'THE JEWISH NEW •; "is
7"- - •
7 -! '7 7. 77
a•- se:-:c .if
VOL_ LVE• So. N
A Cultural Road Toward M.E. Peace
z.es and :ne
tn -_se of tne
The 7r-roe-Oval peewee:rya:ion of the pecipte
SkVarnd only to national defense. is
- Ed= •
F. v %c.o. ner we s
cation is the key to the sar-iiva:
eloc ution is
Moreover. we soon discovered
s prineipal rivecitazasm for intteatimx
. and for hcildbig a
nation too of an assortment of midticoltaral ill:-
The following cavart fflostrates the priorities
education •ertas national defense:
Percentage of GrOSS N160C2: Prod:its, spent
for education (all levels 195•91,1-7
I_ mitt.: States
Percentage of budget of national gosernment
all ~ ua ted to national defense '11559-70.:
rt : . v*1 States
•2 . G
Percentage of Gross Natihnal Product spent
for national defense (190-49 :
Israel (estimated 25.0 in Orl •
rerv•ri sneh figures. it should surprise po one
to learn that Lsrael is deeply committed to
raising the educational lest' of its citizens to
that of other industrialized nations of the oorict
Indeed. in Valn ► instances. the educational at-
tainments of Israel already exceed those of
Wes tt rn societies.
Given the monumental problems of a relative-
ly (1.! 16 (*ionic, , this commitment to education
is impressive indeed. That great strides in edu-
cation have been made since the birth of Israel
in 194 11 :s clear from the fact that today one-
third of the total prOdnetiOn r,f Israel is insoisEd
in some form of organized educational instruc-
That the population of Israel has grown, from
apprczimatels 654,C00 in 1948 to 3,000,000 to-
day, raises the first major problem facing the
Israeli educational system: the accommodation
of the huge influx of immigrants during the past
two decades and preparations for absorbing the
immigration which is expected to continue.
In the 1948-49 academic year, just 22 years
ago. there were 130,000 students in Israeli elem-
entary and secondary- schools. Today this figure
has leaped to 775.000.
Rapidly growing cities, like Beersheba in the
northern Negev Desert, base burgeoned from a
few hundred Penni! to V• 000 in less th a n a
It is clear that providing an adequate educa-
tional ssstem for this great infusion of new-
comers has been, and will for some time con-
tinue to be, the major problem confronting edu-
cation in Israel.
These facts. figures and comments are of
immense importance at this time because
they have great bearing on the issues at
hand and on the situations that confront us
The emphasis on the rr.ilitary needs carries
LE ',Lt.,: anea:
:ne ennzioa.s . s•
• ::::zer_s—ant: of :he
when.- antf -A nen
s-thodt: - ins -tr.:men': for
cievg- . . olting a sense
nat:ona: purp, ose• and the ft.:ow:nit CC- :7 -
rner- ;!_s containinc.
One problem that the de-le-gallon did come up
ga last "3 gala and again - w as "ilgenX-a dee
Cy( whom! -The Sews and the Arabs." Oa the
one hand. Mr. Brademas said. --we were im-
mensely impressed by the eat:apiece Lack of hos-
tile statements from any Jew- in Israel against
the Arabs. and this inducted stbool-chHdre2. -
This they ail found -very civilized." However.
If the declared policy cf this COnntry is intesga-
tion and a multi-ethnic society. - We can't un-
derstind 'why you don't have mixed Arab-Jewish
schools. - Mr. Brademas said
He was concerned at the fact that - Arab chil-
dren aren't in Gadna, that there arc separate
schools for Aralas and that there se-ern in he al-
most no Arabs at the universities. - Mr. Brade-
mas and his colleagues found "an ambivalent
attitude about the problem. It's all very well
saying that the Arabs don't want it, but bow
many of them have had the experience of mixed
education to judge whether they would Ince it
or not?" What language would you teach in
these schools' -Perhaps Arabic for Arab hisoirs•
religion and literature and Hebrew for Jewish
history. religion and literature_" When the Con-
gressmen tackled Mr. (1-tgal , Allon on the
question. - He was very open. He said that he
personally favored integrated schools, or at
least bringing Arab school-children into Gadna."
The very criticism uttered by Congrsma•
Brademas has relevance to the tragic situa-
tion affecting the rifts between Arabs and
Jews. An end to war would also end the
bitterness and the suspicions. Peace could
assure the establishment of such strong rela-
tions that the Middle East could well become
the inspiring medium for true brotherhood_
The "lack of hostile statements from any
Jew in Israel against the Arabs - is a vindi-
cating assertion from an impartial observer.
It serves as an encouragement in efforts for
peace and in the belief that there are many
among the Arabs who wish for peace while
Israelis keep pleading for it.
Studies conducted in - Israel point to the
progress attained in the land. They also
emphasize the need for peace and an end
to an unnecessary war. It is for this that
we pray and toward this that all must labor
in these crucial times.
Dr. Jarring's Goal: Lasting Peace
Gunnar Jarring has begun a great
task in all scinousness.
For the first time in the nearly three-
year-oici assignment given him to direct peace
talks between Israel and her Arab neighbors,
the Swedish envoy made the verbal declara-
tion on Monday, announcing that he was to
begin immediately the task of bringing Jews
and Arabs together.
They won't be direct talks immediately.
but they may. lead to intimacy.
The fact that Dr. Jarring spoke of an aim
towards a lasting peace lends encouragement
that we are on the road toward the urgently
needed amity for the benefit of Jew and
Arab, the Middle East and the world.
1850 Edition of Descriptive
Palestine Geography Reprinted
In 1850 in PhiladelOia, an unusual work was published. Under
L'I-et. tole "A Descriptive Geography and Brief Historical Sketch of
Paitine." Rabbi Joseph Schwarz had presented his unique study of
the Holy Land, its people, its fauna. Hermon Press is the publisher of
Interestingly. the volume published in Philadelphia was translated
••om the Hebrew by the famous Rabbi Isaac Leeser who was the first
translator of the Bible into English in this country.
Containing reproductions of numerous old maps and engravings,
this volume provides excellent background to the study of the Israel
of today. This work becomes invaluable in dealing with the history
of the Middle East.
As a description of the topography of the Talmud as well as the
L'ihie. as an historical analysis and geographical outline of ancient
Palestine. Rabbi Schwarz's study is unique, important, serviceable for
silider.ts and teachers alike and for all who are anxious for thorough
knowledge of a subject that engrosses worldwide interest.
The title page of this valuable documentary volume still carries
the original publisher's note: "Philadelphia, Published by A. Hart,
Late Carey and Hart, 5610-185C." And in the translator's preface there
are descriptions of the perplexities that confronted him when he first
received the Hebrew text and a German translation of the manuscript.
The mixed dialects, the impure Hebrew caused difficulties but the
him to correct errors and
td provide a text that is still utilized by all who are interested in the
Holy Land's topographical aspects.
Many Palestinian sites, the country's boundaries according to
Numbers XXXIV:1-I5, the fish of the Kineret, Hebron's role,
Jericho's history—these are among the many notable facts in this
Animals, vegetables, minerals are subjects accounted for here.
The history of Palestine, including descriptions of Hebron. Sated
and Tiberias. add merit to this work. There is speculation about the
Ten Lost Tribes that may puzzle the reader but nevertheless adds to
the interest this book is certain to. arouse.
There is much here that may not be accurate for our time, but as
a g.uide to the geographical aspects of the Holy Land this reprinted
volume should again attract wide interest.
Guides to Current Problems
in 'Let Us Reason Together'
Rabbi William Berkowitz, who succeeded Dr. Israel Goldstein as
rabbi of Bnai Jeshurun synagogue in New York, has conducted an-
other series of dialogues with a group of the most eminent American
personalities on a variety of subjects of general Jewish and Amer-
ican interests. He has dedicated t he volume to Dr. Goldstein and
under the title "Let Us Reason Together" presents views that are
certain to stimulate added interest in all of the issues discussed.
Included in this volume, published by Crown, are discussions
with Dr. Mordecai M Kaplan, Ira Ilir-schmann, Adm. Lewis L. Strauss,
Prof. Cecil Roth. William Laurence, Leon II. Keyserling, Dr. Mortimer
°stow. Dr. Joseph L. Blau, Isaac Bashevis Singer, Sholem Secunda,
Rabbi George B. Lieberman, Jan Peerce, Max I. Himont and Rabbi
As the names of the participants indicate, the subjects are
varied, covering nearly every topic of major concern to mankind,
and especially. to Jewry, today.
Science. mUSic, literature, issues revoking around the Jewish
position in the USSR, Israel. the population explosion -these are
just a few of the subjects thoroughly analyzed by the eminent author-
ities whose views appear in the dialogues.
In the course of the discussions, the participants, guided by
Rabbi Berkowitz's questions, delve into history and apply the ex-
periences of the past to the present time.
As a guide to contemporary problems, "Let U.,: Reason 'Together",
resulting from the dialogues he conducted, is a volume that stimulates
reasoning and interesting approaches to major issues.