
the United Nations Charter." If
Eban is interested in peace
contacts, Dr. El Zayyat remark.
ed, "the way for that is to go
and see Mr. Jarring. Mr. Jar-
ring is here in his room."

In the first of a series of Arab
replies to Eban's address, Egyp-
tian Ambassador Mohamed H.
El Zayyat said the first viola-
tion of the truce occurred
when Israeli planes crossed the
Suez the night of Aug. 7.8.
He said the UN should "force-
fully" oppose Israeli "aggres-
The Egyptian charged that
sion," charging that Israel was the two dozen anti-Israel Se-
"seeking the freedom to invade curity Council resolutions since

Nasser's Death Creates New Anxieties in Quest for Peace

ident Nasser's sudden death is
likely to freeze the already
stalled Arab-Israeli peace talks
for an indefinite period, Israeli
leaders believe.
They are hopeful that a new
Egyptian regime will make It
possible for both sides to start
afresh in the quest for a peace-
ful Mideast settlement. But they
are aware that the late Egyp-
tian president was the only
Arab leader who commanded
the political power and personal
prestige necessary to negotiate
with Israel and at the moment
there is no leader of similar sta-
ture anywhere in the Arab
Napa's new interim presi,
sent is Anwar Sadat, the for-
see vies president, who k
ben u a leftist and a bit-
ter fee of Israel. Under Egyp-
tian law the utkaal num.
by mut imualnate a new pre:-
lint will& IS days, subject
to wolfram** by • poplar
Israeli troops guarding the
Sues Canal front and other bor-
der :ones were put on alert fol-
lowing the announcement of
Nasser's death Monday. Military
sources described the move as a
routine precautionary measure
taken whenevex a change of re-
gime occurs In a neighboring
teuntrY. (Egyptian troops were
Ids0 alerted, according to Cairo
Radio.) Israeli authorities did
not expect any change in the
Sun cease fire in the immedl-
- Its future. As far as shooting
is concerned, the Egyptians have
observed the cease fire care-
= tltltr since it went into effect on
Aug. 7. Howevre, it was noted
here that President Nasser ex-
erted strong personal control of
the Egyptian army and it re-
mains to be seen whether his
successor will enjoy the same
Premier Golda Meir met In-
formally with her senior cabinet
ministers Monday night to dis-
cuss the implications of Nee-
ser's death but no official corn-

meat was issued. (Speaking on demonstrations in the Arab vil- certain. It is not Impossible
a taped television interview In lages of Taibe in Central Israel. that the Soviets will try to
New York Monday night, For-
Israeli newspapers took a
turn Egypt Into the first popu-
eign Minister Abbe Eban pre- generally dim view of Mid-
lar democracy in the Near
dicted a power struggle in dle East peace prospects fol-
Egypt that would reduce that lowing Nasser's death. The
Dever said that years will
country's international activi- Jerusalem Post observed that pass before an Arab leader ap-
ties for the time being.
"despite his enmity, Nasser pears who enjoys the same
"A sudden change like this offered Israel a hope, how- prestige as Nasser. His suc-
creates a new opportunity for
ever slight, which was af- cessor will have to show great
a nation to appraise its pesi-
forded by no other Arab talent to overcome the political
tion and its policies," Eban
leader—that of a man strong disintegration of Egypt. It is
said. He said the question
enough to lead the Arab world doubtful whether Nasser's suc-
was whether the vacuum left
to peace." Heard: said that cessor will be able to prevent
"at first glance one might the cpen or concealed rise of
by Nasser would be fWed by
think that Nasser's death will the military to political power."
a single leader. "I rather
make Israel's situation easier;
think that there will he a
Lamerhav noted that Presi-
but no one can know this for dent Nasser had "personified
struggle for power and the

external effects could be ben-
eficial" because Egypt might
want to reduce her Interns-
florid Involvement, the Is-
reell diplomat said. He added
that there was a danger that
out of devotion to Nasser, the
new regime would "blindly
follow the old course.")
The only government figure

to comment publicly here was
Minister Without Portfolio Is-
rael Galin who•said that Israel
stood ready to snake a "new
start" to achieve peace with
Nasser's successors.
Israelis generally received
news of Nasser's death with in-
difference. Be was heartily dis-
liked by the man in the street
and widely regarded as Israel's

Number One Enemy. But in
East Jerusalem, some 4,000
Arab youths and adults demon-
strated violently and had to be
dispersed with fire hoses after
they stoned police. Thirty were
arrested. In Gaza troops used
firearms to disperse violent
demonstrators. An Arab woman
was hit.

West Bank Arabs began three
days of mourning. The Nablus
municipality organized a repre-
sentative delegation of West

Bankers to attend Nasser's fu-
neral which will take place in
Cairo on Thursday. Shops in
Arab villages and towns were
closed. In Shefar Am in Upper
Galilee Arab students paraded
with black flags. There were

Joyous Return Celebrated
by Freed Hostages in NY

chorus upon chorus of "Hevenu
Shalom Alelchem" rising to
greet them, X85 former hostages
of Arab guerrillas in Amman
l anded Monday night at John F.
: Kennedy International Airport
: and were happily crushed by
••newsmen, relatives and friends.
: (It was reported Tuesday
•evening that the last six hos-
:tages had been released.)
7, "I just want to go home," ex-
claimed Fran B. Chesler, a 20-
: year-old student at Yeshiva Dui-
- versity Stern College for Women.
: But she was not put off by the
- hot lights and the rapid-fire
questioning, during which she
• contended that "we don't con-
- done the hijackings, but we
: understand their cause." It was
; not long before she was engulfed
- by a 15-member bouquet-bearing
ad hoc Footle Fan Club from
Stern College, which had en-
livened the atmosphere of the
Trans-World Airlines terminal
with a string of rousing Hebrew
songs and now importuned her
to "take the darned flowers,
Thirty-one of the returnees
were released Sunday. For the
majority of them who were
Jewish, they were just in time
for Rosh Hashana.
- David Raab of Trenton, N.J.,
- wearing a yarmulke and greeted
: by fellow Noar Mizrachl mem-
: hers, flashed a wide smile as
- he declared: "It feels great!"
: He, too, said he did not have a
- feeling of anger toward his al)-
; ductors, the Popular Front for
: the Liberation of Palestine.
Mitchell Meltzer of Orlando,
: Fla. also said that he was "not
: bitter against them." Under
• questioning, he said that while
: he did not believe that the late
• Egyptian President Gamal Abdel
: Nasser had been a "moderate,"
• he had nevertheless "helped us
- a lot in the desert ordeal."
* Two former hostages, Miriam
- R. (Mimi) Beeber, 20, of Brook-
: iyn, a senior at George Wash-
* ington University, Washington,
: D.C., and Sarah Malka of North
Bergen, N.J., a senior at Rutgers
'- University, New Brunswick,
: made an attempt to submit to
questions under the hot glare of
the television lights, but were
: apparently overcome by that
- combination and withdrew al-
: most as quickly as they had
three of those who ran
the gauntlet — Miss Chester,
- Raab and Meltzer — stated

separately but with 'equal as-
sertion that their experiences
in Animas wadd not deter
them from flying again.
"Yes," answered Albs Ches.
ter with finality when asked
If she would consider taking
another plane. "Yes," echoed
the two young men. Jeffrey
Merle Newton of the Brous,
a student at Yeshiva tither-
sity High School, agree& Re-
turning to the ground after a
mini-flight on the shoulders
of his classmates, be ex-
claimed to the Jewish Tele-
graphic Agency: I "Not tlYT
That's just what they (the
guerrillas) want me to do.
Next summer I'm going right
back to Tel Aviv." . •
Capt. Carroll D. Woods of
Prairie Village, Kan., who had
not expected to spend his 52nd
birthday as a prisoner of Pales-
tinian commandos, told the
press he and his passengers.had
been treated "fairly" and "hu-
manely," and that "at no time
were we ever starving to death."
In addition there was "no threat,
no indoctrination." The tem-
perature, during the drama
ranged from 55 degrees at night
in their temporary "cells" to

more than any other Arab per
sonallty the Arab war against
Israel. But it Is doubtful that
his death will lead to a reduc-
tion of Arab hatred of Israel.
On the contrary, the leaders of
the Arab states may now vie
with each other to deepen that
Eulogies of President Nasser
were published Tuesday in East
Jerusalem's two Arab news-
papers. One of them, El Anbs,
is edited by Jews: the other,
El Kuds, is strongly anti-Israel
but nevertheless is permitted by
the government to publish.
(Related story Page 68)

1948 have been "left to gather
dust on the shelf of the United
Regarding what he called the
"so-called terrorist groups," be
said that if the Palestinians
cannot obtain their aims under
law, "what's wrong with ter-
Eban and El Zayyat each
received 10 seconds of polite
applause from the assembly.
In his speech, the Israeli
foreign minister made three ad-
ditional major points:
1) the UN "exerts no more
than a marginal influence on
the main issues of conflict, and
the central currents of inter-
national thought and action flow
outside its walls;
2) "The Soviet intervention
does not concern with peace
in the Mediterranean; to out-
flank the European defense
system from the south; to estab-
lish a large foreign army on
African soil in contempt for the
principle of African independ-
ence; and to bring about a gen-
eral disturbance of the interna-
tional equilibrium;
3) "No constructive interests
of Palestinian Arabs can be
served by the small gangs com-
manded by (Yassir) Arafat,
(Dr. George) Habash and others
whose ideology consists of noth-
ing except the prevention of
peace between Israel and the
Arab states;
4) "In 1970 Israel's statehood

is not something to be explained,
8) "Humanity and justice call
defended or submitted to ap-
proval or dissent. It is some- upon the Soviet government to
thing to be proclaimed as an recognize the human rights of
absolute and inexorable reality, its Jewish citizens and to permit

deep rooted and authentic, on a
level of absolute equality with
the statehood, sovereignty and
national identity of any nation,
great or small, represented in
this hall.;

9) Arab doctors and scientists
Ihould cooperate with those of
Israel "in the common quest of
5) "By its solitude and uni-
10) "In 22 years the Arab
queness, Israel's secure exist- states and Israel have spent
ence is the overriding moral im- more than $20,000,000,000 for
perative in this dispute . . . to military purposes. If one tenth
suggest a distribution whereby of that sum had been invested
all Arabs must be sovereign in a refugee solution, the prob-
everywhere and all Jews no- lem would have been solved
where is to fall Into an abyss long ago in a way that would
of paradox and discrimination." have prompted economic prog-
Eban also repeated a proposal ress in all the countries in
for an Arab state with a Pal- which the resettlement was
estinian majority in Jordan:
The Capetown-born diplomat,
0) "Israel will never move concluding
his self-written
its forces in any cause except
declared: "Above all,
its own legitimate security;
(Israel) will keep its mind and
7) "Aerial piracy . . . should heart open to the prospect of a
never be indulged, condoned, negotiated peace. Its people has
rewarded . . . Eban backed the the strength, the tenacity and
United States proposal for sus- the will to withstand the violent
pension of airline services to forces which assail its life and
and from any state complying threaten its future. But its deep-
with hijackers or failing to ex- est aspiration is to deploy its
tradite or prosecute them. He energies in the service of a
called for international action peaceful order of relations in
to increase airport and aircraft the Middle East. The key to that
security, adopt this December's future Iles In a negotiation
proposed Hague convention, es- explicitly directed to the estab-
tablish sanctions against nations lishment of peace. And the key
tolerating hijackers and create is now in Arab, and particularly
a permanent hijacking tribunal; in Egyptian, hands."




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110 degrees inside the airliner
before they were taken out, he
said, and four shells landed
within 20 to. 40 feet of them.
"It isn't the best experience,"

he conceded. "I wouldn't recom-
ment it more than once in a

lifetime." But he said he would
not hesitate to captain another
flight to the Middle. East — "I
don't see why not."

The only bitter note expressed
by a former hostage at the ter-
minal came from Myron (Myer)

Fund of Brooklyn, who was en-
countered by the JTA amid his
relatives pear the airline bus
depot. Asked if he felt as little
hatred for his abductors as some
of his fellow.prisoners had ex-
pressed Inside the terminal, he
said of the guerrillap: "They

are a bunch of murderers.
Whatever reaction you think you

would have with a gun to your
head, that's my reaction."
The 33 ex-hostages, who were
met away from the news con-

ference hubbub by 175 relatives,
were also deluged by cheers
from several hundred class-
mates, friends and general well-
wishers. "Scared," "anxious"
and "pain" were some of the
feelings friends told the JTA
they had experienced during the
hijacking ordeal halfway around
(Continued on Page 68)


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