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September 04, 1970 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1970-09-04

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LA1301L DAY 1970

Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

Member American Associaton of Englsh-Jewlsh Newspapers. Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co.. 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075.
Phone 356-8400
Suti.cription $8 a year. Foreign 56.

City Editor
Business Manager
Editor and Publisher


Sabbath Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath, the fourth day of Elul. 5730, the following scriptural selections will
be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Deut. 16:18-21:9. Prophetical portion, Isaiah 51:12-52:12.

Candle lighting, Friday. Sept 4, 6:43 p.m.

VOL. LVII, No. 25

Page Four

September 4, 1970

Israel's Moral Role in Quest for Peace

As the new editor-in-chief of the impor-
tant British periodical, New Statesman.
Richard C. Crossman, the British parliamen-
tarian who had spoken on many Zionist
platforms and who had been a close friend
of Dr. Chaim Weizmann, addressed an open
letter to Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban
admonishing that the Jewish state cannot
survive "a decade of military domination."
It was not an unfriendly letter, but it
called for a reply because of its pessimism.
and the reply was fashioned in the brilliant
stylistic eloquence of Mr. Eban. resulting in
an analysis of existing conditions that should
be read. by all concerned about the Middle
East—especially Gamal Abdel Nasser.
There was an allusion to Prussianism in
the military aspects of the issues involved,
and Mr. Eban suggested that Nasser should
be approached in the same spirit as Mr.
Crossman addressed himself to Israel. And
because the guns were silenced at the time
Mr. Eban wrote and there is need for uplift-
ing gentle voices for peace. Mr. Eban sug-
gested to Mr. Crossman:

"If you find that the diversity, turbulence,
paradox and indiscipline of our democracy are far
from Prussian I may suggest that you write your
next open letter to President Nasser. An authori-
tative socialist voice calling Nasser to the peace
table is overdue. There has been too much in-
dulgence of Habash and Arafat and their exclusive
fantasies about a purely Arab Middle East without
a sovereign Israel as part of its memory, reality
and hope. There has been too much docile accept-
ance by part of the Left of a rampant Israelophobia
with its ugly Stuermer-like expression portraying
Israel as lying cutside the human context. In your
letter, if you feel like writing it, you could remind
President Nasser that the idea of an Israel-Egyp-
tian treaty as the gateway to a new era of peace
and "evelopment in the Middle East would evoke
his better days. For Israel respected the pro-
gressive ideals of the Egyptian revolution in its
early phase. All of these have been corrupted by
the senseless war against Israel. Nasserism once
stood for independence and the expulsion of foreign
armies. It has now become the vehicle of Soviet
penetration and therefore of Great Power confron-
tation. Nasserism saw an open nationalized Suez
Canal as the symbol of Egypt's new international
status. Today the Egyptian canal is closed while
the Israeli route to southern waters is open.
Finally Nasser once had a vision of social reform
which has been lost in the debris of expensive
and destructive wars. In two decades the Arab
states and Israel have spent 520,000,000,000 on
war. Five billion of those would have opened the
gates of dignity and work to all the Palestinian


"Is there no moral here? Perhaps President
Nasser would not resent your reminder that the
principles cf his revolution can still be recaptured
by renouncing war with Israel and seeking a final
peace. You may tell him in full confidence that
there are untapped sources of effort and imagina-
tion in Israel which his willingness to negotiate
would release and put to work for the establish-
ment of a new order of relations in our region.
Today as I write to you from Jerusalem the guns
are silent in Suez: it is time for sane and gentle
voices to be lifted up—and heard."

The role of Israel is of a fighting nation
but not a warrior state:

"The main achievement of Israel since 1967 is to
have remained a fighting nation without becoming
a warrior state. Nor do I think that you will find
us dominated by 'soldiers.' I put the word in
quotation marks because it conjures up a special
breed which does not belong to our experience.
We have nothing here but civilians, some of whom
are temporarily under arms. We may show you a
pilot who shot down eight aircraft bringing in the
fruit from a kibutz orchard. And when a cease fire
and negotiating framework of balanced risk came
into view last week, we put parliamentary con-
venience aside in order to grasp it with full
military support."

There is a serious lesson for all of Israel's
antagonists in another Eban reminder to Mr.

Crossman in which are outlined these non-

militaristic qualities of a nation fighting for
its very life:

"I do not know how long the attainment of
peace will take: but you really need not worry
lest we shall have become Prussian by the time
it comes about. When you come to see us, you
will not find us paralyzed or obsessed by war.
You will find that 40,000 Arabs from neighboring
lands have visited the west bank this summer.
You will se a freer movement of men and goods
across the whole of the former Palestine area
than at any time since 1948. You will be astonished
in Jerusalem by an unceasing contact of Jews,
Arabs and thousands of all faiths which puts the
segregation and fanatical exclusiveness of tae
Jordanian occupation to shame. You will find a
vast flow of visitors to Israel from all over the
world. You will see hundreds of the future leaders
of developing countries studying here. Israel, of
course, is a society which has its imperfections:
but these are redeemed by the free and lucid
criticism of them as well as by the constant quest
Sholom Aleichem is an undying name. As the great Yiddish
for improvement. In short: you will find that you
are as far from Prussia as you can get in the humorist, the magnitude of his creative efforts retains significance
both in the language in which his stories were written
modern world."

(Sholom Aleichem s Great Fair
Depicts 'Scenes From Chi ldhood'


There are many other factors to be taken
into consideration, such as the new anti-
Semitism that is cloaked in anti-Zionism.
Mr. Eban offers this advice to Mr. Crossman:

and in many translations. His characters now form
significant casts on the English stage.
He was able to complete only the first two sections
of his biography and under the title "The Great Fair
—Scenes From My Childhood" his experiences form
a most fascinating narrative. First published in an
English translation by Tamara Kahana in 1955, this
valuable work is now made available by the Mac-
millan Co. as a Colliers Book paperback.
In it Shalom Aleichem the Writer describes Sholom
Aleichem the Man and it commences with this deeply
Sholom Aleichem
moving dedication as a gift to his children:
"To you 1 dedicate in Work of works, my book of books, the
song of songs of my soul. I realize that this book—just as any
man's handiwork—is not without defect. But who knows better
than you what it has cost me.' I have given to it of my best: MY
HEART. Read it from time to time. Perhaps you, or your children,
will learn something from it—to love our people and to appreciate
their spiritual treasures which lie scattered in all the dark corners
of our great Exile, in this great world. This would be the best
reward for my faithful, more-than-30-years' labor in our mother
tongue and literature."
Into every chapter of this book Sholom Aleichem has, indeed,
poured his heart's blood and his devotion to his people's fate. It is
a great work that rises to enormous heights because it depicts in the
admirable style of a great writer the torments as well as the joys of
his people. And in the process he introduces the humor that perpetu-
ates the legacy he has left for Jewry and for mankind.
Whether he deals with the ghetto characters or with their festivals,
their foods and their clothes, their hunger and their satiation with the
faith that keeps them strong—he has incorporated in his autobiography
the major experiences of a man of vision and an artist who has woven
tales of glory as well as pathos.
When, for example, he describes "Stepmother's Vocabulary,"
he emerges anew as the creator of a character and her character-
istics that give emphasis to the humor that has made the name
Sholom Aleichem synonymous with the geniuses in his art. Some
of the appellations may sound like curses, but for those who know
the background of the shtetl they describe characters whose
language is rough but whose hearts are softer than their words.
In that chapter also is the lexicon that has made this work famous.
Here we have a typical reaction—the manner in which characters in
Jewish tradition laugh at themselves, and for humorists there is a
great lesson in concocting stories while painting personalities.
It is remarkable how the great humorist caught the spirit of devo-
tion and how well he has portrayed government officials, cantors,
musicians, those who struggle for their very existence and a bit about
the more affluent.
There are dreams and realities in this autobiographical account,
and all are the result of life that had its tensions and sufferings and
needed an interpreter who could create laughter.
In this paperback we have the marvelous samples of the laughs
that were inspired by a man who himself suffered from the agonies of
a world under stress and duress and who could nevertheless turn each
experience into lighter vein, transforming martyrs into saints and
It is a "Great Fair" that we experience in Sholom Aleichem's
"Scenes From Childhood."

"I am less concerned than you about whether
Israel has provided 'a cure for anti-Semitism in
the West.' I am more worried about the new inter-
national 'progressive' type of anti-Semitism. In its
old form anti-Semitism 'said that certain rights
were due to all individuals except Jews. In its
modern expression it affirms that national indi-
viduality and sovereignty are inherently gocd, and
if they are Arab one simply cannot have enough
of them. They come under question only if they
happen to be Jewish. The distinction between
anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism is a semantic fic-
tion: both converge on the unifying principle of
"Since we do not disagree on this I come to
the two points in which I cannot share your dis-
comfort. Yeti are clearly anxious about the effects
of victory on Israel's character and conduct: and
you have a picture of an Israel dominated by
formidable 'soldiers' who are hostile to cease
fire and recalcitrant to political initiatives. Now
it is better that the editor of the New Statesman
should be agitated than that he should be compla-
cent: but when you get worried about whether we
'ape the ethos of a Prussian state' your agitation
carries you much too far. One of the disadvantages
of your status in the last six years is that you
could not come to Israel very often. The public
'media' on which you had to rely are more fasci-
nated by violence than by peaceful action. For
these reasons you, like others, have not seen Israel
in a full-length mirror. All Israeli life is lived
today in the memory of the peril that we faced in
1967. Every one of us had good reason to fear the
very worst that can befall a man, his family, his
home and his nation. In our people's history many
things are too strange to be believed: but nothing
is too terrible to have happened. We have vig-
orously survived the danger with consequent injury
to our martyr's image. And if you ask me as you
seem to do, 'What have you gained by victory?'
I answer simply: 'Everything that we would have
lost without it.'
"I am just as sensitive as you guess to the
moral dangers which could arise from the ab-
normal relationship between a democratic society
and a disenfranchised Arab community living un-
der its control. This abnormality was not sought:
it was created by war, and it can be cured by
peace. Peace would replace cease-fire lines by
negotiated and agreed boundaries to which armed
forces would be withdrawn: and, in any solution
which my present cabinet colleagues would en-
dorse, the majority of the 2,000,000 Palestinian
Arabs would be the citizens of an Arab state,
(beginning on our newly negotiated eastern fron-
tier), whose structure, name and regime they
"Songs of the Wilshire Boulevard (Los Angeles) Temple Camps"
would be free to determine."
by Charles Feldman has been published by the Union of American
Richard Crossman's warnings to Israel Hebrew Congregations camp and education department.
This interesting stapled soft-cover book includes Sabbath and other
received definition of the status of Jewry

UAHC Publishes Camp Songs

and of the position of Israel ably framed in
the language of the brilliant spokesman for
the Israelis, Abba Ebn. We pray that Arabs,
too, will read this and the other declarations
by the Israelis—many of them frantic plead-
ings for peace and amity—in order that the
unnecessary war may really see its end.

liturgical selections, two Psalms (23 and 24), songs of Bible land and a
"Just for Fun" section that contains "Tum Balalaika," "Brotherhood
Calypso," "When the Messiah Comes" and "Krakovyak."
The selection is suitable for all camps and renders a valuable serv-
ice for congregational youth.
Available from UAHC congregations also is its new 1970 textbook
catalogue which reveals the issuance of a large variety of books suit-


for studies in youth and adult classes.

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